Merge tag 'pidfd-updates-v5.3' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/braun...
[sfrench/cifs-2.6.git] / kernel / fork.c
1 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
2 /*
3  *  linux/kernel/fork.c
4  *
5  *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
6  */
7
8 /*
9  *  'fork.c' contains the help-routines for the 'fork' system call
10  * (see also entry.S and others).
11  * Fork is rather simple, once you get the hang of it, but the memory
12  * management can be a bitch. See 'mm/memory.c': 'copy_page_range()'
13  */
14
15 #include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
16 #include <linux/slab.h>
17 #include <linux/sched/autogroup.h>
18 #include <linux/sched/mm.h>
19 #include <linux/sched/coredump.h>
20 #include <linux/sched/user.h>
21 #include <linux/sched/numa_balancing.h>
22 #include <linux/sched/stat.h>
23 #include <linux/sched/task.h>
24 #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
25 #include <linux/sched/cputime.h>
26 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
27 #include <linux/rtmutex.h>
28 #include <linux/init.h>
29 #include <linux/unistd.h>
30 #include <linux/module.h>
31 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
32 #include <linux/completion.h>
33 #include <linux/personality.h>
34 #include <linux/mempolicy.h>
35 #include <linux/sem.h>
36 #include <linux/file.h>
37 #include <linux/fdtable.h>
38 #include <linux/iocontext.h>
39 #include <linux/key.h>
40 #include <linux/binfmts.h>
41 #include <linux/mman.h>
42 #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
43 #include <linux/hmm.h>
44 #include <linux/fs.h>
45 #include <linux/mm.h>
46 #include <linux/vmacache.h>
47 #include <linux/nsproxy.h>
48 #include <linux/capability.h>
49 #include <linux/cpu.h>
50 #include <linux/cgroup.h>
51 #include <linux/security.h>
52 #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
53 #include <linux/seccomp.h>
54 #include <linux/swap.h>
55 #include <linux/syscalls.h>
56 #include <linux/jiffies.h>
57 #include <linux/futex.h>
58 #include <linux/compat.h>
59 #include <linux/kthread.h>
60 #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h>
61 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
62 #include <linux/ptrace.h>
63 #include <linux/mount.h>
64 #include <linux/audit.h>
65 #include <linux/memcontrol.h>
66 #include <linux/ftrace.h>
67 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
68 #include <linux/profile.h>
69 #include <linux/rmap.h>
70 #include <linux/ksm.h>
71 #include <linux/acct.h>
72 #include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h>
73 #include <linux/tsacct_kern.h>
74 #include <linux/cn_proc.h>
75 #include <linux/freezer.h>
76 #include <linux/delayacct.h>
77 #include <linux/taskstats_kern.h>
78 #include <linux/random.h>
79 #include <linux/tty.h>
80 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
81 #include <linux/fs_struct.h>
82 #include <linux/magic.h>
83 #include <linux/perf_event.h>
84 #include <linux/posix-timers.h>
85 #include <linux/user-return-notifier.h>
86 #include <linux/oom.h>
87 #include <linux/khugepaged.h>
88 #include <linux/signalfd.h>
89 #include <linux/uprobes.h>
90 #include <linux/aio.h>
91 #include <linux/compiler.h>
92 #include <linux/sysctl.h>
93 #include <linux/kcov.h>
94 #include <linux/livepatch.h>
95 #include <linux/thread_info.h>
96 #include <linux/stackleak.h>
97
98 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
99 #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
100 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
101 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
102 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
103 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
104
105 #include <trace/events/sched.h>
106
107 #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
108 #include <trace/events/task.h>
109
110 /*
111  * Minimum number of threads to boot the kernel
112  */
113 #define MIN_THREADS 20
114
115 /*
116  * Maximum number of threads
117  */
118 #define MAX_THREADS FUTEX_TID_MASK
119
120 /*
121  * Protected counters by write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock)
122  */
123 unsigned long total_forks;      /* Handle normal Linux uptimes. */
124 int nr_threads;                 /* The idle threads do not count.. */
125
126 static int max_threads;         /* tunable limit on nr_threads */
127
128 DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, process_counts) = 0;
129
130 __cacheline_aligned DEFINE_RWLOCK(tasklist_lock);  /* outer */
131
132 #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU
133 int lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held(void)
134 {
135         return lockdep_is_held(&tasklist_lock);
136 }
137 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held);
138 #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */
139
140 int nr_processes(void)
141 {
142         int cpu;
143         int total = 0;
144
145         for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
146                 total += per_cpu(process_counts, cpu);
147
148         return total;
149 }
150
151 void __weak arch_release_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
152 {
153 }
154
155 #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR
156 static struct kmem_cache *task_struct_cachep;
157
158 static inline struct task_struct *alloc_task_struct_node(int node)
159 {
160         return kmem_cache_alloc_node(task_struct_cachep, GFP_KERNEL, node);
161 }
162
163 static inline void free_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
164 {
165         kmem_cache_free(task_struct_cachep, tsk);
166 }
167 #endif
168
169 #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_THREAD_STACK_ALLOCATOR
170
171 /*
172  * Allocate pages if THREAD_SIZE is >= PAGE_SIZE, otherwise use a
173  * kmemcache based allocator.
174  */
175 # if THREAD_SIZE >= PAGE_SIZE || defined(CONFIG_VMAP_STACK)
176
177 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
178 /*
179  * vmalloc() is a bit slow, and calling vfree() enough times will force a TLB
180  * flush.  Try to minimize the number of calls by caching stacks.
181  */
182 #define NR_CACHED_STACKS 2
183 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vm_struct *, cached_stacks[NR_CACHED_STACKS]);
184
185 static int free_vm_stack_cache(unsigned int cpu)
186 {
187         struct vm_struct **cached_vm_stacks = per_cpu_ptr(cached_stacks, cpu);
188         int i;
189
190         for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) {
191                 struct vm_struct *vm_stack = cached_vm_stacks[i];
192
193                 if (!vm_stack)
194                         continue;
195
196                 vfree(vm_stack->addr);
197                 cached_vm_stacks[i] = NULL;
198         }
199
200         return 0;
201 }
202 #endif
203
204 static unsigned long *alloc_thread_stack_node(struct task_struct *tsk, int node)
205 {
206 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
207         void *stack;
208         int i;
209
210         for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) {
211                 struct vm_struct *s;
212
213                 s = this_cpu_xchg(cached_stacks[i], NULL);
214
215                 if (!s)
216                         continue;
217
218                 /* Clear stale pointers from reused stack. */
219                 memset(s->addr, 0, THREAD_SIZE);
220
221                 tsk->stack_vm_area = s;
222                 tsk->stack = s->addr;
223                 return s->addr;
224         }
225
226         /*
227          * Allocated stacks are cached and later reused by new threads,
228          * so memcg accounting is performed manually on assigning/releasing
229          * stacks to tasks. Drop __GFP_ACCOUNT.
230          */
231         stack = __vmalloc_node_range(THREAD_SIZE, THREAD_ALIGN,
232                                      VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END,
233                                      THREADINFO_GFP & ~__GFP_ACCOUNT,
234                                      PAGE_KERNEL,
235                                      0, node, __builtin_return_address(0));
236
237         /*
238          * We can't call find_vm_area() in interrupt context, and
239          * free_thread_stack() can be called in interrupt context,
240          * so cache the vm_struct.
241          */
242         if (stack) {
243                 tsk->stack_vm_area = find_vm_area(stack);
244                 tsk->stack = stack;
245         }
246         return stack;
247 #else
248         struct page *page = alloc_pages_node(node, THREADINFO_GFP,
249                                              THREAD_SIZE_ORDER);
250
251         if (likely(page)) {
252                 tsk->stack = page_address(page);
253                 return tsk->stack;
254         }
255         return NULL;
256 #endif
257 }
258
259 static inline void free_thread_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
260 {
261 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
262         struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk);
263
264         if (vm) {
265                 int i;
266
267                 for (i = 0; i < THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE; i++) {
268                         mod_memcg_page_state(vm->pages[i],
269                                              MEMCG_KERNEL_STACK_KB,
270                                              -(int)(PAGE_SIZE / 1024));
271
272                         memcg_kmem_uncharge(vm->pages[i], 0);
273                 }
274
275                 for (i = 0; i < NR_CACHED_STACKS; i++) {
276                         if (this_cpu_cmpxchg(cached_stacks[i],
277                                         NULL, tsk->stack_vm_area) != NULL)
278                                 continue;
279
280                         return;
281                 }
282
283                 vfree_atomic(tsk->stack);
284                 return;
285         }
286 #endif
287
288         __free_pages(virt_to_page(tsk->stack), THREAD_SIZE_ORDER);
289 }
290 # else
291 static struct kmem_cache *thread_stack_cache;
292
293 static unsigned long *alloc_thread_stack_node(struct task_struct *tsk,
294                                                   int node)
295 {
296         unsigned long *stack;
297         stack = kmem_cache_alloc_node(thread_stack_cache, THREADINFO_GFP, node);
298         tsk->stack = stack;
299         return stack;
300 }
301
302 static void free_thread_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
303 {
304         kmem_cache_free(thread_stack_cache, tsk->stack);
305 }
306
307 void thread_stack_cache_init(void)
308 {
309         thread_stack_cache = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("thread_stack",
310                                         THREAD_SIZE, THREAD_SIZE, 0, 0,
311                                         THREAD_SIZE, NULL);
312         BUG_ON(thread_stack_cache == NULL);
313 }
314 # endif
315 #endif
316
317 /* SLAB cache for signal_struct structures (tsk->signal) */
318 static struct kmem_cache *signal_cachep;
319
320 /* SLAB cache for sighand_struct structures (tsk->sighand) */
321 struct kmem_cache *sighand_cachep;
322
323 /* SLAB cache for files_struct structures (tsk->files) */
324 struct kmem_cache *files_cachep;
325
326 /* SLAB cache for fs_struct structures (tsk->fs) */
327 struct kmem_cache *fs_cachep;
328
329 /* SLAB cache for vm_area_struct structures */
330 static struct kmem_cache *vm_area_cachep;
331
332 /* SLAB cache for mm_struct structures (tsk->mm) */
333 static struct kmem_cache *mm_cachep;
334
335 struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm)
336 {
337         struct vm_area_struct *vma;
338
339         vma = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
340         if (vma)
341                 vma_init(vma, mm);
342         return vma;
343 }
344
345 struct vm_area_struct *vm_area_dup(struct vm_area_struct *orig)
346 {
347         struct vm_area_struct *new = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
348
349         if (new) {
350                 *new = *orig;
351                 INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new->anon_vma_chain);
352         }
353         return new;
354 }
355
356 void vm_area_free(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
357 {
358         kmem_cache_free(vm_area_cachep, vma);
359 }
360
361 static void account_kernel_stack(struct task_struct *tsk, int account)
362 {
363         void *stack = task_stack_page(tsk);
364         struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk);
365
366         BUILD_BUG_ON(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VMAP_STACK) && PAGE_SIZE % 1024 != 0);
367
368         if (vm) {
369                 int i;
370
371                 BUG_ON(vm->nr_pages != THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE);
372
373                 for (i = 0; i < THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE; i++) {
374                         mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(vm->pages[i]),
375                                             NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB,
376                                             PAGE_SIZE / 1024 * account);
377                 }
378         } else {
379                 /*
380                  * All stack pages are in the same zone and belong to the
381                  * same memcg.
382                  */
383                 struct page *first_page = virt_to_page(stack);
384
385                 mod_zone_page_state(page_zone(first_page), NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB,
386                                     THREAD_SIZE / 1024 * account);
387
388                 mod_memcg_page_state(first_page, MEMCG_KERNEL_STACK_KB,
389                                      account * (THREAD_SIZE / 1024));
390         }
391 }
392
393 static int memcg_charge_kernel_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
394 {
395 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
396         struct vm_struct *vm = task_stack_vm_area(tsk);
397         int ret;
398
399         if (vm) {
400                 int i;
401
402                 for (i = 0; i < THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE; i++) {
403                         /*
404                          * If memcg_kmem_charge() fails, page->mem_cgroup
405                          * pointer is NULL, and both memcg_kmem_uncharge()
406                          * and mod_memcg_page_state() in free_thread_stack()
407                          * will ignore this page. So it's safe.
408                          */
409                         ret = memcg_kmem_charge(vm->pages[i], GFP_KERNEL, 0);
410                         if (ret)
411                                 return ret;
412
413                         mod_memcg_page_state(vm->pages[i],
414                                              MEMCG_KERNEL_STACK_KB,
415                                              PAGE_SIZE / 1024);
416                 }
417         }
418 #endif
419         return 0;
420 }
421
422 static void release_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
423 {
424         if (WARN_ON(tsk->state != TASK_DEAD))
425                 return;  /* Better to leak the stack than to free prematurely */
426
427         account_kernel_stack(tsk, -1);
428         free_thread_stack(tsk);
429         tsk->stack = NULL;
430 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
431         tsk->stack_vm_area = NULL;
432 #endif
433 }
434
435 #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
436 void put_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
437 {
438         if (refcount_dec_and_test(&tsk->stack_refcount))
439                 release_task_stack(tsk);
440 }
441 #endif
442
443 void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
444 {
445 #ifndef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
446         /*
447          * The task is finally done with both the stack and thread_info,
448          * so free both.
449          */
450         release_task_stack(tsk);
451 #else
452         /*
453          * If the task had a separate stack allocation, it should be gone
454          * by now.
455          */
456         WARN_ON_ONCE(refcount_read(&tsk->stack_refcount) != 0);
457 #endif
458         rt_mutex_debug_task_free(tsk);
459         ftrace_graph_exit_task(tsk);
460         put_seccomp_filter(tsk);
461         arch_release_task_struct(tsk);
462         if (tsk->flags & PF_KTHREAD)
463                 free_kthread_struct(tsk);
464         free_task_struct(tsk);
465 }
466 EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_task);
467
468 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
469 static __latent_entropy int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm,
470                                         struct mm_struct *oldmm)
471 {
472         struct vm_area_struct *mpnt, *tmp, *prev, **pprev;
473         struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent;
474         int retval;
475         unsigned long charge;
476         LIST_HEAD(uf);
477
478         uprobe_start_dup_mmap();
479         if (down_write_killable(&oldmm->mmap_sem)) {
480                 retval = -EINTR;
481                 goto fail_uprobe_end;
482         }
483         flush_cache_dup_mm(oldmm);
484         uprobe_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm);
485         /*
486          * Not linked in yet - no deadlock potential:
487          */
488         down_write_nested(&mm->mmap_sem, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
489
490         /* No ordering required: file already has been exposed. */
491         RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, get_mm_exe_file(oldmm));
492
493         mm->total_vm = oldmm->total_vm;
494         mm->data_vm = oldmm->data_vm;
495         mm->exec_vm = oldmm->exec_vm;
496         mm->stack_vm = oldmm->stack_vm;
497
498         rb_link = &mm->mm_rb.rb_node;
499         rb_parent = NULL;
500         pprev = &mm->mmap;
501         retval = ksm_fork(mm, oldmm);
502         if (retval)
503                 goto out;
504         retval = khugepaged_fork(mm, oldmm);
505         if (retval)
506                 goto out;
507
508         prev = NULL;
509         for (mpnt = oldmm->mmap; mpnt; mpnt = mpnt->vm_next) {
510                 struct file *file;
511
512                 if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_DONTCOPY) {
513                         vm_stat_account(mm, mpnt->vm_flags, -vma_pages(mpnt));
514                         continue;
515                 }
516                 charge = 0;
517                 /*
518                  * Don't duplicate many vmas if we've been oom-killed (for
519                  * example)
520                  */
521                 if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
522                         retval = -EINTR;
523                         goto out;
524                 }
525                 if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) {
526                         unsigned long len = vma_pages(mpnt);
527
528                         if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(oldmm, len)) /* sic */
529                                 goto fail_nomem;
530                         charge = len;
531                 }
532                 tmp = vm_area_dup(mpnt);
533                 if (!tmp)
534                         goto fail_nomem;
535                 retval = vma_dup_policy(mpnt, tmp);
536                 if (retval)
537                         goto fail_nomem_policy;
538                 tmp->vm_mm = mm;
539                 retval = dup_userfaultfd(tmp, &uf);
540                 if (retval)
541                         goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork;
542                 if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_WIPEONFORK) {
543                         /* VM_WIPEONFORK gets a clean slate in the child. */
544                         tmp->anon_vma = NULL;
545                         if (anon_vma_prepare(tmp))
546                                 goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork;
547                 } else if (anon_vma_fork(tmp, mpnt))
548                         goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork;
549                 tmp->vm_flags &= ~(VM_LOCKED | VM_LOCKONFAULT);
550                 tmp->vm_next = tmp->vm_prev = NULL;
551                 file = tmp->vm_file;
552                 if (file) {
553                         struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
554                         struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
555
556                         get_file(file);
557                         if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE)
558                                 atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount);
559                         i_mmap_lock_write(mapping);
560                         if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
561                                 atomic_inc(&mapping->i_mmap_writable);
562                         flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping);
563                         /* insert tmp into the share list, just after mpnt */
564                         vma_interval_tree_insert_after(tmp, mpnt,
565                                         &mapping->i_mmap);
566                         flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping);
567                         i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping);
568                 }
569
570                 /*
571                  * Clear hugetlb-related page reserves for children. This only
572                  * affects MAP_PRIVATE mappings. Faults generated by the child
573                  * are not guaranteed to succeed, even if read-only
574                  */
575                 if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(tmp))
576                         reset_vma_resv_huge_pages(tmp);
577
578                 /*
579                  * Link in the new vma and copy the page table entries.
580                  */
581                 *pprev = tmp;
582                 pprev = &tmp->vm_next;
583                 tmp->vm_prev = prev;
584                 prev = tmp;
585
586                 __vma_link_rb(mm, tmp, rb_link, rb_parent);
587                 rb_link = &tmp->vm_rb.rb_right;
588                 rb_parent = &tmp->vm_rb;
589
590                 mm->map_count++;
591                 if (!(tmp->vm_flags & VM_WIPEONFORK))
592                         retval = copy_page_range(mm, oldmm, mpnt);
593
594                 if (tmp->vm_ops && tmp->vm_ops->open)
595                         tmp->vm_ops->open(tmp);
596
597                 if (retval)
598                         goto out;
599         }
600         /* a new mm has just been created */
601         retval = arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm);
602 out:
603         up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
604         flush_tlb_mm(oldmm);
605         up_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
606         dup_userfaultfd_complete(&uf);
607 fail_uprobe_end:
608         uprobe_end_dup_mmap();
609         return retval;
610 fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork:
611         mpol_put(vma_policy(tmp));
612 fail_nomem_policy:
613         vm_area_free(tmp);
614 fail_nomem:
615         retval = -ENOMEM;
616         vm_unacct_memory(charge);
617         goto out;
618 }
619
620 static inline int mm_alloc_pgd(struct mm_struct *mm)
621 {
622         mm->pgd = pgd_alloc(mm);
623         if (unlikely(!mm->pgd))
624                 return -ENOMEM;
625         return 0;
626 }
627
628 static inline void mm_free_pgd(struct mm_struct *mm)
629 {
630         pgd_free(mm, mm->pgd);
631 }
632 #else
633 static int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm)
634 {
635         down_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
636         RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, get_mm_exe_file(oldmm));
637         up_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
638         return 0;
639 }
640 #define mm_alloc_pgd(mm)        (0)
641 #define mm_free_pgd(mm)
642 #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
643
644 static void check_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
645 {
646         int i;
647
648         for (i = 0; i < NR_MM_COUNTERS; i++) {
649                 long x = atomic_long_read(&mm->rss_stat.count[i]);
650
651                 if (unlikely(x))
652                         printk(KERN_ALERT "BUG: Bad rss-counter state "
653                                           "mm:%p idx:%d val:%ld\n", mm, i, x);
654         }
655
656         if (mm_pgtables_bytes(mm))
657                 pr_alert("BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: %ld\n",
658                                 mm_pgtables_bytes(mm));
659
660 #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS
661         VM_BUG_ON_MM(mm->pmd_huge_pte, mm);
662 #endif
663 }
664
665 #define allocate_mm()   (kmem_cache_alloc(mm_cachep, GFP_KERNEL))
666 #define free_mm(mm)     (kmem_cache_free(mm_cachep, (mm)))
667
668 /*
669  * Called when the last reference to the mm
670  * is dropped: either by a lazy thread or by
671  * mmput. Free the page directory and the mm.
672  */
673 void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm)
674 {
675         BUG_ON(mm == &init_mm);
676         WARN_ON_ONCE(mm == current->mm);
677         WARN_ON_ONCE(mm == current->active_mm);
678         mm_free_pgd(mm);
679         destroy_context(mm);
680         hmm_mm_destroy(mm);
681         mmu_notifier_mm_destroy(mm);
682         check_mm(mm);
683         put_user_ns(mm->user_ns);
684         free_mm(mm);
685 }
686 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mmdrop);
687
688 static void mmdrop_async_fn(struct work_struct *work)
689 {
690         struct mm_struct *mm;
691
692         mm = container_of(work, struct mm_struct, async_put_work);
693         __mmdrop(mm);
694 }
695
696 static void mmdrop_async(struct mm_struct *mm)
697 {
698         if (unlikely(atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_count))) {
699                 INIT_WORK(&mm->async_put_work, mmdrop_async_fn);
700                 schedule_work(&mm->async_put_work);
701         }
702 }
703
704 static inline void free_signal_struct(struct signal_struct *sig)
705 {
706         taskstats_tgid_free(sig);
707         sched_autogroup_exit(sig);
708         /*
709          * __mmdrop is not safe to call from softirq context on x86 due to
710          * pgd_dtor so postpone it to the async context
711          */
712         if (sig->oom_mm)
713                 mmdrop_async(sig->oom_mm);
714         kmem_cache_free(signal_cachep, sig);
715 }
716
717 static inline void put_signal_struct(struct signal_struct *sig)
718 {
719         if (refcount_dec_and_test(&sig->sigcnt))
720                 free_signal_struct(sig);
721 }
722
723 void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
724 {
725         WARN_ON(!tsk->exit_state);
726         WARN_ON(refcount_read(&tsk->usage));
727         WARN_ON(tsk == current);
728
729         cgroup_free(tsk);
730         task_numa_free(tsk);
731         security_task_free(tsk);
732         exit_creds(tsk);
733         delayacct_tsk_free(tsk);
734         put_signal_struct(tsk->signal);
735
736         if (!profile_handoff_task(tsk))
737                 free_task(tsk);
738 }
739 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__put_task_struct);
740
741 void __init __weak arch_task_cache_init(void) { }
742
743 /*
744  * set_max_threads
745  */
746 static void set_max_threads(unsigned int max_threads_suggested)
747 {
748         u64 threads;
749         unsigned long nr_pages = totalram_pages();
750
751         /*
752          * The number of threads shall be limited such that the thread
753          * structures may only consume a small part of the available memory.
754          */
755         if (fls64(nr_pages) + fls64(PAGE_SIZE) > 64)
756                 threads = MAX_THREADS;
757         else
758                 threads = div64_u64((u64) nr_pages * (u64) PAGE_SIZE,
759                                     (u64) THREAD_SIZE * 8UL);
760
761         if (threads > max_threads_suggested)
762                 threads = max_threads_suggested;
763
764         max_threads = clamp_t(u64, threads, MIN_THREADS, MAX_THREADS);
765 }
766
767 #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANTS_DYNAMIC_TASK_STRUCT
768 /* Initialized by the architecture: */
769 int arch_task_struct_size __read_mostly;
770 #endif
771
772 static void task_struct_whitelist(unsigned long *offset, unsigned long *size)
773 {
774         /* Fetch thread_struct whitelist for the architecture. */
775         arch_thread_struct_whitelist(offset, size);
776
777         /*
778          * Handle zero-sized whitelist or empty thread_struct, otherwise
779          * adjust offset to position of thread_struct in task_struct.
780          */
781         if (unlikely(*size == 0))
782                 *offset = 0;
783         else
784                 *offset += offsetof(struct task_struct, thread);
785 }
786
787 void __init fork_init(void)
788 {
789         int i;
790 #ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR
791 #ifndef ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN
792 #define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN      0
793 #endif
794         int align = max_t(int, L1_CACHE_BYTES, ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN);
795         unsigned long useroffset, usersize;
796
797         /* create a slab on which task_structs can be allocated */
798         task_struct_whitelist(&useroffset, &usersize);
799         task_struct_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("task_struct",
800                         arch_task_struct_size, align,
801                         SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT,
802                         useroffset, usersize, NULL);
803 #endif
804
805         /* do the arch specific task caches init */
806         arch_task_cache_init();
807
808         set_max_threads(MAX_THREADS);
809
810         init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur = max_threads/2;
811         init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_max = max_threads/2;
812         init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] =
813                 init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC];
814
815         for (i = 0; i < UCOUNT_COUNTS; i++) {
816                 init_user_ns.ucount_max[i] = max_threads/2;
817         }
818
819 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
820         cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_BP_PREPARE_DYN, "fork:vm_stack_cache",
821                           NULL, free_vm_stack_cache);
822 #endif
823
824         lockdep_init_task(&init_task);
825         uprobes_init();
826 }
827
828 int __weak arch_dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *dst,
829                                                struct task_struct *src)
830 {
831         *dst = *src;
832         return 0;
833 }
834
835 void set_task_stack_end_magic(struct task_struct *tsk)
836 {
837         unsigned long *stackend;
838
839         stackend = end_of_stack(tsk);
840         *stackend = STACK_END_MAGIC;    /* for overflow detection */
841 }
842
843 static struct task_struct *dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *orig, int node)
844 {
845         struct task_struct *tsk;
846         unsigned long *stack;
847         struct vm_struct *stack_vm_area __maybe_unused;
848         int err;
849
850         if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE)
851                 node = tsk_fork_get_node(orig);
852         tsk = alloc_task_struct_node(node);
853         if (!tsk)
854                 return NULL;
855
856         stack = alloc_thread_stack_node(tsk, node);
857         if (!stack)
858                 goto free_tsk;
859
860         if (memcg_charge_kernel_stack(tsk))
861                 goto free_stack;
862
863         stack_vm_area = task_stack_vm_area(tsk);
864
865         err = arch_dup_task_struct(tsk, orig);
866
867         /*
868          * arch_dup_task_struct() clobbers the stack-related fields.  Make
869          * sure they're properly initialized before using any stack-related
870          * functions again.
871          */
872         tsk->stack = stack;
873 #ifdef CONFIG_VMAP_STACK
874         tsk->stack_vm_area = stack_vm_area;
875 #endif
876 #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
877         refcount_set(&tsk->stack_refcount, 1);
878 #endif
879
880         if (err)
881                 goto free_stack;
882
883 #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP
884         /*
885          * We must handle setting up seccomp filters once we're under
886          * the sighand lock in case orig has changed between now and
887          * then. Until then, filter must be NULL to avoid messing up
888          * the usage counts on the error path calling free_task.
889          */
890         tsk->seccomp.filter = NULL;
891 #endif
892
893         setup_thread_stack(tsk, orig);
894         clear_user_return_notifier(tsk);
895         clear_tsk_need_resched(tsk);
896         set_task_stack_end_magic(tsk);
897
898 #ifdef CONFIG_STACKPROTECTOR
899         tsk->stack_canary = get_random_canary();
900 #endif
901         if (orig->cpus_ptr == &orig->cpus_mask)
902                 tsk->cpus_ptr = &tsk->cpus_mask;
903
904         /*
905          * One for us, one for whoever does the "release_task()" (usually
906          * parent)
907          */
908         refcount_set(&tsk->usage, 2);
909 #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE
910         tsk->btrace_seq = 0;
911 #endif
912         tsk->splice_pipe = NULL;
913         tsk->task_frag.page = NULL;
914         tsk->wake_q.next = NULL;
915
916         account_kernel_stack(tsk, 1);
917
918         kcov_task_init(tsk);
919
920 #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION
921         tsk->fail_nth = 0;
922 #endif
923
924 #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_CGROUP
925         tsk->throttle_queue = NULL;
926         tsk->use_memdelay = 0;
927 #endif
928
929 #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
930         tsk->active_memcg = NULL;
931 #endif
932         return tsk;
933
934 free_stack:
935         free_thread_stack(tsk);
936 free_tsk:
937         free_task_struct(tsk);
938         return NULL;
939 }
940
941 __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mmlist_lock);
942
943 static unsigned long default_dump_filter = MMF_DUMP_FILTER_DEFAULT;
944
945 static int __init coredump_filter_setup(char *s)
946 {
947         default_dump_filter =
948                 (simple_strtoul(s, NULL, 0) << MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT) &
949                 MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK;
950         return 1;
951 }
952
953 __setup("coredump_filter=", coredump_filter_setup);
954
955 #include <linux/init_task.h>
956
957 static void mm_init_aio(struct mm_struct *mm)
958 {
959 #ifdef CONFIG_AIO
960         spin_lock_init(&mm->ioctx_lock);
961         mm->ioctx_table = NULL;
962 #endif
963 }
964
965 static __always_inline void mm_clear_owner(struct mm_struct *mm,
966                                            struct task_struct *p)
967 {
968 #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
969         if (mm->owner == p)
970                 WRITE_ONCE(mm->owner, NULL);
971 #endif
972 }
973
974 static void mm_init_owner(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p)
975 {
976 #ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
977         mm->owner = p;
978 #endif
979 }
980
981 static void mm_init_uprobes_state(struct mm_struct *mm)
982 {
983 #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES
984         mm->uprobes_state.xol_area = NULL;
985 #endif
986 }
987
988 static struct mm_struct *mm_init(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p,
989         struct user_namespace *user_ns)
990 {
991         mm->mmap = NULL;
992         mm->mm_rb = RB_ROOT;
993         mm->vmacache_seqnum = 0;
994         atomic_set(&mm->mm_users, 1);
995         atomic_set(&mm->mm_count, 1);
996         init_rwsem(&mm->mmap_sem);
997         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mm->mmlist);
998         mm->core_state = NULL;
999         mm_pgtables_bytes_init(mm);
1000         mm->map_count = 0;
1001         mm->locked_vm = 0;
1002         atomic64_set(&mm->pinned_vm, 0);
1003         memset(&mm->rss_stat, 0, sizeof(mm->rss_stat));
1004         spin_lock_init(&mm->page_table_lock);
1005         spin_lock_init(&mm->arg_lock);
1006         mm_init_cpumask(mm);
1007         mm_init_aio(mm);
1008         mm_init_owner(mm, p);
1009         RCU_INIT_POINTER(mm->exe_file, NULL);
1010         mmu_notifier_mm_init(mm);
1011         hmm_mm_init(mm);
1012         init_tlb_flush_pending(mm);
1013 #if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS
1014         mm->pmd_huge_pte = NULL;
1015 #endif
1016         mm_init_uprobes_state(mm);
1017
1018         if (current->mm) {
1019                 mm->flags = current->mm->flags & MMF_INIT_MASK;
1020                 mm->def_flags = current->mm->def_flags & VM_INIT_DEF_MASK;
1021         } else {
1022                 mm->flags = default_dump_filter;
1023                 mm->def_flags = 0;
1024         }
1025
1026         if (mm_alloc_pgd(mm))
1027                 goto fail_nopgd;
1028
1029         if (init_new_context(p, mm))
1030                 goto fail_nocontext;
1031
1032         mm->user_ns = get_user_ns(user_ns);
1033         return mm;
1034
1035 fail_nocontext:
1036         mm_free_pgd(mm);
1037 fail_nopgd:
1038         free_mm(mm);
1039         return NULL;
1040 }
1041
1042 /*
1043  * Allocate and initialize an mm_struct.
1044  */
1045 struct mm_struct *mm_alloc(void)
1046 {
1047         struct mm_struct *mm;
1048
1049         mm = allocate_mm();
1050         if (!mm)
1051                 return NULL;
1052
1053         memset(mm, 0, sizeof(*mm));
1054         return mm_init(mm, current, current_user_ns());
1055 }
1056
1057 static inline void __mmput(struct mm_struct *mm)
1058 {
1059         VM_BUG_ON(atomic_read(&mm->mm_users));
1060
1061         uprobe_clear_state(mm);
1062         exit_aio(mm);
1063         ksm_exit(mm);
1064         khugepaged_exit(mm); /* must run before exit_mmap */
1065         exit_mmap(mm);
1066         mm_put_huge_zero_page(mm);
1067         set_mm_exe_file(mm, NULL);
1068         if (!list_empty(&mm->mmlist)) {
1069                 spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
1070                 list_del(&mm->mmlist);
1071                 spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
1072         }
1073         if (mm->binfmt)
1074                 module_put(mm->binfmt->module);
1075         mmdrop(mm);
1076 }
1077
1078 /*
1079  * Decrement the use count and release all resources for an mm.
1080  */
1081 void mmput(struct mm_struct *mm)
1082 {
1083         might_sleep();
1084
1085         if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_users))
1086                 __mmput(mm);
1087 }
1088 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmput);
1089
1090 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
1091 static void mmput_async_fn(struct work_struct *work)
1092 {
1093         struct mm_struct *mm = container_of(work, struct mm_struct,
1094                                             async_put_work);
1095
1096         __mmput(mm);
1097 }
1098
1099 void mmput_async(struct mm_struct *mm)
1100 {
1101         if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_users)) {
1102                 INIT_WORK(&mm->async_put_work, mmput_async_fn);
1103                 schedule_work(&mm->async_put_work);
1104         }
1105 }
1106 #endif
1107
1108 /**
1109  * set_mm_exe_file - change a reference to the mm's executable file
1110  *
1111  * This changes mm's executable file (shown as symlink /proc/[pid]/exe).
1112  *
1113  * Main users are mmput() and sys_execve(). Callers prevent concurrent
1114  * invocations: in mmput() nobody alive left, in execve task is single
1115  * threaded. sys_prctl(PR_SET_MM_MAP/EXE_FILE) also needs to set the
1116  * mm->exe_file, but does so without using set_mm_exe_file() in order
1117  * to do avoid the need for any locks.
1118  */
1119 void set_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm, struct file *new_exe_file)
1120 {
1121         struct file *old_exe_file;
1122
1123         /*
1124          * It is safe to dereference the exe_file without RCU as
1125          * this function is only called if nobody else can access
1126          * this mm -- see comment above for justification.
1127          */
1128         old_exe_file = rcu_dereference_raw(mm->exe_file);
1129
1130         if (new_exe_file)
1131                 get_file(new_exe_file);
1132         rcu_assign_pointer(mm->exe_file, new_exe_file);
1133         if (old_exe_file)
1134                 fput(old_exe_file);
1135 }
1136
1137 /**
1138  * get_mm_exe_file - acquire a reference to the mm's executable file
1139  *
1140  * Returns %NULL if mm has no associated executable file.
1141  * User must release file via fput().
1142  */
1143 struct file *get_mm_exe_file(struct mm_struct *mm)
1144 {
1145         struct file *exe_file;
1146
1147         rcu_read_lock();
1148         exe_file = rcu_dereference(mm->exe_file);
1149         if (exe_file && !get_file_rcu(exe_file))
1150                 exe_file = NULL;
1151         rcu_read_unlock();
1152         return exe_file;
1153 }
1154 EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_mm_exe_file);
1155
1156 /**
1157  * get_task_exe_file - acquire a reference to the task's executable file
1158  *
1159  * Returns %NULL if task's mm (if any) has no associated executable file or
1160  * this is a kernel thread with borrowed mm (see the comment above get_task_mm).
1161  * User must release file via fput().
1162  */
1163 struct file *get_task_exe_file(struct task_struct *task)
1164 {
1165         struct file *exe_file = NULL;
1166         struct mm_struct *mm;
1167
1168         task_lock(task);
1169         mm = task->mm;
1170         if (mm) {
1171                 if (!(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))
1172                         exe_file = get_mm_exe_file(mm);
1173         }
1174         task_unlock(task);
1175         return exe_file;
1176 }
1177 EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_task_exe_file);
1178
1179 /**
1180  * get_task_mm - acquire a reference to the task's mm
1181  *
1182  * Returns %NULL if the task has no mm.  Checks PF_KTHREAD (meaning
1183  * this kernel workthread has transiently adopted a user mm with use_mm,
1184  * to do its AIO) is not set and if so returns a reference to it, after
1185  * bumping up the use count.  User must release the mm via mmput()
1186  * after use.  Typically used by /proc and ptrace.
1187  */
1188 struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task)
1189 {
1190         struct mm_struct *mm;
1191
1192         task_lock(task);
1193         mm = task->mm;
1194         if (mm) {
1195                 if (task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)
1196                         mm = NULL;
1197                 else
1198                         mmget(mm);
1199         }
1200         task_unlock(task);
1201         return mm;
1202 }
1203 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_task_mm);
1204
1205 struct mm_struct *mm_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode)
1206 {
1207         struct mm_struct *mm;
1208         int err;
1209
1210         err =  mutex_lock_killable(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
1211         if (err)
1212                 return ERR_PTR(err);
1213
1214         mm = get_task_mm(task);
1215         if (mm && mm != current->mm &&
1216                         !ptrace_may_access(task, mode)) {
1217                 mmput(mm);
1218                 mm = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
1219         }
1220         mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
1221
1222         return mm;
1223 }
1224
1225 static void complete_vfork_done(struct task_struct *tsk)
1226 {
1227         struct completion *vfork;
1228
1229         task_lock(tsk);
1230         vfork = tsk->vfork_done;
1231         if (likely(vfork)) {
1232                 tsk->vfork_done = NULL;
1233                 complete(vfork);
1234         }
1235         task_unlock(tsk);
1236 }
1237
1238 static int wait_for_vfork_done(struct task_struct *child,
1239                                 struct completion *vfork)
1240 {
1241         int killed;
1242
1243         freezer_do_not_count();
1244         cgroup_enter_frozen();
1245         killed = wait_for_completion_killable(vfork);
1246         cgroup_leave_frozen(false);
1247         freezer_count();
1248
1249         if (killed) {
1250                 task_lock(child);
1251                 child->vfork_done = NULL;
1252                 task_unlock(child);
1253         }
1254
1255         put_task_struct(child);
1256         return killed;
1257 }
1258
1259 /* Please note the differences between mmput and mm_release.
1260  * mmput is called whenever we stop holding onto a mm_struct,
1261  * error success whatever.
1262  *
1263  * mm_release is called after a mm_struct has been removed
1264  * from the current process.
1265  *
1266  * This difference is important for error handling, when we
1267  * only half set up a mm_struct for a new process and need to restore
1268  * the old one.  Because we mmput the new mm_struct before
1269  * restoring the old one. . .
1270  * Eric Biederman 10 January 1998
1271  */
1272 void mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
1273 {
1274         /* Get rid of any futexes when releasing the mm */
1275 #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX
1276         if (unlikely(tsk->robust_list)) {
1277                 exit_robust_list(tsk);
1278                 tsk->robust_list = NULL;
1279         }
1280 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
1281         if (unlikely(tsk->compat_robust_list)) {
1282                 compat_exit_robust_list(tsk);
1283                 tsk->compat_robust_list = NULL;
1284         }
1285 #endif
1286         if (unlikely(!list_empty(&tsk->pi_state_list)))
1287                 exit_pi_state_list(tsk);
1288 #endif
1289
1290         uprobe_free_utask(tsk);
1291
1292         /* Get rid of any cached register state */
1293         deactivate_mm(tsk, mm);
1294
1295         /*
1296          * Signal userspace if we're not exiting with a core dump
1297          * because we want to leave the value intact for debugging
1298          * purposes.
1299          */
1300         if (tsk->clear_child_tid) {
1301                 if (!(tsk->signal->flags & SIGNAL_GROUP_COREDUMP) &&
1302                     atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) > 1) {
1303                         /*
1304                          * We don't check the error code - if userspace has
1305                          * not set up a proper pointer then tough luck.
1306                          */
1307                         put_user(0, tsk->clear_child_tid);
1308                         do_futex(tsk->clear_child_tid, FUTEX_WAKE,
1309                                         1, NULL, NULL, 0, 0);
1310                 }
1311                 tsk->clear_child_tid = NULL;
1312         }
1313
1314         /*
1315          * All done, finally we can wake up parent and return this mm to him.
1316          * Also kthread_stop() uses this completion for synchronization.
1317          */
1318         if (tsk->vfork_done)
1319                 complete_vfork_done(tsk);
1320 }
1321
1322 /**
1323  * dup_mm() - duplicates an existing mm structure
1324  * @tsk: the task_struct with which the new mm will be associated.
1325  * @oldmm: the mm to duplicate.
1326  *
1327  * Allocates a new mm structure and duplicates the provided @oldmm structure
1328  * content into it.
1329  *
1330  * Return: the duplicated mm or NULL on failure.
1331  */
1332 static struct mm_struct *dup_mm(struct task_struct *tsk,
1333                                 struct mm_struct *oldmm)
1334 {
1335         struct mm_struct *mm;
1336         int err;
1337
1338         mm = allocate_mm();
1339         if (!mm)
1340                 goto fail_nomem;
1341
1342         memcpy(mm, oldmm, sizeof(*mm));
1343
1344         if (!mm_init(mm, tsk, mm->user_ns))
1345                 goto fail_nomem;
1346
1347         err = dup_mmap(mm, oldmm);
1348         if (err)
1349                 goto free_pt;
1350
1351         mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm);
1352         mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm;
1353
1354         if (mm->binfmt && !try_module_get(mm->binfmt->module))
1355                 goto free_pt;
1356
1357         return mm;
1358
1359 free_pt:
1360         /* don't put binfmt in mmput, we haven't got module yet */
1361         mm->binfmt = NULL;
1362         mm_init_owner(mm, NULL);
1363         mmput(mm);
1364
1365 fail_nomem:
1366         return NULL;
1367 }
1368
1369 static int copy_mm(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
1370 {
1371         struct mm_struct *mm, *oldmm;
1372         int retval;
1373
1374         tsk->min_flt = tsk->maj_flt = 0;
1375         tsk->nvcsw = tsk->nivcsw = 0;
1376 #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK
1377         tsk->last_switch_count = tsk->nvcsw + tsk->nivcsw;
1378         tsk->last_switch_time = 0;
1379 #endif
1380
1381         tsk->mm = NULL;
1382         tsk->active_mm = NULL;
1383
1384         /*
1385          * Are we cloning a kernel thread?
1386          *
1387          * We need to steal a active VM for that..
1388          */
1389         oldmm = current->mm;
1390         if (!oldmm)
1391                 return 0;
1392
1393         /* initialize the new vmacache entries */
1394         vmacache_flush(tsk);
1395
1396         if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM) {
1397                 mmget(oldmm);
1398                 mm = oldmm;
1399                 goto good_mm;
1400         }
1401
1402         retval = -ENOMEM;
1403         mm = dup_mm(tsk, current->mm);
1404         if (!mm)
1405                 goto fail_nomem;
1406
1407 good_mm:
1408         tsk->mm = mm;
1409         tsk->active_mm = mm;
1410         return 0;
1411
1412 fail_nomem:
1413         return retval;
1414 }
1415
1416 static int copy_fs(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
1417 {
1418         struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs;
1419         if (clone_flags & CLONE_FS) {
1420                 /* tsk->fs is already what we want */
1421                 spin_lock(&fs->lock);
1422                 if (fs->in_exec) {
1423                         spin_unlock(&fs->lock);
1424                         return -EAGAIN;
1425                 }
1426                 fs->users++;
1427                 spin_unlock(&fs->lock);
1428                 return 0;
1429         }
1430         tsk->fs = copy_fs_struct(fs);
1431         if (!tsk->fs)
1432                 return -ENOMEM;
1433         return 0;
1434 }
1435
1436 static int copy_files(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
1437 {
1438         struct files_struct *oldf, *newf;
1439         int error = 0;
1440
1441         /*
1442          * A background process may not have any files ...
1443          */
1444         oldf = current->files;
1445         if (!oldf)
1446                 goto out;
1447
1448         if (clone_flags & CLONE_FILES) {
1449                 atomic_inc(&oldf->count);
1450                 goto out;
1451         }
1452
1453         newf = dup_fd(oldf, &error);
1454         if (!newf)
1455                 goto out;
1456
1457         tsk->files = newf;
1458         error = 0;
1459 out:
1460         return error;
1461 }
1462
1463 static int copy_io(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
1464 {
1465 #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
1466         struct io_context *ioc = current->io_context;
1467         struct io_context *new_ioc;
1468
1469         if (!ioc)
1470                 return 0;
1471         /*
1472          * Share io context with parent, if CLONE_IO is set
1473          */
1474         if (clone_flags & CLONE_IO) {
1475                 ioc_task_link(ioc);
1476                 tsk->io_context = ioc;
1477         } else if (ioprio_valid(ioc->ioprio)) {
1478                 new_ioc = get_task_io_context(tsk, GFP_KERNEL, NUMA_NO_NODE);
1479                 if (unlikely(!new_ioc))
1480                         return -ENOMEM;
1481
1482                 new_ioc->ioprio = ioc->ioprio;
1483                 put_io_context(new_ioc);
1484         }
1485 #endif
1486         return 0;
1487 }
1488
1489 static int copy_sighand(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
1490 {
1491         struct sighand_struct *sig;
1492
1493         if (clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) {
1494                 refcount_inc(&current->sighand->count);
1495                 return 0;
1496         }
1497         sig = kmem_cache_alloc(sighand_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
1498         rcu_assign_pointer(tsk->sighand, sig);
1499         if (!sig)
1500                 return -ENOMEM;
1501
1502         refcount_set(&sig->count, 1);
1503         spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
1504         memcpy(sig->action, current->sighand->action, sizeof(sig->action));
1505         spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
1506         return 0;
1507 }
1508
1509 void __cleanup_sighand(struct sighand_struct *sighand)
1510 {
1511         if (refcount_dec_and_test(&sighand->count)) {
1512                 signalfd_cleanup(sighand);
1513                 /*
1514                  * sighand_cachep is SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU so we can free it
1515                  * without an RCU grace period, see __lock_task_sighand().
1516                  */
1517                 kmem_cache_free(sighand_cachep, sighand);
1518         }
1519 }
1520
1521 #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS
1522 /*
1523  * Initialize POSIX timer handling for a thread group.
1524  */
1525 static void posix_cpu_timers_init_group(struct signal_struct *sig)
1526 {
1527         unsigned long cpu_limit;
1528
1529         cpu_limit = READ_ONCE(sig->rlim[RLIMIT_CPU].rlim_cur);
1530         if (cpu_limit != RLIM_INFINITY) {
1531                 sig->cputime_expires.prof_exp = cpu_limit * NSEC_PER_SEC;
1532                 sig->cputimer.running = true;
1533         }
1534
1535         /* The timer lists. */
1536         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[0]);
1537         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[1]);
1538         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[2]);
1539 }
1540 #else
1541 static inline void posix_cpu_timers_init_group(struct signal_struct *sig) { }
1542 #endif
1543
1544 static int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
1545 {
1546         struct signal_struct *sig;
1547
1548         if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)
1549                 return 0;
1550
1551         sig = kmem_cache_zalloc(signal_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
1552         tsk->signal = sig;
1553         if (!sig)
1554                 return -ENOMEM;
1555
1556         sig->nr_threads = 1;
1557         atomic_set(&sig->live, 1);
1558         refcount_set(&sig->sigcnt, 1);
1559
1560         /* list_add(thread_node, thread_head) without INIT_LIST_HEAD() */
1561         sig->thread_head = (struct list_head)LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk->thread_node);
1562         tsk->thread_node = (struct list_head)LIST_HEAD_INIT(sig->thread_head);
1563
1564         init_waitqueue_head(&sig->wait_chldexit);
1565         sig->curr_target = tsk;
1566         init_sigpending(&sig->shared_pending);
1567         INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&sig->multiprocess);
1568         seqlock_init(&sig->stats_lock);
1569         prev_cputime_init(&sig->prev_cputime);
1570
1571 #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS
1572         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->posix_timers);
1573         hrtimer_init(&sig->real_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
1574         sig->real_timer.function = it_real_fn;
1575 #endif
1576
1577         task_lock(current->group_leader);
1578         memcpy(sig->rlim, current->signal->rlim, sizeof sig->rlim);
1579         task_unlock(current->group_leader);
1580
1581         posix_cpu_timers_init_group(sig);
1582
1583         tty_audit_fork(sig);
1584         sched_autogroup_fork(sig);
1585
1586         sig->oom_score_adj = current->signal->oom_score_adj;
1587         sig->oom_score_adj_min = current->signal->oom_score_adj_min;
1588
1589         mutex_init(&sig->cred_guard_mutex);
1590
1591         return 0;
1592 }
1593
1594 static void copy_seccomp(struct task_struct *p)
1595 {
1596 #ifdef CONFIG_SECCOMP
1597         /*
1598          * Must be called with sighand->lock held, which is common to
1599          * all threads in the group. Holding cred_guard_mutex is not
1600          * needed because this new task is not yet running and cannot
1601          * be racing exec.
1602          */
1603         assert_spin_locked(&current->sighand->siglock);
1604
1605         /* Ref-count the new filter user, and assign it. */
1606         get_seccomp_filter(current);
1607         p->seccomp = current->seccomp;
1608
1609         /*
1610          * Explicitly enable no_new_privs here in case it got set
1611          * between the task_struct being duplicated and holding the
1612          * sighand lock. The seccomp state and nnp must be in sync.
1613          */
1614         if (task_no_new_privs(current))
1615                 task_set_no_new_privs(p);
1616
1617         /*
1618          * If the parent gained a seccomp mode after copying thread
1619          * flags and between before we held the sighand lock, we have
1620          * to manually enable the seccomp thread flag here.
1621          */
1622         if (p->seccomp.mode != SECCOMP_MODE_DISABLED)
1623                 set_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SECCOMP);
1624 #endif
1625 }
1626
1627 SYSCALL_DEFINE1(set_tid_address, int __user *, tidptr)
1628 {
1629         current->clear_child_tid = tidptr;
1630
1631         return task_pid_vnr(current);
1632 }
1633
1634 static void rt_mutex_init_task(struct task_struct *p)
1635 {
1636         raw_spin_lock_init(&p->pi_lock);
1637 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES
1638         p->pi_waiters = RB_ROOT_CACHED;
1639         p->pi_top_task = NULL;
1640         p->pi_blocked_on = NULL;
1641 #endif
1642 }
1643
1644 #ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS
1645 /*
1646  * Initialize POSIX timer handling for a single task.
1647  */
1648 static void posix_cpu_timers_init(struct task_struct *tsk)
1649 {
1650         tsk->cputime_expires.prof_exp = 0;
1651         tsk->cputime_expires.virt_exp = 0;
1652         tsk->cputime_expires.sched_exp = 0;
1653         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tsk->cpu_timers[0]);
1654         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tsk->cpu_timers[1]);
1655         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tsk->cpu_timers[2]);
1656 }
1657 #else
1658 static inline void posix_cpu_timers_init(struct task_struct *tsk) { }
1659 #endif
1660
1661 static inline void init_task_pid_links(struct task_struct *task)
1662 {
1663         enum pid_type type;
1664
1665         for (type = PIDTYPE_PID; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) {
1666                 INIT_HLIST_NODE(&task->pid_links[type]);
1667         }
1668 }
1669
1670 static inline void
1671 init_task_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, struct pid *pid)
1672 {
1673         if (type == PIDTYPE_PID)
1674                 task->thread_pid = pid;
1675         else
1676                 task->signal->pids[type] = pid;
1677 }
1678
1679 static inline void rcu_copy_process(struct task_struct *p)
1680 {
1681 #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU
1682         p->rcu_read_lock_nesting = 0;
1683         p->rcu_read_unlock_special.s = 0;
1684         p->rcu_blocked_node = NULL;
1685         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rcu_node_entry);
1686 #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */
1687 #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU
1688         p->rcu_tasks_holdout = false;
1689         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rcu_tasks_holdout_list);
1690         p->rcu_tasks_idle_cpu = -1;
1691 #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */
1692 }
1693
1694 static int pidfd_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
1695 {
1696         struct pid *pid = file->private_data;
1697
1698         file->private_data = NULL;
1699         put_pid(pid);
1700         return 0;
1701 }
1702
1703 #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
1704 static void pidfd_show_fdinfo(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f)
1705 {
1706         struct pid_namespace *ns = proc_pid_ns(file_inode(m->file));
1707         struct pid *pid = f->private_data;
1708
1709         seq_put_decimal_ull(m, "Pid:\t", pid_nr_ns(pid, ns));
1710         seq_putc(m, '\n');
1711 }
1712 #endif
1713
1714 /*
1715  * Poll support for process exit notification.
1716  */
1717 static unsigned int pidfd_poll(struct file *file, struct poll_table_struct *pts)
1718 {
1719         struct task_struct *task;
1720         struct pid *pid = file->private_data;
1721         int poll_flags = 0;
1722
1723         poll_wait(file, &pid->wait_pidfd, pts);
1724
1725         rcu_read_lock();
1726         task = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
1727         /*
1728          * Inform pollers only when the whole thread group exits.
1729          * If the thread group leader exits before all other threads in the
1730          * group, then poll(2) should block, similar to the wait(2) family.
1731          */
1732         if (!task || (task->exit_state && thread_group_empty(task)))
1733                 poll_flags = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
1734         rcu_read_unlock();
1735
1736         return poll_flags;
1737 }
1738
1739 const struct file_operations pidfd_fops = {
1740         .release = pidfd_release,
1741         .poll = pidfd_poll,
1742 #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
1743         .show_fdinfo = pidfd_show_fdinfo,
1744 #endif
1745 };
1746
1747 static void __delayed_free_task(struct rcu_head *rhp)
1748 {
1749         struct task_struct *tsk = container_of(rhp, struct task_struct, rcu);
1750
1751         free_task(tsk);
1752 }
1753
1754 static __always_inline void delayed_free_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
1755 {
1756         if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MEMCG))
1757                 call_rcu(&tsk->rcu, __delayed_free_task);
1758         else
1759                 free_task(tsk);
1760 }
1761
1762 /*
1763  * This creates a new process as a copy of the old one,
1764  * but does not actually start it yet.
1765  *
1766  * It copies the registers, and all the appropriate
1767  * parts of the process environment (as per the clone
1768  * flags). The actual kick-off is left to the caller.
1769  */
1770 static __latent_entropy struct task_struct *copy_process(
1771                                         unsigned long clone_flags,
1772                                         unsigned long stack_start,
1773                                         unsigned long stack_size,
1774                                         int __user *parent_tidptr,
1775                                         int __user *child_tidptr,
1776                                         struct pid *pid,
1777                                         int trace,
1778                                         unsigned long tls,
1779                                         int node)
1780 {
1781         int pidfd = -1, retval;
1782         struct task_struct *p;
1783         struct multiprocess_signals delayed;
1784         struct file *pidfile = NULL;
1785
1786         /*
1787          * Don't allow sharing the root directory with processes in a different
1788          * namespace
1789          */
1790         if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS)) == (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS))
1791                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1792
1793         if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_FS)) == (CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_FS))
1794                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1795
1796         /*
1797          * Thread groups must share signals as well, and detached threads
1798          * can only be started up within the thread group.
1799          */
1800         if ((clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND))
1801                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1802
1803         /*
1804          * Shared signal handlers imply shared VM. By way of the above,
1805          * thread groups also imply shared VM. Blocking this case allows
1806          * for various simplifications in other code.
1807          */
1808         if ((clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_VM))
1809                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1810
1811         /*
1812          * Siblings of global init remain as zombies on exit since they are
1813          * not reaped by their parent (swapper). To solve this and to avoid
1814          * multi-rooted process trees, prevent global and container-inits
1815          * from creating siblings.
1816          */
1817         if ((clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT) &&
1818                                 current->signal->flags & SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE)
1819                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1820
1821         /*
1822          * If the new process will be in a different pid or user namespace
1823          * do not allow it to share a thread group with the forking task.
1824          */
1825         if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) {
1826                 if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWUSER | CLONE_NEWPID)) ||
1827                     (task_active_pid_ns(current) !=
1828                                 current->nsproxy->pid_ns_for_children))
1829                         return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1830         }
1831
1832         if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) {
1833                 /*
1834                  * - CLONE_PARENT_SETTID is useless for pidfds and also
1835                  *   parent_tidptr is used to return pidfds.
1836                  * - CLONE_DETACHED is blocked so that we can potentially
1837                  *   reuse it later for CLONE_PIDFD.
1838                  * - CLONE_THREAD is blocked until someone really needs it.
1839                  */
1840                 if (clone_flags &
1841                     (CLONE_DETACHED | CLONE_PARENT_SETTID | CLONE_THREAD))
1842                         return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1843         }
1844
1845         /*
1846          * Force any signals received before this point to be delivered
1847          * before the fork happens.  Collect up signals sent to multiple
1848          * processes that happen during the fork and delay them so that
1849          * they appear to happen after the fork.
1850          */
1851         sigemptyset(&delayed.signal);
1852         INIT_HLIST_NODE(&delayed.node);
1853
1854         spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
1855         if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD))
1856                 hlist_add_head(&delayed.node, &current->signal->multiprocess);
1857         recalc_sigpending();
1858         spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
1859         retval = -ERESTARTNOINTR;
1860         if (signal_pending(current))
1861                 goto fork_out;
1862
1863         retval = -ENOMEM;
1864         p = dup_task_struct(current, node);
1865         if (!p)
1866                 goto fork_out;
1867
1868         /*
1869          * This _must_ happen before we call free_task(), i.e. before we jump
1870          * to any of the bad_fork_* labels. This is to avoid freeing
1871          * p->set_child_tid which is (ab)used as a kthread's data pointer for
1872          * kernel threads (PF_KTHREAD).
1873          */
1874         p->set_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_SETTID) ? child_tidptr : NULL;
1875         /*
1876          * Clear TID on mm_release()?
1877          */
1878         p->clear_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID) ? child_tidptr : NULL;
1879
1880         ftrace_graph_init_task(p);
1881
1882         rt_mutex_init_task(p);
1883
1884 #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
1885         DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!p->hardirqs_enabled);
1886         DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!p->softirqs_enabled);
1887 #endif
1888         retval = -EAGAIN;
1889         if (atomic_read(&p->real_cred->user->processes) >=
1890                         task_rlimit(p, RLIMIT_NPROC)) {
1891                 if (p->real_cred->user != INIT_USER &&
1892                     !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
1893                         goto bad_fork_free;
1894         }
1895         current->flags &= ~PF_NPROC_EXCEEDED;
1896
1897         retval = copy_creds(p, clone_flags);
1898         if (retval < 0)
1899                 goto bad_fork_free;
1900
1901         /*
1902          * If multiple threads are within copy_process(), then this check
1903          * triggers too late. This doesn't hurt, the check is only there
1904          * to stop root fork bombs.
1905          */
1906         retval = -EAGAIN;
1907         if (nr_threads >= max_threads)
1908                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_count;
1909
1910         delayacct_tsk_init(p);  /* Must remain after dup_task_struct() */
1911         p->flags &= ~(PF_SUPERPRIV | PF_WQ_WORKER | PF_IDLE);
1912         p->flags |= PF_FORKNOEXEC;
1913         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->children);
1914         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->sibling);
1915         rcu_copy_process(p);
1916         p->vfork_done = NULL;
1917         spin_lock_init(&p->alloc_lock);
1918
1919         init_sigpending(&p->pending);
1920
1921         p->utime = p->stime = p->gtime = 0;
1922 #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SCALED_CPUTIME
1923         p->utimescaled = p->stimescaled = 0;
1924 #endif
1925         prev_cputime_init(&p->prev_cputime);
1926
1927 #ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN
1928         seqcount_init(&p->vtime.seqcount);
1929         p->vtime.starttime = 0;
1930         p->vtime.state = VTIME_INACTIVE;
1931 #endif
1932
1933 #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING)
1934         memset(&p->rss_stat, 0, sizeof(p->rss_stat));
1935 #endif
1936
1937         p->default_timer_slack_ns = current->timer_slack_ns;
1938
1939 #ifdef CONFIG_PSI
1940         p->psi_flags = 0;
1941 #endif
1942
1943         task_io_accounting_init(&p->ioac);
1944         acct_clear_integrals(p);
1945
1946         posix_cpu_timers_init(p);
1947
1948         p->io_context = NULL;
1949         audit_set_context(p, NULL);
1950         cgroup_fork(p);
1951 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
1952         p->mempolicy = mpol_dup(p->mempolicy);
1953         if (IS_ERR(p->mempolicy)) {
1954                 retval = PTR_ERR(p->mempolicy);
1955                 p->mempolicy = NULL;
1956                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_threadgroup_lock;
1957         }
1958 #endif
1959 #ifdef CONFIG_CPUSETS
1960         p->cpuset_mem_spread_rotor = NUMA_NO_NODE;
1961         p->cpuset_slab_spread_rotor = NUMA_NO_NODE;
1962         seqcount_init(&p->mems_allowed_seq);
1963 #endif
1964 #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
1965         p->irq_events = 0;
1966         p->hardirqs_enabled = 0;
1967         p->hardirq_enable_ip = 0;
1968         p->hardirq_enable_event = 0;
1969         p->hardirq_disable_ip = _THIS_IP_;
1970         p->hardirq_disable_event = 0;
1971         p->softirqs_enabled = 1;
1972         p->softirq_enable_ip = _THIS_IP_;
1973         p->softirq_enable_event = 0;
1974         p->softirq_disable_ip = 0;
1975         p->softirq_disable_event = 0;
1976         p->hardirq_context = 0;
1977         p->softirq_context = 0;
1978 #endif
1979
1980         p->pagefault_disabled = 0;
1981
1982 #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
1983         lockdep_init_task(p);
1984 #endif
1985
1986 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
1987         p->blocked_on = NULL; /* not blocked yet */
1988 #endif
1989 #ifdef CONFIG_BCACHE
1990         p->sequential_io        = 0;
1991         p->sequential_io_avg    = 0;
1992 #endif
1993
1994         /* Perform scheduler related setup. Assign this task to a CPU. */
1995         retval = sched_fork(clone_flags, p);
1996         if (retval)
1997                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy;
1998
1999         retval = perf_event_init_task(p);
2000         if (retval)
2001                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy;
2002         retval = audit_alloc(p);
2003         if (retval)
2004                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_perf;
2005         /* copy all the process information */
2006         shm_init_task(p);
2007         retval = security_task_alloc(p, clone_flags);
2008         if (retval)
2009                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_audit;
2010         retval = copy_semundo(clone_flags, p);
2011         if (retval)
2012                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_security;
2013         retval = copy_files(clone_flags, p);
2014         if (retval)
2015                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_semundo;
2016         retval = copy_fs(clone_flags, p);
2017         if (retval)
2018                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_files;
2019         retval = copy_sighand(clone_flags, p);
2020         if (retval)
2021                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_fs;
2022         retval = copy_signal(clone_flags, p);
2023         if (retval)
2024                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_sighand;
2025         retval = copy_mm(clone_flags, p);
2026         if (retval)
2027                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_signal;
2028         retval = copy_namespaces(clone_flags, p);
2029         if (retval)
2030                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_mm;
2031         retval = copy_io(clone_flags, p);
2032         if (retval)
2033                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces;
2034         retval = copy_thread_tls(clone_flags, stack_start, stack_size, p, tls);
2035         if (retval)
2036                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_io;
2037
2038         stackleak_task_init(p);
2039
2040         if (pid != &init_struct_pid) {
2041                 pid = alloc_pid(p->nsproxy->pid_ns_for_children);
2042                 if (IS_ERR(pid)) {
2043                         retval = PTR_ERR(pid);
2044                         goto bad_fork_cleanup_thread;
2045                 }
2046         }
2047
2048         /*
2049          * This has to happen after we've potentially unshared the file
2050          * descriptor table (so that the pidfd doesn't leak into the child
2051          * if the fd table isn't shared).
2052          */
2053         if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) {
2054                 retval = get_unused_fd_flags(O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC);
2055                 if (retval < 0)
2056                         goto bad_fork_free_pid;
2057
2058                 pidfd = retval;
2059
2060                 pidfile = anon_inode_getfile("[pidfd]", &pidfd_fops, pid,
2061                                               O_RDWR | O_CLOEXEC);
2062                 if (IS_ERR(pidfile)) {
2063                         put_unused_fd(pidfd);
2064                         retval = PTR_ERR(pidfile);
2065                         goto bad_fork_free_pid;
2066                 }
2067                 get_pid(pid);   /* held by pidfile now */
2068
2069                 retval = put_user(pidfd, parent_tidptr);
2070                 if (retval)
2071                         goto bad_fork_put_pidfd;
2072         }
2073
2074 #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
2075         p->plug = NULL;
2076 #endif
2077 #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX
2078         p->robust_list = NULL;
2079 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
2080         p->compat_robust_list = NULL;
2081 #endif
2082         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->pi_state_list);
2083         p->pi_state_cache = NULL;
2084 #endif
2085         /*
2086          * sigaltstack should be cleared when sharing the same VM
2087          */
2088         if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_VM|CLONE_VFORK)) == CLONE_VM)
2089                 sas_ss_reset(p);
2090
2091         /*
2092          * Syscall tracing and stepping should be turned off in the
2093          * child regardless of CLONE_PTRACE.
2094          */
2095         user_disable_single_step(p);
2096         clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
2097 #ifdef TIF_SYSCALL_EMU
2098         clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_EMU);
2099 #endif
2100         clear_tsk_latency_tracing(p);
2101
2102         /* ok, now we should be set up.. */
2103         p->pid = pid_nr(pid);
2104         if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) {
2105                 p->exit_signal = -1;
2106                 p->group_leader = current->group_leader;
2107                 p->tgid = current->tgid;
2108         } else {
2109                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT)
2110                         p->exit_signal = current->group_leader->exit_signal;
2111                 else
2112                         p->exit_signal = (clone_flags & CSIGNAL);
2113                 p->group_leader = p;
2114                 p->tgid = p->pid;
2115         }
2116
2117         p->nr_dirtied = 0;
2118         p->nr_dirtied_pause = 128 >> (PAGE_SHIFT - 10);
2119         p->dirty_paused_when = 0;
2120
2121         p->pdeath_signal = 0;
2122         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->thread_group);
2123         p->task_works = NULL;
2124
2125         cgroup_threadgroup_change_begin(current);
2126         /*
2127          * Ensure that the cgroup subsystem policies allow the new process to be
2128          * forked. It should be noted the the new process's css_set can be changed
2129          * between here and cgroup_post_fork() if an organisation operation is in
2130          * progress.
2131          */
2132         retval = cgroup_can_fork(p);
2133         if (retval)
2134                 goto bad_fork_cgroup_threadgroup_change_end;
2135
2136         /*
2137          * From this point on we must avoid any synchronous user-space
2138          * communication until we take the tasklist-lock. In particular, we do
2139          * not want user-space to be able to predict the process start-time by
2140          * stalling fork(2) after we recorded the start_time but before it is
2141          * visible to the system.
2142          */
2143
2144         p->start_time = ktime_get_ns();
2145         p->real_start_time = ktime_get_boottime_ns();
2146
2147         /*
2148          * Make it visible to the rest of the system, but dont wake it up yet.
2149          * Need tasklist lock for parent etc handling!
2150          */
2151         write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
2152
2153         /* CLONE_PARENT re-uses the old parent */
2154         if (clone_flags & (CLONE_PARENT|CLONE_THREAD)) {
2155                 p->real_parent = current->real_parent;
2156                 p->parent_exec_id = current->parent_exec_id;
2157         } else {
2158                 p->real_parent = current;
2159                 p->parent_exec_id = current->self_exec_id;
2160         }
2161
2162         klp_copy_process(p);
2163
2164         spin_lock(&current->sighand->siglock);
2165
2166         /*
2167          * Copy seccomp details explicitly here, in case they were changed
2168          * before holding sighand lock.
2169          */
2170         copy_seccomp(p);
2171
2172         rseq_fork(p, clone_flags);
2173
2174         /* Don't start children in a dying pid namespace */
2175         if (unlikely(!(ns_of_pid(pid)->pid_allocated & PIDNS_ADDING))) {
2176                 retval = -ENOMEM;
2177                 goto bad_fork_cancel_cgroup;
2178         }
2179
2180         /* Let kill terminate clone/fork in the middle */
2181         if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
2182                 retval = -EINTR;
2183                 goto bad_fork_cancel_cgroup;
2184         }
2185
2186         /* past the last point of failure */
2187         if (pidfile)
2188                 fd_install(pidfd, pidfile);
2189
2190         init_task_pid_links(p);
2191         if (likely(p->pid)) {
2192                 ptrace_init_task(p, (clone_flags & CLONE_PTRACE) || trace);
2193
2194                 init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID, pid);
2195                 if (thread_group_leader(p)) {
2196                         init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_TGID, pid);
2197                         init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID, task_pgrp(current));
2198                         init_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID, task_session(current));
2199
2200                         if (is_child_reaper(pid)) {
2201                                 ns_of_pid(pid)->child_reaper = p;
2202                                 p->signal->flags |= SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE;
2203                         }
2204                         p->signal->shared_pending.signal = delayed.signal;
2205                         p->signal->tty = tty_kref_get(current->signal->tty);
2206                         /*
2207                          * Inherit has_child_subreaper flag under the same
2208                          * tasklist_lock with adding child to the process tree
2209                          * for propagate_has_child_subreaper optimization.
2210                          */
2211                         p->signal->has_child_subreaper = p->real_parent->signal->has_child_subreaper ||
2212                                                          p->real_parent->signal->is_child_subreaper;
2213                         list_add_tail(&p->sibling, &p->real_parent->children);
2214                         list_add_tail_rcu(&p->tasks, &init_task.tasks);
2215                         attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_TGID);
2216                         attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID);
2217                         attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID);
2218                         __this_cpu_inc(process_counts);
2219                 } else {
2220                         current->signal->nr_threads++;
2221                         atomic_inc(&current->signal->live);
2222                         refcount_inc(&current->signal->sigcnt);
2223                         task_join_group_stop(p);
2224                         list_add_tail_rcu(&p->thread_group,
2225                                           &p->group_leader->thread_group);
2226                         list_add_tail_rcu(&p->thread_node,
2227                                           &p->signal->thread_head);
2228                 }
2229                 attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID);
2230                 nr_threads++;
2231         }
2232         total_forks++;
2233         hlist_del_init(&delayed.node);
2234         spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock);
2235         syscall_tracepoint_update(p);
2236         write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
2237
2238         proc_fork_connector(p);
2239         cgroup_post_fork(p);
2240         cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(current);
2241         perf_event_fork(p);
2242
2243         trace_task_newtask(p, clone_flags);
2244         uprobe_copy_process(p, clone_flags);
2245
2246         return p;
2247
2248 bad_fork_cancel_cgroup:
2249         spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock);
2250         write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
2251         cgroup_cancel_fork(p);
2252 bad_fork_cgroup_threadgroup_change_end:
2253         cgroup_threadgroup_change_end(current);
2254 bad_fork_put_pidfd:
2255         if (clone_flags & CLONE_PIDFD) {
2256                 fput(pidfile);
2257                 put_unused_fd(pidfd);
2258         }
2259 bad_fork_free_pid:
2260         if (pid != &init_struct_pid)
2261                 free_pid(pid);
2262 bad_fork_cleanup_thread:
2263         exit_thread(p);
2264 bad_fork_cleanup_io:
2265         if (p->io_context)
2266                 exit_io_context(p);
2267 bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces:
2268         exit_task_namespaces(p);
2269 bad_fork_cleanup_mm:
2270         if (p->mm) {
2271                 mm_clear_owner(p->mm, p);
2272                 mmput(p->mm);
2273         }
2274 bad_fork_cleanup_signal:
2275         if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD))
2276                 free_signal_struct(p->signal);
2277 bad_fork_cleanup_sighand:
2278         __cleanup_sighand(p->sighand);
2279 bad_fork_cleanup_fs:
2280         exit_fs(p); /* blocking */
2281 bad_fork_cleanup_files:
2282         exit_files(p); /* blocking */
2283 bad_fork_cleanup_semundo:
2284         exit_sem(p);
2285 bad_fork_cleanup_security:
2286         security_task_free(p);
2287 bad_fork_cleanup_audit:
2288         audit_free(p);
2289 bad_fork_cleanup_perf:
2290         perf_event_free_task(p);
2291 bad_fork_cleanup_policy:
2292         lockdep_free_task(p);
2293 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
2294         mpol_put(p->mempolicy);
2295 bad_fork_cleanup_threadgroup_lock:
2296 #endif
2297         delayacct_tsk_free(p);
2298 bad_fork_cleanup_count:
2299         atomic_dec(&p->cred->user->processes);
2300         exit_creds(p);
2301 bad_fork_free:
2302         p->state = TASK_DEAD;
2303         put_task_stack(p);
2304         delayed_free_task(p);
2305 fork_out:
2306         spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
2307         hlist_del_init(&delayed.node);
2308         spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
2309         return ERR_PTR(retval);
2310 }
2311
2312 static inline void init_idle_pids(struct task_struct *idle)
2313 {
2314         enum pid_type type;
2315
2316         for (type = PIDTYPE_PID; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) {
2317                 INIT_HLIST_NODE(&idle->pid_links[type]); /* not really needed */
2318                 init_task_pid(idle, type, &init_struct_pid);
2319         }
2320 }
2321
2322 struct task_struct *fork_idle(int cpu)
2323 {
2324         struct task_struct *task;
2325         task = copy_process(CLONE_VM, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, &init_struct_pid, 0, 0,
2326                             cpu_to_node(cpu));
2327         if (!IS_ERR(task)) {
2328                 init_idle_pids(task);
2329                 init_idle(task, cpu);
2330         }
2331
2332         return task;
2333 }
2334
2335 struct mm_struct *copy_init_mm(void)
2336 {
2337         return dup_mm(NULL, &init_mm);
2338 }
2339
2340 /*
2341  *  Ok, this is the main fork-routine.
2342  *
2343  * It copies the process, and if successful kick-starts
2344  * it and waits for it to finish using the VM if required.
2345  */
2346 long _do_fork(unsigned long clone_flags,
2347               unsigned long stack_start,
2348               unsigned long stack_size,
2349               int __user *parent_tidptr,
2350               int __user *child_tidptr,
2351               unsigned long tls)
2352 {
2353         struct completion vfork;
2354         struct pid *pid;
2355         struct task_struct *p;
2356         int trace = 0;
2357         long nr;
2358
2359         /*
2360          * Determine whether and which event to report to ptracer.  When
2361          * called from kernel_thread or CLONE_UNTRACED is explicitly
2362          * requested, no event is reported; otherwise, report if the event
2363          * for the type of forking is enabled.
2364          */
2365         if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_UNTRACED)) {
2366                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK)
2367                         trace = PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK;
2368                 else if ((clone_flags & CSIGNAL) != SIGCHLD)
2369                         trace = PTRACE_EVENT_CLONE;
2370                 else
2371                         trace = PTRACE_EVENT_FORK;
2372
2373                 if (likely(!ptrace_event_enabled(current, trace)))
2374                         trace = 0;
2375         }
2376
2377         p = copy_process(clone_flags, stack_start, stack_size, parent_tidptr,
2378                          child_tidptr, NULL, trace, tls, NUMA_NO_NODE);
2379         add_latent_entropy();
2380
2381         if (IS_ERR(p))
2382                 return PTR_ERR(p);
2383
2384         /*
2385          * Do this prior waking up the new thread - the thread pointer
2386          * might get invalid after that point, if the thread exits quickly.
2387          */
2388         trace_sched_process_fork(current, p);
2389
2390         pid = get_task_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID);
2391         nr = pid_vnr(pid);
2392
2393         if (clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT_SETTID)
2394                 put_user(nr, parent_tidptr);
2395
2396         if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) {
2397                 p->vfork_done = &vfork;
2398                 init_completion(&vfork);
2399                 get_task_struct(p);
2400         }
2401
2402         wake_up_new_task(p);
2403
2404         /* forking complete and child started to run, tell ptracer */
2405         if (unlikely(trace))
2406                 ptrace_event_pid(trace, pid);
2407
2408         if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) {
2409                 if (!wait_for_vfork_done(p, &vfork))
2410                         ptrace_event_pid(PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK_DONE, pid);
2411         }
2412
2413         put_pid(pid);
2414         return nr;
2415 }
2416
2417 #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_COPY_THREAD_TLS
2418 /* For compatibility with architectures that call do_fork directly rather than
2419  * using the syscall entry points below. */
2420 long do_fork(unsigned long clone_flags,
2421               unsigned long stack_start,
2422               unsigned long stack_size,
2423               int __user *parent_tidptr,
2424               int __user *child_tidptr)
2425 {
2426         return _do_fork(clone_flags, stack_start, stack_size,
2427                         parent_tidptr, child_tidptr, 0);
2428 }
2429 #endif
2430
2431 /*
2432  * Create a kernel thread.
2433  */
2434 pid_t kernel_thread(int (*fn)(void *), void *arg, unsigned long flags)
2435 {
2436         return _do_fork(flags|CLONE_VM|CLONE_UNTRACED, (unsigned long)fn,
2437                 (unsigned long)arg, NULL, NULL, 0);
2438 }
2439
2440 #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_FORK
2441 SYSCALL_DEFINE0(fork)
2442 {
2443 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
2444         return _do_fork(SIGCHLD, 0, 0, NULL, NULL, 0);
2445 #else
2446         /* can not support in nommu mode */
2447         return -EINVAL;
2448 #endif
2449 }
2450 #endif
2451
2452 #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_VFORK
2453 SYSCALL_DEFINE0(vfork)
2454 {
2455         return _do_fork(CLONE_VFORK | CLONE_VM | SIGCHLD, 0,
2456                         0, NULL, NULL, 0);
2457 }
2458 #endif
2459
2460 #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE
2461 #ifdef CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS
2462 SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp,
2463                  int __user *, parent_tidptr,
2464                  unsigned long, tls,
2465                  int __user *, child_tidptr)
2466 #elif defined(CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS2)
2467 SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, newsp, unsigned long, clone_flags,
2468                  int __user *, parent_tidptr,
2469                  int __user *, child_tidptr,
2470                  unsigned long, tls)
2471 #elif defined(CONFIG_CLONE_BACKWARDS3)
2472 SYSCALL_DEFINE6(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp,
2473                 int, stack_size,
2474                 int __user *, parent_tidptr,
2475                 int __user *, child_tidptr,
2476                 unsigned long, tls)
2477 #else
2478 SYSCALL_DEFINE5(clone, unsigned long, clone_flags, unsigned long, newsp,
2479                  int __user *, parent_tidptr,
2480                  int __user *, child_tidptr,
2481                  unsigned long, tls)
2482 #endif
2483 {
2484         return _do_fork(clone_flags, newsp, 0, parent_tidptr, child_tidptr, tls);
2485 }
2486 #endif
2487
2488 void walk_process_tree(struct task_struct *top, proc_visitor visitor, void *data)
2489 {
2490         struct task_struct *leader, *parent, *child;
2491         int res;
2492
2493         read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
2494         leader = top = top->group_leader;
2495 down:
2496         for_each_thread(leader, parent) {
2497                 list_for_each_entry(child, &parent->children, sibling) {
2498                         res = visitor(child, data);
2499                         if (res) {
2500                                 if (res < 0)
2501                                         goto out;
2502                                 leader = child;
2503                                 goto down;
2504                         }
2505 up:
2506                         ;
2507                 }
2508         }
2509
2510         if (leader != top) {
2511                 child = leader;
2512                 parent = child->real_parent;
2513                 leader = parent->group_leader;
2514                 goto up;
2515         }
2516 out:
2517         read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
2518 }
2519
2520 #ifndef ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN
2521 #define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN 0
2522 #endif
2523
2524 static void sighand_ctor(void *data)
2525 {
2526         struct sighand_struct *sighand = data;
2527
2528         spin_lock_init(&sighand->siglock);
2529         init_waitqueue_head(&sighand->signalfd_wqh);
2530 }
2531
2532 void __init proc_caches_init(void)
2533 {
2534         unsigned int mm_size;
2535
2536         sighand_cachep = kmem_cache_create("sighand_cache",
2537                         sizeof(struct sighand_struct), 0,
2538                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU|
2539                         SLAB_ACCOUNT, sighand_ctor);
2540         signal_cachep = kmem_cache_create("signal_cache",
2541                         sizeof(struct signal_struct), 0,
2542                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT,
2543                         NULL);
2544         files_cachep = kmem_cache_create("files_cache",
2545                         sizeof(struct files_struct), 0,
2546                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT,
2547                         NULL);
2548         fs_cachep = kmem_cache_create("fs_cache",
2549                         sizeof(struct fs_struct), 0,
2550                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT,
2551                         NULL);
2552
2553         /*
2554          * The mm_cpumask is located at the end of mm_struct, and is
2555          * dynamically sized based on the maximum CPU number this system
2556          * can have, taking hotplug into account (nr_cpu_ids).
2557          */
2558         mm_size = sizeof(struct mm_struct) + cpumask_size();
2559
2560         mm_cachep = kmem_cache_create_usercopy("mm_struct",
2561                         mm_size, ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN,
2562                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT,
2563                         offsetof(struct mm_struct, saved_auxv),
2564                         sizeof_field(struct mm_struct, saved_auxv),
2565                         NULL);
2566         vm_area_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(vm_area_struct, SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_ACCOUNT);
2567         mmap_init();
2568         nsproxy_cache_init();
2569 }
2570
2571 /*
2572  * Check constraints on flags passed to the unshare system call.
2573  */
2574 static int check_unshare_flags(unsigned long unshare_flags)
2575 {
2576         if (unshare_flags & ~(CLONE_THREAD|CLONE_FS|CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_SIGHAND|
2577                                 CLONE_VM|CLONE_FILES|CLONE_SYSVSEM|
2578                                 CLONE_NEWUTS|CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_NEWNET|
2579                                 CLONE_NEWUSER|CLONE_NEWPID|CLONE_NEWCGROUP))
2580                 return -EINVAL;
2581         /*
2582          * Not implemented, but pretend it works if there is nothing
2583          * to unshare.  Note that unsharing the address space or the
2584          * signal handlers also need to unshare the signal queues (aka
2585          * CLONE_THREAD).
2586          */
2587         if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_VM)) {
2588                 if (!thread_group_empty(current))
2589                         return -EINVAL;
2590         }
2591         if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_SIGHAND | CLONE_VM)) {
2592                 if (refcount_read(&current->sighand->count) > 1)
2593                         return -EINVAL;
2594         }
2595         if (unshare_flags & CLONE_VM) {
2596                 if (!current_is_single_threaded())
2597                         return -EINVAL;
2598         }
2599
2600         return 0;
2601 }
2602
2603 /*
2604  * Unshare the filesystem structure if it is being shared
2605  */
2606 static int unshare_fs(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct fs_struct **new_fsp)
2607 {
2608         struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs;
2609
2610         if (!(unshare_flags & CLONE_FS) || !fs)
2611                 return 0;
2612
2613         /* don't need lock here; in the worst case we'll do useless copy */
2614         if (fs->users == 1)
2615                 return 0;
2616
2617         *new_fsp = copy_fs_struct(fs);
2618         if (!*new_fsp)
2619                 return -ENOMEM;
2620
2621         return 0;
2622 }
2623
2624 /*
2625  * Unshare file descriptor table if it is being shared
2626  */
2627 static int unshare_fd(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct files_struct **new_fdp)
2628 {
2629         struct files_struct *fd = current->files;
2630         int error = 0;
2631
2632         if ((unshare_flags & CLONE_FILES) &&
2633             (fd && atomic_read(&fd->count) > 1)) {
2634                 *new_fdp = dup_fd(fd, &error);
2635                 if (!*new_fdp)
2636                         return error;
2637         }
2638
2639         return 0;
2640 }
2641
2642 /*
2643  * unshare allows a process to 'unshare' part of the process
2644  * context which was originally shared using clone.  copy_*
2645  * functions used by do_fork() cannot be used here directly
2646  * because they modify an inactive task_struct that is being
2647  * constructed. Here we are modifying the current, active,
2648  * task_struct.
2649  */
2650 int ksys_unshare(unsigned long unshare_flags)
2651 {
2652         struct fs_struct *fs, *new_fs = NULL;
2653         struct files_struct *fd, *new_fd = NULL;
2654         struct cred *new_cred = NULL;
2655         struct nsproxy *new_nsproxy = NULL;
2656         int do_sysvsem = 0;
2657         int err;
2658
2659         /*
2660          * If unsharing a user namespace must also unshare the thread group
2661          * and unshare the filesystem root and working directories.
2662          */
2663         if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER)
2664                 unshare_flags |= CLONE_THREAD | CLONE_FS;
2665         /*
2666          * If unsharing vm, must also unshare signal handlers.
2667          */
2668         if (unshare_flags & CLONE_VM)
2669                 unshare_flags |= CLONE_SIGHAND;
2670         /*
2671          * If unsharing a signal handlers, must also unshare the signal queues.
2672          */
2673         if (unshare_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND)
2674                 unshare_flags |= CLONE_THREAD;
2675         /*
2676          * If unsharing namespace, must also unshare filesystem information.
2677          */
2678         if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWNS)
2679                 unshare_flags |= CLONE_FS;
2680
2681         err = check_unshare_flags(unshare_flags);
2682         if (err)
2683                 goto bad_unshare_out;
2684         /*
2685          * CLONE_NEWIPC must also detach from the undolist: after switching
2686          * to a new ipc namespace, the semaphore arrays from the old
2687          * namespace are unreachable.
2688          */
2689         if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_SYSVSEM))
2690                 do_sysvsem = 1;
2691         err = unshare_fs(unshare_flags, &new_fs);
2692         if (err)
2693                 goto bad_unshare_out;
2694         err = unshare_fd(unshare_flags, &new_fd);
2695         if (err)
2696                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_fs;
2697         err = unshare_userns(unshare_flags, &new_cred);
2698         if (err)
2699                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_fd;
2700         err = unshare_nsproxy_namespaces(unshare_flags, &new_nsproxy,
2701                                          new_cred, new_fs);
2702         if (err)
2703                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_cred;
2704
2705         if (new_fs || new_fd || do_sysvsem || new_cred || new_nsproxy) {
2706                 if (do_sysvsem) {
2707                         /*
2708                          * CLONE_SYSVSEM is equivalent to sys_exit().
2709                          */
2710                         exit_sem(current);
2711                 }
2712                 if (unshare_flags & CLONE_NEWIPC) {
2713                         /* Orphan segments in old ns (see sem above). */
2714                         exit_shm(current);
2715                         shm_init_task(current);
2716                 }
2717
2718                 if (new_nsproxy)
2719                         switch_task_namespaces(current, new_nsproxy);
2720
2721                 task_lock(current);
2722
2723                 if (new_fs) {
2724                         fs = current->fs;
2725                         spin_lock(&fs->lock);
2726                         current->fs = new_fs;
2727                         if (--fs->users)
2728                                 new_fs = NULL;
2729                         else
2730                                 new_fs = fs;
2731                         spin_unlock(&fs->lock);
2732                 }
2733
2734                 if (new_fd) {
2735                         fd = current->files;
2736                         current->files = new_fd;
2737                         new_fd = fd;
2738                 }
2739
2740                 task_unlock(current);
2741
2742                 if (new_cred) {
2743                         /* Install the new user namespace */
2744                         commit_creds(new_cred);
2745                         new_cred = NULL;
2746                 }
2747         }
2748
2749         perf_event_namespaces(current);
2750
2751 bad_unshare_cleanup_cred:
2752         if (new_cred)
2753                 put_cred(new_cred);
2754 bad_unshare_cleanup_fd:
2755         if (new_fd)
2756                 put_files_struct(new_fd);
2757
2758 bad_unshare_cleanup_fs:
2759         if (new_fs)
2760                 free_fs_struct(new_fs);
2761
2762 bad_unshare_out:
2763         return err;
2764 }
2765
2766 SYSCALL_DEFINE1(unshare, unsigned long, unshare_flags)
2767 {
2768         return ksys_unshare(unshare_flags);
2769 }
2770
2771 /*
2772  *      Helper to unshare the files of the current task.
2773  *      We don't want to expose copy_files internals to
2774  *      the exec layer of the kernel.
2775  */
2776
2777 int unshare_files(struct files_struct **displaced)
2778 {
2779         struct task_struct *task = current;
2780         struct files_struct *copy = NULL;
2781         int error;
2782
2783         error = unshare_fd(CLONE_FILES, &copy);
2784         if (error || !copy) {
2785                 *displaced = NULL;
2786                 return error;
2787         }
2788         *displaced = task->files;
2789         task_lock(task);
2790         task->files = copy;
2791         task_unlock(task);
2792         return 0;
2793 }
2794
2795 int sysctl_max_threads(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
2796                        void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
2797 {
2798         struct ctl_table t;
2799         int ret;
2800         int threads = max_threads;
2801         int min = MIN_THREADS;
2802         int max = MAX_THREADS;
2803
2804         t = *table;
2805         t.data = &threads;
2806         t.extra1 = &min;
2807         t.extra2 = &max;
2808
2809         ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(&t, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
2810         if (ret || !write)
2811                 return ret;
2812
2813         set_max_threads(threads);
2814
2815         return 0;
2816 }