sfrench/cifs-2.6.git
2 years agotracing: Use strncpy instead of memcpy when copying comm in trace.c
Tom Zanussi [Tue, 5 Mar 2019 16:12:00 +0000 (10:12 -0600)]
tracing: Use strncpy instead of memcpy when copying comm in trace.c

Because there may be random garbage beyond a string's null terminator,
code that might use the entire comm array e.g. histogram keys, can
give unexpected results if that garbage is copied in too, so avoid
that possibility by using strncpy instead of memcpy.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1d6ebac26570c2a29ce9fb575379f17ef5c8b81b.1551802084.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Suggested-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Use strncpy instead of memcpy when copying comm for hist triggers
Tom Zanussi [Tue, 5 Mar 2019 16:11:59 +0000 (10:11 -0600)]
tracing: Use strncpy instead of memcpy when copying comm for hist triggers

Because there may be random garbage beyond a string's null terminator,
code that might use the entire comm array e.g. histogram keys, can
give unexpected results if that garbage is copied in too, so avoid
that possibility by using strncpy instead of memcpy.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1eb9f096a8086c3c82c7fc087c900005143cec54.1551802084.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Use strncpy instead of memcpy for string keys in hist triggers
Tom Zanussi [Mon, 4 Feb 2019 21:07:24 +0000 (15:07 -0600)]
tracing: Use strncpy instead of memcpy for string keys in hist triggers

Because there may be random garbage beyond a string's null terminator,
it's not correct to copy the the complete character array for use as a
hist trigger key.  This results in multiple histogram entries for the
'same' string key.

So, in the case of a string key, use strncpy instead of memcpy to
avoid copying in the extra bytes.

Before, using the gdbus entries in the following hist trigger as an
example:

  # echo 'hist:key=comm' > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_waking/trigger
  # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_waking/hist

  ...

  { comm: ImgDecoder #4                      } hitcount:        203
  { comm: gmain                              } hitcount:        213
  { comm: gmain                              } hitcount:        216
  { comm: StreamTrans #73                    } hitcount:        221
  { comm: mozStorage #3                      } hitcount:        230
  { comm: gdbus                              } hitcount:        233
  { comm: StyleThread#5                      } hitcount:        253
  { comm: gdbus                              } hitcount:        256
  { comm: gdbus                              } hitcount:        260
  { comm: StyleThread#4                      } hitcount:        271

  ...

  # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_waking/hist | egrep gdbus | wc -l
  51

After:

  # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_waking/hist | egrep gdbus | wc -l
  1

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/50c35ae1267d64eee975b8125e151e600071d4dc.1549309756.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: 79e577cbce4c4 ("tracing: Support string type key properly")
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Use str_has_prefix() in synth_event_create()
Tom Zanussi [Mon, 4 Feb 2019 21:07:23 +0000 (15:07 -0600)]
tracing: Use str_has_prefix() in synth_event_create()

Since we now have a str_has_prefix() that returns the length, we can
use that instead of explicitly calculating it.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/03418373fd1e80030e7394b8e3e081c5de28a710.1549309756.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agox86/ftrace: Fix warning and considate ftrace_jmp_replace() and ftrace_call_replace()
Steven Rostedt (VMware) [Mon, 4 Mar 2019 21:35:22 +0000 (16:35 -0500)]
x86/ftrace: Fix warning and considate ftrace_jmp_replace() and ftrace_call_replace()

Arnd reported the following compiler warning:

arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c:669:23: error: 'ftrace_jmp_replace' defined but not used [-Werror=unused-function]

The ftrace_jmp_replace() function now only has a single user and should be
simply moved by that user. But looking at the code, it shows that
ftrace_jmp_replace() is similar to ftrace_call_replace() except that instead
of using the opcode of 0xe8 it uses 0xe9. It makes more sense to consolidate
that function into one implementation that both ftrace_jmp_replace() and
ftrace_call_replace() use by passing in the op code separate.

The structure in ftrace_code_union is also modified to replace the "e8"
field with the more appropriate name "op".

Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Reported-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190304200748.1418790-1-arnd@arndb.de
Fixes: d2a68c4effd8 ("x86/ftrace: Do not call function graph from dynamic trampolines")
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing/perf: Use strndup_user() instead of buggy open-coded version
Jann Horn [Wed, 20 Feb 2019 16:54:43 +0000 (17:54 +0100)]
tracing/perf: Use strndup_user() instead of buggy open-coded version

The first version of this method was missing the check for
`ret == PATH_MAX`; then such a check was added, but it didn't call kfree()
on error, so there was still a small memory leak in the error case.
Fix it by using strndup_user() instead of open-coding it.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190220165443.152385-1-jannh@google.com
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: 0eadcc7a7bc0 ("perf/core: Fix perf_uprobe_init()")
Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agodoc: trace: Fix documentation for uprobe_profile
Srikar Dronamraju [Tue, 19 Feb 2019 06:19:28 +0000 (11:49 +0530)]
doc: trace: Fix documentation for uprobe_profile

uprobe_profile has filename and number of probe hits information for
each uprobe event. The documentation erroneously talks about probe
mis-hits. Update the documentation to the correct information.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1550557168-12345-1-git-send-email-srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Reported-by: KAUSTUBH RAJENDRA WELANKAR <f20160095@hyderabad.bits-pilani.ac.in>
Signed-off-by: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Fix spelling mistake: "analagous" -> "analogous"
Colin Ian King [Sun, 17 Feb 2019 22:32:22 +0000 (22:32 +0000)]
tracing: Fix spelling mistake: "analagous" -> "analogous"

There is a spelling mistake in the mini-howto help text. Fix it.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190217223222.16479-1-colin.king@canonical.com
Signed-off-by: Colin Ian King <colin.king@canonical.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Comment why cond_snapshot is checked outside of max_lock protection
Steven Rostedt (VMware) [Thu, 14 Feb 2019 23:45:21 +0000 (18:45 -0500)]
tracing: Comment why cond_snapshot is checked outside of max_lock protection

Before setting tr->cond_snapshot, it must be NULL before it can be updated.
It can go to NULL when a trace event hist trigger is created or removed, and
can only be modified under the max_lock spin lock. But because it can only
be set to something other than NULL under both the max_lock spin lock as
well as the trace_types_lock, we can perform the check if it is not NULL
only under the trace_types_lock and fail out without having to grab the
max_lock spin lock.

This is very subtle, and deserves a comment.

Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add hist trigger action 'expected fail' test case
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:55 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Add hist trigger action 'expected fail' test case

Add a test case verifying that basic action combinations fail as
expected.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1790bf93e01dbdfa1b4af945f42147d92bd565aa.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add alternative synthetic event trace action test case
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:54 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Add alternative synthetic event trace action test case

Add a test case for the alternative trace(<synthetic_event, params)
synthetic event generation syntax.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/0616d18423ab1dfdbf333bce9c92ac4fa0779207.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add hist trigger onchange() handler test case
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:53 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Add hist trigger onchange() handler test case

Add a test case verifying the basic functionality of the
hist:onchange($var) handler.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/bec87aa8ed7d81794510b3d465096a750c71fce7.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add hist trigger snapshot() action test case
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:52 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Add hist trigger snapshot() action test case

Add a test case verifying the basic functionality of the
hist:snapshot() action.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/c0555f462cbfe56dadfec6e63e531e109bd72930.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add SPDX license GPL-2.0 license identifier to inter-event testcases
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:51 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Add SPDX license GPL-2.0 license identifier to inter-event testcases

Apparently this directory was missed in the license cleanup process -
add the missing identifiers to the trigger/inter-event test cases.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/6f9828c2cfb0b378ebd217a39a1b44f063fc17fb.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add alternative synthetic event trace action syntax
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:50 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Add alternative synthetic event trace action syntax

Add a 'trace(synthetic_event_name, params)' alternative to
synthetic_event_name(params).

Currently, the syntax used for generating synthetic events is to
invoke synthetic_event_name(params) i.e. use the synthetic event name
as a function call.

Users requested a new form that more explicitly shows that the
synthetic event is in effect being traced.  In this version, a new
'trace()' keyword is used, and the synthetic event name is passed in
as the first argument.

In addition, for the sake of consistency with other actions, change
the documention to emphasize the trace() form over the function-call
form, which remains documented as equivalent.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/d082773e50232a001480cf837679a1e01c1a2eb7.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add hist trigger onchange() handler Documentation
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:49 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Add hist trigger onchange() handler Documentation

Add Documentation for the hist:onchange($var) handler.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/ab54b7383b265609fda52648a8fbfbd2631a640f.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add hist trigger onchange() handler
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:48 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Add hist trigger onchange() handler

Add support for a hist:onchange($var) handler, similar to the onmax()
handler but triggering whenever there's any change in $var, not just a
max.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/dfbc7e4ada242603e9ec3f049b5ad076a07dfd03.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add hist trigger snapshot() action Documentation
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:47 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Add hist trigger snapshot() action Documentation

Add Documentation for the hist:handlerXXX($var).snapshot() action.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/445861d7822cd4b6aeaea1cecfcdbda466502148.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add hist trigger snapshot() action
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:46 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Add hist trigger snapshot() action

Add support for hist:handlerXXX($var).snapshot(), which will take a
snapshot of the current trace buffer whenever handlerXXX is hit.

As a first user, this also adds snapshot() action support for the
onmax() handler i.e. hist:onmax($var).snapshot().

Also, the hist trigger key printing is moved into a separate function
so the snapshot() action can print a histogram key outside the
histogram display - add and use hist_trigger_print_key() for that
purpose.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/2f1a952c0dcd8aca8702ce81269581a692396d45.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add conditional snapshot
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:45 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Add conditional snapshot

Currently, tracing snapshots are context-free - they capture the ring
buffer contents at the time the tracing_snapshot() function was
invoked, and nothing else.  Additionally, they're always taken
unconditionally - the calling code can decide whether or not to take a
snapshot, but the data used to make that decision is kept separately
from the snapshot itself.

This change adds the ability to associate with each trace instance
some user data, along with an 'update' function that can use that data
to determine whether or not to actually take a snapshot.  The update
function can then update that data along with any other state (as part
of the data presumably), if warranted.

Because snapshots are 'global' per-instance, only one user can enable
and use a conditional snapshot for any given trace instance.  To
enable a conditional snapshot (see details in the function and data
structure comments), the user calls tracing_snapshot_cond_enable().
Similarly, to disable a conditional snapshot and free it up for other
users, tracing_snapshot_cond_disable() should be called.

To actually initiate a conditional snapshot, tracing_snapshot_cond()
should be called.  tracing_snapshot_cond() will invoke the update()
callback, allowing the user to decide whether or not to actually take
the snapshot and update the user-defined data associated with the
snapshot.  If the callback returns 'true', tracing_snapshot_cond()
will then actually take the snapshot and return.

This scheme allows for flexibility in snapshot implementations - for
example, by implementing slightly different update() callbacks,
snapshots can be taken in situations where the user is only interested
in taking a snapshot when a new maximum in hit versus when a value
changes in any way at all.  Future patches will demonstrate both
cases.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1bea07828d5fd6864a585f83b1eed47ce097eb45.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Generalize hist trigger onmax and save action
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:44 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Generalize hist trigger onmax and save action

The action refactor code allowed actions and handlers to be separated,
but the existing onmax handler and save action code is still not
flexible enough to handle arbitrary coupling.  This change generalizes
them and in the process makes additional handlers and actions easier
to implement.

The onmax action can be broken up and thought of as two separate
components - a variable to be tracked (the parameter given to the
onmax($var_to_track) function) and an invisible variable created to
save the ongoing result of doing something with that variable, such as
saving the max value of that variable so far seen.

Separating it out like this and renaming it appropriately allows us to
use the same code for similar tracking functions such as
onchange($var_to_track), which would just track the last value seen
rather than the max seen so far, which is useful in some situations.

Additionally, because different handlers and actions may want to save
and access data differently e.g. save and retrieve tracking values as
local variables vs something more global, save_val() and get_val()
interface functions are introduced and max-specific implementations
are used instead.

The same goes for the code that checks whether a maximum has been hit
- a generic check_val() interface and max-checking implementation is
used instead, which allows future patches to make use of he same code
using their own implemetations of similar functionality.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/980ea73dd8e3f36db3d646f99652f8fed42b77d4.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Split up onmatch action data
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:43 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Split up onmatch action data

Currently, the onmatch action data binds the onmatch action to data
related to synthetic event generation.  Since we want to allow the
onmatch handler to potentially invoke a different action, and because
we expect other handlers to generate synthetic events, we need to
separate the data related to these two functions.

Also rename the onmatch data to something more descriptive, and create
and use common action data destroy function.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/b9abbf9aae69fe3920cdc8ddbcaad544dd258d78.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Make hist trigger Documentation better reflect actions/handlers
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:42 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Make hist trigger Documentation better reflect actions/handlers

The action/handler code refactoring didn't change the action/handler
syntax, but did generalize it - the Documentation should reflect that.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/c2fe4144678829c70cad67aaa847dca27d57cb83.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Refactor hist trigger action code
Tom Zanussi [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 23:42:41 +0000 (17:42 -0600)]
tracing: Refactor hist trigger action code

The hist trigger action code currently implements two essentially
hard-coded pairs of 'actions' - onmax(), which tracks a variable and
saves some event fields when a max is hit, and onmatch(), which is
hard-coded to generate a synthetic event.

These hardcoded pairs (track max/save fields and detect match/generate
synthetic event) should really be decoupled into separate components
that can then be arbitrarily combined.  The first component of each
pair (track max/detect match) is called a 'handler' in the new code,
while the second component (save fields/generate synthetic event) is
called an 'action' in this scheme.

This change refactors the action code to reflect this split by adding
two handlers, HANDLER_ONMATCH and HANDLER_ONMAX, along with two
actions, ACTION_SAVE and ACTION_TRACE.

The new code combines them to produce the existing ONMATCH/TRACE and
ONMAX/SAVE functionality, but doesn't implement the other combinations
now possible.  Future patches will expand these to further useful
cases, such as ONMAX/TRACE, as well as add additional handlers and
actions such as ONCHANGE and SNAPSHOT.

Also, add abbreviated documentation for handlers and actions to
README.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/98bfdd48c1b4ff29fc5766442f99f5bc3c34b76b.1550100284.git.tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Do not free iter->trace in fail path of tracing_open_pipe()
zhangyi (F) [Wed, 13 Feb 2019 12:29:06 +0000 (20:29 +0800)]
tracing: Do not free iter->trace in fail path of tracing_open_pipe()

Commit d716ff71dd12 ("tracing: Remove taking of trace_types_lock in
pipe files") use the current tracer instead of the copy in
tracing_open_pipe(), but it forget to remove the freeing sentence in
the error path.

There's an error path that can call kfree(iter->trace) after the iter->trace
was assigned to tr->current_trace, which would be bad to free.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1550060946-45984-1-git-send-email-yi.zhang@huawei.com
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: d716ff71dd12 ("tracing: Remove taking of trace_types_lock in pipe files")
Signed-off-by: zhangyi (F) <yi.zhang@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agouprobes: convert uprobe.ref to refcount_t
Elena Reshetova [Wed, 16 Jan 2019 11:20:27 +0000 (13:20 +0200)]
uprobes: convert uprobe.ref to refcount_t

atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference
counters with the following properties:
 - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set()
 - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero
 - once counter reaches zero, its further
   increments aren't allowed
 - counter schema uses basic atomic operations
   (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.)

Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided
refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows
and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows
can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable.

The variable uprobe.ref is used as pure reference counter.
Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations.

**Important note for maintainers:

Some functions from refcount_t API defined in lib/refcount.c
have different memory ordering guarantees than their atomic
counterparts.
The full comparison can be seen in
https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/11/15/57 and it is hopefully soon
in state to be merged to the documentation tree.
Normally the differences should not matter since refcount_t provides
enough guarantees to satisfy the refcounting use cases, but in
some rare cases it might matter.
Please double check that you don't have some undocumented
memory guarantees for this variable usage.

For the uprobe.ref it might make a difference
in following places:
 - put_uprobe(): decrement in refcount_dec_and_test() only
   provides RELEASE ordering and control dependency on success
   vs. fully ordered atomic counterpart

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1547637627-29526-1-git-send-email-elena.reshetova@intel.com
Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Acked-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agoftrace: Allow enabling of filters via index of available_filter_functions
Steven Rostedt (VMware) [Mon, 11 Feb 2019 20:00:48 +0000 (15:00 -0500)]
ftrace: Allow enabling of filters via index of available_filter_functions

Enabling of large number of functions by echoing in a large subset of the
functions in available_filter_functions can take a very long time. The
process requires testing all functions registered by the function tracer
(which is in the 10s of thousands), and doing a kallsyms lookup to convert
the ip address into a name, then comparing that name with the string passed
in.

When a function causes the function tracer to crash the system, a binary
bisect of the available_filter_functions can be done to find the culprit.
But this requires passing in half of the functions in
available_filter_functions over and over again, which makes it basically a
O(n^2) operation. With 40,000 functions, that ends up bing 1,600,000,000
opertions! And enabling this can take over 20 minutes.

As a quick speed up, if a number is passed into one of the filter files,
instead of doing a search, it just enables the function at the corresponding
line of the available_filter_functions file. That is:

 # echo 50 > set_ftrace_filter
 # cat set_ftrace_filter
 x86_pmu_commit_txn

 # head -50 available_filter_functions | tail -1
 x86_pmu_commit_txn

This allows setting of half the available_filter_functions to take place in
less than a second!

 # time seq 20000 > set_ftrace_filter
 real    0m0.042s
 user    0m0.005s
 sys     0m0.015s

 # wc -l set_ftrace_filter
 20000 set_ftrace_filter

Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Change the function format to display function names by perf
Changbin Du [Sat, 9 Feb 2019 16:19:19 +0000 (00:19 +0800)]
tracing: Change the function format to display function names by perf

Here is an example for this change.

$ sudo perf record -e 'ftrace:function' --filter='ip==schedule'
$ sudo perf report

The output of perf before this patch:

\# Samples: 100  of event 'ftrace:function'
\# Event count (approx.): 100
\#
\# Overhead  Trace output
\# ........  ......................................
\#
    51.00%   ffffffff81f6aaa0 <-- ffffffff81158e8d
    29.00%   ffffffff81f6aaa0 <-- ffffffff8116ccb2
     8.00%   ffffffff81f6aaa0 <-- ffffffff81f6f2ed
     4.00%   ffffffff81f6aaa0 <-- ffffffff811628db
     4.00%   ffffffff81f6aaa0 <-- ffffffff81f6ec5b
     2.00%   ffffffff81f6aaa0 <-- ffffffff81f6f21a
     1.00%   ffffffff81f6aaa0 <-- ffffffff811b04af
     1.00%   ffffffff81f6aaa0 <-- ffffffff8143ce17

After this patch:

\# Samples: 36  of event 'ftrace:function'
\# Event count (approx.): 36
\#
\# Overhead  Trace output
\# ........  ............................................
\#
    38.89%   schedule <-- schedule_hrtimeout_range_clock
    27.78%   schedule <-- worker_thread
    13.89%   schedule <-- schedule_timeout
    11.11%   schedule <-- smpboot_thread_fn
     5.56%   schedule <-- rcu_gp_kthread
     2.78%   schedule <-- exit_to_usermode_loop

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190209161919.32350-1-changbin.du@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Changbin Du <changbin.du@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agoring-buffer: Remove unused function ring_buffer_page_len()
Miroslav Benes [Fri, 28 Dec 2018 13:38:47 +0000 (14:38 +0100)]
ring-buffer: Remove unused function ring_buffer_page_len()

Commit 6b7e633fe9c2 ("tracing: Remove extra zeroing out of the ring
buffer page") removed the only caller of ring_buffer_page_len(). The
function is now unused and may be removed.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181228133847.106177-1-mbenes@suse.cz
Signed-off-by: Miroslav Benes <mbenes@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Show stacktrace for wakeup tracers
Changbin Du [Wed, 16 Jan 2019 16:02:49 +0000 (00:02 +0800)]
tracing: Show stacktrace for wakeup tracers

This align the behavior of wakeup tracers with irqsoff latency tracer
that we record stacktrace at the beginning and end of waking up. The
stacktrace shows us what is happening in the kernel.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190116160249.7554-1-changbin.du@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Changbin Du <changbin.du@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing/doc: Add latency tracer funcgraph example
Changbin Du [Tue, 1 Jan 2019 15:46:14 +0000 (23:46 +0800)]
tracing/doc: Add latency tracer funcgraph example

This add an example about how to use funcgraph with latency tracers.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190101154614.8887-6-changbin.du@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Changbin Du <changbin.du@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Put a margin between flags and duration for wakeup tracers
Changbin Du [Tue, 1 Jan 2019 15:46:12 +0000 (23:46 +0800)]
tracing: Put a margin between flags and duration for wakeup tracers

Don't mix context flags with function duration info.

Instead of this:

 # tracer: wakeup_rt
 #
 # wakeup_rt latency trace v1.1.5 on 5.0.0-rc1-test+
 # --------------------------------------------------------------------
 # latency: 177 us, #545/545, CPU#0 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:8)
 #    -----------------
 #    | task: migration/0-11 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:1 rt_prio:99)
 #    -----------------
 #
 #                                       _-----=> irqs-off
 #                                      / _----=> need-resched
 #                                     | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
 #                                     || / _--=> preempt-depth
 #                                     ||| /
 #   REL TIME      CPU  TASK/PID       ||||  DURATION                  FUNCTION CALLS
 #      |          |     |    |        ||||   |   |                     |   |   |   |
         0 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNh5              |  /*      0:120:R   + [000]    11:  0:R migration/0 */
         2 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNh5  0.000 us    |            (null)();
         4 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNh4              |  _raw_spin_unlock() {
         4 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNh4  0.304 us    |    preempt_count_sub();
         5 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNh3  1.063 us    |  }
         5 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNh3  0.266 us    |  ttwu_stat();
         6 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNh3              |  _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore() {
         6 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNh3  0.273 us    |    preempt_count_sub();
         6 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNh2  0.818 us    |  }

Show this:

 # tracer: wakeup
 #
 # wakeup latency trace v1.1.5 on 4.20.0+
 # --------------------------------------------------------------------
 # latency: 593 us, #674/674, CPU#0 | (M:desktop VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:4)
 #    -----------------
 #    | task: kworker/0:1H-339 (uid:0 nice:-20 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
 #    -----------------
 #
 #                                      _-----=> irqs-off
 #                                     / _----=> need-resched
 #                                    | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
 #                                    || / _--=> preempt-depth
 #                                    ||| /
 #  REL TIME      CPU  TASK/PID       ||||     DURATION                  FUNCTION CALLS
 #     |          |     |    |        ||||      |   |                     |   |   |   |
        0 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNs. |               |  /*      0:120:R   + [000]   339:100:R kworker/0:1H */
        3 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNs. |   0.000 us    |            (null)();
       67 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNs. |   0.721 us    |  ttwu_stat();
       69 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNs. |   0.607 us    |  _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore();
       71 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  .Ns. |   0.598 us    |  _raw_spin_lock_irq();
       72 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  .Ns. |   0.584 us    |  _raw_spin_lock_irq();
       73 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNs. | + 11.118 us   |  __next_timer_interrupt();
       75 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNs. |               |  call_timer_fn() {
       76 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNs. |               |    delayed_work_timer_fn() {
       76 us |   0)    <idle>-0    |  dNs. |               |      __queue_work() {
       ...

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190101154614.8887-4-changbin.du@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Changbin Du <changbin.du@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Show more info for funcgraph wakeup tracers
Changbin Du [Tue, 1 Jan 2019 15:46:11 +0000 (23:46 +0800)]
tracing: Show more info for funcgraph wakeup tracers

Add these info fields to funcgraph wakeup tracers:
  o Show CPU info since the waker could be on a different CPU.
  o Show function duration and overhead.
  o Show IRQ markers.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190101154614.8887-3-changbin.du@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Changbin Du <changbin.du@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Add comment to predicate_parse() about "&&" or "||"
Steven Rostedt (VMware) [Mon, 14 Jan 2019 21:37:53 +0000 (16:37 -0500)]
tracing: Add comment to predicate_parse() about "&&" or "||"

As the predicat_parse() code is rather complex, commenting subtleties is
important. The switch case statement should be commented to describe that it
is only looking for two '&' or '|' together, which is why the fall through
to an error is after the check.

Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Annotate implicit fall through in predicate_parse()
Mathieu Malaterre [Mon, 14 Jan 2019 20:30:38 +0000 (21:30 +0100)]
tracing: Annotate implicit fall through in predicate_parse()

There is a plan to build the kernel with -Wimplicit-fallthrough and
this place in the code produced a warning (W=1).

This commit remove the following warning:

  kernel/trace/trace_events_filter.c:494:8: warning: this statement may fall through [-Wimplicit-fallthrough=]

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190114203039.16535-2-malat@debian.org
Signed-off-by: Mathieu Malaterre <malat@debian.org>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agotracing: Annotate implicit fall through in parse_probe_arg()
Mathieu Malaterre [Mon, 14 Jan 2019 20:30:37 +0000 (21:30 +0100)]
tracing: Annotate implicit fall through in parse_probe_arg()

There is a plan to build the kernel with -Wimplicit-fallthrough and
this place in the code produced a warning (W=1).

This commit remove the following warning:

  kernel/trace/trace_probe.c:302:6: warning: this statement may fall through [-Wimplicit-fallthrough=]

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190114203039.16535-1-malat@debian.org
Signed-off-by: Mathieu Malaterre <malat@debian.org>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agofunction_graph: Support displaying relative timestamp
Changbin Du [Tue, 1 Jan 2019 15:46:10 +0000 (23:46 +0800)]
function_graph: Support displaying relative timestamp

When function_graph is used for latency tracers, relative timestamp
is more straightforward than absolute timestamp as function trace
does. This change adds relative timestamp support to function_graph
and applies to latency tracers (wakeup and irqsoff).

Instead of:

 # tracer: irqsoff
 #
 # irqsoff latency trace v1.1.5 on 5.0.0-rc1-test
 # --------------------------------------------------------------------
 # latency: 521 us, #1125/1125, CPU#2 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:8)
 #    -----------------
 #    | task: swapper/2-0 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
 #    -----------------
 #  => started at: __schedule
 #  => ended at:   _raw_spin_unlock_irq
 #
 #
 #                                       _-----=> irqs-off
 #                                      / _----=> need-resched
 #                                     | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
 #                                     || / _--=> preempt-depth
 #                                     ||| /
 #     TIME        CPU  TASK/PID       ||||  DURATION                  FUNCTION CALLS
 #      |          |     |    |        ||||   |   |                     |   |   |   |
   124.974306 |   2)  systemd-693   |  d..1  0.000 us    |  __schedule();
   124.974307 |   2)  systemd-693   |  d..1              |    rcu_note_context_switch() {
   124.974308 |   2)  systemd-693   |  d..1  0.487 us    |      rcu_preempt_deferred_qs();
   124.974309 |   2)  systemd-693   |  d..1  0.451 us    |      rcu_qs();
   124.974310 |   2)  systemd-693   |  d..1  2.301 us    |    }
[..]
   124.974826 |   2)    <idle>-0    |  d..2              |  finish_task_switch() {
   124.974826 |   2)    <idle>-0    |  d..2              |    _raw_spin_unlock_irq() {
   124.974827 |   2)    <idle>-0    |  d..2  0.000 us    |  _raw_spin_unlock_irq();
   124.974828 |   2)    <idle>-0    |  d..2  0.000 us    |  tracer_hardirqs_on();
   <idle>-0       2d..2  552us : <stack trace>
  => __schedule
  => schedule_idle
  => do_idle
  => cpu_startup_entry
  => start_secondary
  => secondary_startup_64

Show:

 # tracer: irqsoff
 #
 # irqsoff latency trace v1.1.5 on 5.0.0-rc1-test+
 # --------------------------------------------------------------------
 # latency: 511 us, #1053/1053, CPU#7 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:8)
 #    -----------------
 #    | task: swapper/7-0 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
 #    -----------------
 #  => started at: __schedule
 #  => ended at:   _raw_spin_unlock_irq
 #
 #
 #                                       _-----=> irqs-off
 #                                      / _----=> need-resched
 #                                     | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
 #                                     || / _--=> preempt-depth
 #                                     ||| /
 #   REL TIME      CPU  TASK/PID       ||||  DURATION                  FUNCTION CALLS
 #      |          |     |    |        ||||   |   |                     |   |   |   |
         0 us |   7)   sshd-1704    |  d..1  0.000 us    |  __schedule();
         1 us |   7)   sshd-1704    |  d..1              |    rcu_note_context_switch() {
         1 us |   7)   sshd-1704    |  d..1  0.611 us    |      rcu_preempt_deferred_qs();
         2 us |   7)   sshd-1704    |  d..1  0.484 us    |      rcu_qs();
         3 us |   7)   sshd-1704    |  d..1  2.599 us    |    }
[..]
       509 us |   7)    <idle>-0    |  d..2              |  finish_task_switch() {
       510 us |   7)    <idle>-0    |  d..2              |    _raw_spin_unlock_irq() {
       510 us |   7)    <idle>-0    |  d..2  0.000 us    |  _raw_spin_unlock_irq();
       512 us |   7)    <idle>-0    |  d..2  0.000 us    |  tracer_hardirqs_on();
   <idle>-0       7d..2  543us : <stack trace>
  => __schedule
  => schedule_idle
  => do_idle
  => cpu_startup_entry
  => start_secondary
  => secondary_startup_64

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190101154614.8887-2-changbin.du@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Changbin Du <changbin.du@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2 years agoLinux 5.0-rc5 v5.0-rc5
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 3 Feb 2019 21:48:04 +0000 (13:48 -0800)]
Linux 5.0-rc5

2 years agoMerge branch 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 3 Feb 2019 17:08:12 +0000 (09:08 -0800)]
Merge branch 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull x86 fixes from Thomas Gleixner:
 "A few updates for x86:

   - Fix an unintended sign extension issue in the fault handling code

   - Rename the new resource control config switch so it's less
     confusing

   - Avoid setting up EFI info in kexec when the EFI runtime is
     disabled.

   - Fix the microcode version check in the AMD microcode loader so it
     only loads higher version numbers and never downgrades

   - Set EFER.LME in the 32bit trampoline before returning to long mode
     to handle older AMD/KVM behaviour properly.

   - Add Darren and Andy as x86/platform reviewers"

* 'x86-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86/resctrl: Avoid confusion over the new X86_RESCTRL config
  x86/kexec: Don't setup EFI info if EFI runtime is not enabled
  x86/microcode/amd: Don't falsely trick the late loading mechanism
  MAINTAINERS: Add Andy and Darren as arch/x86/platform/ reviewers
  x86/fault: Fix sign-extend unintended sign extension
  x86/boot/compressed/64: Set EFER.LME=1 in 32-bit trampoline before returning to long mode
  x86/cpu: Add Atom Tremont (Jacobsville)

2 years agoMerge branch 'smp-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 3 Feb 2019 17:02:03 +0000 (09:02 -0800)]
Merge branch 'smp-urgent-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull cpu hotplug fixes from Thomas Gleixner:
 "Two fixes for the cpu hotplug machinery:

   - Replace the overly clever 'SMT disabled by BIOS' detection logic as
     it breaks KVM scenarios and prevents speculation control updates
     when the Hyperthreads are brought online late after boot.

   - Remove a redundant invocation of the speculation control update
     function"

* 'smp-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  cpu/hotplug: Fix "SMT disabled by BIOS" detection for KVM
  x86/speculation: Remove redundant arch_smt_update() invocation

2 years agoMerge branch 'perf-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 3 Feb 2019 16:59:51 +0000 (08:59 -0800)]
Merge branch 'perf-urgent-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull perf fixes from Thomas Gleixner:
 "A pile of perf updates:

   - Fix broken sanity check in the /proc/sys/kernel/perf_cpu_time_max_percent
     write handler

   - Cure a perf script crash which caused by an unitinialized data
     structure

   - Highlight the hottest instruction in perf top and not a random one

   - Cure yet another clang issue when building perf python

   - Handle topology entries with no CPU correctly in the tools

   - Handle perf data which contains both tracepoints and performance
     counter entries correctly.

   - Add a missing NULL pointer check in perf ordered_events_free()"

* 'perf-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  perf script: Fix crash when processing recorded stat data
  perf top: Fix wrong hottest instruction highlighted
  perf tools: Handle TOPOLOGY headers with no CPU
  perf python: Remove -fstack-clash-protection when building with some clang versions
  perf core: Fix perf_proc_update_handler() bug
  perf script: Fix crash with printing mixed trace point and other events
  perf ordered_events: Fix crash in ordered_events__free

2 years agoMerge branch 'efi-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 3 Feb 2019 16:57:05 +0000 (08:57 -0800)]
Merge branch 'efi-urgent-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull EFI fix from Thomas Gleixner:
 "The dump info for the efi page table debugging lacks a terminator
  which causes the kernel to crash when the debugfile is read"

* 'efi-urgent-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  efi/arm64: Fix debugfs crash by adding a terminator for ptdump marker

2 years agoMerge tag 'for-5.0-rc4-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kdave...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 3 Feb 2019 16:48:33 +0000 (08:48 -0800)]
Merge tag 'for-5.0-rc4-tag' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/kdave/linux

Pull btrfs fixes from David Sterba:

 - regression fix: transaction commit can run away due to delayed ref
   waiting heuristic, this is not necessary now because of the proper
   reservation mechanism introduced in 5.0

 - regression fix: potential crash due to use-before-check of an ERR_PTR
   return value

 - fix for transaction abort during transaction commit that needs to
   properly clean up pending block groups

 - fix deadlock during b-tree node/leaf splitting, when this happens on
   some of the fundamental trees, we must prevent new tree block
   allocation to re-enter indirectly via the block group flushing path

 - potential memory leak after errors during mount

* tag 'for-5.0-rc4-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kdave/linux:
  btrfs: On error always free subvol_name in btrfs_mount
  btrfs: clean up pending block groups when transaction commit aborts
  btrfs: fix potential oops in device_list_add
  btrfs: don't end the transaction for delayed refs in throttle
  Btrfs: fix deadlock when allocating tree block during leaf/node split

2 years agoMerge tag 'devicetree-fixes-for-5.0-3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 2 Feb 2019 18:34:32 +0000 (10:34 -0800)]
Merge tag 'devicetree-fixes-for-5.0-3' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/robh/linux

Pull Devicetree fix from Rob Herring:
 "A single fix for building DT bindings in-tree"

* tag 'devicetree-fixes-for-5.0-3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/robh/linux:
  dt-bindings: Fix dt_binding_check target for in tree builds

2 years agoMerge tag 'riscv-for-linus-5.0-rc5' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 2 Feb 2019 18:26:14 +0000 (10:26 -0800)]
Merge tag 'riscv-for-linus-5.0-rc5' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/palmer/riscv-linux

Pull RISC-V fixes from Palmer Dabbelt:
 "This contains a handful of mostly-independent patches:

   - make our port respect TIF_NEED_RESCHED, which fixes
     CONFIG_PREEMPT=y kernels

   - fix double-put of OF nodes

   - fix a misspelling of target in our Kconfig

   - generic PCIe is enabled in our defconfig

   - fix our SBI early console to properly handle line
     endings

   - fix max_low_pfn being counted in PFNs

   - a change to TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE to match what other
     arches do

  This has passed my standard 'boot Fedora' flow"

* tag 'riscv-for-linus-5.0-rc5' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/palmer/riscv-linux:
  riscv: Adjust mmap base address at a third of task size
  riscv: fixup max_low_pfn with PFN_DOWN.
  tty/serial: use uart_console_write in the RISC-V SBL early console
  RISC-V: defconfig: Add CRYPTO_DEV_VIRTIO=y
  RISC-V: defconfig: Enable Generic PCIE by default
  RISC-V: defconfig: Move CONFIG_PCI{,E_XILINX}
  RISC-V: Kconfig: fix spelling mistake "traget" -> "target"
  RISC-V: asm/page.h: fix spelling mistake "CONFIG_64BITS" -> "CONFIG_64BIT"
  RISC-V: fix bad use of of_node_put
  RISC-V: Add _TIF_NEED_RESCHED check for kernel thread when CONFIG_PREEMPT=y

2 years agoMerge tag 'for-linus-20190202' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 2 Feb 2019 18:16:28 +0000 (10:16 -0800)]
Merge tag 'for-linus-20190202' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block

Pull block fixes from Jens Axboe:
 "A few fixes that should go into this release. This contains:

   - MD pull request from Song, fixing a recovery OOM issue (Alexei)

   - Fix for a sync related stall (Jianchao)

   - Dummy callback for timeouts (Tetsuo)

   - IDE atapi sense ordering fix (me)"

* tag 'for-linus-20190202' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block:
  ide: ensure atapi sense request aren't preempted
  blk-mq: fix a hung issue when fsync
  block: pass no-op callback to INIT_WORK().
  md/raid5: fix 'out of memory' during raid cache recovery

2 years agoMerge tag 'scsi-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jejb/scsi
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 2 Feb 2019 18:12:53 +0000 (10:12 -0800)]
Merge tag 'scsi-fixes' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jejb/scsi

Pull SCSI fixes from James Bottomley:
 "Five minor bug fixes.

  The libfc one is a tiny memory leak, the zfcp one is an incorrect user
  visible parameter and the rest are on error legs or obscure features"

* tag 'scsi-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jejb/scsi:
  scsi: 53c700: pass correct "dev" to dma_alloc_attrs()
  scsi: bnx2fc: Fix error handling in probe()
  scsi: scsi_debug: fix write_same with virtual_gb problem
  scsi: libfc: free skb when receiving invalid flogi resp
  scsi: zfcp: fix sysfs block queue limit output for max_segment_size

2 years agoMerge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 2 Feb 2019 17:32:58 +0000 (09:32 -0800)]
Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)

Merge misc fixes from Andrew Morton:
 "24 fixes"

* emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (24 commits)
  autofs: fix error return in autofs_fill_super()
  autofs: drop dentry reference only when it is never used
  fs/drop_caches.c: avoid softlockups in drop_pagecache_sb()
  mm: migrate: don't rely on __PageMovable() of newpage after unlocking it
  psi: clarify the Kconfig text for the default-disable option
  mm, memory_hotplug: __offline_pages fix wrong locking
  mm: hwpoison: use do_send_sig_info() instead of force_sig()
  kasan: mark file common so ftrace doesn't trace it
  init/Kconfig: fix grammar by moving a closing parenthesis
  lib/test_kmod.c: potential double free in error handling
  mm, oom: fix use-after-free in oom_kill_process
  mm/hotplug: invalid PFNs from pfn_to_online_page()
  mm,memory_hotplug: fix scan_movable_pages() for gigantic hugepages
  psi: fix aggregation idle shut-off
  mm, memory_hotplug: test_pages_in_a_zone do not pass the end of zone
  mm, memory_hotplug: is_mem_section_removable do not pass the end of a zone
  oom, oom_reaper: do not enqueue same task twice
  mm: migrate: make buffer_migrate_page_norefs() actually succeed
  kernel/exit.c: release ptraced tasks before zap_pid_ns_processes
  x86_64: increase stack size for KASAN_EXTRA
  ...

2 years agoefi/arm64: Fix debugfs crash by adding a terminator for ptdump marker
Qian Cai [Sat, 2 Feb 2019 09:50:17 +0000 (10:50 +0100)]
efi/arm64: Fix debugfs crash by adding a terminator for ptdump marker

When reading 'efi_page_tables' debugfs triggers an out-of-bounds access here:

  arch/arm64/mm/dump.c: 282
  if (addr >= st->marker[1].start_address) {

called from:

  arch/arm64/mm/dump.c: 331
  note_page(st, addr, 2, pud_val(pud));

because st->marker++ is is called after "UEFI runtime end" which is the
last element in addr_marker[]. Therefore, add a terminator like the one
for kernel_page_tables, so it can be skipped to print out non-existent
markers.

Here's the KASAN bug report:

  # cat /sys/kernel/debug/efi_page_tables
  ---[ UEFI runtime start ]---
  0x0000000020000000-0x0000000020010000          64K PTE       RW NX SHD AF ...
  0x0000000020200000-0x0000000021340000       17664K PTE       RW NX SHD AF ...
  ...
  0x0000000021920000-0x0000000021950000         192K PTE       RW x  SHD AF ...
  0x0000000021950000-0x00000000219a0000         320K PTE       RW NX SHD AF ...
  ---[ UEFI runtime end ]---
  ---[ (null) ]---
  ---[ (null) ]---

   BUG: KASAN: global-out-of-bounds in note_page+0x1f0/0xac0
   Read of size 8 at addr ffff2000123f2ac0 by task read_all/42464
   Call trace:
    dump_backtrace+0x0/0x298
    show_stack+0x24/0x30
    dump_stack+0xb0/0xdc
    print_address_description+0x64/0x2b0
    kasan_report+0x150/0x1a4
    __asan_report_load8_noabort+0x30/0x3c
    note_page+0x1f0/0xac0
    walk_pgd+0xb4/0x244
    ptdump_walk_pgd+0xec/0x140
    ptdump_show+0x40/0x50
    seq_read+0x3f8/0xad0
    full_proxy_read+0x9c/0xc0
    __vfs_read+0xfc/0x4c8
    vfs_read+0xec/0x208
    ksys_read+0xd0/0x15c
    __arm64_sys_read+0x84/0x94
    el0_svc_handler+0x258/0x304
    el0_svc+0x8/0xc

  The buggy address belongs to the variable:
   __compound_literal.0+0x20/0x800

  Memory state around the buggy address:
   ffff2000123f2980: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
   ffff2000123f2a00: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 fa
  >ffff2000123f2a80: fa fa fa fa 00 00 00 00 fa fa fa fa 00 00 00 00
                                            ^
   ffff2000123f2b00: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
   ffff2000123f2b80: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0

[ ardb: fix up whitespace ]
[ mingo: fix up some moar ]

Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: linux-efi@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: 9d80448ac92b ("efi/arm64: Add debugfs node to dump UEFI runtime page tables")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190202095017.13799-2-ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2 years agox86/resctrl: Avoid confusion over the new X86_RESCTRL config
Johannes Weiner [Tue, 29 Jan 2019 22:44:36 +0000 (17:44 -0500)]
x86/resctrl: Avoid confusion over the new X86_RESCTRL config

"Resource Control" is a very broad term for this CPU feature, and a term
that is also associated with containers, cgroups etc. This can easily
cause confusion.

Make the user prompt more specific. Match the config symbol name.

 [ bp: In the future, the corresponding ARM arch-specific code will be
   under ARM_CPU_RESCTRL and the arch-agnostic bits will be carved out
   under the CPU_RESCTRL umbrella symbol. ]

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Cc: Babu Moger <Babu.Moger@amd.com>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: linux-doc@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Pu Wen <puwen@hygon.cn>
Cc: Reinette Chatre <reinette.chatre@intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190130195621.GA30653@cmpxchg.org
2 years agoMerge tag 'xtensa-20190201' of git://github.com/jcmvbkbc/linux-xtensa
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 2 Feb 2019 00:56:30 +0000 (16:56 -0800)]
Merge tag 'xtensa-20190201' of git://github.com/jcmvbkbc/linux-xtensa

Pull xtensa fixes from Max Filippov:

 - fix ccount_timer_shutdown for secondary CPUs

 - fix secondary CPU initialization

 - fix secondary CPU reset vector clash with double exception vector

 - fix present CPUs when booting with 'maxcpus' parameter

 - limit possible CPUs by configured NR_CPUS

 - issue a warning if xtensa PIC is asked to retrigger anything other
   than software IRQ

 - fix masking/unmasking of the first two IRQs on xtensa MX PIC

 - fix typo in Kconfig description for user space unaligned access
   feature

 - fix Kconfig warning for selecting BUILTIN_DTB

* tag 'xtensa-20190201' of git://github.com/jcmvbkbc/linux-xtensa:
  xtensa: SMP: limit number of possible CPUs by NR_CPUS
  xtensa: rename BUILTIN_DTB to BUILTIN_DTB_SOURCE
  xtensa: Fix typo use space=>user space
  drivers/irqchip: xtensa-mx: fix mask and unmask
  drivers/irqchip: xtensa: add warning to irq_retrigger
  xtensa: SMP: mark each possible CPU as present
  xtensa: smp_lx200_defconfig: fix vectors clash
  xtensa: SMP: fix secondary CPU initialization
  xtensa: SMP: fix ccount_timer_shutdown

2 years agoMerge tag 'arm64-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 2 Feb 2019 00:54:25 +0000 (16:54 -0800)]
Merge tag 'arm64-fixes' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux

Pull arm64 fixes from Will Deacon:
 "Although we're still debugging a few minor arm64-specific issues in
  mainline, I didn't want to hold this lot up in the meantime.

  We've got an additional KASLR fix after the previous one wasn't quite
  complete, a fix for a performance regression when mapping executable
  pages into userspace and some fixes for kprobe blacklisting. All
  candidates for stable.

  Summary:

   - Fix module loading when KASLR is configured but disabled at runtime

   - Fix accidental IPI when mapping user executable pages

   - Ensure hyp-stub and KVM world switch code cannot be kprobed"

* tag 'arm64-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux:
  arm64: hibernate: Clean the __hyp_text to PoC after resume
  arm64: hyp-stub: Forbid kprobing of the hyp-stub
  arm64: kprobe: Always blacklist the KVM world-switch code
  arm64: kaslr: ensure randomized quantities are clean also when kaslr is off
  arm64: Do not issue IPIs for user executable ptes

2 years agoMerge tag '5.0-rc4-smb3-fixes' of git://git.samba.org/sfrench/cifs-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 2 Feb 2019 00:53:01 +0000 (16:53 -0800)]
Merge tag '5.0-rc4-smb3-fixes' of git://git.samba.org/sfrench/cifs-2.6

Pull smb3 fixes from Steve French:
 "SMB3 fixes, some from this week's SMB3 test evemt, 5 for stable and a
  particularly important one for queryxattr (see xfstests 70 and 117)"

* tag '5.0-rc4-smb3-fixes' of git://git.samba.org/sfrench/cifs-2.6:
  cifs: update internal module version number
  CIFS: fix use-after-free of the lease keys
  CIFS: Do not consider -ENODATA as stat failure for reads
  CIFS: Do not count -ENODATA as failure for query directory
  CIFS: Fix trace command logging for SMB2 reads and writes
  CIFS: Fix possible oops and memory leaks in async IO
  cifs: limit amount of data we request for xattrs to CIFSMaxBufSize
  cifs: fix computation for MAX_SMB2_HDR_SIZE

2 years agoMerge tag 'apparmor-pr-2019-02-01' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 2 Feb 2019 00:18:38 +0000 (16:18 -0800)]
Merge tag 'apparmor-pr-2019-02-01' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jj/linux-apparmor

Pull apparmor bug fixes from John Johansen:
 "Two bug fixes for apparmor:

   - Fix aa_label_build() error handling for failed merges

   - Fix warning about unused function apparmor_ipv6_postroute"

* tag 'apparmor-pr-2019-02-01' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jj/linux-apparmor:
  apparmor: Fix aa_label_build() error handling for failed merges
  apparmor: Fix warning about unused function apparmor_ipv6_postroute

2 years agoautofs: fix error return in autofs_fill_super()
Ian Kent [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:21:29 +0000 (14:21 -0800)]
autofs: fix error return in autofs_fill_super()

In autofs_fill_super() on error of get inode/make root dentry the return
should be ENOMEM as this is the only failure case of the called
functions.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/154725123240.11260.796773942606871359.stgit@pluto-themaw-net
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agoautofs: drop dentry reference only when it is never used
Pan Bian [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:21:26 +0000 (14:21 -0800)]
autofs: drop dentry reference only when it is never used

autofs_expire_run() calls dput(dentry) to drop the reference count of
dentry.  However, dentry is read via autofs_dentry_ino(dentry) after
that.  This may result in a use-free-bug.  The patch drops the reference
count of dentry only when it is never used.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/154725122396.11260.16053424107144453867.stgit@pluto-themaw-net
Signed-off-by: Pan Bian <bianpan2016@163.com>
Signed-off-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agofs/drop_caches.c: avoid softlockups in drop_pagecache_sb()
Jan Kara [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:21:23 +0000 (14:21 -0800)]
fs/drop_caches.c: avoid softlockups in drop_pagecache_sb()

When superblock has lots of inodes without any pagecache (like is the
case for /proc), drop_pagecache_sb() will iterate through all of them
without dropping sb->s_inode_list_lock which can lead to softlockups
(one of our customers hit this).

Fix the problem by going to the slow path and doing cond_resched() in
case the process needs rescheduling.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190114085343.15011-1-jack@suse.cz
Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agomm: migrate: don't rely on __PageMovable() of newpage after unlocking it
David Hildenbrand [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:21:19 +0000 (14:21 -0800)]
mm: migrate: don't rely on __PageMovable() of newpage after unlocking it

We had a race in the old balloon compaction code before b1123ea6d3b3
("mm: balloon: use general non-lru movable page feature") refactored it
that became visible after backporting 195a8c43e93d ("virtio-balloon:
deflate via a page list") without the refactoring.

The bug existed from commit d6d86c0a7f8d ("mm/balloon_compaction:
redesign ballooned pages management") till b1123ea6d3b3 ("mm: balloon:
use general non-lru movable page feature").  d6d86c0a7f8d
("mm/balloon_compaction: redesign ballooned pages management") was
backported to 3.12, so the broken kernels are stable kernels [3.12 -
4.7].

There was a subtle race between dropping the page lock of the newpage in
__unmap_and_move() and checking for __is_movable_balloon_page(newpage).

Just after dropping this page lock, virtio-balloon could go ahead and
deflate the newpage, effectively dequeueing it and clearing PageBalloon,
in turn making __is_movable_balloon_page(newpage) fail.

This resulted in dropping the reference of the newpage via
putback_lru_page(newpage) instead of put_page(newpage), leading to
page->lru getting modified and a !LRU page ending up in the LRU lists.
With 195a8c43e93d ("virtio-balloon: deflate via a page list")
backported, one would suddenly get corrupted lists in
release_pages_balloon():

- WARNING: CPU: 13 PID: 6586 at lib/list_debug.c:59 __list_del_entry+0xa1/0xd0
- list_del corruption. prev->next should be ffffe253961090a0, but was dead000000000100

Nowadays this race is no longer possible, but it is hidden behind very
ugly handling of __ClearPageMovable() and __PageMovable().

__ClearPageMovable() will not make __PageMovable() fail, only
PageMovable().  So the new check (__PageMovable(newpage)) will still
hold even after newpage was dequeued by virtio-balloon.

If anybody would ever change that special handling, the BUG would be
introduced again.  So instead, make it explicit and use the information
of the original isolated page before migration.

This patch can be backported fairly easy to stable kernels (in contrast
to the refactoring).

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190129233217.10747-1-david@redhat.com
Fixes: d6d86c0a7f8d ("mm/balloon_compaction: redesign ballooned pages management")
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Reported-by: Vratislav Bendel <vbendel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Vratislav Bendel <vbendel@redhat.com>
Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com>
Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <k.khlebnikov@samsung.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.12 - 4.7]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agopsi: clarify the Kconfig text for the default-disable option
Johannes Weiner [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:21:15 +0000 (14:21 -0800)]
psi: clarify the Kconfig text for the default-disable option

The current help text caused some confusion in online forums about
whether or not to default-enable or default-disable psi in vendor
kernels.  This is because it doesn't communicate the reason for why we
made this setting configurable in the first place: that the overhead is
non-zero in an artificial scheduler stress test.

Since this isn't representative of real workloads, and the effect was
not measurable in scheduler-heavy real world applications such as the
webservers and memcache installations at Facebook, it's fair to point
out that this is a pretty cautious option to select.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190129233617.16767-1-hannes@cmpxchg.org
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agomm, memory_hotplug: __offline_pages fix wrong locking
Michal Hocko [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:21:12 +0000 (14:21 -0800)]
mm, memory_hotplug: __offline_pages fix wrong locking

Jan has noticed that we do double unlock on some failure paths when
offlining a page range.  This is indeed the case when
test_pages_in_a_zone respp.  start_isolate_page_range fail.  This was an
omission when forward porting the debugging patch from an older kernel.

Fix the issue by dropping mem_hotplug_done from the failure condition
and keeping the single unlock in the catch all failure path.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190115120307.22768-1-mhocko@kernel.org
Fixes: 7960509329c2 ("mm, memory_hotplug: print reason for the offlining failure")
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reported-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Tested-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agomm: hwpoison: use do_send_sig_info() instead of force_sig()
Naoya Horiguchi [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:21:08 +0000 (14:21 -0800)]
mm: hwpoison: use do_send_sig_info() instead of force_sig()

Currently memory_failure() is racy against process's exiting, which
results in kernel crash by null pointer dereference.

The root cause is that memory_failure() uses force_sig() to forcibly
kill asynchronous (meaning not in the current context) processes.  As
discussed in thread https://lkml.org/lkml/2010/6/8/236 years ago for OOM
fixes, this is not a right thing to do.  OOM solves this issue by using
do_send_sig_info() as done in commit d2d393099de2 ("signal:
oom_kill_task: use SEND_SIG_FORCED instead of force_sig()"), so this
patch is suggesting to do the same for hwpoison.  do_send_sig_info()
properly accesses to siglock with lock_task_sighand(), so is free from
the reported race.

I confirmed that the reported bug reproduces with inserting some delay
in kill_procs(), and it never reproduces with this patch.

Note that memory_failure() can send another type of signal using
force_sig_mceerr(), and the reported race shouldn't happen on it because
force_sig_mceerr() is called only for synchronous processes (i.e.
BUS_MCEERR_AR happens only when some process accesses to the corrupted
memory.)

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190116093046.GA29835@hori1.linux.bs1.fc.nec.co.jp
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Reported-by: Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: William Kucharski <william.kucharski@oracle.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agokasan: mark file common so ftrace doesn't trace it
Anders Roxell [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:21:05 +0000 (14:21 -0800)]
kasan: mark file common so ftrace doesn't trace it

When option CONFIG_KASAN is enabled toghether with ftrace, function
ftrace_graph_caller() gets in to a recursion, via functions
kasan_check_read() and kasan_check_write().

 Breakpoint 2, ftrace_graph_caller () at ../arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S:179
 179             mcount_get_pc             x0    //     function's pc
 (gdb) bt
 #0  ftrace_graph_caller () at ../arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S:179
 #1  0xffffff90101406c8 in ftrace_caller () at ../arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S:151
 #2  0xffffff90106fd084 in kasan_check_write (p=0xffffffc06c170878, size=4) at ../mm/kasan/common.c:105
 #3  0xffffff90104a2464 in atomic_add_return (v=<optimized out>, i=<optimized out>) at ./include/generated/atomic-instrumented.h:71
 #4  atomic_inc_return (v=<optimized out>) at ./include/generated/atomic-fallback.h:284
 #5  trace_graph_entry (trace=0xffffffc03f5ff380) at ../kernel/trace/trace_functions_graph.c:441
 #6  0xffffff9010481774 in trace_graph_entry_watchdog (trace=<optimized out>) at ../kernel/trace/trace_selftest.c:741
 #7  0xffffff90104a185c in function_graph_enter (ret=<optimized out>, func=<optimized out>, frame_pointer=18446743799894897728, retp=<optimized out>) at ../kernel/trace/trace_functions_graph.c:196
 #8  0xffffff9010140628 in prepare_ftrace_return (self_addr=18446743592948977792, parent=0xffffffc03f5ff418, frame_pointer=18446743799894897728) at ../arch/arm64/kernel/ftrace.c:231
 #9  0xffffff90101406f4 in ftrace_graph_caller () at ../arch/arm64/kernel/entry-ftrace.S:182
 Backtrace stopped: previous frame identical to this frame (corrupt stack?)
 (gdb)

Rework so that the kasan implementation isn't traced.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181212183447.15890-1-anders.roxell@linaro.org
Signed-off-by: Anders Roxell <anders.roxell@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Tested-by: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Acked-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agoinit/Kconfig: fix grammar by moving a closing parenthesis
Jonathan Neuschäfer [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:21:01 +0000 (14:21 -0800)]
init/Kconfig: fix grammar by moving a closing parenthesis

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190129150813.15785-1-j.neuschaefer@gmx.net
Signed-off-by: Jonathan Neuschäfer <j.neuschaefer@gmx.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agolib/test_kmod.c: potential double free in error handling
Dan Carpenter [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:58 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
lib/test_kmod.c: potential double free in error handling

There is a copy and paste bug so we set "config->test_driver" to NULL
twice instead of setting "config->test_fs".  Smatch complains that it
leads to a double free:

  lib/test_kmod.c:840 __kmod_config_init() warn: 'config->test_fs' double freed

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190121140011.GA14283@kadam
Fixes: d9c6a72d6fa2 ("kmod: add test driver to stress test the module loader")
Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agomm, oom: fix use-after-free in oom_kill_process
Shakeel Butt [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:54 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
mm, oom: fix use-after-free in oom_kill_process

Syzbot instance running on upstream kernel found a use-after-free bug in
oom_kill_process.  On further inspection it seems like the process
selected to be oom-killed has exited even before reaching
read_lock(&tasklist_lock) in oom_kill_process().  More specifically the
tsk->usage is 1 which is due to get_task_struct() in oom_evaluate_task()
and the put_task_struct within for_each_thread() frees the tsk and
for_each_thread() tries to access the tsk.  The easiest fix is to do
get/put across the for_each_thread() on the selected task.

Now the next question is should we continue with the oom-kill as the
previously selected task has exited? However before adding more
complexity and heuristics, let's answer why we even look at the children
of oom-kill selected task? The select_bad_process() has already selected
the worst process in the system/memcg.  Due to race, the selected
process might not be the worst at the kill time but does that matter?
The userspace can use the oom_score_adj interface to prefer children to
be killed before the parent.  I looked at the history but it seems like
this is there before git history.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190121215850.221745-1-shakeelb@google.com
Reported-by: syzbot+7fbbfa368521945f0e3d@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Fixes: 6b0c81b3be11 ("mm, oom: reduce dependency on tasklist_lock")
Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@i-love.sakura.ne.jp>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agomm/hotplug: invalid PFNs from pfn_to_online_page()
Qian Cai [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:51 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
mm/hotplug: invalid PFNs from pfn_to_online_page()

On an arm64 ThunderX2 server, the first kmemleak scan would crash [1]
with CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGFLAGS=y due to page_to_nid() found a pfn that is
not directly mapped (MEMBLOCK_NOMAP).  Hence, the page->flags is
uninitialized.

This is due to the commit 9f1eb38e0e11 ("mm, kmemleak: little
optimization while scanning") starts to use pfn_to_online_page() instead
of pfn_valid().  However, in the CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG=y case,
pfn_to_online_page() does not call memblock_is_map_memory() while
pfn_valid() does.

Historically, the commit 68709f45385a ("arm64: only consider memblocks
with NOMAP cleared for linear mapping") causes pages marked as nomap
being no long reassigned to the new zone in memmap_init_zone() by
calling __init_single_page().

Since the commit 2d070eab2e82 ("mm: consider zone which is not fully
populated to have holes") introduced pfn_to_online_page() and was
designed to return a valid pfn only, but it is clearly broken on arm64.

Therefore, let pfn_to_online_page() call pfn_valid_within(), so it can
handle nomap thanks to the commit f52bb98f5ade ("arm64: mm: always
enable CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE"), while it will be optimized away on
architectures where have no HOLES_IN_ZONE.

[1]
  Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 0000000000000006
  Mem abort info:
    ESR = 0x96000005
    Exception class = DABT (current EL), IL = 32 bits
    SET = 0, FnV = 0
    EA = 0, S1PTW = 0
  Data abort info:
    ISV = 0, ISS = 0x00000005
    CM = 0, WnR = 0
  Internal error: Oops: 96000005 [#1] SMP
  CPU: 60 PID: 1408 Comm: kmemleak Not tainted 5.0.0-rc2+ #8
  pstate: 60400009 (nZCv daif +PAN -UAO)
  pc : page_mapping+0x24/0x144
  lr : __dump_page+0x34/0x3dc
  sp : ffff00003a5cfd10
  x29: ffff00003a5cfd10 x28: 000000000000802f
  x27: 0000000000000000 x26: 0000000000277d00
  x25: ffff000010791f56 x24: ffff7fe000000000
  x23: ffff000010772f8b x22: ffff00001125f670
  x21: ffff000011311000 x20: ffff000010772f8b
  x19: fffffffffffffffe x18: 0000000000000000
  x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000000
  x15: 0000000000000000 x14: ffff802698b19600
  x13: ffff802698b1a200 x12: ffff802698b16f00
  x11: ffff802698b1a400 x10: 0000000000001400
  x9 : 0000000000000001 x8 : ffff00001121a000
  x7 : 0000000000000000 x6 : ffff0000102c53b8
  x5 : 0000000000000000 x4 : 0000000000000003
  x3 : 0000000000000100 x2 : 0000000000000000
  x1 : ffff000010772f8b x0 : ffffffffffffffff
  Process kmemleak (pid: 1408, stack limit = 0x(____ptrval____))
  Call trace:
   page_mapping+0x24/0x144
   __dump_page+0x34/0x3dc
   dump_page+0x28/0x4c
   kmemleak_scan+0x4ac/0x680
   kmemleak_scan_thread+0xb4/0xdc
   kthread+0x12c/0x13c
   ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18
  Code: d503201f f9400660 36000040 d1000413 (f9400661)
  ---[ end trace 4d4bd7f573490c8e ]---
  Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception
  SMP: stopping secondary CPUs
  Kernel Offset: disabled
  CPU features: 0x002,20000c38
  Memory Limit: none
  ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception ]---

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190122132916.28360-1-cai@lca.pw
Fixes: 9f1eb38e0e11 ("mm, kmemleak: little optimization while scanning")
Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agomm,memory_hotplug: fix scan_movable_pages() for gigantic hugepages
Oscar Salvador [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:47 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
mm,memory_hotplug: fix scan_movable_pages() for gigantic hugepages

This is the same sort of error we saw in commit 17e2e7d7e1b8 ("mm,
page_alloc: fix has_unmovable_pages for HugePages").

Gigantic hugepages cross several memblocks, so it can be that the page
we get in scan_movable_pages() is a page-tail belonging to a
1G-hugepage.  If that happens, page_hstate()->size_to_hstate() will
return NULL, and we will blow up in hugepage_migration_supported().

The splat is as follows:

  BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000008
  #PF error: [normal kernel read fault]
  PGD 0 P4D 0
  Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
  CPU: 1 PID: 1350 Comm: bash Tainted: G            E     5.0.0-rc1-mm1-1-default+ #27
  Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.0.0-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014
  RIP: 0010:__offline_pages+0x6ae/0x900
  Call Trace:
   memory_subsys_offline+0x42/0x60
   device_offline+0x80/0xa0
   state_store+0xab/0xc0
   kernfs_fop_write+0x102/0x180
   __vfs_write+0x26/0x190
   vfs_write+0xad/0x1b0
   ksys_write+0x42/0x90
   do_syscall_64+0x5b/0x180
   entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
  Modules linked in: af_packet(E) xt_tcpudp(E) ipt_REJECT(E) xt_conntrack(E) nf_conntrack(E) nf_defrag_ipv4(E) ip_set(E) nfnetlink(E) ebtable_nat(E) ebtable_broute(E) bridge(E) stp(E) llc(E) iptable_mangle(E) iptable_raw(E) iptable_security(E) ebtable_filter(E) ebtables(E) iptable_filter(E) ip_tables(E) x_tables(E) kvm_intel(E) kvm(E) irqbypass(E) crct10dif_pclmul(E) crc32_pclmul(E) ghash_clmulni_intel(E) bochs_drm(E) ttm(E) aesni_intel(E) drm_kms_helper(E) aes_x86_64(E) crypto_simd(E) cryptd(E) glue_helper(E) drm(E) virtio_net(E) syscopyarea(E) sysfillrect(E) net_failover(E) sysimgblt(E) pcspkr(E) failover(E) i2c_piix4(E) fb_sys_fops(E) parport_pc(E) parport(E) button(E) btrfs(E) libcrc32c(E) xor(E) zstd_decompress(E) zstd_compress(E) xxhash(E) raid6_pq(E) sd_mod(E) ata_generic(E) ata_piix(E) ahci(E) libahci(E) libata(E) crc32c_intel(E) serio_raw(E) virtio_pci(E) virtio_ring(E) virtio(E) sg(E) scsi_mod(E) autofs4(E)

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix brace layout, per David.  Reduce indentation]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190122154407.18417-1-osalvador@suse.de
Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Anthony Yznaga <anthony.yznaga@oracle.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agopsi: fix aggregation idle shut-off
Johannes Weiner [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:42 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
psi: fix aggregation idle shut-off

psi has provisions to shut off the periodic aggregation worker when
there is a period of no task activity - and thus no data that needs
aggregating.  However, while developing psi monitoring, Suren noticed
that the aggregation clock currently won't stay shut off for good.

Debugging this revealed a flaw in the idle design: an aggregation run
will see no task activity and decide to go to sleep; shortly thereafter,
the kworker thread that executed the aggregation will go idle and cause
a scheduling change, during which the psi callback will kick the
!pending worker again.  This will ping-pong forever, and is equivalent
to having no shut-off logic at all (but with more code!)

Fix this by exempting aggregation workers from psi's clock waking logic
when the state change is them going to sleep.  To do this, tag workers
with the last work function they executed, and if in psi we see a worker
going to sleep after aggregating psi data, we will not reschedule the
aggregation work item.

What if the worker is also executing other items before or after?

Any psi state times that were incurred by work items preceding the
aggregation work will have been collected from the per-cpu buckets
during the aggregation itself.  If there are work items following the
aggregation work, the worker's last_func tag will be overwritten and the
aggregator will be kept alive to process this genuine new activity.

If the aggregation work is the last thing the worker does, and we decide
to go idle, the brief period of non-idle time incurred between the
aggregation run and the kworker's dequeue will be stranded in the
per-cpu buckets until the clock is woken by later activity.  But that
should not be a problem.  The buckets can hold 4s worth of time, and
future activity will wake the clock with a 2s delay, giving us 2s worth
of data we can leave behind when disabling aggregation.  If it takes a
worker more than two seconds to go idle after it finishes its last work
item, we likely have bigger problems in the system, and won't notice one
sample that was averaged with a bogus per-CPU weight.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190116193501.1910-1-hannes@cmpxchg.org
Fixes: eb414681d5a0 ("psi: pressure stall information for CPU, memory, and IO")
Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reported-by: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agomm, memory_hotplug: test_pages_in_a_zone do not pass the end of zone
Mikhail Zaslonko [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:38 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
mm, memory_hotplug: test_pages_in_a_zone do not pass the end of zone

If memory end is not aligned with the sparse memory section boundary,
the mapping of such a section is only partly initialized.  This may lead
to VM_BUG_ON due to uninitialized struct pages access from
test_pages_in_a_zone() function triggered by memory_hotplug sysfs
handlers.

Here are the the panic examples:
 CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGFLAGS=y
 kernel parameter mem=2050M
 --------------------------
 page:000003d082008000 is uninitialized and poisoned
 page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PagePoisoned(p))
 Call Trace:
   test_pages_in_a_zone+0xde/0x160
   show_valid_zones+0x5c/0x190
   dev_attr_show+0x34/0x70
   sysfs_kf_seq_show+0xc8/0x148
   seq_read+0x204/0x480
   __vfs_read+0x32/0x178
   vfs_read+0x82/0x138
   ksys_read+0x5a/0xb0
   system_call+0xdc/0x2d8
 Last Breaking-Event-Address:
   test_pages_in_a_zone+0xde/0x160
 Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception: panic_on_oops

Fix this by checking whether the pfn to check is within the zone.

[mhocko@suse.com: separated this change from http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181105150401.97287-2-zaslonko@linux.ibm.com]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190128144506.15603-3-mhocko@kernel.org
[mhocko@suse.com: separated this change from
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181105150401.97287-2-zaslonko@linux.ibm.com]
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Mikhail Zaslonko <zaslonko@linux.ibm.com>
Tested-by: Mikhail Gavrilov <mikhail.v.gavrilov@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Tested-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Mikhail Gavrilov <mikhail.v.gavrilov@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agomm, memory_hotplug: is_mem_section_removable do not pass the end of a zone
Michal Hocko [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:34 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
mm, memory_hotplug: is_mem_section_removable do not pass the end of a zone

Patch series "mm, memory_hotplug: fix uninitialized pages fallouts", v2.

Mikhail Zaslonko has posted fixes for the two bugs quite some time ago
[1].  I have pushed back on those fixes because I believed that it is
much better to plug the problem at the initialization time rather than
play whack-a-mole all over the hotplug code and find all the places
which expect the full memory section to be initialized.

We have ended up with commit 2830bf6f05fb ("mm, memory_hotplug:
initialize struct pages for the full memory section") merged and cause a
regression [2][3].  The reason is that there might be memory layouts
when two NUMA nodes share the same memory section so the merged fix is
simply incorrect.

In order to plug this hole we really have to be zone range aware in
those handlers.  I have split up the original patch into two.  One is
unchanged (patch 2) and I took a different approach for `removable'
crash.

[1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181105150401.97287-2-zaslonko@linux.ibm.com
[2] https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1666948
[3] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190125163938.GA20411@dhcp22.suse.cz

This patch (of 2):

Mikhail has reported the following VM_BUG_ON triggered when reading sysfs
removable state of a memory block:

 page:000003d08300c000 is uninitialized and poisoned
 page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PagePoisoned(p))
 Call Trace:
   is_mem_section_removable+0xb4/0x190
   show_mem_removable+0x9a/0xd8
   dev_attr_show+0x34/0x70
   sysfs_kf_seq_show+0xc8/0x148
   seq_read+0x204/0x480
   __vfs_read+0x32/0x178
   vfs_read+0x82/0x138
   ksys_read+0x5a/0xb0
   system_call+0xdc/0x2d8
 Last Breaking-Event-Address:
   is_mem_section_removable+0xb4/0x190
 Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception: panic_on_oops

The reason is that the memory block spans the zone boundary and we are
stumbling over an unitialized struct page.  Fix this by enforcing zone
range in is_mem_section_removable so that we never run away from a zone.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190128144506.15603-2-mhocko@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reported-by: Mikhail Zaslonko <zaslonko@linux.ibm.com>
Debugged-by: Mikhail Zaslonko <zaslonko@linux.ibm.com>
Tested-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com>
Tested-by: Mikhail Gavrilov <mikhail.v.gavrilov@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agooom, oom_reaper: do not enqueue same task twice
Tetsuo Handa [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:31 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
oom, oom_reaper: do not enqueue same task twice

Arkadiusz reported that enabling memcg's group oom killing causes
strange memcg statistics where there is no task in a memcg despite the
number of tasks in that memcg is not 0.  It turned out that there is a
bug in wake_oom_reaper() which allows enqueuing same task twice which
makes impossible to decrease the number of tasks in that memcg due to a
refcount leak.

This bug existed since the OOM reaper became invokable from
task_will_free_mem(current) path in out_of_memory() in Linux 4.7,

  T1@P1     |T2@P1     |T3@P1     |OOM reaper
  ----------+----------+----------+------------
                                   # Processing an OOM victim in a different memcg domain.
                        try_charge()
                          mem_cgroup_out_of_memory()
                            mutex_lock(&oom_lock)
             try_charge()
               mem_cgroup_out_of_memory()
                 mutex_lock(&oom_lock)
  try_charge()
    mem_cgroup_out_of_memory()
      mutex_lock(&oom_lock)
                            out_of_memory()
                              oom_kill_process(P1)
                                do_send_sig_info(SIGKILL, @P1)
                                mark_oom_victim(T1@P1)
                                wake_oom_reaper(T1@P1) # T1@P1 is enqueued.
                            mutex_unlock(&oom_lock)
                 out_of_memory()
                   mark_oom_victim(T2@P1)
                   wake_oom_reaper(T2@P1) # T2@P1 is enqueued.
                 mutex_unlock(&oom_lock)
      out_of_memory()
        mark_oom_victim(T1@P1)
        wake_oom_reaper(T1@P1) # T1@P1 is enqueued again due to oom_reaper_list == T2@P1 && T1@P1->oom_reaper_list == NULL.
      mutex_unlock(&oom_lock)
                                   # Completed processing an OOM victim in a different memcg domain.
                                   spin_lock(&oom_reaper_lock)
                                   # T1P1 is dequeued.
                                   spin_unlock(&oom_reaper_lock)

but memcg's group oom killing made it easier to trigger this bug by
calling wake_oom_reaper() on the same task from one out_of_memory()
request.

Fix this bug using an approach used by commit 855b018325737f76 ("oom,
oom_reaper: disable oom_reaper for oom_kill_allocating_task").  As a
side effect of this patch, this patch also avoids enqueuing multiple
threads sharing memory via task_will_free_mem(current) path.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/e865a044-2c10-9858-f4ef-254bc71d6cc2@i-love.sakura.ne.jp
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/5ee34fc6-1485-34f8-8790-903ddabaa809@i-love.sakura.ne.jp
Fixes: af8e15cc85a25315 ("oom, oom_reaper: do not enqueue task if it is on the oom_reaper_list head")
Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>
Reported-by: Arkadiusz Miskiewicz <arekm@maven.pl>
Tested-by: Arkadiusz Miskiewicz <arekm@maven.pl>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Aleksa Sarai <asarai@suse.de>
Cc: Jay Kamat <jgkamat@fb.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agomm: migrate: make buffer_migrate_page_norefs() actually succeed
Jan Kara [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:27 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
mm: migrate: make buffer_migrate_page_norefs() actually succeed

Currently, buffer_migrate_page_norefs() was constantly failing because
buffer_migrate_lock_buffers() grabbed reference on each buffer.  In
fact, there's no reason for buffer_migrate_lock_buffers() to grab any
buffer references as the page is locked during all our operation and
thus nobody can reclaim buffers from the page.

So remove grabbing of buffer references which also makes
buffer_migrate_page_norefs() succeed.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190116131217.7226-1-jack@suse.cz
Fixes: 89cb0888ca14 "mm: migrate: provide buffer_migrate_page_norefs()"
Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky.work@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agokernel/exit.c: release ptraced tasks before zap_pid_ns_processes
Andrei Vagin [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:24 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
kernel/exit.c: release ptraced tasks before zap_pid_ns_processes

Currently, exit_ptrace() adds all ptraced tasks in a dead list, then
zap_pid_ns_processes() waits on all tasks in a current pidns, and only
then are tasks from the dead list released.

zap_pid_ns_processes() can get stuck on waiting tasks from the dead
list.  In this case, we will have one unkillable process with one or
more dead children.

Thanks to Oleg for the advice to release tasks in find_child_reaper().

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190110175200.12442-1-avagin@gmail.com
Fixes: 7c8bd2322c7f ("exit: ptrace: shift "reap dead" code from exit_ptrace() to forget_original_parent()")
Signed-off-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agox86_64: increase stack size for KASAN_EXTRA
Qian Cai [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:20 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
x86_64: increase stack size for KASAN_EXTRA

If the kernel is configured with KASAN_EXTRA, the stack size is
increasted significantly because this option sets "-fstack-reuse" to
"none" in GCC [1].  As a result, it triggers stack overrun quite often
with 32k stack size compiled using GCC 8.  For example, this reproducer

  https://github.com/linux-test-project/ltp/blob/master/testcases/kernel/syscalls/madvise/madvise06.c

triggers a "corrupted stack end detected inside scheduler" very reliably
with CONFIG_SCHED_STACK_END_CHECK enabled.

There are just too many functions that could have a large stack with
KASAN_EXTRA due to large local variables that have been called over and
over again without being able to reuse the stacks.  Some noticiable ones
are

  size
  7648 shrink_page_list
  3584 xfs_rmap_convert
  3312 migrate_page_move_mapping
  3312 dev_ethtool
  3200 migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page
  3168 copy_process

There are other 49 functions are over 2k in size while compiling kernel
with "-Wframe-larger-than=" even with a related minimal config on this
machine.  Hence, it is too much work to change Makefiles for each object
to compile without "-fsanitize-address-use-after-scope" individually.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=81715#c23

Although there is a patch in GCC 9 to help the situation, GCC 9 probably
won't be released in a few months and then it probably take another
6-month to 1-year for all major distros to include it as a default.
Hence, the stack usage with KASAN_EXTRA can be revisited again in 2020
when GCC 9 is everywhere.  Until then, this patch will help users avoid
stack overrun.

This has already been fixed for arm64 for the same reason via
6e8830674ea ("arm64: kasan: Increase stack size for KASAN_EXTRA").

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190109215209.2903-1-cai@lca.pw
Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agomm/hugetlb.c: teach follow_hugetlb_page() to handle FOLL_NOWAIT
Andrea Arcangeli [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:16 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
mm/hugetlb.c: teach follow_hugetlb_page() to handle FOLL_NOWAIT

hugetlb needs the same fix as faultin_nopage (which was applied in
commit 96312e61282a ("mm/gup.c: teach get_user_pages_unlocked to handle
FOLL_NOWAIT")) or KVM hangs because it thinks the mmap_sem was already
released by hugetlb_fault() if it returned VM_FAULT_RETRY, but it wasn't
in the FOLL_NOWAIT case.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190109020203.26669-2-aarcange@redhat.com
Fixes: ce53053ce378 ("kvm: switch get_user_page_nowait() to get_user_pages_unlocked()")
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Tested-by: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Reported-by: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agoarch: unexport asm/shmparam.h for all architectures
Masahiro Yamada [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:12 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
arch: unexport asm/shmparam.h for all architectures

Most architectures do not export shmparam.h to user-space.

  $ find arch -name shmparam.h  | sort
  arch/alpha/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/arc/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/arm64/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/arm/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/csky/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/ia64/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/mips/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/nds32/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/nios2/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/parisc/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/powerpc/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/s390/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/sh/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/sparc/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/x86/include/asm/shmparam.h
  arch/xtensa/include/asm/shmparam.h

Strangely, some users of the asm-generic wrapper export shmparam.h

  $ git grep 'generic-y += shmparam.h'
  arch/c6x/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild:generic-y += shmparam.h
  arch/h8300/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild:generic-y += shmparam.h
  arch/hexagon/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild:generic-y += shmparam.h
  arch/m68k/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild:generic-y += shmparam.h
  arch/microblaze/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild:generic-y += shmparam.h
  arch/openrisc/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild:generic-y += shmparam.h
  arch/riscv/include/asm/Kbuild:generic-y += shmparam.h
  arch/unicore32/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild:generic-y += shmparam.h

The newly added riscv correctly creates the asm-generic wrapper
in the kernel space, but the others (c6x, h8300, hexagon, m68k,
microblaze, openrisc, unicore32) create the one in the uapi directory.

Digging into the git history, now I guess fcc8487d477a ("uapi:
export all headers under uapi directories") was the misconversion.
Prior to that commit, no architecture exported to shmparam.h
As its commit description said, that commit exported shmparam.h
for c6x, h8300, hexagon, m68k, openrisc, unicore32.

83f0124ad81e ("microblaze: remove asm-generic wrapper headers")
accidentally exported shmparam.h for microblaze.

This commit unexports shmparam.h for those architectures.

There is no more reason to export include/uapi/asm-generic/shmparam.h,
so it has been moved to include/asm-generic/shmparam.h

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1546904307-11124-1-git-send-email-yamada.masahiro@socionext.com
Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
Acked-by: Stafford Horne <shorne@gmail.com>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
Cc: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org>
Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn>
Cc: Nicolas Dichtel <nicolas.dichtel@6wind.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Cc: Aurelien Jacquiot <jacquiot.aurelien@gmail.com>
Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com>
Cc: Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org>
Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com>
Cc: Stefan Kristiansson <stefan.kristiansson@saunalahti.fi>
Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com>
Cc: Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu>
Cc: Jonas Bonn <jonas@southpole.se>
Cc: Vincent Chen <deanbo422@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agoproc: fix /proc/net/* after setns(2)
Alexey Dobriyan [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:20:01 +0000 (14:20 -0800)]
proc: fix /proc/net/* after setns(2)

/proc entries under /proc/net/* can't be cached into dcache because
setns(2) can change current net namespace.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: avoid vim miscolorization]
[adobriyan@gmail.com: write test, add dummy ->d_revalidate hook: necessary if /proc/net/* is pinned at setns time]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190108192350.GA12034@avx2
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190107162336.GA9239@avx2
Fixes: 1da4d377f943fe4194ffb9fb9c26cc58fad4dd24 ("proc: revalidate misc dentries")
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Reported-by: Mateusz Stępień <mateusz.stepien@netrounds.com>
Reported-by: Ahmad Fatoum <a.fatoum@pengutronix.de>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agomm, memory_hotplug: don't bail out in do_migrate_range() prematurely
Oscar Salvador [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 22:19:57 +0000 (14:19 -0800)]
mm, memory_hotplug: don't bail out in do_migrate_range() prematurely

do_migrate_range() takes a memory range and tries to isolate the pages
to put them into a list.  This list will be later on used in
migrate_pages() to know the pages we need to migrate.

Currently, if we fail to isolate a single page, we put all already
isolated pages back to their LRU and we bail out from the function.
This is quite suboptimal, as this will force us to start over again
because scan_movable_pages will give us the same range.  If there is no
chance that we can isolate that page, we will loop here forever.

Issue debugged in [1] has proved that.  During the debugging of that
issue, it was noticed that if do_migrate_ranges() fails to isolate a
single page, we will just discard the work we have done so far and bail
out, which means that scan_movable_pages() will find again the same set
of pages.

Instead, we can just skip the error, keep isolating as much pages as
possible and then proceed with the call to migrate_pages().

This will allow us to do as much work as possible at once.

[1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/12/6/324

Michal said:

: I still think that this doesn't give us a whole picture.  Looping for
: ever is a bug.  Failing the isolation is quite possible and it should
: be a ephemeral condition (e.g.  a race with freeing the page or
: somebody else isolating the page for whatever reason).  And here comes
: the disadvantage of the current implementation.  We simply throw
: everything on the floor just because of a ephemeral condition.  The
: racy page_count check is quite dubious to prevent from that.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181211135312.27034-1-osalvador@suse.de
Signed-off-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@gmail.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: William Kucharski <william.kucharski@oracle.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agoMerge tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rdma/rdma
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 18:39:24 +0000 (10:39 -0800)]
Merge tag 'for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/rdma/rdma

Pull rdma fixes from Jason Gunthorpe:
 "Still not much going on, the usual set of oops and driver fixes this
  time:

   - Fix two uapi breakage regressions in mlx5 drivers

   - Various oops fixes in hfi1, mlx4, umem, uverbs, and ipoib

   - A protocol bug fix for hfi1 preventing it from implementing the
     verbs API properly, and a compatability fix for EXEC STACK user
     programs

   - Fix missed refcounting in the 'advise_mr' patches merged this
     cycle.

   - Fix wrong use of the uABI in the hns SRQ patches merged this cycle"

* tag 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rdma/rdma:
  IB/uverbs: Fix OOPs in uverbs_user_mmap_disassociate
  IB/ipoib: Fix for use-after-free in ipoib_cm_tx_start
  IB/uverbs: Fix ioctl query port to consider device disassociation
  RDMA/mlx5: Fix flow creation on representors
  IB/uverbs: Fix OOPs upon device disassociation
  RDMA/umem: Add missing initialization of owning_mm
  RDMA/hns: Update the kernel header file of hns
  IB/mlx5: Fix how advise_mr() launches async work
  RDMA/device: Expose ib_device_try_get(()
  IB/hfi1: Add limit test for RC/UC send via loopback
  IB/hfi1: Remove overly conservative VM_EXEC flag check
  IB/{hfi1, qib}: Fix WC.byte_len calculation for UD_SEND_WITH_IMM
  IB/mlx4: Fix using wrong function to destroy sqp AHs under SRIOV
  RDMA/mlx5: Fix check for supported user flags when creating a QP

2 years agoMerge tag 'iomap-5.0-fixes-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/fs/xfs/xfs-linux
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 18:30:18 +0000 (10:30 -0800)]
Merge tag 'iomap-5.0-fixes-1' of git://git./fs/xfs/xfs-linux

Pull iomap fixes from Darrick Wong:
 "A couple of iomap fixes to eliminate some memory corruption and hang
  problems that were reported:

   - fix page migration when using iomap for pagecache management

   - fix a use-after-free bug in the directio code"

* tag 'iomap-5.0-fixes-1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/fs/xfs/xfs-linux:
  iomap: fix a use after free in iomap_dio_rw
  iomap: get/put the page in iomap_page_create/release()

2 years agoMerge tag 'pm-5.0-rc5' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 18:23:39 +0000 (10:23 -0800)]
Merge tag 'pm-5.0-rc5' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm

Pull power management fixes from Rafael Wysocki:
 "These fix a PM-runtime framework regression introduced by the recent
  switch-over of device autosuspend to hrtimers and a mistake in the
  "poll idle state" code introduced by a recent change in it.

  Specifics:

   - Since ktime_get() turns out to be problematic for device
     autosuspend in the PM-runtime framework, make it use
     ktime_get_mono_fast_ns() instead (Vincent Guittot).

   - Fix an initial value of a local variable in the "poll idle state"
     code that makes it behave not exactly as expected when all idle
     states except for the "polling" one are disabled (Doug Smythies)"

* tag 'pm-5.0-rc5' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm:
  cpuidle: poll_state: Fix default time limit
  PM-runtime: Fix deadlock with ktime_get()

2 years agoMerge tag 'acpi-5.0-rc5' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 18:21:29 +0000 (10:21 -0800)]
Merge tag 'acpi-5.0-rc5' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm

Pull ACPI Kconfig fixes from Rafael Wysocki:
 "Prevent invalid configurations from being created (e.g. by randconfig)
  due to some ACPI-related Kconfig options' dependencies that are not
  specified directly (Sinan Kaya)"

* tag 'acpi-5.0-rc5' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm:
  platform/x86: Fix unmet dependency warning for SAMSUNG_Q10
  platform/x86: Fix unmet dependency warning for ACPI_CMPC
  mfd: Fix unmet dependency warning for MFD_TPS68470

2 years agoMerge tag 'mmc-v5.0-rc4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ulfh/mmc
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 18:19:50 +0000 (10:19 -0800)]
Merge tag 'mmc-v5.0-rc4' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/ulfh/mmc

Pull MMC host fixes from Ulf Hansson:

 - mediatek: Fix incorrect register write for tunings

 - bcm2835: Fixup leakage of DMA channel on probe errors

* tag 'mmc-v5.0-rc4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ulfh/mmc:
  mmc: mediatek: fix incorrect register setting of hs400_cmd_int_delay
  mmc: bcm2835: Fix DMA channel leak on probe error

2 years agoMerge tag 'i3c/fixes-for-5.0-rc5' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 18:17:51 +0000 (10:17 -0800)]
Merge tag 'i3c/fixes-for-5.0-rc5' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/i3c/linux

Pull i3c fixes from Boris Brezillon:

 - Fix a deadlock in the designware driver

 - Fix the error path in i3c_master_add_i3c_dev_locked()

* tag 'i3c/fixes-for-5.0-rc5' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/i3c/linux:
  i3c: master: dw: fix deadlock
  i3c: fix missing detach if failed to retrieve i3c dev

2 years agox86/kexec: Don't setup EFI info if EFI runtime is not enabled
Kairui Song [Fri, 18 Jan 2019 11:13:08 +0000 (19:13 +0800)]
x86/kexec: Don't setup EFI info if EFI runtime is not enabled

Kexec-ing a kernel with "efi=noruntime" on the first kernel's command
line causes the following null pointer dereference:

  BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000000
  #PF error: [normal kernel read fault]
  Call Trace:
   efi_runtime_map_copy+0x28/0x30
   bzImage64_load+0x688/0x872
   arch_kexec_kernel_image_load+0x6d/0x70
   kimage_file_alloc_init+0x13e/0x220
   __x64_sys_kexec_file_load+0x144/0x290
   do_syscall_64+0x55/0x1a0
   entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9

Just skip the EFI info setup if EFI runtime services are not enabled.

 [ bp: Massage commit message. ]

Suggested-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Kairui Song <kasong@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Acked-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Cc: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Cc: bhe@redhat.com
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: erik.schmauss@intel.com
Cc: fanc.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: kexec@lists.infradead.org
Cc: lenb@kernel.org
Cc: linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Philipp Rudo <prudo@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com
Cc: robert.moore@intel.com
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: x86-ml <x86@kernel.org>
Cc: Yannik Sembritzki <yannik@sembritzki.me>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190118111310.29589-2-kasong@redhat.com
2 years agox86: explicitly align IO accesses in memcpy_{to,from}io
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 31 Jan 2019 19:10:20 +0000 (11:10 -0800)]
x86: explicitly align IO accesses in memcpy_{to,from}io

In commit 170d13ca3a2f ("x86: re-introduce non-generic memcpy_{to,from}io")
I made our copy from IO space use a separate copy routine rather than
rely on the generic memcpy.  I did that because our generic memory copy
isn't actually well-defined when it comes to internal access ordering or
alignment, and will in fact depend on various CPUID flags.

In particular, the default memcpy() for a modern Intel CPU will
generally be just a "rep movsb", which works reasonably well for
medium-sized memory copies of regular RAM, since the CPU will turn it
into fairly optimized microcode.

However, for non-cached memory and IO, "rep movs" ends up being
horrendously slow and will just do the architectural "one byte at a
time" accesses implied by the movsb.

At the other end of the spectrum, if you _don't_ end up using the "rep
movsb" code, you'd likely fall back to the software copy, which does
overlapping accesses for the tail, and may copy things backwards.
Again, for regular memory that's fine, for IO memory not so much.

The thinking was that clearly nobody really cared (because things
worked), but some people had seen horrible performance due to the byte
accesses, so let's just revert back to our long ago version that dod
"rep movsl" for the bulk of the copy, and then fixed up the potentially
last few bytes of the tail with "movsw/b".

Interestingly (and perhaps not entirely surprisingly), while that was
our original memory copy implementation, and had been used before for
IO, in the meantime many new users of memcpy_*io() had come about.  And
while the access patterns for the memory copy weren't well-defined (so
arguably _any_ access pattern should work), in practice the "rep movsb"
case had been very common for the last several years.

In particular Jarkko Sakkinen reported that the memcpy_*io() change
resuled in weird errors from his Geminilake NUC TPM module.

And it turns out that the TPM TCG accesses according to spec require
that the accesses be

 (a) done strictly sequentially

 (b) be naturally aligned

otherwise the TPM chip will abort the PCI transaction.

And, in fact, the tpm_crb.c driver did this:

memcpy_fromio(buf, priv->rsp, 6);
...
memcpy_fromio(&buf[6], &priv->rsp[6], expected - 6);

which really should never have worked in the first place, but back
before commit 170d13ca3a2f it *happened* to work, because the
memcpy_fromio() would be expanded to a regular memcpy, and

 (a) gcc would expand the first memcpy in-line, and turn it into a
     4-byte and a 2-byte read, and they happened to be in the right
     order, and the alignment was right.

 (b) gcc would call "memcpy()" for the second one, and the machines that
     had this TPM chip also apparently ended up always having ERMS
     ("Enhanced REP MOVSB/STOSB instructions"), so we'd use the "rep
     movbs" for that copy.

In other words, basically by pure luck, the code happened to use the
right access sizes in the (two different!) memcpy() implementations to
make it all work.

But after commit 170d13ca3a2f, both of the memcpy_fromio() calls
resulted in a call to the routine with the consistent memory accesses,
and in both cases it started out transferring with 4-byte accesses.
Which worked for the first copy, but resulted in the second copy doing a
32-bit read at an address that was only 2-byte aligned.

Jarkko is actually fixing the fragile code in the TPM driver, but since
this is an excellent example of why we absolutely must not use a generic
memcpy for IO accesses, _and_ an IO-specific one really should strive to
align the IO accesses, let's do exactly that.

Side note: Jarkko also noted that the driver had been used on ARM
platforms, and had worked.  That was because on 32-bit ARM, memcpy_*io()
ends up always doing byte accesses, and on 64-bit ARM it first does byte
accesses to align to 8-byte boundaries, and then does 8-byte accesses
for the bulk.

So ARM actually worked by design, and the x86 case worked by pure luck.

We *might* want to make x86-64 do the 8-byte case too.  That should be a
pretty straightforward extension, but let's do one thing at a time.  And
generally MMIO accesses aren't really all that performance-critical, as
shown by the fact that for a long time we just did them a byte at a
time, and very few people ever noticed.

Reported-and-tested-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
Tested-by: Jerry Snitselaar <jsnitsel@redhat.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Fixes: 170d13ca3a2f ("x86: re-introduce non-generic memcpy_{to,from}io")
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2 years agoapparmor: Fix aa_label_build() error handling for failed merges
John Johansen [Thu, 24 Jan 2019 21:53:05 +0000 (13:53 -0800)]
apparmor: Fix aa_label_build() error handling for failed merges

aa_label_merge() can return NULL for memory allocations failures
make sure to handle and set the correct error in this case.

Reported-by: Peng Hao <peng.hao2@zte.com.cn>
Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>
2 years agoarm64: hibernate: Clean the __hyp_text to PoC after resume
James Morse [Thu, 24 Jan 2019 16:32:57 +0000 (16:32 +0000)]
arm64: hibernate: Clean the __hyp_text to PoC after resume

During resume hibernate restores all physical memory. Any memory
that is accessed with the MMU disabled needs to be cleaned to the
PoC.

KVMs __hyp_text was previously ommitted as it runs with the MMU
enabled, but now that the hyp-stub is located in this section,
we must clean __hyp_text too.

This ensures secondary CPUs that come online after hibernate
has finished resuming, and load KVM via the freshly written
hyp-stub see the correct instructions.

Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2 years agoarm64: hyp-stub: Forbid kprobing of the hyp-stub
James Morse [Thu, 24 Jan 2019 16:32:56 +0000 (16:32 +0000)]
arm64: hyp-stub: Forbid kprobing of the hyp-stub

The hyp-stub is loaded by the kernel's early startup code at EL2
during boot, before KVM takes ownership later. The hyp-stub's
text is part of the regular kernel text, meaning it can be kprobed.

A breakpoint in the hyp-stub causes the CPU to spin in el2_sync_invalid.

Add it to the __hyp_text.

Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2 years agoarm64: kprobe: Always blacklist the KVM world-switch code
James Morse [Thu, 24 Jan 2019 16:32:55 +0000 (16:32 +0000)]
arm64: kprobe: Always blacklist the KVM world-switch code

On systems with VHE the kernel and KVM's world-switch code run at the
same exception level. Code that is only used on a VHE system does not
need to be annotated as __hyp_text as it can reside anywhere in the
 kernel text.

__hyp_text was also used to prevent kprobes from patching breakpoint
instructions into this region, as this code runs at a different
exception level. While this is no longer true with VHE, KVM still
switches VBAR_EL1, meaning a kprobe's breakpoint executed in the
world-switch code will cause a hyp-panic.

Move the __hyp_text check in the kprobes blacklist so it applies on
VHE systems too, to cover the common code and guest enter/exit
assembly.

Fixes: 888b3c8720e0 ("arm64: Treat all entry code as non-kprobe-able")
Reviewed-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2 years agoarm64: kaslr: ensure randomized quantities are clean also when kaslr is off
Ard Biesheuvel [Sun, 27 Jan 2019 08:29:42 +0000 (09:29 +0100)]
arm64: kaslr: ensure randomized quantities are clean also when kaslr is off

Commit 1598ecda7b23 ("arm64: kaslr: ensure randomized quantities are
clean to the PoC") added cache maintenance to ensure that global
variables set by the kaslr init routine are not wiped clean due to
cache invalidation occurring during the second round of page table
creation.

However, if kaslr_early_init() exits early with no randomization
being applied (either due to the lack of a seed, or because the user
has disabled kaslr explicitly), no cache maintenance is performed,
leading to the same issue we attempted to fix earlier, as far as the
module_alloc_base variable is concerned.

Note that module_alloc_base cannot be initialized statically, because
that would cause it to be subject to a R_AARCH64_RELATIVE relocation,
causing it to be overwritten by the second round of KASLR relocation
processing.

Fixes: f80fb3a3d508 ("arm64: add support for kernel ASLR")
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # v4.6+
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2 years agoarm64: Do not issue IPIs for user executable ptes
Catalin Marinas [Thu, 24 Jan 2019 17:28:37 +0000 (17:28 +0000)]
arm64: Do not issue IPIs for user executable ptes

Commit 3b8c9f1cdfc5 ("arm64: IPI each CPU after invalidating the I-cache
for kernel mappings") was aimed at fixing the I-cache invalidation for
kernel mappings. However, it inadvertently caused all cache maintenance
for user mappings via set_pte_at() -> __sync_icache_dcache() ->
sync_icache_aliases() to call kick_all_cpus_sync().

Reported-by: Shijith Thotton <sthotton@marvell.com>
Tested-by: Shijith Thotton <sthotton@marvell.com>
Reported-by: Wandun Chen <chenwandun@huawei.com>
Fixes: 3b8c9f1cdfc5 ("arm64: IPI each CPU after invalidating the I-cache for kernel mappings")
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # 4.19.x-
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2 years agoapparmor: Fix warning about unused function apparmor_ipv6_postroute
Petr Vorel [Mon, 12 Nov 2018 10:59:12 +0000 (11:59 +0100)]
apparmor: Fix warning about unused function apparmor_ipv6_postroute

when compiled without CONFIG_IPV6:
security/apparmor/lsm.c:1601:21: warning: ‘apparmor_ipv6_postroute’ defined but not used [-Wunused-function]
 static unsigned int apparmor_ipv6_postroute(void *priv,
                     ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Reported-by: Jordan Glover <Golden_Miller83@protonmail.ch>
Tested-by: Jordan Glover <Golden_Miller83@protonmail.ch>
Signed-off-by: Petr Vorel <pvorel@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>
2 years agoMerge branch 'acpi-misc'
Rafael J. Wysocki [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 10:06:05 +0000 (11:06 +0100)]
Merge branch 'acpi-misc'

* acpi-misc:
  platform/x86: Fix unmet dependency warning for SAMSUNG_Q10
  platform/x86: Fix unmet dependency warning for ACPI_CMPC

2 years agoMerge branch 'pm-cpuidle-fixes'
Rafael J. Wysocki [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 10:05:27 +0000 (11:05 +0100)]
Merge branch 'pm-cpuidle-fixes'

* pm-cpuidle-fixes:
  cpuidle: poll_state: Fix default time limit

2 years agoMerge tag 'clk-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 07:22:57 +0000 (23:22 -0800)]
Merge tag 'clk-fixes-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/clk/linux

Pull clk fixes from Stephen Boyd:
 "Mostly driver fixes, but there's a core framework fix in here too:

   - Revert the commits that introduce clk management for the SP clk on
     MMP2 SoCs (used for OLPC). Turns out it wasn't a good idea and
     there isn't any need to manage this clk, it just causes more
     headaches.

   - A performance regression that went unnoticed for many years where
     we would traverse the entire clk tree looking for a clk by name
     when we already have the pointer to said clk that we're looking for

   - A parent linkage fix for the qcom SDM845 clk driver

   - An i.MX clk driver rate miscalculation fix where order of
     operations were messed up

   - One error handling fix from the static checkers"

* tag 'clk-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/clk/linux:
  clk: qcom: gcc: Use active only source for CPUSS clocks
  clk: ti: Fix error handling in ti_clk_parse_divider_data()
  clk: imx: Fix fractional clock set rate computation
  clk: Remove global clk traversal on fetch parent index
  Revert "dt-bindings: marvell,mmp2: Add clock id for the SP clock"
  Revert "clk: mmp2: add SP clock"
  Revert "Input: olpc_apsp - enable the SP clock"

2 years agoMerge branch 'linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 07:09:00 +0000 (23:09 -0800)]
Merge branch 'linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6

Pull crypto fix from Herbert Xu:
 "This fixes a bug in cavium/nitrox where the callback is invoked prior
  to the DMA unmap"

* 'linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/herbert/crypto-2.6:
  crypto: cavium/nitrox - Invoke callback after DMA unmap

2 years agoMerge tag 'pci-v5.0-fixes-3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/helgaas/pci
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 1 Feb 2019 07:06:17 +0000 (23:06 -0800)]
Merge tag 'pci-v5.0-fixes-3' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/helgaas/pci

Pull PCI fixes from Bjorn Helgaas:

 - Revert armada8k GPIO reset change that broke Macchiatobin booting
   (Baruch Siach)

 - Use actual size config reads on ARM cns3xxx (Koen Vandeputte)

 - Fix ARM cns3xxx config write alignment issue (Koen Vandeputte)

 - Fix imx6 PHY device link error checking (Leonard Crestez)

 - Fix imx6 probe failure on chips without separate PCI power domain
   (Leonard Crestez)

* tag 'pci-v5.0-fixes-3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/helgaas/pci:
  Revert "PCI: armada8k: Add support for gpio controlled reset signal"
  ARM: cns3xxx: Use actual size reads for PCIe
  ARM: cns3xxx: Fix writing to wrong PCI config registers after alignment
  PCI: imx: Fix checking pd_pcie_phy device link addition
  PCI: imx: Fix probe failure without power domain

2 years agoRevert "PCI: armada8k: Add support for gpio controlled reset signal"
Baruch Siach [Thu, 31 Jan 2019 21:00:18 +0000 (15:00 -0600)]
Revert "PCI: armada8k: Add support for gpio controlled reset signal"

Revert commit 3d71746c42 ("PCI: armada8k: Add support for gpio controlled
reset signal").

That commit breaks boot on Macchiatobin board when a Mellanox NIC is
present in the PCIe slot.

It turns out that full reset cycle requires first comphy serdes
initialization. Reset signal toggle without comphy initialization makes
access to PCI configuration registers stall indefinitely. U-Boot toggles
the Macchiatobin PCIe reset line already at boot, after initializing the
comphy serdes.

So while commit 3d71746c42 ("PCI: armada8k: Add support for gpio controlled
reset signal") enables PCIe on platforms that U-Boot does not touch the
reset line (like Clearfog GT-8K), it breaks PCIe (and boot) on the
Macchiatobin board.

Revert commit 3d71746c42 ("PCI: armada8k: Add support for gpio controlled
reset signal") entirely to fix the Macchiatobin regression.

Reported-by: Sven Auhagen <sven.auhagen@voleatech.de>
Signed-off-by: Baruch Siach <baruch@tkos.co.il>
Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>
2 years agoARM: cns3xxx: Use actual size reads for PCIe
Koen Vandeputte [Thu, 31 Jan 2019 21:00:11 +0000 (15:00 -0600)]
ARM: cns3xxx: Use actual size reads for PCIe

commit 802b7c06adc7 ("ARM: cns3xxx: Convert PCI to use generic config
accessors") reimplemented cns3xxx_pci_read_config() using
pci_generic_config_read32(), which preserved the property of only doing
32-bit reads.

It also replaced cns3xxx_pci_write_config() with pci_generic_config_write(),
so it changed writes from always being 32 bits to being the actual size,
which works just fine.

Given that:

- The documentation does not mention that only 32 bit access is allowed.
- Writes are already executed using the actual size
- Extensive testing shows that 8b, 16b and 32b reads work as intended

Allow read access of any size by replacing pci_generic_config_read32()
with the pci_generic_config_read() accessors.

Fixes: 802b7c06adc7 ("ARM: cns3xxx: Convert PCI to use generic config accessors")
Suggested-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Koen Vandeputte <koen.vandeputte@ncentric.com>
[lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com: updated commit log]
Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com>
Acked-by: Krzysztof Halasa <khalasa@piap.pl>
Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
CC: Krzysztof Halasa <khalasa@piap.pl>
CC: Olof Johansson <olof@lixom.net>
CC: Robin Leblon <robin.leblon@ncentric.com>
CC: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
CC: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
CC: Tim Harvey <tharvey@gateworks.com>