scsi: fix sense_slab/bio swapping livelock
authorHugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Sun, 6 Apr 2008 22:56:57 +0000 (23:56 +0100)
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Sun, 6 Apr 2008 23:10:08 +0000 (16:10 -0700)
Since 2.6.25-rc7, I've been seeing an occasional livelock on one x86_64
machine, copying kernel trees to tmpfs, paging out to swap.

Signature: 6000 pages under writeback but never getting written; most
tasks of interest trying to reclaim, but each get_swap_bio waiting for a
bio in mempool_alloc's io_schedule_timeout(5*HZ); every five seconds an
atomic page allocation failure report from kblockd failing to allocate a
sense_buffer in __scsi_get_command.

__scsi_get_command has a (one item) free_list to protect against this,
but rc1's [SCSI] use dynamically allocated sense buffer
de25deb18016f66dcdede165d07654559bb332bc upset that slightly.  When it
fails to allocate from the separate sense_slab, instead of giving up, it
must fall back to the command free_list, which is sure to have a
sense_buffer attached.

Either my earlier -rc testing missed this, or there's some recent
contributory factor.  One very significant factor is SLUB, which merges
slab caches when it can, and on 64-bit happens to merge both bio cache
and sense_slab cache into kmalloc's 128-byte cache: so that under this
swapping load, bios above are liable to gobble up all the slots needed
for scsi_cmnd sense_buffers below.

That's disturbing behaviour, and I tried a few things to fix it.  Adding
a no-op constructor to the sense_slab inhibits SLUB from merging it, and
stops all the allocation failures I was seeing; but it's rather a hack,
and perhaps in different configurations we have other caches on the
swapout path which are ill-merged.

Another alternative is to revert the separate sense_slab, using
cache-line-aligned sense_buffer allocated beyond scsi_cmnd from the one
kmem_cache; but that might waste more memory, and is only a way of
diverting around the known problem.

While I don't like seeing the allocation failures, and hate the idea of
all those bios piled up above a scsi host working one by one, it does
seem to emerge fairly soon with the livelock fix.  So lacking better
ideas, stick with that one clear fix for now.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com>
Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: FUJITA Tomonori <fujita.tomonori@lab.ntt.co.jp>
Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.ziljstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
drivers/scsi/scsi.c

index e5c6f6af876558c0b92dea602c6d2f6eed1a23a5..c78b836f59dd33bac178a41a1dfc11f3d2209ad4 100644 (file)
@@ -181,6 +181,18 @@ struct scsi_cmnd *__scsi_get_command(struct Scsi_Host *shost, gfp_t gfp_mask)
        cmd = kmem_cache_alloc(shost->cmd_pool->cmd_slab,
                               gfp_mask | shost->cmd_pool->gfp_mask);
 
        cmd = kmem_cache_alloc(shost->cmd_pool->cmd_slab,
                               gfp_mask | shost->cmd_pool->gfp_mask);
 
+       if (likely(cmd)) {
+               buf = kmem_cache_alloc(shost->cmd_pool->sense_slab,
+                                      gfp_mask | shost->cmd_pool->gfp_mask);
+               if (likely(buf)) {
+                       memset(cmd, 0, sizeof(*cmd));
+                       cmd->sense_buffer = buf;
+               } else {
+                       kmem_cache_free(shost->cmd_pool->cmd_slab, cmd);
+                       cmd = NULL;
+               }
+       }
+
        if (unlikely(!cmd)) {
                unsigned long flags;
 
        if (unlikely(!cmd)) {
                unsigned long flags;
 
@@ -197,16 +209,6 @@ struct scsi_cmnd *__scsi_get_command(struct Scsi_Host *shost, gfp_t gfp_mask)
                        memset(cmd, 0, sizeof(*cmd));
                        cmd->sense_buffer = buf;
                }
                        memset(cmd, 0, sizeof(*cmd));
                        cmd->sense_buffer = buf;
                }
-       } else {
-               buf = kmem_cache_alloc(shost->cmd_pool->sense_slab,
-                                      gfp_mask | shost->cmd_pool->gfp_mask);
-               if (likely(buf)) {
-                       memset(cmd, 0, sizeof(*cmd));
-                       cmd->sense_buffer = buf;
-               } else {
-                       kmem_cache_free(shost->cmd_pool->cmd_slab, cmd);
-                       cmd = NULL;
-               }
        }
 
        return cmd;
        }
 
        return cmd;