sfrench/cifs-2.6.git
2 years agox86/retpoline/xen: Convert Xen hypercall indirect jumps
David Woodhouse [Thu, 11 Jan 2018 21:46:31 +0000 (21:46 +0000)]
x86/retpoline/xen: Convert Xen hypercall indirect jumps

Convert indirect call in Xen hypercall to use non-speculative sequence,
when CONFIG_RETPOLINE is enabled.

Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515707194-20531-10-git-send-email-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
2 years agox86/retpoline/hyperv: Convert assembler indirect jumps
David Woodhouse [Thu, 11 Jan 2018 21:46:30 +0000 (21:46 +0000)]
x86/retpoline/hyperv: Convert assembler indirect jumps

Convert all indirect jumps in hyperv inline asm code to use non-speculative
sequences when CONFIG_RETPOLINE is enabled.

Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515707194-20531-9-git-send-email-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
2 years agox86/retpoline/ftrace: Convert ftrace assembler indirect jumps
David Woodhouse [Thu, 11 Jan 2018 21:46:29 +0000 (21:46 +0000)]
x86/retpoline/ftrace: Convert ftrace assembler indirect jumps

Convert all indirect jumps in ftrace assembler code to use non-speculative
sequences when CONFIG_RETPOLINE is enabled.

Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515707194-20531-8-git-send-email-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
2 years agox86/retpoline/entry: Convert entry assembler indirect jumps
David Woodhouse [Thu, 11 Jan 2018 21:46:28 +0000 (21:46 +0000)]
x86/retpoline/entry: Convert entry assembler indirect jumps

Convert indirect jumps in core 32/64bit entry assembler code to use
non-speculative sequences when CONFIG_RETPOLINE is enabled.

Don't use CALL_NOSPEC in entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath because the return
address after the 'call' instruction must be *precisely* at the
.Lentry_SYSCALL_64_after_fastpath label for stub_ptregs_64 to work,
and the use of alternatives will mess that up unless we play horrid
games to prepend with NOPs and make the variants the same length. It's
not worth it; in the case where we ALTERNATIVE out the retpoline, the
first instruction at __x86.indirect_thunk.rax is going to be a bare
jmp *%rax anyway.

Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515707194-20531-7-git-send-email-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
2 years agox86/retpoline/crypto: Convert crypto assembler indirect jumps
David Woodhouse [Thu, 11 Jan 2018 21:46:27 +0000 (21:46 +0000)]
x86/retpoline/crypto: Convert crypto assembler indirect jumps

Convert all indirect jumps in crypto assembler code to use non-speculative
sequences when CONFIG_RETPOLINE is enabled.

Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515707194-20531-6-git-send-email-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
2 years agox86/spectre: Add boot time option to select Spectre v2 mitigation
David Woodhouse [Thu, 11 Jan 2018 21:46:26 +0000 (21:46 +0000)]
x86/spectre: Add boot time option to select Spectre v2 mitigation

Add a spectre_v2= option to select the mitigation used for the indirect
branch speculation vulnerability.

Currently, the only option available is retpoline, in its various forms.
This will be expanded to cover the new IBRS/IBPB microcode features.

The RETPOLINE_AMD feature relies on a serializing LFENCE for speculation
control. For AMD hardware, only set RETPOLINE_AMD if LFENCE is a
serializing instruction, which is indicated by the LFENCE_RDTSC feature.

[ tglx: Folded back the LFENCE/AMD fixes and reworked it so IBRS
   integration becomes simple ]

Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515707194-20531-5-git-send-email-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
2 years agox86/retpoline: Add initial retpoline support
David Woodhouse [Thu, 11 Jan 2018 21:46:25 +0000 (21:46 +0000)]
x86/retpoline: Add initial retpoline support

Enable the use of -mindirect-branch=thunk-extern in newer GCC, and provide
the corresponding thunks. Provide assembler macros for invoking the thunks
in the same way that GCC does, from native and inline assembler.

This adds X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE and sets it by default on all CPUs. In
some circumstances, IBRS microcode features may be used instead, and the
retpoline can be disabled.

On AMD CPUs if lfence is serialising, the retpoline can be dramatically
simplified to a simple "lfence; jmp *\reg". A future patch, after it has
been verified that lfence really is serialising in all circumstances, can
enable this by setting the X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE_AMD feature bit in addition
to X86_FEATURE_RETPOLINE.

Do not align the retpoline in the altinstr section, because there is no
guarantee that it stays aligned when it's copied over the oldinstr during
alternative patching.

[ Andi Kleen: Rename the macros, add CONFIG_RETPOLINE option, export thunks]
[ tglx: Put actual function CALL/JMP in front of the macros, convert to
   symbolic labels ]
[ dwmw2: Convert back to numeric labels, merge objtool fixes ]

Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515707194-20531-4-git-send-email-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
2 years agoobjtool: Allow alternatives to be ignored
Josh Poimboeuf [Thu, 11 Jan 2018 21:46:24 +0000 (21:46 +0000)]
objtool: Allow alternatives to be ignored

Getting objtool to understand retpolines is going to be a bit of a
challenge.  For now, take advantage of the fact that retpolines are
patched in with alternatives.  Just read the original (sane)
non-alternative instruction, and ignore the patched-in retpoline.

This allows objtool to understand the control flow *around* the
retpoline, even if it can't yet follow what's inside.  This means the
ORC unwinder will fail to unwind from inside a retpoline, but will work
fine otherwise.

Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515707194-20531-3-git-send-email-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
2 years agoobjtool: Detect jumps to retpoline thunks
Josh Poimboeuf [Thu, 11 Jan 2018 21:46:23 +0000 (21:46 +0000)]
objtool: Detect jumps to retpoline thunks

A direct jump to a retpoline thunk is really an indirect jump in
disguise.  Change the objtool instruction type accordingly.

Objtool needs to know where indirect branches are so it can detect
switch statement jump tables.

This fixes a bunch of warnings with CONFIG_RETPOLINE like:

  arch/x86/events/intel/uncore_nhmex.o: warning: objtool: nhmex_rbox_msr_enable_event()+0x44: sibling call from callable instruction with modified stack frame
  kernel/signal.o: warning: objtool: copy_siginfo_to_user()+0x91: sibling call from callable instruction with modified stack frame
  ...

Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515707194-20531-2-git-send-email-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
2 years agox86/pti: Make unpoison of pgd for trusted boot work for real
Dave Hansen [Wed, 10 Jan 2018 22:49:39 +0000 (14:49 -0800)]
x86/pti: Make unpoison of pgd for trusted boot work for real

The inital fix for trusted boot and PTI potentially misses the pgd clearing
if pud_alloc() sets a PGD.  It probably works in *practice* because for two
adjacent calls to map_tboot_page() that share a PGD entry, the first will
clear NX, *then* allocate and set the PGD (without NX clear).  The second
call will *not* allocate but will clear the NX bit.

Defer the NX clearing to a point after it is known that all top-level
allocations have occurred.  Add a comment to clarify why.

[ tglx: Massaged changelog ]

Fixes: 262b6b30087 ("x86/tboot: Unbreak tboot with PTI enabled")
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Jon Masters <jcm@redhat.com>
Cc: "Tim Chen" <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: peterz@infradead.org
Cc: ning.sun@intel.com
Cc: tboot-devel@lists.sourceforge.net
Cc: andi@firstfloor.org
Cc: luto@kernel.org
Cc: law@redhat.com
Cc: pbonzini@redhat.com
Cc: torvalds@linux-foundation.org
Cc: gregkh@linux-foundation.org
Cc: dwmw@amazon.co.uk
Cc: nickc@redhat.com
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180110224939.2695CD47@viggo.jf.intel.com
2 years agox86/alternatives: Fix optimize_nops() checking
Borislav Petkov [Wed, 10 Jan 2018 11:28:16 +0000 (12:28 +0100)]
x86/alternatives: Fix optimize_nops() checking

The alternatives code checks only the first byte whether it is a NOP, but
with NOPs in front of the payload and having actual instructions after it
breaks the "optimized' test.

Make sure to scan all bytes before deciding to optimize the NOPs in there.

Reported-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Andrew Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180110112815.mgciyf5acwacphkq@pd.tnic
2 years agosysfs/cpu: Fix typos in vulnerability documentation
David Woodhouse [Tue, 9 Jan 2018 15:02:51 +0000 (15:02 +0000)]
sysfs/cpu: Fix typos in vulnerability documentation

Fixes: 87590ce6e ("sysfs/cpu: Add vulnerability folder")
Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2 years agox86/cpu/AMD: Use LFENCE_RDTSC in preference to MFENCE_RDTSC
Tom Lendacky [Mon, 8 Jan 2018 22:09:32 +0000 (16:09 -0600)]
x86/cpu/AMD: Use LFENCE_RDTSC in preference to MFENCE_RDTSC

With LFENCE now a serializing instruction, use LFENCE_RDTSC in preference
to MFENCE_RDTSC.  However, since the kernel could be running under a
hypervisor that does not support writing that MSR, read the MSR back and
verify that the bit has been set successfully.  If the MSR can be read
and the bit is set, then set the LFENCE_RDTSC feature, otherwise set the
MFENCE_RDTSC feature.

Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180108220932.12580.52458.stgit@tlendack-t1.amdoffice.net
2 years agox86/cpu/AMD: Make LFENCE a serializing instruction
Tom Lendacky [Mon, 8 Jan 2018 22:09:21 +0000 (16:09 -0600)]
x86/cpu/AMD: Make LFENCE a serializing instruction

To aid in speculation control, make LFENCE a serializing instruction
since it has less overhead than MFENCE.  This is done by setting bit 1
of MSR 0xc0011029 (DE_CFG).  Some families that support LFENCE do not
have this MSR.  For these families, the LFENCE instruction is already
serializing.

Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180108220921.12580.71694.stgit@tlendack-t1.amdoffice.net
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Remove dead logic in pti_user_pagetable_walk*()
Jike Song [Mon, 8 Jan 2018 16:03:41 +0000 (00:03 +0800)]
x86/mm/pti: Remove dead logic in pti_user_pagetable_walk*()

The following code contains dead logic:

 162 if (pgd_none(*pgd)) {
 163         unsigned long new_p4d_page = __get_free_page(gfp);
 164         if (!new_p4d_page)
 165                 return NULL;
 166
 167         if (pgd_none(*pgd)) {
 168                 set_pgd(pgd, __pgd(_KERNPG_TABLE | __pa(new_p4d_page)));
 169                 new_p4d_page = 0;
 170         }
 171         if (new_p4d_page)
 172                 free_page(new_p4d_page);
 173 }

There can't be any difference between two pgd_none(*pgd) at L162 and L167,
so it's always false at L171.

Dave Hansen explained:

 Yes, the double-test was part of an optimization where we attempted to
 avoid using a global spinlock in the fork() path.  We would check for
 unallocated mid-level page tables without the lock.  The lock was only
 taken when we needed to *make* an entry to avoid collisions.

 Now that it is all single-threaded, there is no chance of a collision,
 no need for a lock, and no need for the re-check.

As all these functions are only called during init, mark them __init as
well.

Fixes: 03f4424f348e ("x86/mm/pti: Add functions to clone kernel PMDs")
Signed-off-by: Jike Song <albcamus@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Alan Cox <gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jiri Koshina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Andi Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180108160341.3461-1-albcamus@gmail.com
2 years agox86/tboot: Unbreak tboot with PTI enabled
Dave Hansen [Sat, 6 Jan 2018 17:41:14 +0000 (18:41 +0100)]
x86/tboot: Unbreak tboot with PTI enabled

This is another case similar to what EFI does: create a new set of
page tables, map some code at a low address, and jump to it.  PTI
mistakes this low address for userspace and mistakenly marks it
non-executable in an effort to make it unusable for userspace.

Undo the poison to allow execution.

Fixes: 385ce0ea4c07 ("x86/mm/pti: Add Kconfig")
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Alan Cox <gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jon Masters <jcm@redhat.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Jeff Law <law@redhat.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: David" <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Cc: Nick Clifton <nickc@redhat.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180108102805.GK25546@redhat.com
2 years agox86/cpu: Implement CPU vulnerabilites sysfs functions
Thomas Gleixner [Sun, 7 Jan 2018 21:48:01 +0000 (22:48 +0100)]
x86/cpu: Implement CPU vulnerabilites sysfs functions

Implement the CPU vulnerabilty show functions for meltdown, spectre_v1 and
spectre_v2.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180107214913.177414879@linutronix.de
2 years agosysfs/cpu: Add vulnerability folder
Thomas Gleixner [Sun, 7 Jan 2018 21:48:00 +0000 (22:48 +0100)]
sysfs/cpu: Add vulnerability folder

As the meltdown/spectre problem affects several CPU architectures, it makes
sense to have common way to express whether a system is affected by a
particular vulnerability or not. If affected the way to express the
mitigation should be common as well.

Create /sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities folder and files for
meltdown, spectre_v1 and spectre_v2.

Allow architectures to override the show function.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180107214913.096657732@linutronix.de
2 years agox86/cpufeatures: Add X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V[12]
David Woodhouse [Sat, 6 Jan 2018 11:49:23 +0000 (11:49 +0000)]
x86/cpufeatures: Add X86_BUG_SPECTRE_V[12]

Add the bug bits for spectre v1/2 and force them unconditionally for all
cpus.

Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1515239374-23361-2-git-send-email-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
2 years agox86/Documentation: Add PTI description
Dave Hansen [Fri, 5 Jan 2018 17:44:36 +0000 (09:44 -0800)]
x86/Documentation: Add PTI description

Add some details about how PTI works, what some of the downsides
are, and how to debug it when things go wrong.

Also document the kernel parameter: 'pti/nopti'.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Moritz Lipp <moritz.lipp@iaik.tugraz.at>
Cc: Daniel Gruss <daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at>
Cc: Michael Schwarz <michael.schwarz@iaik.tugraz.at>
Cc: Richard Fellner <richard.fellner@student.tugraz.at>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Andi Lutomirsky <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180105174436.1BC6FA2B@viggo.jf.intel.com
2 years agox86/pti: Unbreak EFI old_memmap
Jiri Kosina [Fri, 5 Jan 2018 21:35:41 +0000 (22:35 +0100)]
x86/pti: Unbreak EFI old_memmap

EFI_OLD_MEMMAP's efi_call_phys_prolog() calls set_pgd() with swapper PGD that
has PAGE_USER set, which makes PTI set NX on it, and therefore EFI can't
execute it's code.

Fix that by forcefully clearing _PAGE_NX from the PGD (this can't be done
by the pgprot API).

_PAGE_NX will be automatically reintroduced in efi_call_phys_epilog(), as
_set_pgd() will again notice that this is _PAGE_USER, and set _PAGE_NX on
it.

Tested-by: Dimitri Sivanich <sivanich@hpe.com>
Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/nycvar.YFH.7.76.1801052215460.11852@cbobk.fhfr.pm
2 years agox86/pti: Rename BUG_CPU_INSECURE to BUG_CPU_MELTDOWN
Thomas Gleixner [Fri, 5 Jan 2018 14:27:34 +0000 (15:27 +0100)]
x86/pti: Rename BUG_CPU_INSECURE to BUG_CPU_MELTDOWN

Use the name associated with the particular attack which needs page table
isolation for mitigation.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Cc: Alan Cox <gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
Cc: Jiri Koshina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andi Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.20.1801051525300.1724@nanos
2 years agox86/alternatives: Add missing '\n' at end of ALTERNATIVE inline asm
David Woodhouse [Thu, 4 Jan 2018 14:37:05 +0000 (14:37 +0000)]
x86/alternatives: Add missing '\n' at end of ALTERNATIVE inline asm

Where an ALTERNATIVE is used in the middle of an inline asm block, this
would otherwise lead to the following instruction being appended directly
to the trailing ".popsection", and a failed compile.

Fixes: 9cebed423c84 ("x86, alternative: Use .pushsection/.popsection")
Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: ak@linux.intel.com
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180104143710.8961-8-dwmw@amazon.co.uk
2 years agox86/tlb: Drop the _GPL from the cpu_tlbstate export
Thomas Gleixner [Thu, 4 Jan 2018 21:19:04 +0000 (22:19 +0100)]
x86/tlb: Drop the _GPL from the cpu_tlbstate export

The recent changes for PTI touch cpu_tlbstate from various tlb_flush
inlines. cpu_tlbstate is exported as GPL symbol, so this causes a
regression when building out of tree drivers for certain graphics cards.

Aside of that the export was wrong since it was introduced as it should
have been EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL_GPL().

Use the correct PER_CPU export and drop the _GPL to restore the previous
state which allows users to utilize the cards they payed for.

As always I'm really thrilled to make this kind of change to support the
#friends (or however the hot hashtag of today is spelled) from that closet
sauce graphics corp.

Fixes: 1e02ce4cccdc ("x86: Store a per-cpu shadow copy of CR4")
Fixes: 6fd166aae78c ("x86/mm: Use/Fix PCID to optimize user/kernel switches")
Reported-by: Kees Cook <keescook@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
2 years agox86/events/intel/ds: Use the proper cache flush method for mapping ds buffers
Peter Zijlstra [Thu, 4 Jan 2018 17:07:12 +0000 (18:07 +0100)]
x86/events/intel/ds: Use the proper cache flush method for mapping ds buffers

Thomas reported the following warning:

 BUG: using smp_processor_id() in preemptible [00000000] code: ovsdb-server/4498
 caller is native_flush_tlb_single+0x57/0xc0
 native_flush_tlb_single+0x57/0xc0
 __set_pte_vaddr+0x2d/0x40
 set_pte_vaddr+0x2f/0x40
 cea_set_pte+0x30/0x40
 ds_update_cea.constprop.4+0x4d/0x70
 reserve_ds_buffers+0x159/0x410
 x86_reserve_hardware+0x150/0x160
 x86_pmu_event_init+0x3e/0x1f0
 perf_try_init_event+0x69/0x80
 perf_event_alloc+0x652/0x740
 SyS_perf_event_open+0x3f6/0xd60
 do_syscall_64+0x5c/0x190

set_pte_vaddr is used to map the ds buffers into the cpu entry area, but
there are two problems with that:

 1) The resulting flush is not supposed to be called in preemptible context

 2) The cpu entry area is supposed to be per CPU, but the debug store
    buffers are mapped for all CPUs so these mappings need to be flushed
    globally.

Add the necessary preemption protection across the mapping code and flush
TLBs globally.

Fixes: c1961a4631da ("x86/events/intel/ds: Map debug buffers in cpu_entry_area")
Reported-by: Thomas Zeitlhofer <thomas.zeitlhofer+lkml@ze-it.at>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: Thomas Zeitlhofer <thomas.zeitlhofer+lkml@ze-it.at>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180104170712.GB3040@hirez.programming.kicks-ass.net
2 years agox86/kaslr: Fix the vaddr_end mess
Thomas Gleixner [Thu, 4 Jan 2018 11:32:03 +0000 (12:32 +0100)]
x86/kaslr: Fix the vaddr_end mess

vaddr_end for KASLR is only documented in the KASLR code itself and is
adjusted depending on config options. So it's not surprising that a change
of the memory layout causes KASLR to have the wrong vaddr_end. This can map
arbitrary stuff into other areas causing hard to understand problems.

Remove the whole ifdef magic and define the start of the cpu_entry_area to
be the end of the KASLR vaddr range.

Add documentation to that effect.

Fixes: 92a0f81d8957 ("x86/cpu_entry_area: Move it out of the fixmap")
Reported-by: Benjamin Gilbert <benjamin.gilbert@coreos.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: Benjamin Gilbert <benjamin.gilbert@coreos.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: stable <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>,
Cc: Alexander Kuleshov <kuleshovmail@gmail.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.20.1801041320360.1771@nanos
2 years agox86/mm: Map cpu_entry_area at the same place on 4/5 level
Thomas Gleixner [Thu, 4 Jan 2018 12:01:40 +0000 (13:01 +0100)]
x86/mm: Map cpu_entry_area at the same place on 4/5 level

There is no reason for 4 and 5 level pagetables to have a different
layout. It just makes determining vaddr_end for KASLR harder than
necessary.

Fixes: 92a0f81d8957 ("x86/cpu_entry_area: Move it out of the fixmap")
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Gilbert <benjamin.gilbert@coreos.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: stable <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>,
Cc: Alexander Kuleshov <kuleshovmail@gmail.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.20.1801041320360.1771@nanos
2 years agox86/mm: Set MODULES_END to 0xffffffffff000000
Andrey Ryabinin [Thu, 28 Dec 2017 16:06:20 +0000 (19:06 +0300)]
x86/mm: Set MODULES_END to 0xffffffffff000000

Since f06bdd4001c2 ("x86/mm: Adapt MODULES_END based on fixmap section size")
kasan_mem_to_shadow(MODULES_END) could be not aligned to a page boundary.

So passing page unaligned address to kasan_populate_zero_shadow() have two
possible effects:

1) It may leave one page hole in supposed to be populated area. After commit
  21506525fb8d ("x86/kasan/64: Teach KASAN about the cpu_entry_area") that
  hole happens to be in the shadow covering fixmap area and leads to crash:

 BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at fffffbffffe8ee04
 RIP: 0010:check_memory_region+0x5c/0x190

 Call Trace:
  <NMI>
  memcpy+0x1f/0x50
  ghes_copy_tofrom_phys+0xab/0x180
  ghes_read_estatus+0xfb/0x280
  ghes_notify_nmi+0x2b2/0x410
  nmi_handle+0x115/0x2c0
  default_do_nmi+0x57/0x110
  do_nmi+0xf8/0x150
  end_repeat_nmi+0x1a/0x1e

Note, the crash likely disappeared after commit 92a0f81d8957, which
changed kasan_populate_zero_shadow() call the way it was before
commit 21506525fb8d.

2) Attempt to load module near MODULES_END will fail, because
   __vmalloc_node_range() called from kasan_module_alloc() will hit the
   WARN_ON(!pte_none(*pte)) in the vmap_pte_range() and bail out with error.

To fix this we need to make kasan_mem_to_shadow(MODULES_END) page aligned
which means that MODULES_END should be 8*PAGE_SIZE aligned.

The whole point of commit f06bdd4001c2 was to move MODULES_END down if
NR_CPUS is big, so the cpu_entry_area takes a lot of space.
But since 92a0f81d8957 ("x86/cpu_entry_area: Move it out of the fixmap")
the cpu_entry_area is no longer in fixmap, so we could just set
MODULES_END to a fixed 8*PAGE_SIZE aligned address.

Fixes: f06bdd4001c2 ("x86/mm: Adapt MODULES_END based on fixmap section size")
Reported-by: Jakub Kicinski <kubakici@wp.pl>
Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171228160620.23818-1-aryabinin@virtuozzo.com
2 years agox86/process: Define cpu_tss_rw in same section as declaration
Nick Desaulniers [Wed, 3 Jan 2018 20:39:52 +0000 (12:39 -0800)]
x86/process: Define cpu_tss_rw in same section as declaration

cpu_tss_rw is declared with DECLARE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED
but then defined with DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED
leading to section mismatch warnings.

Use DEFINE_PER_CPU_PAGE_ALIGNED consistently. This is necessary because
it's mapped to the cpu entry area and must be page aligned.

[ tglx: Massaged changelog a bit ]

Fixes: 1a935bc3d4ea ("x86/entry: Move SYSENTER_stack to the beginning of struct tss_struct")
Suggested-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: thomas.lendacky@amd.com
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@suse.de>
Cc: tklauser@distanz.ch
Cc: minipli@googlemail.com
Cc: me@kylehuey.com
Cc: namit@vmware.com
Cc: luto@kernel.org
Cc: jpoimboe@redhat.com
Cc: tj@kernel.org
Cc: cl@linux.com
Cc: bp@suse.de
Cc: thgarnie@google.com
Cc: kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180103203954.183360-1-ndesaulniers@google.com
2 years agox86/pti: Switch to kernel CR3 at early in entry_SYSCALL_compat()
Thomas Gleixner [Wed, 3 Jan 2018 18:52:04 +0000 (19:52 +0100)]
x86/pti: Switch to kernel CR3 at early in entry_SYSCALL_compat()

The preparation for PTI which added CR3 switching to the entry code
misplaced the CR3 switch in entry_SYSCALL_compat().

With PTI enabled the entry code tries to access a per cpu variable after
switching to kernel GS. This fails because that variable is not mapped to
user space. This results in a double fault and in the worst case a kernel
crash.

Move the switch ahead of the access and clobber RSP which has been saved
already.

Fixes: 8a09317b895f ("x86/mm/pti: Prepare the x86/entry assembly code for entry/exit CR3 switching")
Reported-by: Lars Wendler <wendler.lars@web.de>
Reported-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Betkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>, ,
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>,
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.20.1801031949200.1957@nanos
2 years agox86/dumpstack: Print registers for first stack frame
Josh Poimboeuf [Sun, 31 Dec 2017 16:18:07 +0000 (10:18 -0600)]
x86/dumpstack: Print registers for first stack frame

In the stack dump code, if the frame after the starting pt_regs is also
a regs frame, the registers don't get printed.  Fix that.

Reported-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Tested-by: Alexander Tsoy <alexander@tsoy.me>
Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Toralf Förster <toralf.foerster@gmx.de>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: 3b3fa11bc700 ("x86/dumpstack: Print any pt_regs found on the stack")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/396f84491d2f0ef64eda4217a2165f5712f6a115.1514736742.git.jpoimboe@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/dumpstack: Fix partial register dumps
Josh Poimboeuf [Sun, 31 Dec 2017 16:18:06 +0000 (10:18 -0600)]
x86/dumpstack: Fix partial register dumps

The show_regs_safe() logic is wrong.  When there's an iret stack frame,
it prints the entire pt_regs -- most of which is random stack data --
instead of just the five registers at the end.

show_regs_safe() is also poorly named: the on_stack() checks aren't for
safety.  Rename the function to show_regs_if_on_stack() and add a
comment to explain why the checks are needed.

These issues were introduced with the "partial register dump" feature of
the following commit:

  b02fcf9ba121 ("x86/unwinder: Handle stack overflows more gracefully")

That patch had gone through a few iterations of development, and the
above issues were artifacts from a previous iteration of the patch where
'regs' pointed directly to the iret frame rather than to the (partially
empty) pt_regs.

Tested-by: Alexander Tsoy <alexander@tsoy.me>
Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Toralf Förster <toralf.foerster@gmx.de>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: b02fcf9ba121 ("x86/unwinder: Handle stack overflows more gracefully")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/5b05b8b344f59db2d3d50dbdeba92d60f2304c54.1514736742.git.jpoimboe@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/pti: Make sure the user/kernel PTEs match
Thomas Gleixner [Wed, 3 Jan 2018 14:57:59 +0000 (15:57 +0100)]
x86/pti: Make sure the user/kernel PTEs match

Meelis reported that his K8 Athlon64 emits MCE warnings when PTI is
enabled:

[Hardware Error]: Error Addr: 0x0000ffff81e000e0
[Hardware Error]: MC1 Error: L1 TLB multimatch.
[Hardware Error]: cache level: L1, tx: INSN

The address is in the entry area, which is mapped into kernel _AND_ user
space. That's special because we switch CR3 while we are executing
there.

User mapping:
0xffffffff81e00000-0xffffffff82000000           2M     ro         PSE     GLB x  pmd

Kernel mapping:
0xffffffff81000000-0xffffffff82000000          16M     ro         PSE         x  pmd

So the K8 is complaining that the TLB entries differ. They differ in the
GLB bit.

Drop the GLB bit when installing the user shared mapping.

Fixes: 6dc72c3cbca0 ("x86/mm/pti: Share entry text PMD")
Reported-by: Meelis Roos <mroos@linux.ee>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: Meelis Roos <mroos@linux.ee>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.20.1801031407180.1957@nanos
2 years agox86/cpu, x86/pti: Do not enable PTI on AMD processors
Tom Lendacky [Wed, 27 Dec 2017 05:43:54 +0000 (23:43 -0600)]
x86/cpu, x86/pti: Do not enable PTI on AMD processors

AMD processors are not subject to the types of attacks that the kernel
page table isolation feature protects against.  The AMD microarchitecture
does not allow memory references, including speculative references, that
access higher privileged data when running in a lesser privileged mode
when that access would result in a page fault.

Disable page table isolation by default on AMD processors by not setting
the X86_BUG_CPU_INSECURE feature, which controls whether X86_FEATURE_PTI
is set.

Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171227054354.20369.94587.stgit@tlendack-t1.amdoffice.net
2 years agox86/pti: Enable PTI by default
Thomas Gleixner [Wed, 3 Jan 2018 14:18:44 +0000 (15:18 +0100)]
x86/pti: Enable PTI by default

This really want's to be enabled by default. Users who know what they are
doing can disable it either in the config or on the kernel command line.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
2 years agox86/ldt: Make LDT pgtable free conditional
Thomas Gleixner [Sun, 31 Dec 2017 15:52:15 +0000 (16:52 +0100)]
x86/ldt: Make LDT pgtable free conditional

Andy prefers to be paranoid about the pagetable free in the error path of
write_ldt(). Make it conditional and warn whenever the installment of a
secondary LDT fails.

Requested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2 years agox86/ldt: Plug memory leak in error path
Thomas Gleixner [Sun, 31 Dec 2017 10:24:34 +0000 (11:24 +0100)]
x86/ldt: Plug memory leak in error path

The error path in write_ldt() tries to free 'old_ldt' instead of the newly
allocated 'new_ldt', resulting in a memory leak. It also misses to clean up a
half populated LDT pagetable, which is not a leak as it gets cleaned up
when the process exits.

Free both the potentially half populated LDT pagetable and the newly
allocated LDT struct. This can be done unconditionally because once an LDT
is mapped subsequent maps will succeed, because the PTE page is already
populated and the two LDTs fit into that single page.

Reported-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Fixes: f55f0501cbf6 ("x86/pti: Put the LDT in its own PGD if PTI is on")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.DEB.2.20.1712311121340.1899@nanos
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Remove preempt_disable/enable() from __native_flush_tlb()
Thomas Gleixner [Sat, 30 Dec 2017 21:13:54 +0000 (22:13 +0100)]
x86/mm: Remove preempt_disable/enable() from __native_flush_tlb()

The preempt_disable/enable() pair in __native_flush_tlb() was added in
commit:

  5cf0791da5c1 ("x86/mm: Disable preemption during CR3 read+write")

... to protect the UP variant of flush_tlb_mm_range().

That preempt_disable/enable() pair should have been added to the UP variant
of flush_tlb_mm_range() instead.

The UP variant was removed with commit:

  ce4a4e565f52 ("x86/mm: Remove the UP asm/tlbflush.h code, always use the (formerly) SMP code")

... but the preempt_disable/enable() pair stayed around.

The latest change to __native_flush_tlb() in commit:

  6fd166aae78c ("x86/mm: Use/Fix PCID to optimize user/kernel switches")

... added an access to a per CPU variable outside the preempt disabled
regions, which makes no sense at all. __native_flush_tlb() must always
be called with at least preemption disabled.

Remove the preempt_disable/enable() pair and add a WARN_ON_ONCE() to catch
bad callers independent of the smp_processor_id() debugging.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171230211829.679325424@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/smpboot: Remove stale TLB flush invocations
Thomas Gleixner [Sat, 30 Dec 2017 21:13:53 +0000 (22:13 +0100)]
x86/smpboot: Remove stale TLB flush invocations

smpboot_setup_warm_reset_vector() and smpboot_restore_warm_reset_vector()
invoke local_flush_tlb() for no obvious reason.

Digging in history revealed that the original code in the 2.1 era added
those because the code manipulated a swapper_pg_dir pagetable entry. The
pagetable manipulation was removed long ago in the 2.3 timeframe, but the
TLB flush invocations stayed around forever.

Remove them along with the pointless pr_debug()s which come from the same 2.1
change.

Reported-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171230211829.586548655@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/ldt: Make the LDT mapping RO
Thomas Gleixner [Fri, 15 Dec 2017 19:35:11 +0000 (20:35 +0100)]
x86/ldt: Make the LDT mapping RO

Now that the LDT mapping is in a known area when PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION is
enabled its a primary target for attacks, if a user space interface fails
to validate a write address correctly. That can never happen, right?

The SDM states:

    If the segment descriptors in the GDT or an LDT are placed in ROM, the
    processor can enter an indefinite loop if software or the processor
    attempts to update (write to) the ROM-based segment descriptors. To
    prevent this problem, set the accessed bits for all segment descriptors
    placed in a ROM. Also, remove operating-system or executive code that
    attempts to modify segment descriptors located in ROM.

So its a valid approach to set the ACCESS bit when setting up the LDT entry
and to map the table RO. Fixup the selftest so it can handle that new mode.

Remove the manual ACCESS bit setter in set_tls_desc() as this is now
pointless. Folded the patch from Peter Ziljstra.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/dump_pagetables: Allow dumping current pagetables
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:08:06 +0000 (15:08 +0100)]
x86/mm/dump_pagetables: Allow dumping current pagetables

Add two debugfs files which allow to dump the pagetable of the current
task.

current_kernel dumps the regular page table. This is the page table which
is normally shared between kernel and user space. If kernel page table
isolation is enabled this is the kernel space mapping.

If kernel page table isolation is enabled the second file, current_user,
dumps the user space page table.

These files allow to verify the resulting page tables for page table
isolation, but even in the normal case its useful to be able to inspect
user space page tables of current for debugging purposes.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/dump_pagetables: Check user space page table for WX pages
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:08:05 +0000 (15:08 +0100)]
x86/mm/dump_pagetables: Check user space page table for WX pages

ptdump_walk_pgd_level_checkwx() checks the kernel page table for WX pages,
but does not check the PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION user space page table.

Restructure the code so that dmesg output is selected by an explicit
argument and not implicit via checking the pgd argument for !NULL.

Add the check for the user space page table.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/dump_pagetables: Add page table directory to the debugfs VFS hierarchy
Borislav Petkov [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:08:04 +0000 (15:08 +0100)]
x86/mm/dump_pagetables: Add page table directory to the debugfs VFS hierarchy

The upcoming support for dumping the kernel and the user space page tables
of the current process would create more random files in the top level
debugfs directory.

Add a page table directory and move the existing file to it.

Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Add Kconfig
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:08:03 +0000 (15:08 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Add Kconfig

Finally allow CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION to be enabled.

PARAVIRT generally requires that the kernel not manage its own page tables.
It also means that the hypervisor and kernel must agree wholeheartedly
about what format the page tables are in and what they contain.
PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION, unfortunately, changes the rules and they
can not be used together.

I've seen conflicting feedback from maintainers lately about whether they
want the Kconfig magic to go first or last in a patch series.  It's going
last here because the partially-applied series leads to kernels that can
not boot in a bunch of cases.  I did a run through the entire series with
CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION=y to look for build errors, though.

[ tglx: Removed SMP and !PARAVIRT dependencies as they not longer exist ]

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/dumpstack: Indicate in Oops whether PTI is configured and enabled
Vlastimil Babka [Tue, 19 Dec 2017 21:33:46 +0000 (22:33 +0100)]
x86/dumpstack: Indicate in Oops whether PTI is configured and enabled

CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION is relatively new and intrusive feature that may
still have some corner cases which could take some time to manifest and be
fixed. It would be useful to have Oops messages indicate whether it was
enabled for building the kernel, and whether it was disabled during boot.

Example of fully enabled:

Oops: 0001 [#1] SMP PTI

Example of enabled during build, but disabled during boot:

Oops: 0001 [#1] SMP NOPTI

We can decide to remove this after the feature has been tested in the field
long enough.

[ tglx: Made it use boot_cpu_has() as requested by Borislav ]

Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Acked-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirsky <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: bpetkov@suse.de
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: jkosina@suse.cz
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Clarify the whole ASID/kernel PCID/user PCID naming
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 5 Dec 2017 12:34:53 +0000 (13:34 +0100)]
x86/mm: Clarify the whole ASID/kernel PCID/user PCID naming

Ideally we'd also use sparse to enforce this separation so it becomes much
more difficult to mess up.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Use INVPCID for __native_flush_tlb_single()
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:08:01 +0000 (15:08 +0100)]
x86/mm: Use INVPCID for __native_flush_tlb_single()

This uses INVPCID to shoot down individual lines of the user mapping
instead of marking the entire user map as invalid. This
could/might/possibly be faster.

This for sure needs tlb_single_page_flush_ceiling to be redetermined;
esp. since INVPCID is _slow_.

A detailed performance analysis is available here:

  https://lkml.kernel.org/r/3062e486-3539-8a1f-5724-16199420be71@intel.com

[ Peterz: Split out from big combo patch ]

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Optimize RESTORE_CR3
Peter Zijlstra [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:08:00 +0000 (15:08 +0100)]
x86/mm: Optimize RESTORE_CR3

Most NMI/paranoid exceptions will not in fact change pagetables and would
thus not require TLB flushing, however RESTORE_CR3 uses flushing CR3
writes.

Restores to kernel PCIDs can be NOFLUSH, because we explicitly flush the
kernel mappings and now that we track which user PCIDs need flushing we can
avoid those too when possible.

This does mean RESTORE_CR3 needs an additional scratch_reg, luckily both
sites have plenty available.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Use/Fix PCID to optimize user/kernel switches
Peter Zijlstra [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:59 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm: Use/Fix PCID to optimize user/kernel switches

We can use PCID to retain the TLBs across CR3 switches; including those now
part of the user/kernel switch. This increases performance of kernel
entry/exit at the cost of more expensive/complicated TLB flushing.

Now that we have two address spaces, one for kernel and one for user space,
we need two PCIDs per mm. We use the top PCID bit to indicate a user PCID
(just like we use the PFN LSB for the PGD). Since we do TLB invalidation
from kernel space, the existing code will only invalidate the kernel PCID,
we augment that by marking the corresponding user PCID invalid, and upon
switching back to userspace, use a flushing CR3 write for the switch.

In order to access the user_pcid_flush_mask we use PER_CPU storage, which
means the previously established SWAPGS vs CR3 ordering is now mandatory
and required.

Having to do this memory access does require additional registers, most
sites have a functioning stack and we can spill one (RAX), sites without
functional stack need to otherwise provide the second scratch register.

Note: PCID is generally available on Intel Sandybridge and later CPUs.
Note: Up until this point TLB flushing was broken in this series.

Based-on-code-from: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Abstract switching CR3
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:58 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm: Abstract switching CR3

In preparation to adding additional PCID flushing, abstract the
loading of a new ASID into CR3.

[ PeterZ: Split out from big combo patch ]

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Allow flushing for future ASID switches
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:57 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm: Allow flushing for future ASID switches

If changing the page tables in such a way that an invalidation of all
contexts (aka. PCIDs / ASIDs) is required, they can be actively invalidated
by:

 1. INVPCID for each PCID (works for single pages too).

 2. Load CR3 with each PCID without the NOFLUSH bit set

 3. Load CR3 with the NOFLUSH bit set for each and do INVLPG for each address.

But, none of these are really feasible since there are ~6 ASIDs (12 with
PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION) at the time that invalidation is required.
Instead of actively invalidating them, invalidate the *current* context and
also mark the cpu_tlbstate _quickly_ to indicate future invalidation to be
required.

At the next context-switch, look for this indicator
('invalidate_other' being set) invalidate all of the
cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[] entries.

This ensures that any future context switches will do a full flush
of the TLB, picking up the previous changes.

[ tglx: Folded more fixups from Peter ]

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/pti: Map the vsyscall page if needed
Andy Lutomirski [Tue, 12 Dec 2017 15:56:42 +0000 (07:56 -0800)]
x86/pti: Map the vsyscall page if needed

Make VSYSCALLs work fully in PTI mode by mapping them properly to the user
space visible page tables.

[ tglx: Hide unused functions (Patch by Arnd Bergmann) ]

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/pti: Put the LDT in its own PGD if PTI is on
Andy Lutomirski [Tue, 12 Dec 2017 15:56:45 +0000 (07:56 -0800)]
x86/pti: Put the LDT in its own PGD if PTI is on

With PTI enabled, the LDT must be mapped in the usermode tables somewhere.
The LDT is per process, i.e. per mm.

An earlier approach mapped the LDT on context switch into a fixmap area,
but that's a big overhead and exhausted the fixmap space when NR_CPUS got
big.

Take advantage of the fact that there is an address space hole which
provides a completely unused pgd. Use this pgd to manage per-mm LDT
mappings.

This has a down side: the LDT isn't (currently) randomized, and an attack
that can write the LDT is instant root due to call gates (thanks, AMD, for
leaving call gates in AMD64 but designing them wrong so they're only useful
for exploits).  This can be mitigated by making the LDT read-only or
randomizing the mapping, either of which is strightforward on top of this
patch.

This will significantly slow down LDT users, but that shouldn't matter for
important workloads -- the LDT is only used by DOSEMU(2), Wine, and very
old libc implementations.

[ tglx: Cleaned it up. ]

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/64: Make a full PGD-entry size hole in the memory map
Andy Lutomirski [Tue, 12 Dec 2017 15:56:44 +0000 (07:56 -0800)]
x86/mm/64: Make a full PGD-entry size hole in the memory map

Shrink vmalloc space from 16384TiB to 12800TiB to enlarge the hole starting
at 0xff90000000000000 to be a full PGD entry.

A subsequent patch will use this hole for the pagetable isolation LDT
alias.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/events/intel/ds: Map debug buffers in cpu_entry_area
Hugh Dickins [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:50 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/events/intel/ds: Map debug buffers in cpu_entry_area

The BTS and PEBS buffers both have their virtual addresses programmed into
the hardware.  This means that any access to them is performed via the page
tables.  The times that the hardware accesses these are entirely dependent
on how the performance monitoring hardware events are set up.  In other
words, there is no way for the kernel to tell when the hardware might
access these buffers.

To avoid perf crashes, place 'debug_store' allocate pages and map them into
the cpu_entry_area.

The PEBS fixup buffer does not need this treatment.

[ tglx: Got rid of the kaiser_add_mapping() complication ]

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/cpu_entry_area: Add debugstore entries to cpu_entry_area
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:49 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/cpu_entry_area: Add debugstore entries to cpu_entry_area

The Intel PEBS/BTS debug store is a design trainwreck as it expects virtual
addresses which must be visible in any execution context.

So it is required to make these mappings visible to user space when kernel
page table isolation is active.

Provide enough room for the buffer mappings in the cpu_entry_area so the
buffers are available in the user space visible page tables.

At the point where the kernel side entry area is populated there is no
buffer available yet, but the kernel PMD must be populated. To achieve this
set the entries for these buffers to non present.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Map ESPFIX into user space
Andy Lutomirski [Fri, 15 Dec 2017 21:08:18 +0000 (22:08 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Map ESPFIX into user space

Map the ESPFIX pages into user space when PTI is enabled.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Share entry text PMD
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:47 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Share entry text PMD

Share the entry text PMD of the kernel mapping with the user space
mapping. If large pages are enabled this is a single PMD entry and at the
point where it is copied into the user page table the RW bit has not been
cleared yet. Clear it right away so the user space visible map becomes RX.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/entry: Align entry text section to PMD boundary
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:46 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/entry: Align entry text section to PMD boundary

The (irq)entry text must be visible in the user space page tables. To allow
simple PMD based sharing, make the entry text PMD aligned.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Share cpu_entry_area with user space page tables
Andy Lutomirski [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:45 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Share cpu_entry_area with user space page tables

Share the cpu entry area so the user space and kernel space page tables
have the same P4D page.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Force entry through trampoline when PTI active
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:43 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Force entry through trampoline when PTI active

Force the entry through the trampoline only when PTI is active. Otherwise
go through the normal entry code.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Add functions to clone kernel PMDs
Andy Lutomirski [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:42 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Add functions to clone kernel PMDs

Provide infrastructure to:

 - find a kernel PMD for a mapping which must be visible to user space for
   the entry/exit code to work.

 - walk an address range and share the kernel PMD with it.

This reuses a small part of the original KAISER patches to populate the
user space page table.

[ tglx: Made it universally usable so it can be used for any kind of shared
mapping. Add a mechanism to clear specific bits in the user space
visible PMD entry. Folded Andys simplifactions ]

Originally-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Populate user PGD
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:40 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Populate user PGD

In clone_pgd_range() copy the init user PGDs which cover the kernel half of
the address space, so a process has all the required kernel mappings
visible.

[ tglx: Split out from the big kaiser dump and folded Andys simplification ]

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Allocate a separate user PGD
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:39 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Allocate a separate user PGD

Kernel page table isolation requires to have two PGDs. One for the kernel,
which contains the full kernel mapping plus the user space mapping and one
for user space which contains the user space mappings and the minimal set
of kernel mappings which are required by the architecture to be able to
transition from and to user space.

Add the necessary preliminaries.

[ tglx: Split out from the big kaiser dump. EFI fixup from Kirill ]

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Allow NX poison to be set in p4d/pgd
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:38 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Allow NX poison to be set in p4d/pgd

With PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION the user portion of the kernel page tables is
poisoned with the NX bit so if the entry code exits with the kernel page
tables selected in CR3, userspace crashes.

But doing so trips the p4d/pgd_bad() checks.  Make sure it does not do
that.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Add mapping helper functions
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:37 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Add mapping helper functions

Add the pagetable helper functions do manage the separate user space page
tables.

[ tglx: Split out from the big combo kaiser patch. Folded Andys
simplification and made it out of line as Boris suggested ]

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/pti: Add the pti= cmdline option and documentation
Borislav Petkov [Tue, 12 Dec 2017 13:39:52 +0000 (14:39 +0100)]
x86/pti: Add the pti= cmdline option and documentation

Keep the "nopti" optional for traditional reasons.

[ tglx: Don't allow force on when running on XEN PV and made 'on'
printout conditional ]

Requested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirsky <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171212133952.10177-1-bp@alien8.de
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Add infrastructure for page table isolation
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:36 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Add infrastructure for page table isolation

Add the initial files for kernel page table isolation, with a minimal init
function and the boot time detection for this misfeature.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Prepare the x86/entry assembly code for entry/exit CR3 switching
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:35 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Prepare the x86/entry assembly code for entry/exit CR3 switching

PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION needs to switch to a different CR3 value when it
enters the kernel and switch back when it exits.  This essentially needs to
be done before leaving assembly code.

This is extra challenging because the switching context is tricky: the
registers that can be clobbered can vary.  It is also hard to store things
on the stack because there is an established ABI (ptregs) or the stack is
entirely unsafe to use.

Establish a set of macros that allow changing to the user and kernel CR3
values.

Interactions with SWAPGS:

  Previous versions of the PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION code relied on having
  per-CPU scratch space to save/restore a register that can be used for the
  CR3 MOV.  The %GS register is used to index into our per-CPU space, so
  SWAPGS *had* to be done before the CR3 switch.  That scratch space is gone
  now, but the semantic that SWAPGS must be done before the CR3 MOV is
  retained.  This is good to keep because it is not that hard to do and it
  allows to do things like add per-CPU debugging information.

What this does in the NMI code is worth pointing out.  NMIs can interrupt
*any* context and they can also be nested with NMIs interrupting other
NMIs.  The comments below ".Lnmi_from_kernel" explain the format of the
stack during this situation.  Changing the format of this stack is hard.
Instead of storing the old CR3 value on the stack, this depends on the
*regular* register save/restore mechanism and then uses %r14 to keep CR3
during the NMI.  It is callee-saved and will not be clobbered by the C NMI
handlers that get called.

[ PeterZ: ESPFIX optimization ]

Based-on-code-from: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/pti: Disable global pages if PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION=y
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:34 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/pti: Disable global pages if PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION=y

Global pages stay in the TLB across context switches.  Since all contexts
share the same kernel mapping, these mappings are marked as global pages
so kernel entries in the TLB are not flushed out on a context switch.

But, even having these entries in the TLB opens up something that an
attacker can use, such as the double-page-fault attack:

   http://www.ieee-security.org/TC/SP2013/papers/4977a191.pdf

That means that even when PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION switches page tables
on return to user space the global pages would stay in the TLB cache.

Disable global pages so that kernel TLB entries can be flushed before
returning to user space. This way, all accesses to kernel addresses from
userspace result in a TLB miss independent of the existence of a kernel
mapping.

Suppress global pages via the __supported_pte_mask. The user space
mappings set PAGE_GLOBAL for the minimal kernel mappings which are
required for entry/exit. These mappings are set up manually so the
filtering does not take place.

[ The __supported_pte_mask simplification was written by Thomas Gleixner. ]
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/cpufeatures: Add X86_BUG_CPU_INSECURE
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:33 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/cpufeatures: Add X86_BUG_CPU_INSECURE

Many x86 CPUs leak information to user space due to missing isolation of
user space and kernel space page tables. There are many well documented
ways to exploit that.

The upcoming software migitation of isolating the user and kernel space
page tables needs a misfeature flag so code can be made runtime
conditional.

Add the BUG bits which indicates that the CPU is affected and add a feature
bit which indicates that the software migitation is enabled.

Assume for now that _ALL_ x86 CPUs are affected by this. Exceptions can be
made later.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/cpu_entry_area: Prevent wraparound in setup_cpu_entry_area_ptes() on 32bit
Thomas Gleixner [Sat, 23 Dec 2017 18:45:11 +0000 (19:45 +0100)]
x86/cpu_entry_area: Prevent wraparound in setup_cpu_entry_area_ptes() on 32bit

The loop which populates the CPU entry area PMDs can wrap around on 32bit
machines when the number of CPUs is small.

It worked wonderful for NR_CPUS=64 for whatever reason and the moron who
wrote that code did not bother to test it with !SMP.

Check for the wraparound to fix it.

Fixes: 92a0f81d8957 ("x86/cpu_entry_area: Move it out of the fixmap")
Reported-by: kernel test robot <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas "Feels stupid" Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Tested-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
2 years agoinit: Invoke init_espfix_bsp() from mm_init()
Thomas Gleixner [Sun, 17 Dec 2017 09:56:29 +0000 (10:56 +0100)]
init: Invoke init_espfix_bsp() from mm_init()

init_espfix_bsp() needs to be invoked before the page table isolation
initialization. Move it into mm_init() which is the place where pti_init()
will be added.

While at it get rid of the #ifdeffery and provide proper stub functions.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/cpu_entry_area: Move it out of the fixmap
Thomas Gleixner [Wed, 20 Dec 2017 17:51:31 +0000 (18:51 +0100)]
x86/cpu_entry_area: Move it out of the fixmap

Put the cpu_entry_area into a separate P4D entry. The fixmap gets too big
and 0-day already hit a case where the fixmap PTEs were cleared by
cleanup_highmap().

Aside of that the fixmap API is a pain as it's all backwards.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/cpu_entry_area: Move it to a separate unit
Thomas Gleixner [Wed, 20 Dec 2017 17:28:54 +0000 (18:28 +0100)]
x86/cpu_entry_area: Move it to a separate unit

Separate the cpu_entry_area code out of cpu/common.c and the fixmap.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Create asm/invpcid.h
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 5 Dec 2017 12:34:47 +0000 (13:34 +0100)]
x86/mm: Create asm/invpcid.h

Unclutter tlbflush.h a little.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Put MMU to hardware ASID translation in one place
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:56 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm: Put MMU to hardware ASID translation in one place

There are effectively two ASID types:

 1. The one stored in the mmu_context that goes from 0..5
 2. The one programmed into the hardware that goes from 1..6

This consolidates the locations where converting between the two (by doing
a +1) to a single place which gives us a nice place to comment.
PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION will also need to, given an ASID, know which hardware
ASID to flush for the userspace mapping.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Remove hard-coded ASID limit checks
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:55 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm: Remove hard-coded ASID limit checks

First, it's nice to remove the magic numbers.

Second, PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION is going to consume half of the available ASID
space.  The space is currently unused, but add a comment to spell out this
new restriction.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Move the CR3 construction functions to tlbflush.h
Dave Hansen [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:54 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/mm: Move the CR3 construction functions to tlbflush.h

For flushing the TLB, the ASID which has been programmed into the hardware
must be known.  That differs from what is in 'cpu_tlbstate'.

Add functions to transform the 'cpu_tlbstate' values into to the one
programmed into the hardware (CR3).

It's not easy to include mmu_context.h into tlbflush.h, so just move the
CR3 building over to tlbflush.h.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Add comments to clarify which TLB-flush functions are supposed to flush what
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 5 Dec 2017 12:34:52 +0000 (13:34 +0100)]
x86/mm: Add comments to clarify which TLB-flush functions are supposed to flush what

Per popular request..

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Remove superfluous barriers
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 5 Dec 2017 12:34:46 +0000 (13:34 +0100)]
x86/mm: Remove superfluous barriers

atomic64_inc_return() already implies smp_mb() before and after.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm: Use __flush_tlb_one() for kernel memory
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 5 Dec 2017 12:34:49 +0000 (13:34 +0100)]
x86/mm: Use __flush_tlb_one() for kernel memory

__flush_tlb_single() is for user mappings, __flush_tlb_one() for
kernel mappings.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/microcode: Dont abuse the TLB-flush interface
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 5 Dec 2017 12:34:51 +0000 (13:34 +0100)]
x86/microcode: Dont abuse the TLB-flush interface

Commit:

  ec400ddeff20 ("x86/microcode_intel_early.c: Early update ucode on Intel's CPU")

... grubbed into tlbflush internals without coherent explanation.

Since it says its a precaution and the SDM doesn't mention anything like
this, take it out back.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: fenghua.yu@intel.com
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/uv: Use the right TLB-flush API
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 5 Dec 2017 12:34:50 +0000 (13:34 +0100)]
x86/uv: Use the right TLB-flush API

Since uv_flush_tlb_others() implements flush_tlb_others() which is
about flushing user mappings, we should use __flush_tlb_single(),
which too is about flushing user mappings.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Andrew Banman <abanman@hpe.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mike Travis <mike.travis@hpe.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/entry: Rename SYSENTER_stack to CPU_ENTRY_AREA_entry_stack
Dave Hansen [Tue, 5 Dec 2017 01:25:07 +0000 (17:25 -0800)]
x86/entry: Rename SYSENTER_stack to CPU_ENTRY_AREA_entry_stack

If the kernel oopses while on the trampoline stack, it will print
"<SYSENTER>" even if SYSENTER is not involved.  That is rather confusing.

The "SYSENTER" stack is used for a lot more than SYSENTER now.  Give it a
better string to display in stack dumps, and rename the kernel code to
match.

Also move the 32-bit code over to the new naming even though it still uses
the entry stack only for SYSENTER.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/doc: Remove obvious weirdnesses from the x86 MM layout documentation
Peter Zijlstra [Tue, 5 Dec 2017 12:34:54 +0000 (13:34 +0100)]
x86/doc: Remove obvious weirdnesses from the x86 MM layout documentation

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/64: Improve the memory map documentation
Andy Lutomirski [Tue, 12 Dec 2017 15:56:43 +0000 (07:56 -0800)]
x86/mm/64: Improve the memory map documentation

The old docs had the vsyscall range wrong and were missing the fixmap.
Fix both.

There used to be 8 MB reserved for future vsyscalls, but that's long gone.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/ldt: Prevent LDT inheritance on exec
Thomas Gleixner [Thu, 14 Dec 2017 11:27:31 +0000 (12:27 +0100)]
x86/ldt: Prevent LDT inheritance on exec

The LDT is inherited across fork() or exec(), but that makes no sense
at all because exec() is supposed to start the process clean.

The reason why this happens is that init_new_context_ldt() is called from
init_new_context() which obviously needs to be called for both fork() and
exec().

It would be surprising if anything relies on that behaviour, so it seems to
be safe to remove that misfeature.

Split the context initialization into two parts. Clear the LDT pointer and
initialize the mutex from the general context init and move the LDT
duplication to arch_dup_mmap() which is only called on fork().

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirsky <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: dan.j.williams@intel.com
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/ldt: Rework locking
Peter Zijlstra [Thu, 14 Dec 2017 11:27:30 +0000 (12:27 +0100)]
x86/ldt: Rework locking

The LDT is duplicated on fork() and on exec(), which is wrong as exec()
should start from a clean state, i.e. without LDT. To fix this the LDT
duplication code will be moved into arch_dup_mmap() which is only called
for fork().

This introduces a locking problem. arch_dup_mmap() holds mmap_sem of the
parent process, but the LDT duplication code needs to acquire
mm->context.lock to access the LDT data safely, which is the reverse lock
order of write_ldt() where mmap_sem nests into context.lock.

Solve this by introducing a new rw semaphore which serializes the
read/write_ldt() syscall operations and use context.lock to protect the
actual installment of the LDT descriptor.

So context.lock stabilizes mm->context.ldt and can nest inside of the new
semaphore or mmap_sem.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirsky <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: dan.j.williams@intel.com
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agoarch, mm: Allow arch_dup_mmap() to fail
Thomas Gleixner [Thu, 14 Dec 2017 11:27:29 +0000 (12:27 +0100)]
arch, mm: Allow arch_dup_mmap() to fail

In order to sanitize the LDT initialization on x86 arch_dup_mmap() must be
allowed to fail. Fix up all instances.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirsky <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: dan.j.williams@intel.com
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/vsyscall/64: Warn and fail vsyscall emulation in NATIVE mode
Andy Lutomirski [Mon, 11 Dec 2017 06:47:20 +0000 (22:47 -0800)]
x86/vsyscall/64: Warn and fail vsyscall emulation in NATIVE mode

If something goes wrong with pagetable setup, vsyscall=native will
accidentally fall back to emulation.  Make it warn and fail so that we
notice.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/vsyscall/64: Explicitly set _PAGE_USER in the pagetable hierarchy
Andy Lutomirski [Mon, 11 Dec 2017 06:47:19 +0000 (22:47 -0800)]
x86/vsyscall/64: Explicitly set _PAGE_USER in the pagetable hierarchy

The kernel is very erratic as to which pagetables have _PAGE_USER set.  The
vsyscall page gets lucky: it seems that all of the relevant pagetables are
among the apparently arbitrary ones that set _PAGE_USER.  Rather than
relying on chance, just explicitly set _PAGE_USER.

This will let us clean up pagetable setup to stop setting _PAGE_USER.  The
added code can also be reused by pagetable isolation to manage the
_PAGE_USER bit in the usermode tables.

[ tglx: Folded paravirt fix from Juergen Gross ]

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/dump_pagetables: Make the address hints correct and readable
Thomas Gleixner [Wed, 20 Dec 2017 17:07:42 +0000 (18:07 +0100)]
x86/mm/dump_pagetables: Make the address hints correct and readable

The address hints are a trainwreck. The array entry numbers have to kept
magically in sync with the actual hints, which is doomed as some of the
array members are initialized at runtime via the entry numbers.

Designated initializers have been around before this code was
implemented....

Use the entry numbers to populate the address hints array and add the
missing bits and pieces. Split 32 and 64 bit for readability sake.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/mm/dump_pagetables: Check PAGE_PRESENT for real
Thomas Gleixner [Sat, 16 Dec 2017 00:14:39 +0000 (01:14 +0100)]
x86/mm/dump_pagetables: Check PAGE_PRESENT for real

The check for a present page in printk_prot():

       if (!pgprot_val(prot)) {
                /* Not present */

is bogus. If a PTE is set to PAGE_NONE then the pgprot_val is not zero and
the entry is decoded in bogus ways, e.g. as RX GLB. That is confusing when
analyzing mapping correctness. Check for the present bit to make an
informed decision.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/Kconfig: Limit NR_CPUS on 32-bit to a sane amount
Thomas Gleixner [Wed, 20 Dec 2017 17:02:34 +0000 (18:02 +0100)]
x86/Kconfig: Limit NR_CPUS on 32-bit to a sane amount

The recent cpu_entry_area changes fail to compile on 32-bit when BIGSMP=y
and NR_CPUS=512, because the fixmap area becomes too big.

Limit the number of CPUs with BIGSMP to 64, which is already way to big for
32-bit, but it's at least a working limitation.

We performed a quick survey of 32-bit-only machines that might be affected
by this change negatively, but found none.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/cpufeatures: Make CPU bugs sticky
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:32 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/cpufeatures: Make CPU bugs sticky

There is currently no way to force CPU bug bits like CPU feature bits. That
makes it impossible to set a bug bit once at boot and have it stick for all
upcoming CPUs.

Extend the force set/clear arrays to handle bug bits as well.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171204150606.992156574@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/paravirt: Provide a way to check for hypervisors
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:31 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/paravirt: Provide a way to check for hypervisors

There is no generic way to test whether a kernel is running on a specific
hypervisor. But that's required to prevent the upcoming user address space
separation feature in certain guest modes.

Make the hypervisor type enum unconditionally available and provide a
helper function which allows to test for a specific type.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171204150606.912938129@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/paravirt: Dont patch flush_tlb_single
Thomas Gleixner [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:30 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/paravirt: Dont patch flush_tlb_single

native_flush_tlb_single() will be changed with the upcoming
PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION feature. This requires to have more code in
there than INVLPG.

Remove the paravirt patching for it.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@suse.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: michael.schwarz@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: moritz.lipp@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: richard.fellner@student.tugraz.at
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171204150606.828111617@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/entry/64: Make cpu_entry_area.tss read-only
Andy Lutomirski [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:29 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/entry/64: Make cpu_entry_area.tss read-only

The TSS is a fairly juicy target for exploits, and, now that the TSS
is in the cpu_entry_area, it's no longer protected by kASLR.  Make it
read-only on x86_64.

On x86_32, it can't be RO because it's written by the CPU during task
switches, and we use a task gate for double faults.  I'd also be
nervous about errata if we tried to make it RO even on configurations
without double fault handling.

[ tglx: AMD confirmed that there is no problem on 64-bit with TSS RO.  So
   it's probably safe to assume that it's a non issue, though Intel
   might have been creative in that area. Still waiting for
   confirmation. ]

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@suse.de>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171204150606.733700132@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/entry: Clean up the SYSENTER_stack code
Andy Lutomirski [Mon, 4 Dec 2017 14:07:28 +0000 (15:07 +0100)]
x86/entry: Clean up the SYSENTER_stack code

The existing code was a mess, mainly because C arrays are nasty.  Turn
SYSENTER_stack into a struct, add a helper to find it, and do all the
obvious cleanups this enables.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Reviewed-by: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@suse.de>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171204150606.653244723@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>