mac80211: fix race in ieee80211_register_hw()
authorSumit Garg <sumit.garg@linaro.org>
Tue, 7 Apr 2020 10:10:55 +0000 (15:40 +0530)
committerJohannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com>
Wed, 15 Apr 2020 07:31:58 +0000 (09:31 +0200)
A race condition leading to a kernel crash is observed during invocation
of ieee80211_register_hw() on a dragonboard410c device having wcn36xx
driver built as a loadable module along with a wifi manager in user-space
waiting for a wifi device (wlanX) to be active.

Sequence diagram for a particular kernel crash scenario:

    user-space  ieee80211_register_hw()  ieee80211_tasklet_handler()
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
       |                    |                 |
       |<---phy0----wiphy_register()          |
       |-----iwd if_add---->|                 |
       |                    |<---IRQ----(RX packet)
       |              Kernel crash            |
       |              due to unallocated      |
       |              workqueue.              |
       |                    |                 |
       |       alloc_ordered_workqueue()      |
       |                    |                 |
       |              Misc wiphy init.        |
       |                    |                 |
       |            ieee80211_if_add()        |
       |                    |                 |

As evident from above sequence diagram, this race condition isn't specific
to a particular wifi driver but rather the initialization sequence in
ieee80211_register_hw() needs to be fixed. So re-order the initialization
sequence and the updated sequence diagram would look like:

    user-space  ieee80211_register_hw()  ieee80211_tasklet_handler()
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
       |                    |                 |
       |       alloc_ordered_workqueue()      |
       |                    |                 |
       |              Misc wiphy init.        |
       |                    |                 |
       |<---phy0----wiphy_register()          |
       |-----iwd if_add---->|                 |
       |                    |<---IRQ----(RX packet)
       |                    |                 |
       |            ieee80211_if_add()        |
       |                    |                 |

Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Sumit Garg <sumit.garg@linaro.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/1586254255-28713-1-git-send-email-sumit.garg@linaro.org
[Johannes: fix rtnl imbalances]
Signed-off-by: Johannes Berg <johannes.berg@intel.com>
net/mac80211/main.c

index 8345926193de487c6f783b0a452ff0c74eba02c1..0e9ad60fb2b3d9dc9a0bcacfb4e8ec08fd112df0 100644 (file)
@@ -1069,7 +1069,7 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
                local->hw.wiphy->signal_type = CFG80211_SIGNAL_TYPE_UNSPEC;
                if (hw->max_signal <= 0) {
                        result = -EINVAL;
                local->hw.wiphy->signal_type = CFG80211_SIGNAL_TYPE_UNSPEC;
                if (hw->max_signal <= 0) {
                        result = -EINVAL;
-                       goto fail_wiphy_register;
+                       goto fail_workqueue;
                }
        }
 
                }
        }
 
@@ -1135,7 +1135,7 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
 
        result = ieee80211_init_cipher_suites(local);
        if (result < 0)
 
        result = ieee80211_init_cipher_suites(local);
        if (result < 0)
-               goto fail_wiphy_register;
+               goto fail_workqueue;
 
        if (!local->ops->remain_on_channel)
                local->hw.wiphy->max_remain_on_channel_duration = 5000;
 
        if (!local->ops->remain_on_channel)
                local->hw.wiphy->max_remain_on_channel_duration = 5000;
@@ -1161,10 +1161,6 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
 
        local->hw.wiphy->max_num_csa_counters = IEEE80211_MAX_CSA_COUNTERS_NUM;
 
 
        local->hw.wiphy->max_num_csa_counters = IEEE80211_MAX_CSA_COUNTERS_NUM;
 
-       result = wiphy_register(local->hw.wiphy);
-       if (result < 0)
-               goto fail_wiphy_register;
-
        /*
         * We use the number of queues for feature tests (QoS, HT) internally
         * so restrict them appropriately.
        /*
         * We use the number of queues for feature tests (QoS, HT) internally
         * so restrict them appropriately.
@@ -1217,9 +1213,9 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
                goto fail_flows;
 
        rtnl_lock();
                goto fail_flows;
 
        rtnl_lock();
-
        result = ieee80211_init_rate_ctrl_alg(local,
                                              hw->rate_control_algorithm);
        result = ieee80211_init_rate_ctrl_alg(local,
                                              hw->rate_control_algorithm);
+       rtnl_unlock();
        if (result < 0) {
                wiphy_debug(local->hw.wiphy,
                            "Failed to initialize rate control algorithm\n");
        if (result < 0) {
                wiphy_debug(local->hw.wiphy,
                            "Failed to initialize rate control algorithm\n");
@@ -1273,6 +1269,12 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
                local->sband_allocated |= BIT(band);
        }
 
                local->sband_allocated |= BIT(band);
        }
 
+       result = wiphy_register(local->hw.wiphy);
+       if (result < 0)
+               goto fail_wiphy_register;
+
+       rtnl_lock();
+
        /* add one default STA interface if supported */
        if (local->hw.wiphy->interface_modes & BIT(NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION) &&
            !ieee80211_hw_check(hw, NO_AUTO_VIF)) {
        /* add one default STA interface if supported */
        if (local->hw.wiphy->interface_modes & BIT(NL80211_IFTYPE_STATION) &&
            !ieee80211_hw_check(hw, NO_AUTO_VIF)) {
@@ -1312,17 +1314,17 @@ int ieee80211_register_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
 #if defined(CONFIG_INET) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6)
  fail_ifa:
 #endif
 #if defined(CONFIG_INET) || defined(CONFIG_IPV6)
  fail_ifa:
 #endif
+       wiphy_unregister(local->hw.wiphy);
+ fail_wiphy_register:
        rtnl_lock();
        rate_control_deinitialize(local);
        ieee80211_remove_interfaces(local);
        rtnl_lock();
        rate_control_deinitialize(local);
        ieee80211_remove_interfaces(local);
- fail_rate:
        rtnl_unlock();
        rtnl_unlock();
+ fail_rate:
  fail_flows:
        ieee80211_led_exit(local);
        destroy_workqueue(local->workqueue);
  fail_workqueue:
  fail_flows:
        ieee80211_led_exit(local);
        destroy_workqueue(local->workqueue);
  fail_workqueue:
-       wiphy_unregister(local->hw.wiphy);
- fail_wiphy_register:
        if (local->wiphy_ciphers_allocated)
                kfree(local->hw.wiphy->cipher_suites);
        kfree(local->int_scan_req);
        if (local->wiphy_ciphers_allocated)
                kfree(local->hw.wiphy->cipher_suites);
        kfree(local->int_scan_req);
@@ -1372,8 +1374,8 @@ void ieee80211_unregister_hw(struct ieee80211_hw *hw)
        skb_queue_purge(&local->skb_queue_unreliable);
        skb_queue_purge(&local->skb_queue_tdls_chsw);
 
        skb_queue_purge(&local->skb_queue_unreliable);
        skb_queue_purge(&local->skb_queue_tdls_chsw);
 
-       destroy_workqueue(local->workqueue);
        wiphy_unregister(local->hw.wiphy);
        wiphy_unregister(local->hw.wiphy);
+       destroy_workqueue(local->workqueue);
        ieee80211_led_exit(local);
        kfree(local->int_scan_req);
 }
        ieee80211_led_exit(local);
        kfree(local->int_scan_req);
 }