futex: Convert futex_pi_state.refcount to refcount_t
authorElena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com>
Tue, 5 Feb 2019 12:24:27 +0000 (14:24 +0200)
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Mon, 11 Feb 2019 10:37:16 +0000 (11:37 +0100)
futex: Convert futex_pi_state.refcount to refcount_t

atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference
counters with the following properties:

 - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set()
 - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero
 - once counter reaches zero, its further
   increments aren't allowed
 - counter schema uses basic atomic operations
   (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.)

Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided
refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows
and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows
can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable.

The variable futex_pi_state.refcount is used as pure
reference counter. Convert it to refcount_t and fix up
the operations.

**Important note for maintainers:

Some functions from refcount_t API defined in lib/refcount.c
have different memory ordering guarantees than their atomic
counterparts. Please check Documentation/core-api/refcount-vs-atomic.rst
for more information.

Normally the differences should not matter since refcount_t provides
enough guarantees to satisfy the refcounting use cases, but in
some rare cases it might matter.
Please double check that you don't have some undocumented
memory guarantees for this variable usage.

For the futex_pi_state.refcount it might make a difference
in following places:

 - get_pi_state() and exit_pi_state_list(): increment in
   refcount_inc_not_zero() only guarantees control dependency
   on success vs. fully ordered atomic counterpart
 - put_pi_state(): decrement in refcount_dec_and_test() provides
   RELEASE ordering and ACQUIRE ordering on success
   vs. fully ordered atomic counterpart

Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: dvhart@infradead.org
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1549369467-3505-1-git-send-email-elena.reshetova@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>