b3d5bed750297ec264102d3e19a9749de3a721d6
[sfrench/cifs-2.6.git] / sound / core / pcm_native.c
1 /*
2  *  Digital Audio (PCM) abstract layer
3  *  Copyright (c) by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
4  *
5  *
6  *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
7  *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
8  *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
9  *   (at your option) any later version.
10  *
11  *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12  *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13  *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
14  *   GNU General Public License for more details.
15  *
16  *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
17  *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
18  *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
19  *
20  */
21
22 #include <linux/mm.h>
23 #include <linux/module.h>
24 #include <linux/file.h>
25 #include <linux/slab.h>
26 #include <linux/sched/signal.h>
27 #include <linux/time.h>
28 #include <linux/pm_qos.h>
29 #include <linux/io.h>
30 #include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
31 #include <sound/core.h>
32 #include <sound/control.h>
33 #include <sound/info.h>
34 #include <sound/pcm.h>
35 #include <sound/pcm_params.h>
36 #include <sound/timer.h>
37 #include <sound/minors.h>
38 #include <linux/uio.h>
39
40 #include "pcm_local.h"
41
42 #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG
43 #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
44 #include "pcm_param_trace.h"
45 #else
46 #define trace_hw_mask_param_enabled()           0
47 #define trace_hw_interval_param_enabled()       0
48 #define trace_hw_mask_param(substream, type, index, prev, curr)
49 #define trace_hw_interval_param(substream, type, index, prev, curr)
50 #endif
51
52 /*
53  *  Compatibility
54  */
55
56 struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old {
57         unsigned int flags;
58         unsigned int masks[SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SUBFORMAT -
59                            SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_ACCESS + 1];
60         struct snd_interval intervals[SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_TICK_TIME -
61                                         SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS + 1];
62         unsigned int rmask;
63         unsigned int cmask;
64         unsigned int info;
65         unsigned int msbits;
66         unsigned int rate_num;
67         unsigned int rate_den;
68         snd_pcm_uframes_t fifo_size;
69         unsigned char reserved[64];
70 };
71
72 #ifdef CONFIG_SND_SUPPORT_OLD_API
73 #define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_REFINE_OLD _IOWR('A', 0x10, struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old)
74 #define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_PARAMS_OLD _IOWR('A', 0x11, struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old)
75
76 static int snd_pcm_hw_refine_old_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
77                                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old __user * _oparams);
78 static int snd_pcm_hw_params_old_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
79                                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old __user * _oparams);
80 #endif
81 static int snd_pcm_open(struct file *file, struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream);
82
83 /*
84  *
85  */
86
87 static DEFINE_RWLOCK(snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
88 static DECLARE_RWSEM(snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
89
90 /* Writer in rwsem may block readers even during its waiting in queue,
91  * and this may lead to a deadlock when the code path takes read sem
92  * twice (e.g. one in snd_pcm_action_nonatomic() and another in
93  * snd_pcm_stream_lock()).  As a (suboptimal) workaround, let writer to
94  * spin until it gets the lock.
95  */
96 static inline void down_write_nonblock(struct rw_semaphore *lock)
97 {
98         while (!down_write_trylock(lock))
99                 cond_resched();
100 }
101
102 /**
103  * snd_pcm_stream_lock - Lock the PCM stream
104  * @substream: PCM substream
105  *
106  * This locks the PCM stream's spinlock or mutex depending on the nonatomic
107  * flag of the given substream.  This also takes the global link rw lock
108  * (or rw sem), too, for avoiding the race with linked streams.
109  */
110 void snd_pcm_stream_lock(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
111 {
112         if (substream->pcm->nonatomic) {
113                 down_read_nested(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
114                 mutex_lock(&substream->self_group.mutex);
115         } else {
116                 read_lock(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
117                 spin_lock(&substream->self_group.lock);
118         }
119 }
120 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(snd_pcm_stream_lock);
121
122 /**
123  * snd_pcm_stream_lock - Unlock the PCM stream
124  * @substream: PCM substream
125  *
126  * This unlocks the PCM stream that has been locked via snd_pcm_stream_lock().
127  */
128 void snd_pcm_stream_unlock(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
129 {
130         if (substream->pcm->nonatomic) {
131                 mutex_unlock(&substream->self_group.mutex);
132                 up_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
133         } else {
134                 spin_unlock(&substream->self_group.lock);
135                 read_unlock(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
136         }
137 }
138 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(snd_pcm_stream_unlock);
139
140 /**
141  * snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq - Lock the PCM stream
142  * @substream: PCM substream
143  *
144  * This locks the PCM stream like snd_pcm_stream_lock() and disables the local
145  * IRQ (only when nonatomic is false).  In nonatomic case, this is identical
146  * as snd_pcm_stream_lock().
147  */
148 void snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
149 {
150         if (!substream->pcm->nonatomic)
151                 local_irq_disable();
152         snd_pcm_stream_lock(substream);
153 }
154 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq);
155
156 /**
157  * snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq - Unlock the PCM stream
158  * @substream: PCM substream
159  *
160  * This is a counter-part of snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq().
161  */
162 void snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
163 {
164         snd_pcm_stream_unlock(substream);
165         if (!substream->pcm->nonatomic)
166                 local_irq_enable();
167 }
168 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq);
169
170 unsigned long _snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
171 {
172         unsigned long flags = 0;
173         if (!substream->pcm->nonatomic)
174                 local_irq_save(flags);
175         snd_pcm_stream_lock(substream);
176         return flags;
177 }
178 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(_snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave);
179
180 /**
181  * snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irqrestore - Unlock the PCM stream
182  * @substream: PCM substream
183  * @flags: irq flags
184  *
185  * This is a counter-part of snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave().
186  */
187 void snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irqrestore(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
188                                       unsigned long flags)
189 {
190         snd_pcm_stream_unlock(substream);
191         if (!substream->pcm->nonatomic)
192                 local_irq_restore(flags);
193 }
194 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irqrestore);
195
196 int snd_pcm_info(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct snd_pcm_info *info)
197 {
198         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
199         struct snd_pcm *pcm = substream->pcm;
200         struct snd_pcm_str *pstr = substream->pstr;
201
202         memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info));
203         info->card = pcm->card->number;
204         info->device = pcm->device;
205         info->stream = substream->stream;
206         info->subdevice = substream->number;
207         strlcpy(info->id, pcm->id, sizeof(info->id));
208         strlcpy(info->name, pcm->name, sizeof(info->name));
209         info->dev_class = pcm->dev_class;
210         info->dev_subclass = pcm->dev_subclass;
211         info->subdevices_count = pstr->substream_count;
212         info->subdevices_avail = pstr->substream_count - pstr->substream_opened;
213         strlcpy(info->subname, substream->name, sizeof(info->subname));
214         runtime = substream->runtime;
215
216         return 0;
217 }
218
219 int snd_pcm_info_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
220                       struct snd_pcm_info __user * _info)
221 {
222         struct snd_pcm_info *info;
223         int err;
224
225         info = kmalloc(sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL);
226         if (! info)
227                 return -ENOMEM;
228         err = snd_pcm_info(substream, info);
229         if (err >= 0) {
230                 if (copy_to_user(_info, info, sizeof(*info)))
231                         err = -EFAULT;
232         }
233         kfree(info);
234         return err;
235 }
236
237 static bool hw_support_mmap(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
238 {
239         if (!(substream->runtime->hw.info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP))
240                 return false;
241         /* check architectures that return -EINVAL from dma_mmap_coherent() */
242         /* FIXME: this should be some global flag */
243 #if defined(CONFIG_C6X) || defined(CONFIG_FRV) || defined(CONFIG_MN10300) ||\
244         defined(CONFIG_PARISC) || defined(CONFIG_XTENSA)
245         if (!substream->ops->mmap &&
246             substream->dma_buffer.dev.type == SNDRV_DMA_TYPE_DEV)
247                 return false;
248 #endif
249         return true;
250 }
251
252 static int constrain_mask_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
253                                  struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
254 {
255         struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints *constrs =
256                                         &substream->runtime->hw_constraints;
257         struct snd_mask *m;
258         unsigned int k;
259         struct snd_mask old_mask;
260         int changed;
261
262         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_MASK; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_MASK; k++) {
263                 m = hw_param_mask(params, k);
264                 if (snd_mask_empty(m))
265                         return -EINVAL;
266
267                 /* This parameter is not requested to change by a caller. */
268                 if (!(params->rmask & (1 << k)))
269                         continue;
270
271                 if (trace_hw_mask_param_enabled())
272                         old_mask = *m;
273
274                 changed = snd_mask_refine(m, constrs_mask(constrs, k));
275                 if (changed < 0)
276                         return changed;
277                 if (changed == 0)
278                         continue;
279
280                 /* Set corresponding flag so that the caller gets it. */
281                 trace_hw_mask_param(substream, k, 0, &old_mask, m);
282                 params->cmask |= 1 << k;
283         }
284
285         return 0;
286 }
287
288 static int constrain_interval_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
289                                      struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
290 {
291         struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints *constrs =
292                                         &substream->runtime->hw_constraints;
293         struct snd_interval *i;
294         unsigned int k;
295         struct snd_interval old_interval;
296         int changed;
297
298         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_INTERVAL; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL; k++) {
299                 i = hw_param_interval(params, k);
300                 if (snd_interval_empty(i))
301                         return -EINVAL;
302
303                 /* This parameter is not requested to change by a caller. */
304                 if (!(params->rmask & (1 << k)))
305                         continue;
306
307                 if (trace_hw_interval_param_enabled())
308                         old_interval = *i;
309
310                 changed = snd_interval_refine(i, constrs_interval(constrs, k));
311                 if (changed < 0)
312                         return changed;
313                 if (changed == 0)
314                         continue;
315
316                 /* Set corresponding flag so that the caller gets it. */
317                 trace_hw_interval_param(substream, k, 0, &old_interval, i);
318                 params->cmask |= 1 << k;
319         }
320
321         return 0;
322 }
323
324 static int constrain_params_by_rules(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
325                                      struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
326 {
327         struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints *constrs =
328                                         &substream->runtime->hw_constraints;
329         unsigned int k;
330         unsigned int rstamps[constrs->rules_num];
331         unsigned int vstamps[SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL + 1];
332         unsigned int stamp;
333         struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *r;
334         unsigned int d;
335         struct snd_mask old_mask;
336         struct snd_interval old_interval;
337         bool again;
338         int changed;
339
340         /*
341          * Each application of rule has own sequence number.
342          *
343          * Each member of 'rstamps' array represents the sequence number of
344          * recent application of corresponding rule.
345          */
346         for (k = 0; k < constrs->rules_num; k++)
347                 rstamps[k] = 0;
348
349         /*
350          * Each member of 'vstamps' array represents the sequence number of
351          * recent application of rule in which corresponding parameters were
352          * changed.
353          *
354          * In initial state, elements corresponding to parameters requested by
355          * a caller is 1. For unrequested parameters, corresponding members
356          * have 0 so that the parameters are never changed anymore.
357          */
358         for (k = 0; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL; k++)
359                 vstamps[k] = (params->rmask & (1 << k)) ? 1 : 0;
360
361         /* Due to the above design, actual sequence number starts at 2. */
362         stamp = 2;
363 retry:
364         /* Apply all rules in order. */
365         again = false;
366         for (k = 0; k < constrs->rules_num; k++) {
367                 r = &constrs->rules[k];
368
369                 /*
370                  * Check condition bits of this rule. When the rule has
371                  * some condition bits, parameter without the bits is
372                  * never processed. SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAMS_NO_PERIOD_WAKEUP
373                  * is an example of the condition bits.
374                  */
375                 if (r->cond && !(r->cond & params->flags))
376                         continue;
377
378                 /*
379                  * The 'deps' array includes maximum three dependencies
380                  * to SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_XXXs for this rule. The fourth
381                  * member of this array is a sentinel and should be
382                  * negative value.
383                  *
384                  * This rule should be processed in this time when dependent
385                  * parameters were changed at former applications of the other
386                  * rules.
387                  */
388                 for (d = 0; r->deps[d] >= 0; d++) {
389                         if (vstamps[r->deps[d]] > rstamps[k])
390                                 break;
391                 }
392                 if (r->deps[d] < 0)
393                         continue;
394
395                 if (trace_hw_mask_param_enabled()) {
396                         if (hw_is_mask(r->var))
397                                 old_mask = *hw_param_mask(params, r->var);
398                 }
399                 if (trace_hw_interval_param_enabled()) {
400                         if (hw_is_interval(r->var))
401                                 old_interval = *hw_param_interval(params, r->var);
402                 }
403
404                 changed = r->func(params, r);
405                 if (changed < 0)
406                         return changed;
407
408                 /*
409                  * When the parameter is changed, notify it to the caller
410                  * by corresponding returned bit, then preparing for next
411                  * iteration.
412                  */
413                 if (changed && r->var >= 0) {
414                         if (hw_is_mask(r->var)) {
415                                 trace_hw_mask_param(substream, r->var,
416                                         k + 1, &old_mask,
417                                         hw_param_mask(params, r->var));
418                         }
419                         if (hw_is_interval(r->var)) {
420                                 trace_hw_interval_param(substream, r->var,
421                                         k + 1, &old_interval,
422                                         hw_param_interval(params, r->var));
423                         }
424
425                         params->cmask |= (1 << r->var);
426                         vstamps[r->var] = stamp;
427                         again = true;
428                 }
429
430                 rstamps[k] = stamp++;
431         }
432
433         /* Iterate to evaluate all rules till no parameters are changed. */
434         if (again)
435                 goto retry;
436
437         return 0;
438 }
439
440 static int fixup_unreferenced_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
441                                      struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
442 {
443         const struct snd_interval *i;
444         const struct snd_mask *m;
445         int err;
446
447         if (!params->msbits) {
448                 i = hw_param_interval_c(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS);
449                 if (snd_interval_single(i))
450                         params->msbits = snd_interval_value(i);
451         }
452
453         if (!params->rate_den) {
454                 i = hw_param_interval_c(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
455                 if (snd_interval_single(i)) {
456                         params->rate_num = snd_interval_value(i);
457                         params->rate_den = 1;
458                 }
459         }
460
461         if (!params->fifo_size) {
462                 m = hw_param_mask_c(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
463                 i = hw_param_interval_c(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS);
464                 if (snd_mask_single(m) && snd_interval_single(i)) {
465                         err = substream->ops->ioctl(substream,
466                                         SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_FIFO_SIZE, params);
467                         if (err < 0)
468                                 return err;
469                 }
470         }
471
472         if (!params->info) {
473                 params->info = substream->runtime->hw.info;
474                 params->info &= ~(SNDRV_PCM_INFO_FIFO_IN_FRAMES |
475                                   SNDRV_PCM_INFO_DRAIN_TRIGGER);
476                 if (!hw_support_mmap(substream))
477                         params->info &= ~(SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP |
478                                           SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID);
479         }
480
481         return 0;
482 }
483
484 int snd_pcm_hw_refine(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
485                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
486 {
487         int err;
488
489         params->info = 0;
490         params->fifo_size = 0;
491         if (params->rmask & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS))
492                 params->msbits = 0;
493         if (params->rmask & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE)) {
494                 params->rate_num = 0;
495                 params->rate_den = 0;
496         }
497
498         err = constrain_mask_params(substream, params);
499         if (err < 0)
500                 return err;
501
502         err = constrain_interval_params(substream, params);
503         if (err < 0)
504                 return err;
505
506         err = constrain_params_by_rules(substream, params);
507         if (err < 0)
508                 return err;
509
510         params->rmask = 0;
511
512         return 0;
513 }
514 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_hw_refine);
515
516 static int snd_pcm_hw_refine_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
517                                   struct snd_pcm_hw_params __user * _params)
518 {
519         struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params;
520         int err;
521
522         params = memdup_user(_params, sizeof(*params));
523         if (IS_ERR(params))
524                 return PTR_ERR(params);
525
526         err = snd_pcm_hw_refine(substream, params);
527         if (err < 0)
528                 goto end;
529
530         err = fixup_unreferenced_params(substream, params);
531         if (err < 0)
532                 goto end;
533
534         if (copy_to_user(_params, params, sizeof(*params)))
535                 err = -EFAULT;
536 end:
537         kfree(params);
538         return err;
539 }
540
541 static int period_to_usecs(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime)
542 {
543         int usecs;
544
545         if (! runtime->rate)
546                 return -1; /* invalid */
547
548         /* take 75% of period time as the deadline */
549         usecs = (750000 / runtime->rate) * runtime->period_size;
550         usecs += ((750000 % runtime->rate) * runtime->period_size) /
551                 runtime->rate;
552
553         return usecs;
554 }
555
556 static void snd_pcm_set_state(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
557 {
558         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
559         if (substream->runtime->status->state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DISCONNECTED)
560                 substream->runtime->status->state = state;
561         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
562 }
563
564 static inline void snd_pcm_timer_notify(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
565                                         int event)
566 {
567 #ifdef CONFIG_SND_PCM_TIMER
568         if (substream->timer)
569                 snd_timer_notify(substream->timer, event,
570                                         &substream->runtime->trigger_tstamp);
571 #endif
572 }
573
574 /**
575  * snd_pcm_hw_param_choose - choose a configuration defined by @params
576  * @pcm: PCM instance
577  * @params: the hw_params instance
578  *
579  * Choose one configuration from configuration space defined by @params.
580  * The configuration chosen is that obtained fixing in this order:
581  * first access, first format, first subformat, min channels,
582  * min rate, min period time, max buffer size, min tick time
583  *
584  * Return: Zero if successful, or a negative error code on failure.
585  */
586 static int snd_pcm_hw_params_choose(struct snd_pcm_substream *pcm,
587                                     struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
588 {
589         static const int vars[] = {
590                 SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_ACCESS,
591                 SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
592                 SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SUBFORMAT,
593                 SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
594                 SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
595                 SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME,
596                 SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE,
597                 SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_TICK_TIME,
598                 -1
599         };
600         const int *v;
601         struct snd_mask old_mask;
602         struct snd_interval old_interval;
603         int changed;
604
605         for (v = vars; *v != -1; v++) {
606                 /* Keep old parameter to trace. */
607                 if (trace_hw_mask_param_enabled()) {
608                         if (hw_is_mask(*v))
609                                 old_mask = *hw_param_mask(params, *v);
610                 }
611                 if (trace_hw_interval_param_enabled()) {
612                         if (hw_is_interval(*v))
613                                 old_interval = *hw_param_interval(params, *v);
614                 }
615                 if (*v != SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE)
616                         changed = snd_pcm_hw_param_first(pcm, params, *v, NULL);
617                 else
618                         changed = snd_pcm_hw_param_last(pcm, params, *v, NULL);
619                 if (snd_BUG_ON(changed < 0))
620                         return changed;
621                 if (changed == 0)
622                         continue;
623
624                 /* Trace the changed parameter. */
625                 if (hw_is_mask(*v)) {
626                         trace_hw_mask_param(pcm, *v, 0, &old_mask,
627                                             hw_param_mask(params, *v));
628                 }
629                 if (hw_is_interval(*v)) {
630                         trace_hw_interval_param(pcm, *v, 0, &old_interval,
631                                                 hw_param_interval(params, *v));
632                 }
633         }
634
635         return 0;
636 }
637
638 static int snd_pcm_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
639                              struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
640 {
641         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
642         int err, usecs;
643         unsigned int bits;
644         snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
645
646         if (PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(substream))
647                 return -ENXIO;
648         runtime = substream->runtime;
649         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
650         switch (runtime->status->state) {
651         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN:
652         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP:
653         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
654                 break;
655         default:
656                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
657                 return -EBADFD;
658         }
659         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
660 #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS)
661         if (!substream->oss.oss)
662 #endif
663                 if (atomic_read(&substream->mmap_count))
664                         return -EBADFD;
665
666         params->rmask = ~0U;
667         err = snd_pcm_hw_refine(substream, params);
668         if (err < 0)
669                 goto _error;
670
671         err = snd_pcm_hw_params_choose(substream, params);
672         if (err < 0)
673                 goto _error;
674
675         err = fixup_unreferenced_params(substream, params);
676         if (err < 0)
677                 goto _error;
678
679         if (substream->ops->hw_params != NULL) {
680                 err = substream->ops->hw_params(substream, params);
681                 if (err < 0)
682                         goto _error;
683         }
684
685         runtime->access = params_access(params);
686         runtime->format = params_format(params);
687         runtime->subformat = params_subformat(params);
688         runtime->channels = params_channels(params);
689         runtime->rate = params_rate(params);
690         runtime->period_size = params_period_size(params);
691         runtime->periods = params_periods(params);
692         runtime->buffer_size = params_buffer_size(params);
693         runtime->info = params->info;
694         runtime->rate_num = params->rate_num;
695         runtime->rate_den = params->rate_den;
696         runtime->no_period_wakeup =
697                         (params->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_NO_PERIOD_WAKEUP) &&
698                         (params->flags & SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAMS_NO_PERIOD_WAKEUP);
699
700         bits = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(runtime->format);
701         runtime->sample_bits = bits;
702         bits *= runtime->channels;
703         runtime->frame_bits = bits;
704         frames = 1;
705         while (bits % 8 != 0) {
706                 bits *= 2;
707                 frames *= 2;
708         }
709         runtime->byte_align = bits / 8;
710         runtime->min_align = frames;
711
712         /* Default sw params */
713         runtime->tstamp_mode = SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_NONE;
714         runtime->period_step = 1;
715         runtime->control->avail_min = runtime->period_size;
716         runtime->start_threshold = 1;
717         runtime->stop_threshold = runtime->buffer_size;
718         runtime->silence_threshold = 0;
719         runtime->silence_size = 0;
720         runtime->boundary = runtime->buffer_size;
721         while (runtime->boundary * 2 <= LONG_MAX - runtime->buffer_size)
722                 runtime->boundary *= 2;
723
724         snd_pcm_timer_resolution_change(substream);
725         snd_pcm_set_state(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP);
726
727         if (pm_qos_request_active(&substream->latency_pm_qos_req))
728                 pm_qos_remove_request(&substream->latency_pm_qos_req);
729         if ((usecs = period_to_usecs(runtime)) >= 0)
730                 pm_qos_add_request(&substream->latency_pm_qos_req,
731                                    PM_QOS_CPU_DMA_LATENCY, usecs);
732         return 0;
733  _error:
734         /* hardware might be unusable from this time,
735            so we force application to retry to set
736            the correct hardware parameter settings */
737         snd_pcm_set_state(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN);
738         if (substream->ops->hw_free != NULL)
739                 substream->ops->hw_free(substream);
740         return err;
741 }
742
743 static int snd_pcm_hw_params_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
744                                   struct snd_pcm_hw_params __user * _params)
745 {
746         struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params;
747         int err;
748
749         params = memdup_user(_params, sizeof(*params));
750         if (IS_ERR(params))
751                 return PTR_ERR(params);
752
753         err = snd_pcm_hw_params(substream, params);
754         if (err < 0)
755                 goto end;
756
757         if (copy_to_user(_params, params, sizeof(*params)))
758                 err = -EFAULT;
759 end:
760         kfree(params);
761         return err;
762 }
763
764 static int snd_pcm_hw_free(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
765 {
766         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
767         int result = 0;
768
769         if (PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(substream))
770                 return -ENXIO;
771         runtime = substream->runtime;
772         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
773         switch (runtime->status->state) {
774         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP:
775         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
776                 break;
777         default:
778                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
779                 return -EBADFD;
780         }
781         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
782         if (atomic_read(&substream->mmap_count))
783                 return -EBADFD;
784         if (substream->ops->hw_free)
785                 result = substream->ops->hw_free(substream);
786         snd_pcm_set_state(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN);
787         pm_qos_remove_request(&substream->latency_pm_qos_req);
788         return result;
789 }
790
791 static int snd_pcm_sw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
792                              struct snd_pcm_sw_params *params)
793 {
794         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
795         int err;
796
797         if (PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(substream))
798                 return -ENXIO;
799         runtime = substream->runtime;
800         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
801         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN) {
802                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
803                 return -EBADFD;
804         }
805         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
806
807         if (params->tstamp_mode < 0 ||
808             params->tstamp_mode > SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_LAST)
809                 return -EINVAL;
810         if (params->proto >= SNDRV_PROTOCOL_VERSION(2, 0, 12) &&
811             params->tstamp_type > SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_TYPE_LAST)
812                 return -EINVAL;
813         if (params->avail_min == 0)
814                 return -EINVAL;
815         if (params->silence_size >= runtime->boundary) {
816                 if (params->silence_threshold != 0)
817                         return -EINVAL;
818         } else {
819                 if (params->silence_size > params->silence_threshold)
820                         return -EINVAL;
821                 if (params->silence_threshold > runtime->buffer_size)
822                         return -EINVAL;
823         }
824         err = 0;
825         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
826         runtime->tstamp_mode = params->tstamp_mode;
827         if (params->proto >= SNDRV_PROTOCOL_VERSION(2, 0, 12))
828                 runtime->tstamp_type = params->tstamp_type;
829         runtime->period_step = params->period_step;
830         runtime->control->avail_min = params->avail_min;
831         runtime->start_threshold = params->start_threshold;
832         runtime->stop_threshold = params->stop_threshold;
833         runtime->silence_threshold = params->silence_threshold;
834         runtime->silence_size = params->silence_size;
835         params->boundary = runtime->boundary;
836         if (snd_pcm_running(substream)) {
837                 if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
838                     runtime->silence_size > 0)
839                         snd_pcm_playback_silence(substream, ULONG_MAX);
840                 err = snd_pcm_update_state(substream, runtime);
841         }
842         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
843         return err;
844 }
845
846 static int snd_pcm_sw_params_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
847                                   struct snd_pcm_sw_params __user * _params)
848 {
849         struct snd_pcm_sw_params params;
850         int err;
851         if (copy_from_user(&params, _params, sizeof(params)))
852                 return -EFAULT;
853         err = snd_pcm_sw_params(substream, &params);
854         if (copy_to_user(_params, &params, sizeof(params)))
855                 return -EFAULT;
856         return err;
857 }
858
859 int snd_pcm_status(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
860                    struct snd_pcm_status *status)
861 {
862         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
863
864         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
865
866         snd_pcm_unpack_audio_tstamp_config(status->audio_tstamp_data,
867                                         &runtime->audio_tstamp_config);
868
869         /* backwards compatible behavior */
870         if (runtime->audio_tstamp_config.type_requested ==
871                 SNDRV_PCM_AUDIO_TSTAMP_TYPE_COMPAT) {
872                 if (runtime->hw.info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_HAS_WALL_CLOCK)
873                         runtime->audio_tstamp_config.type_requested =
874                                 SNDRV_PCM_AUDIO_TSTAMP_TYPE_LINK;
875                 else
876                         runtime->audio_tstamp_config.type_requested =
877                                 SNDRV_PCM_AUDIO_TSTAMP_TYPE_DEFAULT;
878                 runtime->audio_tstamp_report.valid = 0;
879         } else
880                 runtime->audio_tstamp_report.valid = 1;
881
882         status->state = runtime->status->state;
883         status->suspended_state = runtime->status->suspended_state;
884         if (status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
885                 goto _end;
886         status->trigger_tstamp = runtime->trigger_tstamp;
887         if (snd_pcm_running(substream)) {
888                 snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream);
889                 if (runtime->tstamp_mode == SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_ENABLE) {
890                         status->tstamp = runtime->status->tstamp;
891                         status->driver_tstamp = runtime->driver_tstamp;
892                         status->audio_tstamp =
893                                 runtime->status->audio_tstamp;
894                         if (runtime->audio_tstamp_report.valid == 1)
895                                 /* backwards compatibility, no report provided in COMPAT mode */
896                                 snd_pcm_pack_audio_tstamp_report(&status->audio_tstamp_data,
897                                                                 &status->audio_tstamp_accuracy,
898                                                                 &runtime->audio_tstamp_report);
899
900                         goto _tstamp_end;
901                 }
902         } else {
903                 /* get tstamp only in fallback mode and only if enabled */
904                 if (runtime->tstamp_mode == SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_ENABLE)
905                         snd_pcm_gettime(runtime, &status->tstamp);
906         }
907  _tstamp_end:
908         status->appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr;
909         status->hw_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
910         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
911                 status->avail = snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime);
912                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING ||
913                     runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING) {
914                         status->delay = runtime->buffer_size - status->avail;
915                         status->delay += runtime->delay;
916                 } else
917                         status->delay = 0;
918         } else {
919                 status->avail = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime);
920                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING)
921                         status->delay = status->avail + runtime->delay;
922                 else
923                         status->delay = 0;
924         }
925         status->avail_max = runtime->avail_max;
926         status->overrange = runtime->overrange;
927         runtime->avail_max = 0;
928         runtime->overrange = 0;
929  _end:
930         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
931         return 0;
932 }
933
934 static int snd_pcm_status_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
935                                struct snd_pcm_status __user * _status,
936                                bool ext)
937 {
938         struct snd_pcm_status status;
939         int res;
940
941         memset(&status, 0, sizeof(status));
942         /*
943          * with extension, parameters are read/write,
944          * get audio_tstamp_data from user,
945          * ignore rest of status structure
946          */
947         if (ext && get_user(status.audio_tstamp_data,
948                                 (u32 __user *)(&_status->audio_tstamp_data)))
949                 return -EFAULT;
950         res = snd_pcm_status(substream, &status);
951         if (res < 0)
952                 return res;
953         if (copy_to_user(_status, &status, sizeof(status)))
954                 return -EFAULT;
955         return 0;
956 }
957
958 static int snd_pcm_channel_info(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
959                                 struct snd_pcm_channel_info * info)
960 {
961         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
962         unsigned int channel;
963         
964         channel = info->channel;
965         runtime = substream->runtime;
966         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
967         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN) {
968                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
969                 return -EBADFD;
970         }
971         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
972         if (channel >= runtime->channels)
973                 return -EINVAL;
974         memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info));
975         info->channel = channel;
976         return substream->ops->ioctl(substream, SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_CHANNEL_INFO, info);
977 }
978
979 static int snd_pcm_channel_info_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
980                                      struct snd_pcm_channel_info __user * _info)
981 {
982         struct snd_pcm_channel_info info;
983         int res;
984         
985         if (copy_from_user(&info, _info, sizeof(info)))
986                 return -EFAULT;
987         res = snd_pcm_channel_info(substream, &info);
988         if (res < 0)
989                 return res;
990         if (copy_to_user(_info, &info, sizeof(info)))
991                 return -EFAULT;
992         return 0;
993 }
994
995 static void snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
996 {
997         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
998         if (runtime->trigger_master == NULL)
999                 return;
1000         if (runtime->trigger_master == substream) {
1001                 if (!runtime->trigger_tstamp_latched)
1002                         snd_pcm_gettime(runtime, &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
1003         } else {
1004                 snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(runtime->trigger_master);
1005                 runtime->trigger_tstamp = runtime->trigger_master->runtime->trigger_tstamp;
1006         }
1007         runtime->trigger_master = NULL;
1008 }
1009
1010 struct action_ops {
1011         int (*pre_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
1012         int (*do_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
1013         void (*undo_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
1014         void (*post_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
1015 };
1016
1017 /*
1018  *  this functions is core for handling of linked stream
1019  *  Note: the stream state might be changed also on failure
1020  *  Note2: call with calling stream lock + link lock
1021  */
1022 static int snd_pcm_action_group(const struct action_ops *ops,
1023                                 struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1024                                 int state, int do_lock)
1025 {
1026         struct snd_pcm_substream *s = NULL;
1027         struct snd_pcm_substream *s1;
1028         int res = 0, depth = 1;
1029
1030         snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s, substream) {
1031                 if (do_lock && s != substream) {
1032                         if (s->pcm->nonatomic)
1033                                 mutex_lock_nested(&s->self_group.mutex, depth);
1034                         else
1035                                 spin_lock_nested(&s->self_group.lock, depth);
1036                         depth++;
1037                 }
1038                 res = ops->pre_action(s, state);
1039                 if (res < 0)
1040                         goto _unlock;
1041         }
1042         snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s, substream) {
1043                 res = ops->do_action(s, state);
1044                 if (res < 0) {
1045                         if (ops->undo_action) {
1046                                 snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s1, substream) {
1047                                         if (s1 == s) /* failed stream */
1048                                                 break;
1049                                         ops->undo_action(s1, state);
1050                                 }
1051                         }
1052                         s = NULL; /* unlock all */
1053                         goto _unlock;
1054                 }
1055         }
1056         snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s, substream) {
1057                 ops->post_action(s, state);
1058         }
1059  _unlock:
1060         if (do_lock) {
1061                 /* unlock streams */
1062                 snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s1, substream) {
1063                         if (s1 != substream) {
1064                                 if (s1->pcm->nonatomic)
1065                                         mutex_unlock(&s1->self_group.mutex);
1066                                 else
1067                                         spin_unlock(&s1->self_group.lock);
1068                         }
1069                         if (s1 == s)    /* end */
1070                                 break;
1071                 }
1072         }
1073         return res;
1074 }
1075
1076 /*
1077  *  Note: call with stream lock
1078  */
1079 static int snd_pcm_action_single(const struct action_ops *ops,
1080                                  struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1081                                  int state)
1082 {
1083         int res;
1084         
1085         res = ops->pre_action(substream, state);
1086         if (res < 0)
1087                 return res;
1088         res = ops->do_action(substream, state);
1089         if (res == 0)
1090                 ops->post_action(substream, state);
1091         else if (ops->undo_action)
1092                 ops->undo_action(substream, state);
1093         return res;
1094 }
1095
1096 /*
1097  *  Note: call with stream lock
1098  */
1099 static int snd_pcm_action(const struct action_ops *ops,
1100                           struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1101                           int state)
1102 {
1103         int res;
1104
1105         if (!snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream))
1106                 return snd_pcm_action_single(ops, substream, state);
1107
1108         if (substream->pcm->nonatomic) {
1109                 if (!mutex_trylock(&substream->group->mutex)) {
1110                         mutex_unlock(&substream->self_group.mutex);
1111                         mutex_lock(&substream->group->mutex);
1112                         mutex_lock(&substream->self_group.mutex);
1113                 }
1114                 res = snd_pcm_action_group(ops, substream, state, 1);
1115                 mutex_unlock(&substream->group->mutex);
1116         } else {
1117                 if (!spin_trylock(&substream->group->lock)) {
1118                         spin_unlock(&substream->self_group.lock);
1119                         spin_lock(&substream->group->lock);
1120                         spin_lock(&substream->self_group.lock);
1121                 }
1122                 res = snd_pcm_action_group(ops, substream, state, 1);
1123                 spin_unlock(&substream->group->lock);
1124         }
1125         return res;
1126 }
1127
1128 /*
1129  *  Note: don't use any locks before
1130  */
1131 static int snd_pcm_action_lock_irq(const struct action_ops *ops,
1132                                    struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1133                                    int state)
1134 {
1135         int res;
1136
1137         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1138         res = snd_pcm_action(ops, substream, state);
1139         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1140         return res;
1141 }
1142
1143 /*
1144  */
1145 static int snd_pcm_action_nonatomic(const struct action_ops *ops,
1146                                     struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1147                                     int state)
1148 {
1149         int res;
1150
1151         down_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1152         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream))
1153                 res = snd_pcm_action_group(ops, substream, state, 0);
1154         else
1155                 res = snd_pcm_action_single(ops, substream, state);
1156         up_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1157         return res;
1158 }
1159
1160 /*
1161  * start callbacks
1162  */
1163 static int snd_pcm_pre_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1164 {
1165         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1166         if (runtime->status->state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED)
1167                 return -EBADFD;
1168         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
1169             !snd_pcm_playback_data(substream))
1170                 return -EPIPE;
1171         runtime->trigger_tstamp_latched = false;
1172         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1173         return 0;
1174 }
1175
1176 static int snd_pcm_do_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1177 {
1178         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master != substream)
1179                 return 0;
1180         return substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START);
1181 }
1182
1183 static void snd_pcm_undo_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1184 {
1185         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream)
1186                 substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP);
1187 }
1188
1189 static void snd_pcm_post_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1190 {
1191         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1192         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
1193         runtime->hw_ptr_jiffies = jiffies;
1194         runtime->hw_ptr_buffer_jiffies = (runtime->buffer_size * HZ) / 
1195                                                             runtime->rate;
1196         runtime->status->state = state;
1197         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
1198             runtime->silence_size > 0)
1199                 snd_pcm_playback_silence(substream, ULONG_MAX);
1200         snd_pcm_timer_notify(substream, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTART);
1201 }
1202
1203 static const struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_start = {
1204         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_start,
1205         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_start,
1206         .undo_action = snd_pcm_undo_start,
1207         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_start
1208 };
1209
1210 /**
1211  * snd_pcm_start - start all linked streams
1212  * @substream: the PCM substream instance
1213  *
1214  * Return: Zero if successful, or a negative error code.
1215  * The stream lock must be acquired before calling this function.
1216  */
1217 int snd_pcm_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1218 {
1219         return snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_start, substream,
1220                               SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING);
1221 }
1222
1223 /* take the stream lock and start the streams */
1224 static int snd_pcm_start_lock_irq(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1225 {
1226         return snd_pcm_action_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_action_start, substream,
1227                                        SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING);
1228 }
1229
1230 /*
1231  * stop callbacks
1232  */
1233 static int snd_pcm_pre_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1234 {
1235         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1236         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
1237                 return -EBADFD;
1238         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1239         return 0;
1240 }
1241
1242 static int snd_pcm_do_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1243 {
1244         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream &&
1245             snd_pcm_running(substream))
1246                 substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP);
1247         return 0; /* unconditonally stop all substreams */
1248 }
1249
1250 static void snd_pcm_post_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1251 {
1252         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1253         if (runtime->status->state != state) {
1254                 snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
1255                 runtime->status->state = state;
1256                 snd_pcm_timer_notify(substream, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTOP);
1257         }
1258         wake_up(&runtime->sleep);
1259         wake_up(&runtime->tsleep);
1260 }
1261
1262 static const struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_stop = {
1263         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_stop,
1264         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_stop,
1265         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_stop
1266 };
1267
1268 /**
1269  * snd_pcm_stop - try to stop all running streams in the substream group
1270  * @substream: the PCM substream instance
1271  * @state: PCM state after stopping the stream
1272  *
1273  * The state of each stream is then changed to the given state unconditionally.
1274  *
1275  * Return: Zero if successful, or a negative error code.
1276  */
1277 int snd_pcm_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, snd_pcm_state_t state)
1278 {
1279         return snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_stop, substream, state);
1280 }
1281 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_stop);
1282
1283 /**
1284  * snd_pcm_drain_done - stop the DMA only when the given stream is playback
1285  * @substream: the PCM substream
1286  *
1287  * After stopping, the state is changed to SETUP.
1288  * Unlike snd_pcm_stop(), this affects only the given stream.
1289  *
1290  * Return: Zero if succesful, or a negative error code.
1291  */
1292 int snd_pcm_drain_done(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1293 {
1294         return snd_pcm_action_single(&snd_pcm_action_stop, substream,
1295                                      SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP);
1296 }
1297
1298 /**
1299  * snd_pcm_stop_xrun - stop the running streams as XRUN
1300  * @substream: the PCM substream instance
1301  *
1302  * This stops the given running substream (and all linked substreams) as XRUN.
1303  * Unlike snd_pcm_stop(), this function takes the substream lock by itself.
1304  *
1305  * Return: Zero if successful, or a negative error code.
1306  */
1307 int snd_pcm_stop_xrun(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1308 {
1309         unsigned long flags;
1310         int ret = 0;
1311
1312         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave(substream, flags);
1313         if (snd_pcm_running(substream))
1314                 ret = snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
1315         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irqrestore(substream, flags);
1316         return ret;
1317 }
1318 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(snd_pcm_stop_xrun);
1319
1320 /*
1321  * pause callbacks
1322  */
1323 static int snd_pcm_pre_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
1324 {
1325         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1326         if (!(runtime->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_PAUSE))
1327                 return -ENOSYS;
1328         if (push) {
1329                 if (runtime->status->state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING)
1330                         return -EBADFD;
1331         } else if (runtime->status->state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED)
1332                 return -EBADFD;
1333         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1334         return 0;
1335 }
1336
1337 static int snd_pcm_do_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
1338 {
1339         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master != substream)
1340                 return 0;
1341         /* some drivers might use hw_ptr to recover from the pause -
1342            update the hw_ptr now */
1343         if (push)
1344                 snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream);
1345         /* The jiffies check in snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr*() is done by
1346          * a delta between the current jiffies, this gives a large enough
1347          * delta, effectively to skip the check once.
1348          */
1349         substream->runtime->hw_ptr_jiffies = jiffies - HZ * 1000;
1350         return substream->ops->trigger(substream,
1351                                        push ? SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH :
1352                                               SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE);
1353 }
1354
1355 static void snd_pcm_undo_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
1356 {
1357         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream)
1358                 substream->ops->trigger(substream,
1359                                         push ? SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE :
1360                                         SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH);
1361 }
1362
1363 static void snd_pcm_post_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
1364 {
1365         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1366         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
1367         if (push) {
1368                 runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED;
1369                 snd_pcm_timer_notify(substream, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MPAUSE);
1370                 wake_up(&runtime->sleep);
1371                 wake_up(&runtime->tsleep);
1372         } else {
1373                 runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING;
1374                 snd_pcm_timer_notify(substream, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MCONTINUE);
1375         }
1376 }
1377
1378 static const struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_pause = {
1379         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_pause,
1380         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_pause,
1381         .undo_action = snd_pcm_undo_pause,
1382         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_pause
1383 };
1384
1385 /*
1386  * Push/release the pause for all linked streams.
1387  */
1388 static int snd_pcm_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
1389 {
1390         return snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_pause, substream, push);
1391 }
1392
1393 #ifdef CONFIG_PM
1394 /* suspend */
1395
1396 static int snd_pcm_pre_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1397 {
1398         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1399         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED)
1400                 return -EBUSY;
1401         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1402         return 0;
1403 }
1404
1405 static int snd_pcm_do_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1406 {
1407         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1408         if (runtime->trigger_master != substream)
1409                 return 0;
1410         if (! snd_pcm_running(substream))
1411                 return 0;
1412         substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND);
1413         return 0; /* suspend unconditionally */
1414 }
1415
1416 static void snd_pcm_post_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1417 {
1418         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1419         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
1420         runtime->status->suspended_state = runtime->status->state;
1421         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED;
1422         snd_pcm_timer_notify(substream, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSUSPEND);
1423         wake_up(&runtime->sleep);
1424         wake_up(&runtime->tsleep);
1425 }
1426
1427 static const struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_suspend = {
1428         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_suspend,
1429         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_suspend,
1430         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_suspend
1431 };
1432
1433 /**
1434  * snd_pcm_suspend - trigger SUSPEND to all linked streams
1435  * @substream: the PCM substream
1436  *
1437  * After this call, all streams are changed to SUSPENDED state.
1438  *
1439  * Return: Zero if successful (or @substream is %NULL), or a negative error
1440  * code.
1441  */
1442 int snd_pcm_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1443 {
1444         int err;
1445         unsigned long flags;
1446
1447         if (! substream)
1448                 return 0;
1449
1450         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave(substream, flags);
1451         err = snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_suspend, substream, 0);
1452         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irqrestore(substream, flags);
1453         return err;
1454 }
1455 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_suspend);
1456
1457 /**
1458  * snd_pcm_suspend_all - trigger SUSPEND to all substreams in the given pcm
1459  * @pcm: the PCM instance
1460  *
1461  * After this call, all streams are changed to SUSPENDED state.
1462  *
1463  * Return: Zero if successful (or @pcm is %NULL), or a negative error code.
1464  */
1465 int snd_pcm_suspend_all(struct snd_pcm *pcm)
1466 {
1467         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
1468         int stream, err = 0;
1469
1470         if (! pcm)
1471                 return 0;
1472
1473         for (stream = 0; stream < 2; stream++) {
1474                 for (substream = pcm->streams[stream].substream;
1475                      substream; substream = substream->next) {
1476                         /* FIXME: the open/close code should lock this as well */
1477                         if (substream->runtime == NULL)
1478                                 continue;
1479                         err = snd_pcm_suspend(substream);
1480                         if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY)
1481                                 return err;
1482                 }
1483         }
1484         return 0;
1485 }
1486 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_suspend_all);
1487
1488 /* resume */
1489
1490 static int snd_pcm_pre_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1491 {
1492         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1493         if (!(runtime->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_RESUME))
1494                 return -ENOSYS;
1495         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1496         return 0;
1497 }
1498
1499 static int snd_pcm_do_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1500 {
1501         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1502         if (runtime->trigger_master != substream)
1503                 return 0;
1504         /* DMA not running previously? */
1505         if (runtime->status->suspended_state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING &&
1506             (runtime->status->suspended_state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING ||
1507              substream->stream != SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK))
1508                 return 0;
1509         return substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_RESUME);
1510 }
1511
1512 static void snd_pcm_undo_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1513 {
1514         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream &&
1515             snd_pcm_running(substream))
1516                 substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND);
1517 }
1518
1519 static void snd_pcm_post_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1520 {
1521         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1522         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
1523         runtime->status->state = runtime->status->suspended_state;
1524         snd_pcm_timer_notify(substream, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MRESUME);
1525 }
1526
1527 static const struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_resume = {
1528         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_resume,
1529         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_resume,
1530         .undo_action = snd_pcm_undo_resume,
1531         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_resume
1532 };
1533
1534 static int snd_pcm_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1535 {
1536         return snd_pcm_action_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_action_resume, substream, 0);
1537 }
1538
1539 #else
1540
1541 static int snd_pcm_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1542 {
1543         return -ENOSYS;
1544 }
1545
1546 #endif /* CONFIG_PM */
1547
1548 /*
1549  * xrun ioctl
1550  *
1551  * Change the RUNNING stream(s) to XRUN state.
1552  */
1553 static int snd_pcm_xrun(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1554 {
1555         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1556         int result;
1557
1558         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1559         switch (runtime->status->state) {
1560         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
1561                 result = 0;     /* already there */
1562                 break;
1563         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
1564                 result = snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
1565                 break;
1566         default:
1567                 result = -EBADFD;
1568         }
1569         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1570         return result;
1571 }
1572
1573 /*
1574  * reset ioctl
1575  */
1576 static int snd_pcm_pre_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1577 {
1578         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1579         switch (runtime->status->state) {
1580         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
1581         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
1582         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
1583         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED:
1584                 return 0;
1585         default:
1586                 return -EBADFD;
1587         }
1588 }
1589
1590 static int snd_pcm_do_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1591 {
1592         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1593         int err = substream->ops->ioctl(substream, SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_RESET, NULL);
1594         if (err < 0)
1595                 return err;
1596         runtime->hw_ptr_base = 0;
1597         runtime->hw_ptr_interrupt = runtime->status->hw_ptr -
1598                 runtime->status->hw_ptr % runtime->period_size;
1599         runtime->silence_start = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
1600         runtime->silence_filled = 0;
1601         return 0;
1602 }
1603
1604 static void snd_pcm_post_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1605 {
1606         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1607         runtime->control->appl_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
1608         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
1609             runtime->silence_size > 0)
1610                 snd_pcm_playback_silence(substream, ULONG_MAX);
1611 }
1612
1613 static const struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_reset = {
1614         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_reset,
1615         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_reset,
1616         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_reset
1617 };
1618
1619 static int snd_pcm_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1620 {
1621         return snd_pcm_action_nonatomic(&snd_pcm_action_reset, substream, 0);
1622 }
1623
1624 /*
1625  * prepare ioctl
1626  */
1627 /* we use the second argument for updating f_flags */
1628 static int snd_pcm_pre_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1629                                int f_flags)
1630 {
1631         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1632         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN ||
1633             runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DISCONNECTED)
1634                 return -EBADFD;
1635         if (snd_pcm_running(substream))
1636                 return -EBUSY;
1637         substream->f_flags = f_flags;
1638         return 0;
1639 }
1640
1641 static int snd_pcm_do_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1642 {
1643         int err;
1644         err = substream->ops->prepare(substream);
1645         if (err < 0)
1646                 return err;
1647         return snd_pcm_do_reset(substream, 0);
1648 }
1649
1650 static void snd_pcm_post_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1651 {
1652         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1653         runtime->control->appl_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
1654         snd_pcm_set_state(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED);
1655 }
1656
1657 static const struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_prepare = {
1658         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_prepare,
1659         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_prepare,
1660         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_prepare
1661 };
1662
1663 /**
1664  * snd_pcm_prepare - prepare the PCM substream to be triggerable
1665  * @substream: the PCM substream instance
1666  * @file: file to refer f_flags
1667  *
1668  * Return: Zero if successful, or a negative error code.
1669  */
1670 static int snd_pcm_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1671                            struct file *file)
1672 {
1673         int f_flags;
1674
1675         if (file)
1676                 f_flags = file->f_flags;
1677         else
1678                 f_flags = substream->f_flags;
1679
1680         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1681         switch (substream->runtime->status->state) {
1682         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
1683                 snd_pcm_pause(substream, 0);
1684                 /* fallthru */
1685         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED:
1686                 snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP);
1687                 break;
1688         }
1689         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1690
1691         return snd_pcm_action_nonatomic(&snd_pcm_action_prepare,
1692                                         substream, f_flags);
1693 }
1694
1695 /*
1696  * drain ioctl
1697  */
1698
1699 static int snd_pcm_pre_drain_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1700 {
1701         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1702         switch (runtime->status->state) {
1703         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN:
1704         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DISCONNECTED:
1705         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED:
1706                 return -EBADFD;
1707         }
1708         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1709         return 0;
1710 }
1711
1712 static int snd_pcm_do_drain_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1713 {
1714         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1715         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
1716                 switch (runtime->status->state) {
1717                 case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
1718                         /* start playback stream if possible */
1719                         if (! snd_pcm_playback_empty(substream)) {
1720                                 snd_pcm_do_start(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING);
1721                                 snd_pcm_post_start(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING);
1722                         } else {
1723                                 runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP;
1724                         }
1725                         break;
1726                 case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
1727                         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING;
1728                         break;
1729                 case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
1730                         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP;
1731                         break;
1732                 default:
1733                         break;
1734                 }
1735         } else {
1736                 /* stop running stream */
1737                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING) {
1738                         int new_state = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime) > 0 ?
1739                                 SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING : SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP;
1740                         snd_pcm_do_stop(substream, new_state);
1741                         snd_pcm_post_stop(substream, new_state);
1742                 }
1743         }
1744
1745         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING &&
1746             runtime->trigger_master == substream &&
1747             (runtime->hw.info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_DRAIN_TRIGGER))
1748                 return substream->ops->trigger(substream,
1749                                                SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_DRAIN);
1750
1751         return 0;
1752 }
1753
1754 static void snd_pcm_post_drain_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1755 {
1756 }
1757
1758 static const struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_drain_init = {
1759         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_drain_init,
1760         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_drain_init,
1761         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_drain_init
1762 };
1763
1764 static int snd_pcm_drop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
1765
1766 /*
1767  * Drain the stream(s).
1768  * When the substream is linked, sync until the draining of all playback streams
1769  * is finished.
1770  * After this call, all streams are supposed to be either SETUP or DRAINING
1771  * (capture only) state.
1772  */
1773 static int snd_pcm_drain(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1774                          struct file *file)
1775 {
1776         struct snd_card *card;
1777         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
1778         struct snd_pcm_substream *s;
1779         wait_queue_entry_t wait;
1780         int result = 0;
1781         int nonblock = 0;
1782
1783         card = substream->pcm->card;
1784         runtime = substream->runtime;
1785
1786         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
1787                 return -EBADFD;
1788
1789         if (file) {
1790                 if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)
1791                         nonblock = 1;
1792         } else if (substream->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)
1793                 nonblock = 1;
1794
1795         down_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1796         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1797         /* resume pause */
1798         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED)
1799                 snd_pcm_pause(substream, 0);
1800
1801         /* pre-start/stop - all running streams are changed to DRAINING state */
1802         result = snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_drain_init, substream, 0);
1803         if (result < 0)
1804                 goto unlock;
1805         /* in non-blocking, we don't wait in ioctl but let caller poll */
1806         if (nonblock) {
1807                 result = -EAGAIN;
1808                 goto unlock;
1809         }
1810
1811         for (;;) {
1812                 long tout;
1813                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *to_check;
1814                 if (signal_pending(current)) {
1815                         result = -ERESTARTSYS;
1816                         break;
1817                 }
1818                 /* find a substream to drain */
1819                 to_check = NULL;
1820                 snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s, substream) {
1821                         if (s->stream != SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
1822                                 continue;
1823                         runtime = s->runtime;
1824                         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING) {
1825                                 to_check = runtime;
1826                                 break;
1827                         }
1828                 }
1829                 if (!to_check)
1830                         break; /* all drained */
1831                 init_waitqueue_entry(&wait, current);
1832                 add_wait_queue(&to_check->sleep, &wait);
1833                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1834                 up_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1835                 snd_power_unlock(card);
1836                 if (runtime->no_period_wakeup)
1837                         tout = MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT;
1838                 else {
1839                         tout = 10;
1840                         if (runtime->rate) {
1841                                 long t = runtime->period_size * 2 / runtime->rate;
1842                                 tout = max(t, tout);
1843                         }
1844                         tout = msecs_to_jiffies(tout * 1000);
1845                 }
1846                 tout = schedule_timeout_interruptible(tout);
1847                 snd_power_lock(card);
1848                 down_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1849                 snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1850                 remove_wait_queue(&to_check->sleep, &wait);
1851                 if (card->shutdown) {
1852                         result = -ENODEV;
1853                         break;
1854                 }
1855                 if (tout == 0) {
1856                         if (substream->runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED)
1857                                 result = -ESTRPIPE;
1858                         else {
1859                                 dev_dbg(substream->pcm->card->dev,
1860                                         "playback drain error (DMA or IRQ trouble?)\n");
1861                                 snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP);
1862                                 result = -EIO;
1863                         }
1864                         break;
1865                 }
1866         }
1867
1868  unlock:
1869         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1870         up_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1871
1872         return result;
1873 }
1874
1875 /*
1876  * drop ioctl
1877  *
1878  * Immediately put all linked substreams into SETUP state.
1879  */
1880 static int snd_pcm_drop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1881 {
1882         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
1883         int result = 0;
1884         
1885         if (PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(substream))
1886                 return -ENXIO;
1887         runtime = substream->runtime;
1888
1889         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN ||
1890             runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DISCONNECTED)
1891                 return -EBADFD;
1892
1893         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1894         /* resume pause */
1895         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED)
1896                 snd_pcm_pause(substream, 0);
1897
1898         snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP);
1899         /* runtime->control->appl_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr; */
1900         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1901
1902         return result;
1903 }
1904
1905
1906 static bool is_pcm_file(struct file *file)
1907 {
1908         struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
1909         unsigned int minor;
1910
1911         if (!S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) || imajor(inode) != snd_major)
1912                 return false;
1913         minor = iminor(inode);
1914         return snd_lookup_minor_data(minor, SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_PLAYBACK) ||
1915                 snd_lookup_minor_data(minor, SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_CAPTURE);
1916 }
1917
1918 /*
1919  * PCM link handling
1920  */
1921 static int snd_pcm_link(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int fd)
1922 {
1923         int res = 0;
1924         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
1925         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream1;
1926         struct snd_pcm_group *group;
1927         struct fd f = fdget(fd);
1928
1929         if (!f.file)
1930                 return -EBADFD;
1931         if (!is_pcm_file(f.file)) {
1932                 res = -EBADFD;
1933                 goto _badf;
1934         }
1935         pcm_file = f.file->private_data;
1936         substream1 = pcm_file->substream;
1937         group = kmalloc(sizeof(*group), GFP_KERNEL);
1938         if (!group) {
1939                 res = -ENOMEM;
1940                 goto _nolock;
1941         }
1942         down_write_nonblock(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1943         write_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
1944         if (substream->runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN ||
1945             substream->runtime->status->state != substream1->runtime->status->state ||
1946             substream->pcm->nonatomic != substream1->pcm->nonatomic) {
1947                 res = -EBADFD;
1948                 goto _end;
1949         }
1950         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream1)) {
1951                 res = -EALREADY;
1952                 goto _end;
1953         }
1954         if (!snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
1955                 substream->group = group;
1956                 group = NULL;
1957                 spin_lock_init(&substream->group->lock);
1958                 mutex_init(&substream->group->mutex);
1959                 INIT_LIST_HEAD(&substream->group->substreams);
1960                 list_add_tail(&substream->link_list, &substream->group->substreams);
1961                 substream->group->count = 1;
1962         }
1963         list_add_tail(&substream1->link_list, &substream->group->substreams);
1964         substream->group->count++;
1965         substream1->group = substream->group;
1966  _end:
1967         write_unlock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
1968         up_write(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1969  _nolock:
1970         snd_card_unref(substream1->pcm->card);
1971         kfree(group);
1972  _badf:
1973         fdput(f);
1974         return res;
1975 }
1976
1977 static void relink_to_local(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1978 {
1979         substream->group = &substream->self_group;
1980         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&substream->self_group.substreams);
1981         list_add_tail(&substream->link_list, &substream->self_group.substreams);
1982 }
1983
1984 static int snd_pcm_unlink(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1985 {
1986         struct snd_pcm_substream *s;
1987         int res = 0;
1988
1989         down_write_nonblock(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1990         write_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
1991         if (!snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
1992                 res = -EALREADY;
1993                 goto _end;
1994         }
1995         list_del(&substream->link_list);
1996         substream->group->count--;
1997         if (substream->group->count == 1) {     /* detach the last stream, too */
1998                 snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s, substream) {
1999                         relink_to_local(s);
2000                         break;
2001                 }
2002                 kfree(substream->group);
2003         }
2004         relink_to_local(substream);
2005        _end:
2006         write_unlock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
2007         up_write(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
2008         return res;
2009 }
2010
2011 /*
2012  * hw configurator
2013  */
2014 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_mul(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
2015                                struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
2016 {
2017         struct snd_interval t;
2018         snd_interval_mul(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
2019                      hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]), &t);
2020         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
2021 }
2022
2023 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_div(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
2024                                struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
2025 {
2026         struct snd_interval t;
2027         snd_interval_div(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
2028                      hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]), &t);
2029         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
2030 }
2031
2032 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
2033                                    struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
2034 {
2035         struct snd_interval t;
2036         snd_interval_muldivk(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
2037                          hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]),
2038                          (unsigned long) rule->private, &t);
2039         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
2040 }
2041
2042 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
2043                                    struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
2044 {
2045         struct snd_interval t;
2046         snd_interval_mulkdiv(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
2047                          (unsigned long) rule->private,
2048                          hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]), &t);
2049         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
2050 }
2051
2052 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_format(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
2053                                   struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
2054 {
2055         unsigned int k;
2056         const struct snd_interval *i =
2057                                 hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]);
2058         struct snd_mask m;
2059         struct snd_mask *mask = hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
2060         snd_mask_any(&m);
2061         for (k = 0; k <= SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_LAST; ++k) {
2062                 int bits;
2063                 if (! snd_mask_test(mask, k))
2064                         continue;
2065                 bits = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(k);
2066                 if (bits <= 0)
2067                         continue; /* ignore invalid formats */
2068                 if ((unsigned)bits < i->min || (unsigned)bits > i->max)
2069                         snd_mask_reset(&m, k);
2070         }
2071         return snd_mask_refine(mask, &m);
2072 }
2073
2074 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_sample_bits(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
2075                                        struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
2076 {
2077         struct snd_interval t;
2078         unsigned int k;
2079         t.min = UINT_MAX;
2080         t.max = 0;
2081         t.openmin = 0;
2082         t.openmax = 0;
2083         for (k = 0; k <= SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_LAST; ++k) {
2084                 int bits;
2085                 if (! snd_mask_test(hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT), k))
2086                         continue;
2087                 bits = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(k);
2088                 if (bits <= 0)
2089                         continue; /* ignore invalid formats */
2090                 if (t.min > (unsigned)bits)
2091                         t.min = bits;
2092                 if (t.max < (unsigned)bits)
2093                         t.max = bits;
2094         }
2095         t.integer = 1;
2096         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
2097 }
2098
2099 #if SNDRV_PCM_RATE_5512 != 1 << 0 || SNDRV_PCM_RATE_192000 != 1 << 12
2100 #error "Change this table"
2101 #endif
2102
2103 static const unsigned int rates[] = {
2104         5512, 8000, 11025, 16000, 22050, 32000, 44100,
2105         48000, 64000, 88200, 96000, 176400, 192000
2106 };
2107
2108 const struct snd_pcm_hw_constraint_list snd_pcm_known_rates = {
2109         .count = ARRAY_SIZE(rates),
2110         .list = rates,
2111 };
2112
2113 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_rate(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
2114                                 struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
2115 {
2116         struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw = rule->private;
2117         return snd_interval_list(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var),
2118                                  snd_pcm_known_rates.count,
2119                                  snd_pcm_known_rates.list, hw->rates);
2120 }               
2121
2122 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_buffer_bytes_max(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
2123                                             struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
2124 {
2125         struct snd_interval t;
2126         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = rule->private;
2127         t.min = 0;
2128         t.max = substream->buffer_bytes_max;
2129         t.openmin = 0;
2130         t.openmax = 0;
2131         t.integer = 1;
2132         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
2133 }               
2134
2135 int snd_pcm_hw_constraints_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
2136 {
2137         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2138         struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints *constrs = &runtime->hw_constraints;
2139         int k, err;
2140
2141         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_MASK; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_MASK; k++) {
2142                 snd_mask_any(constrs_mask(constrs, k));
2143         }
2144
2145         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_INTERVAL; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL; k++) {
2146                 snd_interval_any(constrs_interval(constrs, k));
2147         }
2148
2149         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS));
2150         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE));
2151         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES));
2152         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS));
2153         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS));
2154
2155         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
2156                                    snd_pcm_hw_rule_format, NULL,
2157                                    SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, -1);
2158         if (err < 0)
2159                 return err;
2160         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, 
2161                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_sample_bits, NULL,
2162                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT, 
2163                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, -1);
2164         if (err < 0)
2165                 return err;
2166         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, 
2167                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
2168                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, -1);
2169         if (err < 0)
2170                 return err;
2171         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, 
2172                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mul, NULL,
2173                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, -1);
2174         if (err < 0)
2175                 return err;
2176         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, 
2177                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
2178                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, -1);
2179         if (err < 0)
2180                 return err;
2181         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, 
2182                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
2183                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, -1);
2184         if (err < 0)
2185                 return err;
2186         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, 
2187                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
2188                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, -1);
2189         if (err < 0)
2190                 return err;
2191         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, 
2192                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
2193                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME, -1);
2194         if (err < 0)
2195                 return err;
2196         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, 
2197                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
2198                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_TIME, -1);
2199         if (err < 0)
2200                 return err;
2201         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS, 
2202                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
2203                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, -1);
2204         if (err < 0)
2205                 return err;
2206         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, 
2207                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
2208                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS, -1);
2209         if (err < 0)
2210                 return err;
2211         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, 
2212                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
2213                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
2214         if (err < 0)
2215                 return err;
2216         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, 
2217                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 1000000,
2218                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
2219         if (err < 0)
2220                 return err;
2221         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, 
2222                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mul, NULL,
2223                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS, -1);
2224         if (err < 0)
2225                 return err;
2226         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, 
2227                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
2228                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
2229         if (err < 0)
2230                 return err;
2231         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, 
2232                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 1000000,
2233                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_TIME, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
2234         if (err < 0)
2235                 return err;
2236         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES, 
2237                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 8,
2238                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
2239         if (err < 0)
2240                 return err;
2241         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, 
2242                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 8,
2243                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
2244         if (err < 0)
2245                 return err;
2246         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME, 
2247                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
2248                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
2249         if (err < 0)
2250                 return err;
2251         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_TIME, 
2252                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
2253                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
2254         if (err < 0)
2255                 return err;
2256         return 0;
2257 }
2258
2259 int snd_pcm_hw_constraints_complete(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
2260 {
2261         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2262         struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw = &runtime->hw;
2263         int err;
2264         unsigned int mask = 0;
2265
2266         if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED)
2267                 mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_RW_INTERLEAVED;
2268         if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_NONINTERLEAVED)
2269                 mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_RW_NONINTERLEAVED;
2270         if (hw_support_mmap(substream)) {
2271                 if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED)
2272                         mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_INTERLEAVED;
2273                 if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_NONINTERLEAVED)
2274                         mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_NONINTERLEAVED;
2275                 if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_COMPLEX)
2276                         mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_COMPLEX;
2277         }
2278         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_mask(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_ACCESS, mask);
2279         if (err < 0)
2280                 return err;
2281
2282         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_mask64(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT, hw->formats);
2283         if (err < 0)
2284                 return err;
2285
2286         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_mask(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SUBFORMAT, 1 << SNDRV_PCM_SUBFORMAT_STD);
2287         if (err < 0)
2288                 return err;
2289
2290         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
2291                                            hw->channels_min, hw->channels_max);
2292         if (err < 0)
2293                 return err;
2294
2295         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
2296                                            hw->rate_min, hw->rate_max);
2297         if (err < 0)
2298                 return err;
2299
2300         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES,
2301                                            hw->period_bytes_min, hw->period_bytes_max);
2302         if (err < 0)
2303                 return err;
2304
2305         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS,
2306                                            hw->periods_min, hw->periods_max);
2307         if (err < 0)
2308                 return err;
2309
2310         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES,
2311                                            hw->period_bytes_min, hw->buffer_bytes_max);
2312         if (err < 0)
2313                 return err;
2314
2315         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, 
2316                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_buffer_bytes_max, substream,
2317                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, -1);
2318         if (err < 0)
2319                 return err;
2320
2321         /* FIXME: remove */
2322         if (runtime->dma_bytes) {
2323                 err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, 0, runtime->dma_bytes);
2324                 if (err < 0)
2325                         return err;
2326         }
2327
2328         if (!(hw->rates & (SNDRV_PCM_RATE_KNOT | SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS))) {
2329                 err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, 
2330                                           snd_pcm_hw_rule_rate, hw,
2331                                           SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
2332                 if (err < 0)
2333                         return err;
2334         }
2335
2336         /* FIXME: this belong to lowlevel */
2337         snd_pcm_hw_constraint_integer(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE);
2338
2339         return 0;
2340 }
2341
2342 static void pcm_release_private(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
2343 {
2344         snd_pcm_unlink(substream);
2345 }
2346
2347 void snd_pcm_release_substream(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
2348 {
2349         substream->ref_count--;
2350         if (substream->ref_count > 0)
2351                 return;
2352
2353         snd_pcm_drop(substream);
2354         if (substream->hw_opened) {
2355                 if (substream->ops->hw_free &&
2356                     substream->runtime->status->state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2357                         substream->ops->hw_free(substream);
2358                 substream->ops->close(substream);
2359                 substream->hw_opened = 0;
2360         }
2361         if (pm_qos_request_active(&substream->latency_pm_qos_req))
2362                 pm_qos_remove_request(&substream->latency_pm_qos_req);
2363         if (substream->pcm_release) {
2364                 substream->pcm_release(substream);
2365                 substream->pcm_release = NULL;
2366         }
2367         snd_pcm_detach_substream(substream);
2368 }
2369 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_release_substream);
2370
2371 int snd_pcm_open_substream(struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream,
2372                            struct file *file,
2373                            struct snd_pcm_substream **rsubstream)
2374 {
2375         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2376         int err;
2377
2378         err = snd_pcm_attach_substream(pcm, stream, file, &substream);
2379         if (err < 0)
2380                 return err;
2381         if (substream->ref_count > 1) {
2382                 *rsubstream = substream;
2383                 return 0;
2384         }
2385
2386         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraints_init(substream);
2387         if (err < 0) {
2388                 pcm_dbg(pcm, "snd_pcm_hw_constraints_init failed\n");
2389                 goto error;
2390         }
2391
2392         if ((err = substream->ops->open(substream)) < 0)
2393                 goto error;
2394
2395         substream->hw_opened = 1;
2396
2397         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraints_complete(substream);
2398         if (err < 0) {
2399                 pcm_dbg(pcm, "snd_pcm_hw_constraints_complete failed\n");
2400                 goto error;
2401         }
2402
2403         *rsubstream = substream;
2404         return 0;
2405
2406  error:
2407         snd_pcm_release_substream(substream);
2408         return err;
2409 }
2410 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_open_substream);
2411
2412 static int snd_pcm_open_file(struct file *file,
2413                              struct snd_pcm *pcm,
2414                              int stream)
2415 {
2416         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2417         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2418         int err;
2419
2420         err = snd_pcm_open_substream(pcm, stream, file, &substream);
2421         if (err < 0)
2422                 return err;
2423
2424         pcm_file = kzalloc(sizeof(*pcm_file), GFP_KERNEL);
2425         if (pcm_file == NULL) {
2426                 snd_pcm_release_substream(substream);
2427                 return -ENOMEM;
2428         }
2429         pcm_file->substream = substream;
2430         if (substream->ref_count == 1) {
2431                 substream->file = pcm_file;
2432                 substream->pcm_release = pcm_release_private;
2433         }
2434         file->private_data = pcm_file;
2435
2436         return 0;
2437 }
2438
2439 static int snd_pcm_playback_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2440 {
2441         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
2442         int err = nonseekable_open(inode, file);
2443         if (err < 0)
2444                 return err;
2445         pcm = snd_lookup_minor_data(iminor(inode),
2446                                     SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_PLAYBACK);
2447         err = snd_pcm_open(file, pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK);
2448         if (pcm)
2449                 snd_card_unref(pcm->card);
2450         return err;
2451 }
2452
2453 static int snd_pcm_capture_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2454 {
2455         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
2456         int err = nonseekable_open(inode, file);
2457         if (err < 0)
2458                 return err;
2459         pcm = snd_lookup_minor_data(iminor(inode),
2460                                     SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_CAPTURE);
2461         err = snd_pcm_open(file, pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE);
2462         if (pcm)
2463                 snd_card_unref(pcm->card);
2464         return err;
2465 }
2466
2467 static int snd_pcm_open(struct file *file, struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream)
2468 {
2469         int err;
2470         wait_queue_entry_t wait;
2471
2472         if (pcm == NULL) {
2473                 err = -ENODEV;
2474                 goto __error1;
2475         }
2476         err = snd_card_file_add(pcm->card, file);
2477         if (err < 0)
2478                 goto __error1;
2479         if (!try_module_get(pcm->card->module)) {
2480                 err = -EFAULT;
2481                 goto __error2;
2482         }
2483         init_waitqueue_entry(&wait, current);
2484         add_wait_queue(&pcm->open_wait, &wait);
2485         mutex_lock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2486         while (1) {
2487                 err = snd_pcm_open_file(file, pcm, stream);
2488                 if (err >= 0)
2489                         break;
2490                 if (err == -EAGAIN) {
2491                         if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
2492                                 err = -EBUSY;
2493                                 break;
2494                         }
2495                 } else
2496                         break;
2497                 set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
2498                 mutex_unlock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2499                 schedule();
2500                 mutex_lock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2501                 if (pcm->card->shutdown) {
2502                         err = -ENODEV;
2503                         break;
2504                 }
2505                 if (signal_pending(current)) {
2506                         err = -ERESTARTSYS;
2507                         break;
2508                 }
2509         }
2510         remove_wait_queue(&pcm->open_wait, &wait);
2511         mutex_unlock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2512         if (err < 0)
2513                 goto __error;
2514         return err;
2515
2516       __error:
2517         module_put(pcm->card->module);
2518       __error2:
2519         snd_card_file_remove(pcm->card, file);
2520       __error1:
2521         return err;
2522 }
2523
2524 static int snd_pcm_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2525 {
2526         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
2527         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2528         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2529
2530         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2531         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2532         if (snd_BUG_ON(!substream))
2533                 return -ENXIO;
2534         pcm = substream->pcm;
2535         mutex_lock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2536         snd_pcm_release_substream(substream);
2537         kfree(pcm_file);
2538         mutex_unlock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2539         wake_up(&pcm->open_wait);
2540         module_put(pcm->card->module);
2541         snd_card_file_remove(pcm->card, file);
2542         return 0;
2543 }
2544
2545 /* check and update PCM state; return 0 or a negative error
2546  * call this inside PCM lock
2547  */
2548 static int do_pcm_hwsync(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
2549 {
2550         switch (substream->runtime->status->state) {
2551         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2552                 if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)
2553                         return -EBADFD;
2554                 /* Fall through */
2555         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2556                 return snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream);
2557         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2558         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
2559                 return 0;
2560         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED:
2561                 return -ESTRPIPE;
2562         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2563                 return -EPIPE;
2564         default:
2565                 return -EBADFD;
2566         }
2567 }
2568
2569 /* increase the appl_ptr; returns the processed frames or a negative error */
2570 static snd_pcm_sframes_t forward_appl_ptr(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2571                                           snd_pcm_uframes_t frames,
2572                                            snd_pcm_sframes_t avail)
2573 {
2574         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2575         snd_pcm_sframes_t appl_ptr;
2576         int ret;
2577
2578         if (avail <= 0)
2579                 return 0;
2580         if (frames > (snd_pcm_uframes_t)avail)
2581                 frames = avail;
2582         appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr + frames;
2583         if (appl_ptr >= (snd_pcm_sframes_t)runtime->boundary)
2584                 appl_ptr -= runtime->boundary;
2585         ret = pcm_lib_apply_appl_ptr(substream, appl_ptr);
2586         return ret < 0 ? ret : frames;
2587 }
2588
2589 /* decrease the appl_ptr; returns the processed frames or a negative error */
2590 static snd_pcm_sframes_t rewind_appl_ptr(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2591                                          snd_pcm_uframes_t frames,
2592                                          snd_pcm_sframes_t avail)
2593 {
2594         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2595         snd_pcm_sframes_t appl_ptr;
2596         int ret;
2597
2598         if (avail <= 0)
2599                 return 0;
2600         if (frames > (snd_pcm_uframes_t)avail)
2601                 frames = avail;
2602         appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr - frames;
2603         if (appl_ptr < 0)
2604                 appl_ptr += runtime->boundary;
2605         ret = pcm_lib_apply_appl_ptr(substream, appl_ptr);
2606         return ret < 0 ? ret : frames;
2607 }
2608
2609 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_playback_rewind(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2610                                                  snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2611 {
2612         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2613         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2614
2615         if (frames == 0)
2616                 return 0;
2617
2618         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2619         ret = do_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2620         if (!ret)
2621                 ret = rewind_appl_ptr(substream, frames,
2622                                       snd_pcm_playback_hw_avail(runtime));
2623         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2624         return ret;
2625 }
2626
2627 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_capture_rewind(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2628                                                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2629 {
2630         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2631         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2632
2633         if (frames == 0)
2634                 return 0;
2635
2636         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2637         ret = do_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2638         if (!ret)
2639                 ret = rewind_appl_ptr(substream, frames,
2640                                       snd_pcm_capture_hw_avail(runtime));
2641         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2642         return ret;
2643 }
2644
2645 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_playback_forward(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2646                                                   snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2647 {
2648         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2649         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2650
2651         if (frames == 0)
2652                 return 0;
2653
2654         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2655         ret = do_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2656         if (!ret)
2657                 ret = forward_appl_ptr(substream, frames,
2658                                        snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime));
2659         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2660         return ret;
2661 }
2662
2663 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_capture_forward(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2664                                                  snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2665 {
2666         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2667         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2668
2669         if (frames == 0)
2670                 return 0;
2671
2672         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2673         ret = do_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2674         if (!ret)
2675                 ret = forward_appl_ptr(substream, frames,
2676                                        snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime));
2677         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2678         return ret;
2679 }
2680
2681 static int snd_pcm_hwsync(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
2682 {
2683         int err;
2684
2685         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2686         err = do_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2687         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2688         return err;
2689 }
2690                 
2691 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_delay(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
2692 {
2693         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2694         int err;
2695         snd_pcm_sframes_t n = 0;
2696
2697         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2698         err = do_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2699         if (!err) {
2700                 if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
2701                         n = snd_pcm_playback_hw_avail(runtime);
2702                 else
2703                         n = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime);
2704                 n += runtime->delay;
2705         }
2706         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2707         return err < 0 ? err : n;
2708 }
2709                 
2710 static int snd_pcm_sync_ptr(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2711                             struct snd_pcm_sync_ptr __user *_sync_ptr)
2712 {
2713         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2714         struct snd_pcm_sync_ptr sync_ptr;
2715         volatile struct snd_pcm_mmap_status *status;
2716         volatile struct snd_pcm_mmap_control *control;
2717         int err;
2718
2719         memset(&sync_ptr, 0, sizeof(sync_ptr));
2720         if (get_user(sync_ptr.flags, (unsigned __user *)&(_sync_ptr->flags)))
2721                 return -EFAULT;
2722         if (copy_from_user(&sync_ptr.c.control, &(_sync_ptr->c.control), sizeof(struct snd_pcm_mmap_control)))
2723                 return -EFAULT; 
2724         status = runtime->status;
2725         control = runtime->control;
2726         if (sync_ptr.flags & SNDRV_PCM_SYNC_PTR_HWSYNC) {
2727                 err = snd_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2728                 if (err < 0)
2729                         return err;
2730         }
2731         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2732         if (!(sync_ptr.flags & SNDRV_PCM_SYNC_PTR_APPL)) {
2733                 err = pcm_lib_apply_appl_ptr(substream,
2734                                              sync_ptr.c.control.appl_ptr);
2735                 if (err < 0) {
2736                         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2737                         return err;
2738                 }
2739         } else {
2740                 sync_ptr.c.control.appl_ptr = control->appl_ptr;
2741         }
2742         if (!(sync_ptr.flags & SNDRV_PCM_SYNC_PTR_AVAIL_MIN))
2743                 control->avail_min = sync_ptr.c.control.avail_min;
2744         else
2745                 sync_ptr.c.control.avail_min = control->avail_min;
2746         sync_ptr.s.status.state = status->state;
2747         sync_ptr.s.status.hw_ptr = status->hw_ptr;
2748         sync_ptr.s.status.tstamp = status->tstamp;
2749         sync_ptr.s.status.suspended_state = status->suspended_state;
2750         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2751         if (copy_to_user(_sync_ptr, &sync_ptr, sizeof(sync_ptr)))
2752                 return -EFAULT;
2753         return 0;
2754 }
2755
2756 static int snd_pcm_tstamp(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int __user *_arg)
2757 {
2758         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2759         int arg;
2760         
2761         if (get_user(arg, _arg))
2762                 return -EFAULT;
2763         if (arg < 0 || arg > SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_TYPE_LAST)
2764                 return -EINVAL;
2765         runtime->tstamp_type = arg;
2766         return 0;
2767 }
2768                 
2769 static int snd_pcm_common_ioctl(struct file *file,
2770                                  struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2771                                  unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
2772 {
2773         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file = file->private_data;
2774
2775         switch (cmd) {
2776         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_PVERSION:
2777                 return put_user(SNDRV_PCM_VERSION, (int __user *)arg) ? -EFAULT : 0;
2778         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_INFO:
2779                 return snd_pcm_info_user(substream, arg);
2780         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_TSTAMP:    /* just for compatibility */
2781                 return 0;
2782         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_TTSTAMP:
2783                 return snd_pcm_tstamp(substream, arg);
2784         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_USER_PVERSION:
2785                 if (get_user(pcm_file->user_pversion,
2786                              (unsigned int __user *)arg))
2787                         return -EFAULT;
2788                 return 0;
2789         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_REFINE:
2790                 return snd_pcm_hw_refine_user(substream, arg);
2791         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_PARAMS:
2792                 return snd_pcm_hw_params_user(substream, arg);
2793         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_FREE:
2794                 return snd_pcm_hw_free(substream);
2795         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_SW_PARAMS:
2796                 return snd_pcm_sw_params_user(substream, arg);
2797         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_STATUS:
2798                 return snd_pcm_status_user(substream, arg, false);
2799         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_STATUS_EXT:
2800                 return snd_pcm_status_user(substream, arg, true);
2801         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_CHANNEL_INFO:
2802                 return snd_pcm_channel_info_user(substream, arg);
2803         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_PREPARE:
2804                 return snd_pcm_prepare(substream, file);
2805         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_RESET:
2806                 return snd_pcm_reset(substream);
2807         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_START:
2808                 return snd_pcm_start_lock_irq(substream);
2809         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_LINK:
2810                 return snd_pcm_link(substream, (int)(unsigned long) arg);
2811         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_UNLINK:
2812                 return snd_pcm_unlink(substream);
2813         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_RESUME:
2814                 return snd_pcm_resume(substream);
2815         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_XRUN:
2816                 return snd_pcm_xrun(substream);
2817         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HWSYNC:
2818                 return snd_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2819         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DELAY:
2820         {
2821                 snd_pcm_sframes_t delay = snd_pcm_delay(substream);
2822                 snd_pcm_sframes_t __user *res = arg;
2823
2824                 if (delay < 0)
2825                         return delay;
2826                 if (put_user(delay, res))
2827                         return -EFAULT;
2828                 return 0;
2829         }
2830         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_SYNC_PTR:
2831                 return snd_pcm_sync_ptr(substream, arg);
2832 #ifdef CONFIG_SND_SUPPORT_OLD_API
2833         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_REFINE_OLD:
2834                 return snd_pcm_hw_refine_old_user(substream, arg);
2835         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_PARAMS_OLD:
2836                 return snd_pcm_hw_params_old_user(substream, arg);
2837 #endif
2838         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DRAIN:
2839                 return snd_pcm_drain(substream, file);
2840         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DROP:
2841                 return snd_pcm_drop(substream);
2842         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_PAUSE:
2843                 return snd_pcm_action_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_action_pause,
2844                                                substream,
2845                                                (int)(unsigned long)arg);
2846         }
2847         pcm_dbg(substream->pcm, "unknown ioctl = 0x%x\n", cmd);
2848         return -ENOTTY;
2849 }
2850
2851 static int snd_pcm_common_ioctl1(struct file *file,
2852                                  struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2853                                  unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
2854 {
2855         struct snd_card *card = substream->pcm->card;
2856         int res;
2857
2858         snd_power_lock(card);
2859         res = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0);
2860         if (res >= 0)
2861                 res = snd_pcm_common_ioctl(file, substream, cmd, arg);
2862         snd_power_unlock(card);
2863         return res;
2864 }
2865
2866 static int snd_pcm_playback_ioctl1(struct file *file,
2867                                    struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2868                                    unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
2869 {
2870         if (PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(substream))
2871                 return -ENXIO;
2872         if (snd_BUG_ON(substream->stream != SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK))
2873                 return -EINVAL;
2874         switch (cmd) {
2875         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_WRITEI_FRAMES:
2876         {
2877                 struct snd_xferi xferi;
2878                 struct snd_xferi __user *_xferi = arg;
2879                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2880                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2881                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2882                         return -EBADFD;
2883                 if (put_user(0, &_xferi->result))
2884                         return -EFAULT;
2885                 if (copy_from_user(&xferi, _xferi, sizeof(xferi)))
2886                         return -EFAULT;
2887                 result = snd_pcm_lib_write(substream, xferi.buf, xferi.frames);
2888                 __put_user(result, &_xferi->result);
2889                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2890         }
2891         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_WRITEN_FRAMES:
2892         {
2893                 struct snd_xfern xfern;
2894                 struct snd_xfern __user *_xfern = arg;
2895                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2896                 void __user **bufs;
2897                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2898                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2899                         return -EBADFD;
2900                 if (runtime->channels > 128)
2901                         return -EINVAL;
2902                 if (put_user(0, &_xfern->result))
2903                         return -EFAULT;
2904                 if (copy_from_user(&xfern, _xfern, sizeof(xfern)))
2905                         return -EFAULT;
2906
2907                 bufs = memdup_user(xfern.bufs,
2908                                    sizeof(void *) * runtime->channels);
2909                 if (IS_ERR(bufs))
2910                         return PTR_ERR(bufs);
2911                 result = snd_pcm_lib_writev(substream, bufs, xfern.frames);
2912                 kfree(bufs);
2913                 __put_user(result, &_xfern->result);
2914                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2915         }
2916         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_REWIND:
2917         {
2918                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2919                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
2920                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2921                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
2922                         return -EFAULT;
2923                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
2924                         return -EFAULT;
2925                 result = snd_pcm_playback_rewind(substream, frames);
2926                 __put_user(result, _frames);
2927                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2928         }
2929         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_FORWARD:
2930         {
2931                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2932                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
2933                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2934                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
2935                         return -EFAULT;
2936                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
2937                         return -EFAULT;
2938                 result = snd_pcm_playback_forward(substream, frames);
2939                 __put_user(result, _frames);
2940                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2941         }
2942         }
2943         return snd_pcm_common_ioctl1(file, substream, cmd, arg);
2944 }
2945
2946 static int snd_pcm_capture_ioctl1(struct file *file,
2947                                   struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2948                                   unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
2949 {
2950         if (PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(substream))
2951                 return -ENXIO;
2952         if (snd_BUG_ON(substream->stream != SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))
2953                 return -EINVAL;
2954         switch (cmd) {
2955         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_READI_FRAMES:
2956         {
2957                 struct snd_xferi xferi;
2958                 struct snd_xferi __user *_xferi = arg;
2959                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2960                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2961                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2962                         return -EBADFD;
2963                 if (put_user(0, &_xferi->result))
2964                         return -EFAULT;
2965                 if (copy_from_user(&xferi, _xferi, sizeof(xferi)))
2966                         return -EFAULT;
2967                 result = snd_pcm_lib_read(substream, xferi.buf, xferi.frames);
2968                 __put_user(result, &_xferi->result);
2969                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2970         }
2971         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_READN_FRAMES:
2972         {
2973                 struct snd_xfern xfern;
2974                 struct snd_xfern __user *_xfern = arg;
2975                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2976                 void *bufs;
2977                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2978                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2979                         return -EBADFD;
2980                 if (runtime->channels > 128)
2981                         return -EINVAL;
2982                 if (put_user(0, &_xfern->result))
2983                         return -EFAULT;
2984                 if (copy_from_user(&xfern, _xfern, sizeof(xfern)))
2985                         return -EFAULT;
2986
2987                 bufs = memdup_user(xfern.bufs,
2988                                    sizeof(void *) * runtime->channels);
2989                 if (IS_ERR(bufs))
2990                         return PTR_ERR(bufs);
2991                 result = snd_pcm_lib_readv(substream, bufs, xfern.frames);
2992                 kfree(bufs);
2993                 __put_user(result, &_xfern->result);
2994                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2995         }
2996         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_REWIND:
2997         {
2998                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2999                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
3000                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
3001                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
3002                         return -EFAULT;
3003                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
3004                         return -EFAULT;
3005                 result = snd_pcm_capture_rewind(substream, frames);
3006                 __put_user(result, _frames);
3007                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
3008         }
3009         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_FORWARD:
3010         {
3011                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
3012                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
3013                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
3014                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
3015                         return -EFAULT;
3016                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
3017                         return -EFAULT;
3018                 result = snd_pcm_capture_forward(substream, frames);
3019                 __put_user(result, _frames);
3020                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
3021         }
3022         }
3023         return snd_pcm_common_ioctl1(file, substream, cmd, arg);
3024 }
3025
3026 static long snd_pcm_playback_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
3027                                    unsigned long arg)
3028 {
3029         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
3030
3031         pcm_file = file->private_data;
3032
3033         if (((cmd >> 8) & 0xff) != 'A')
3034                 return -ENOTTY;
3035
3036         return snd_pcm_playback_ioctl1(file, pcm_file->substream, cmd,
3037                                        (void __user *)arg);
3038 }
3039
3040 static long snd_pcm_capture_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
3041                                   unsigned long arg)
3042 {
3043         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
3044
3045         pcm_file = file->private_data;
3046
3047         if (((cmd >> 8) & 0xff) != 'A')
3048                 return -ENOTTY;
3049
3050         return snd_pcm_capture_ioctl1(file, pcm_file->substream, cmd,
3051                                       (void __user *)arg);
3052 }
3053
3054 /**
3055  * snd_pcm_kernel_ioctl - Execute PCM ioctl in the kernel-space
3056  * @substream: PCM substream
3057  * @cmd: IOCTL cmd
3058  * @arg: IOCTL argument
3059  *
3060  * The function is provided primarily for OSS layer and USB gadget drivers,
3061  * and it allows only the limited set of ioctls (hw_params, sw_params,
3062  * prepare, start, drain, drop, forward).
3063  */
3064 int snd_pcm_kernel_ioctl(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
3065                          unsigned int cmd, void *arg)
3066 {
3067         snd_pcm_uframes_t *frames = arg;
3068         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
3069         
3070         switch (cmd) {
3071         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_FORWARD:
3072         {
3073                 /* provided only for OSS; capture-only and no value returned */
3074                 if (substream->stream != SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)
3075                         return -EINVAL;
3076                 result = snd_pcm_capture_forward(substream, *frames);
3077                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
3078         }
3079         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_PARAMS:
3080                 return snd_pcm_hw_params(substream, arg);
3081         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_SW_PARAMS:
3082                 return snd_pcm_sw_params(substream, arg);
3083         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_PREPARE:
3084                 return snd_pcm_prepare(substream, NULL);
3085         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_START:
3086                 return snd_pcm_start_lock_irq(substream);
3087         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DRAIN:
3088                 return snd_pcm_drain(substream, NULL);
3089         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DROP:
3090                 return snd_pcm_drop(substream);
3091         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DELAY:
3092         {
3093                 result = snd_pcm_delay(substream);
3094                 if (result < 0)
3095                         return result;
3096                 *frames = result;
3097                 return 0;
3098         }
3099         default:
3100                 return -EINVAL;
3101         }
3102 }
3103 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_kernel_ioctl);
3104
3105 static ssize_t snd_pcm_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count,
3106                             loff_t * offset)
3107 {
3108         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
3109         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
3110         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3111         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
3112
3113         pcm_file = file->private_data;
3114         substream = pcm_file->substream;
3115         if (PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(substream))
3116                 return -ENXIO;
3117         runtime = substream->runtime;
3118         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
3119                 return -EBADFD;
3120         if (!frame_aligned(runtime, count))
3121                 return -EINVAL;
3122         count = bytes_to_frames(runtime, count);
3123         result = snd_pcm_lib_read(substream, buf, count);
3124         if (result > 0)
3125                 result = frames_to_bytes(runtime, result);
3126         return result;
3127 }
3128
3129 static ssize_t snd_pcm_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
3130                              size_t count, loff_t * offset)
3131 {
3132         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
3133         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
3134         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3135         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
3136
3137         pcm_file = file->private_data;
3138         substream = pcm_file->substream;
3139         if (PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(substream))
3140                 return -ENXIO;
3141         runtime = substream->runtime;
3142         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
3143                 return -EBADFD;
3144         if (!frame_aligned(runtime, count))
3145                 return -EINVAL;
3146         count = bytes_to_frames(runtime, count);
3147         result = snd_pcm_lib_write(substream, buf, count);
3148         if (result > 0)
3149                 result = frames_to_bytes(runtime, result);
3150         return result;
3151 }
3152
3153 static ssize_t snd_pcm_readv(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to)
3154 {
3155         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
3156         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
3157         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3158         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
3159         unsigned long i;
3160         void __user **bufs;
3161         snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
3162
3163         pcm_file = iocb->ki_filp->private_data;
3164         substream = pcm_file->substream;
3165         if (PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(substream))
3166                 return -ENXIO;
3167         runtime = substream->runtime;
3168         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
3169                 return -EBADFD;
3170         if (!iter_is_iovec(to))
3171                 return -EINVAL;
3172         if (to->nr_segs > 1024 || to->nr_segs != runtime->channels)
3173                 return -EINVAL;
3174         if (!frame_aligned(runtime, to->iov->iov_len))
3175                 return -EINVAL;
3176         frames = bytes_to_samples(runtime, to->iov->iov_len);
3177         bufs = kmalloc(sizeof(void *) * to->nr_segs, GFP_KERNEL);
3178         if (bufs == NULL)
3179                 return -ENOMEM;
3180         for (i = 0; i < to->nr_segs; ++i)
3181                 bufs[i] = to->iov[i].iov_base;
3182         result = snd_pcm_lib_readv(substream, bufs, frames);
3183         if (result > 0)
3184                 result = frames_to_bytes(runtime, result);
3185         kfree(bufs);
3186         return result;
3187 }
3188
3189 static ssize_t snd_pcm_writev(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from)
3190 {
3191         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
3192         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
3193         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3194         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
3195         unsigned long i;
3196         void __user **bufs;
3197         snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
3198
3199         pcm_file = iocb->ki_filp->private_data;
3200         substream = pcm_file->substream;
3201         if (PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(substream))
3202                 return -ENXIO;
3203         runtime = substream->runtime;
3204         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
3205                 return -EBADFD;
3206         if (!iter_is_iovec(from))
3207                 return -EINVAL;
3208         if (from->nr_segs > 128 || from->nr_segs != runtime->channels ||
3209             !frame_aligned(runtime, from->iov->iov_len))
3210                 return -EINVAL;
3211         frames = bytes_to_samples(runtime, from->iov->iov_len);<