Merge branch 'next-general' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris...
[sfrench/cifs-2.6.git] / fs / proc / base.c
1 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
2 /*
3  *  linux/fs/proc/base.c
4  *
5  *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
6  *
7  *  proc base directory handling functions
8  *
9  *  1999, Al Viro. Rewritten. Now it covers the whole per-process part.
10  *  Instead of using magical inumbers to determine the kind of object
11  *  we allocate and fill in-core inodes upon lookup. They don't even
12  *  go into icache. We cache the reference to task_struct upon lookup too.
13  *  Eventually it should become a filesystem in its own. We don't use the
14  *  rest of procfs anymore.
15  *
16  *
17  *  Changelog:
18  *  17-Jan-2005
19  *  Allan Bezerra
20  *  Bruna Moreira <bruna.moreira@indt.org.br>
21  *  Edjard Mota <edjard.mota@indt.org.br>
22  *  Ilias Biris <ilias.biris@indt.org.br>
23  *  Mauricio Lin <mauricio.lin@indt.org.br>
24  *
25  *  Embedded Linux Lab - 10LE Instituto Nokia de Tecnologia - INdT
26  *
27  *  A new process specific entry (smaps) included in /proc. It shows the
28  *  size of rss for each memory area. The maps entry lacks information
29  *  about physical memory size (rss) for each mapped file, i.e.,
30  *  rss information for executables and library files.
31  *  This additional information is useful for any tools that need to know
32  *  about physical memory consumption for a process specific library.
33  *
34  *  Changelog:
35  *  21-Feb-2005
36  *  Embedded Linux Lab - 10LE Instituto Nokia de Tecnologia - INdT
37  *  Pud inclusion in the page table walking.
38  *
39  *  ChangeLog:
40  *  10-Mar-2005
41  *  10LE Instituto Nokia de Tecnologia - INdT:
42  *  A better way to walks through the page table as suggested by Hugh Dickins.
43  *
44  *  Simo Piiroinen <simo.piiroinen@nokia.com>:
45  *  Smaps information related to shared, private, clean and dirty pages.
46  *
47  *  Paul Mundt <paul.mundt@nokia.com>:
48  *  Overall revision about smaps.
49  */
50
51 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
52
53 #include <linux/errno.h>
54 #include <linux/time.h>
55 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
56 #include <linux/stat.h>
57 #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h>
58 #include <linux/init.h>
59 #include <linux/capability.h>
60 #include <linux/file.h>
61 #include <linux/fdtable.h>
62 #include <linux/string.h>
63 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
64 #include <linux/namei.h>
65 #include <linux/mnt_namespace.h>
66 #include <linux/mm.h>
67 #include <linux/swap.h>
68 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
69 #include <linux/kallsyms.h>
70 #include <linux/stacktrace.h>
71 #include <linux/resource.h>
72 #include <linux/module.h>
73 #include <linux/mount.h>
74 #include <linux/security.h>
75 #include <linux/ptrace.h>
76 #include <linux/tracehook.h>
77 #include <linux/printk.h>
78 #include <linux/cache.h>
79 #include <linux/cgroup.h>
80 #include <linux/cpuset.h>
81 #include <linux/audit.h>
82 #include <linux/poll.h>
83 #include <linux/nsproxy.h>
84 #include <linux/oom.h>
85 #include <linux/elf.h>
86 #include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
87 #include <linux/user_namespace.h>
88 #include <linux/fs_struct.h>
89 #include <linux/slab.h>
90 #include <linux/sched/autogroup.h>
91 #include <linux/sched/mm.h>
92 #include <linux/sched/coredump.h>
93 #include <linux/sched/debug.h>
94 #include <linux/sched/stat.h>
95 #include <linux/flex_array.h>
96 #include <linux/posix-timers.h>
97 #include <trace/events/oom.h>
98 #include "internal.h"
99 #include "fd.h"
100
101 #include "../../lib/kstrtox.h"
102
103 /* NOTE:
104  *      Implementing inode permission operations in /proc is almost
105  *      certainly an error.  Permission checks need to happen during
106  *      each system call not at open time.  The reason is that most of
107  *      what we wish to check for permissions in /proc varies at runtime.
108  *
109  *      The classic example of a problem is opening file descriptors
110  *      in /proc for a task before it execs a suid executable.
111  */
112
113 static u8 nlink_tid __ro_after_init;
114 static u8 nlink_tgid __ro_after_init;
115
116 struct pid_entry {
117         const char *name;
118         unsigned int len;
119         umode_t mode;
120         const struct inode_operations *iop;
121         const struct file_operations *fop;
122         union proc_op op;
123 };
124
125 #define NOD(NAME, MODE, IOP, FOP, OP) {                 \
126         .name = (NAME),                                 \
127         .len  = sizeof(NAME) - 1,                       \
128         .mode = MODE,                                   \
129         .iop  = IOP,                                    \
130         .fop  = FOP,                                    \
131         .op   = OP,                                     \
132 }
133
134 #define DIR(NAME, MODE, iops, fops)     \
135         NOD(NAME, (S_IFDIR|(MODE)), &iops, &fops, {} )
136 #define LNK(NAME, get_link)                                     \
137         NOD(NAME, (S_IFLNK|S_IRWXUGO),                          \
138                 &proc_pid_link_inode_operations, NULL,          \
139                 { .proc_get_link = get_link } )
140 #define REG(NAME, MODE, fops)                           \
141         NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)), NULL, &fops, {})
142 #define ONE(NAME, MODE, show)                           \
143         NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)),                     \
144                 NULL, &proc_single_file_operations,     \
145                 { .proc_show = show } )
146 #define ATTR(LSM, NAME, MODE)                           \
147         NOD(NAME, (S_IFREG|(MODE)),                     \
148                 NULL, &proc_pid_attr_operations,        \
149                 { .lsm = LSM })
150
151 /*
152  * Count the number of hardlinks for the pid_entry table, excluding the .
153  * and .. links.
154  */
155 static unsigned int __init pid_entry_nlink(const struct pid_entry *entries,
156         unsigned int n)
157 {
158         unsigned int i;
159         unsigned int count;
160
161         count = 2;
162         for (i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
163                 if (S_ISDIR(entries[i].mode))
164                         ++count;
165         }
166
167         return count;
168 }
169
170 static int get_task_root(struct task_struct *task, struct path *root)
171 {
172         int result = -ENOENT;
173
174         task_lock(task);
175         if (task->fs) {
176                 get_fs_root(task->fs, root);
177                 result = 0;
178         }
179         task_unlock(task);
180         return result;
181 }
182
183 static int proc_cwd_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path)
184 {
185         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(d_inode(dentry));
186         int result = -ENOENT;
187
188         if (task) {
189                 task_lock(task);
190                 if (task->fs) {
191                         get_fs_pwd(task->fs, path);
192                         result = 0;
193                 }
194                 task_unlock(task);
195                 put_task_struct(task);
196         }
197         return result;
198 }
199
200 static int proc_root_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path)
201 {
202         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(d_inode(dentry));
203         int result = -ENOENT;
204
205         if (task) {
206                 result = get_task_root(task, path);
207                 put_task_struct(task);
208         }
209         return result;
210 }
211
212 static ssize_t get_mm_cmdline(struct mm_struct *mm, char __user *buf,
213                               size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
214 {
215         unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end;
216         unsigned long pos, len;
217         char *page;
218
219         /* Check if process spawned far enough to have cmdline. */
220         if (!mm->env_end)
221                 return 0;
222
223         spin_lock(&mm->arg_lock);
224         arg_start = mm->arg_start;
225         arg_end = mm->arg_end;
226         env_start = mm->env_start;
227         env_end = mm->env_end;
228         spin_unlock(&mm->arg_lock);
229
230         if (arg_start >= arg_end)
231                 return 0;
232
233         /*
234          * We have traditionally allowed the user to re-write
235          * the argument strings and overflow the end result
236          * into the environment section. But only do that if
237          * the environment area is contiguous to the arguments.
238          */
239         if (env_start != arg_end || env_start >= env_end)
240                 env_start = env_end = arg_end;
241
242         /* .. and limit it to a maximum of one page of slop */
243         if (env_end >= arg_end + PAGE_SIZE)
244                 env_end = arg_end + PAGE_SIZE - 1;
245
246         /* We're not going to care if "*ppos" has high bits set */
247         pos = arg_start + *ppos;
248
249         /* .. but we do check the result is in the proper range */
250         if (pos < arg_start || pos >= env_end)
251                 return 0;
252
253         /* .. and we never go past env_end */
254         if (env_end - pos < count)
255                 count = env_end - pos;
256
257         page = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
258         if (!page)
259                 return -ENOMEM;
260
261         len = 0;
262         while (count) {
263                 int got;
264                 size_t size = min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE, count);
265                 long offset;
266
267                 /*
268                  * Are we already starting past the official end?
269                  * We always include the last byte that is *supposed*
270                  * to be NUL
271                  */
272                 offset = (pos >= arg_end) ? pos - arg_end + 1 : 0;
273
274                 got = access_remote_vm(mm, pos - offset, page, size + offset, FOLL_ANON);
275                 if (got <= offset)
276                         break;
277                 got -= offset;
278
279                 /* Don't walk past a NUL character once you hit arg_end */
280                 if (pos + got >= arg_end) {
281                         int n = 0;
282
283                         /*
284                          * If we started before 'arg_end' but ended up
285                          * at or after it, we start the NUL character
286                          * check at arg_end-1 (where we expect the normal
287                          * EOF to be).
288                          *
289                          * NOTE! This is smaller than 'got', because
290                          * pos + got >= arg_end
291                          */
292                         if (pos < arg_end)
293                                 n = arg_end - pos - 1;
294
295                         /* Cut off at first NUL after 'n' */
296                         got = n + strnlen(page+n, offset+got-n);
297                         if (got < offset)
298                                 break;
299                         got -= offset;
300
301                         /* Include the NUL if it existed */
302                         if (got < size)
303                                 got++;
304                 }
305
306                 got -= copy_to_user(buf, page+offset, got);
307                 if (unlikely(!got)) {
308                         if (!len)
309                                 len = -EFAULT;
310                         break;
311                 }
312                 pos += got;
313                 buf += got;
314                 len += got;
315                 count -= got;
316         }
317
318         free_page((unsigned long)page);
319         return len;
320 }
321
322 static ssize_t get_task_cmdline(struct task_struct *tsk, char __user *buf,
323                                 size_t count, loff_t *pos)
324 {
325         struct mm_struct *mm;
326         ssize_t ret;
327
328         mm = get_task_mm(tsk);
329         if (!mm)
330                 return 0;
331
332         ret = get_mm_cmdline(mm, buf, count, pos);
333         mmput(mm);
334         return ret;
335 }
336
337 static ssize_t proc_pid_cmdline_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
338                                      size_t count, loff_t *pos)
339 {
340         struct task_struct *tsk;
341         ssize_t ret;
342
343         BUG_ON(*pos < 0);
344
345         tsk = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
346         if (!tsk)
347                 return -ESRCH;
348         ret = get_task_cmdline(tsk, buf, count, pos);
349         put_task_struct(tsk);
350         if (ret > 0)
351                 *pos += ret;
352         return ret;
353 }
354
355 static const struct file_operations proc_pid_cmdline_ops = {
356         .read   = proc_pid_cmdline_read,
357         .llseek = generic_file_llseek,
358 };
359
360 #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
361 /*
362  * Provides a wchan file via kallsyms in a proper one-value-per-file format.
363  * Returns the resolved symbol.  If that fails, simply return the address.
364  */
365 static int proc_pid_wchan(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
366                           struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
367 {
368         unsigned long wchan;
369         char symname[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
370
371         if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS))
372                 goto print0;
373
374         wchan = get_wchan(task);
375         if (wchan && !lookup_symbol_name(wchan, symname)) {
376                 seq_puts(m, symname);
377                 return 0;
378         }
379
380 print0:
381         seq_putc(m, '0');
382         return 0;
383 }
384 #endif /* CONFIG_KALLSYMS */
385
386 static int lock_trace(struct task_struct *task)
387 {
388         int err = mutex_lock_killable(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
389         if (err)
390                 return err;
391         if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_FSCREDS)) {
392                 mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
393                 return -EPERM;
394         }
395         return 0;
396 }
397
398 static void unlock_trace(struct task_struct *task)
399 {
400         mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
401 }
402
403 #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
404
405 #define MAX_STACK_TRACE_DEPTH   64
406
407 static int proc_pid_stack(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
408                           struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
409 {
410         struct stack_trace trace;
411         unsigned long *entries;
412         int err;
413
414         /*
415          * The ability to racily run the kernel stack unwinder on a running task
416          * and then observe the unwinder output is scary; while it is useful for
417          * debugging kernel issues, it can also allow an attacker to leak kernel
418          * stack contents.
419          * Doing this in a manner that is at least safe from races would require
420          * some work to ensure that the remote task can not be scheduled; and
421          * even then, this would still expose the unwinder as local attack
422          * surface.
423          * Therefore, this interface is restricted to root.
424          */
425         if (!file_ns_capable(m->file, &init_user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
426                 return -EACCES;
427
428         entries = kmalloc_array(MAX_STACK_TRACE_DEPTH, sizeof(*entries),
429                                 GFP_KERNEL);
430         if (!entries)
431                 return -ENOMEM;
432
433         trace.nr_entries        = 0;
434         trace.max_entries       = MAX_STACK_TRACE_DEPTH;
435         trace.entries           = entries;
436         trace.skip              = 0;
437
438         err = lock_trace(task);
439         if (!err) {
440                 unsigned int i;
441
442                 save_stack_trace_tsk(task, &trace);
443
444                 for (i = 0; i < trace.nr_entries; i++) {
445                         seq_printf(m, "[<0>] %pB\n", (void *)entries[i]);
446                 }
447                 unlock_trace(task);
448         }
449         kfree(entries);
450
451         return err;
452 }
453 #endif
454
455 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO
456 /*
457  * Provides /proc/PID/schedstat
458  */
459 static int proc_pid_schedstat(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
460                               struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
461 {
462         if (unlikely(!sched_info_on()))
463                 seq_puts(m, "0 0 0\n");
464         else
465                 seq_printf(m, "%llu %llu %lu\n",
466                    (unsigned long long)task->se.sum_exec_runtime,
467                    (unsigned long long)task->sched_info.run_delay,
468                    task->sched_info.pcount);
469
470         return 0;
471 }
472 #endif
473
474 #ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP
475 static int lstats_show_proc(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
476 {
477         int i;
478         struct inode *inode = m->private;
479         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
480
481         if (!task)
482                 return -ESRCH;
483         seq_puts(m, "Latency Top version : v0.1\n");
484         for (i = 0; i < LT_SAVECOUNT; i++) {
485                 struct latency_record *lr = &task->latency_record[i];
486                 if (lr->backtrace[0]) {
487                         int q;
488                         seq_printf(m, "%i %li %li",
489                                    lr->count, lr->time, lr->max);
490                         for (q = 0; q < LT_BACKTRACEDEPTH; q++) {
491                                 unsigned long bt = lr->backtrace[q];
492                                 if (!bt)
493                                         break;
494                                 if (bt == ULONG_MAX)
495                                         break;
496                                 seq_printf(m, " %ps", (void *)bt);
497                         }
498                         seq_putc(m, '\n');
499                 }
500
501         }
502         put_task_struct(task);
503         return 0;
504 }
505
506 static int lstats_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
507 {
508         return single_open(file, lstats_show_proc, inode);
509 }
510
511 static ssize_t lstats_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
512                             size_t count, loff_t *offs)
513 {
514         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
515
516         if (!task)
517                 return -ESRCH;
518         clear_all_latency_tracing(task);
519         put_task_struct(task);
520
521         return count;
522 }
523
524 static const struct file_operations proc_lstats_operations = {
525         .open           = lstats_open,
526         .read           = seq_read,
527         .write          = lstats_write,
528         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
529         .release        = single_release,
530 };
531
532 #endif
533
534 static int proc_oom_score(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
535                           struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
536 {
537         unsigned long totalpages = totalram_pages() + total_swap_pages;
538         unsigned long points = 0;
539
540         points = oom_badness(task, NULL, NULL, totalpages) *
541                                         1000 / totalpages;
542         seq_printf(m, "%lu\n", points);
543
544         return 0;
545 }
546
547 struct limit_names {
548         const char *name;
549         const char *unit;
550 };
551
552 static const struct limit_names lnames[RLIM_NLIMITS] = {
553         [RLIMIT_CPU] = {"Max cpu time", "seconds"},
554         [RLIMIT_FSIZE] = {"Max file size", "bytes"},
555         [RLIMIT_DATA] = {"Max data size", "bytes"},
556         [RLIMIT_STACK] = {"Max stack size", "bytes"},
557         [RLIMIT_CORE] = {"Max core file size", "bytes"},
558         [RLIMIT_RSS] = {"Max resident set", "bytes"},
559         [RLIMIT_NPROC] = {"Max processes", "processes"},
560         [RLIMIT_NOFILE] = {"Max open files", "files"},
561         [RLIMIT_MEMLOCK] = {"Max locked memory", "bytes"},
562         [RLIMIT_AS] = {"Max address space", "bytes"},
563         [RLIMIT_LOCKS] = {"Max file locks", "locks"},
564         [RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] = {"Max pending signals", "signals"},
565         [RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE] = {"Max msgqueue size", "bytes"},
566         [RLIMIT_NICE] = {"Max nice priority", NULL},
567         [RLIMIT_RTPRIO] = {"Max realtime priority", NULL},
568         [RLIMIT_RTTIME] = {"Max realtime timeout", "us"},
569 };
570
571 /* Display limits for a process */
572 static int proc_pid_limits(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
573                            struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
574 {
575         unsigned int i;
576         unsigned long flags;
577
578         struct rlimit rlim[RLIM_NLIMITS];
579
580         if (!lock_task_sighand(task, &flags))
581                 return 0;
582         memcpy(rlim, task->signal->rlim, sizeof(struct rlimit) * RLIM_NLIMITS);
583         unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags);
584
585         /*
586          * print the file header
587          */
588         seq_puts(m, "Limit                     "
589                 "Soft Limit           "
590                 "Hard Limit           "
591                 "Units     \n");
592
593         for (i = 0; i < RLIM_NLIMITS; i++) {
594                 if (rlim[i].rlim_cur == RLIM_INFINITY)
595                         seq_printf(m, "%-25s %-20s ",
596                                    lnames[i].name, "unlimited");
597                 else
598                         seq_printf(m, "%-25s %-20lu ",
599                                    lnames[i].name, rlim[i].rlim_cur);
600
601                 if (rlim[i].rlim_max == RLIM_INFINITY)
602                         seq_printf(m, "%-20s ", "unlimited");
603                 else
604                         seq_printf(m, "%-20lu ", rlim[i].rlim_max);
605
606                 if (lnames[i].unit)
607                         seq_printf(m, "%-10s\n", lnames[i].unit);
608                 else
609                         seq_putc(m, '\n');
610         }
611
612         return 0;
613 }
614
615 #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
616 static int proc_pid_syscall(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
617                             struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
618 {
619         long nr;
620         unsigned long args[6], sp, pc;
621         int res;
622
623         res = lock_trace(task);
624         if (res)
625                 return res;
626
627         if (task_current_syscall(task, &nr, args, 6, &sp, &pc))
628                 seq_puts(m, "running\n");
629         else if (nr < 0)
630                 seq_printf(m, "%ld 0x%lx 0x%lx\n", nr, sp, pc);
631         else
632                 seq_printf(m,
633                        "%ld 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx 0x%lx\n",
634                        nr,
635                        args[0], args[1], args[2], args[3], args[4], args[5],
636                        sp, pc);
637         unlock_trace(task);
638
639         return 0;
640 }
641 #endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK */
642
643 /************************************************************************/
644 /*                       Here the fs part begins                        */
645 /************************************************************************/
646
647 /* permission checks */
648 static int proc_fd_access_allowed(struct inode *inode)
649 {
650         struct task_struct *task;
651         int allowed = 0;
652         /* Allow access to a task's file descriptors if it is us or we
653          * may use ptrace attach to the process and find out that
654          * information.
655          */
656         task = get_proc_task(inode);
657         if (task) {
658                 allowed = ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS);
659                 put_task_struct(task);
660         }
661         return allowed;
662 }
663
664 int proc_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *attr)
665 {
666         int error;
667         struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry);
668
669         if (attr->ia_valid & ATTR_MODE)
670                 return -EPERM;
671
672         error = setattr_prepare(dentry, attr);
673         if (error)
674                 return error;
675
676         setattr_copy(inode, attr);
677         mark_inode_dirty(inode);
678         return 0;
679 }
680
681 /*
682  * May current process learn task's sched/cmdline info (for hide_pid_min=1)
683  * or euid/egid (for hide_pid_min=2)?
684  */
685 static bool has_pid_permissions(struct pid_namespace *pid,
686                                  struct task_struct *task,
687                                  int hide_pid_min)
688 {
689         if (pid->hide_pid < hide_pid_min)
690                 return true;
691         if (in_group_p(pid->pid_gid))
692                 return true;
693         return ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS);
694 }
695
696
697 static int proc_pid_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask)
698 {
699         struct pid_namespace *pid = proc_pid_ns(inode);
700         struct task_struct *task;
701         bool has_perms;
702
703         task = get_proc_task(inode);
704         if (!task)
705                 return -ESRCH;
706         has_perms = has_pid_permissions(pid, task, HIDEPID_NO_ACCESS);
707         put_task_struct(task);
708
709         if (!has_perms) {
710                 if (pid->hide_pid == HIDEPID_INVISIBLE) {
711                         /*
712                          * Let's make getdents(), stat(), and open()
713                          * consistent with each other.  If a process
714                          * may not stat() a file, it shouldn't be seen
715                          * in procfs at all.
716                          */
717                         return -ENOENT;
718                 }
719
720                 return -EPERM;
721         }
722         return generic_permission(inode, mask);
723 }
724
725
726
727 static const struct inode_operations proc_def_inode_operations = {
728         .setattr        = proc_setattr,
729 };
730
731 static int proc_single_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
732 {
733         struct inode *inode = m->private;
734         struct pid_namespace *ns = proc_pid_ns(inode);
735         struct pid *pid = proc_pid(inode);
736         struct task_struct *task;
737         int ret;
738
739         task = get_pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
740         if (!task)
741                 return -ESRCH;
742
743         ret = PROC_I(inode)->op.proc_show(m, ns, pid, task);
744
745         put_task_struct(task);
746         return ret;
747 }
748
749 static int proc_single_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
750 {
751         return single_open(filp, proc_single_show, inode);
752 }
753
754 static const struct file_operations proc_single_file_operations = {
755         .open           = proc_single_open,
756         .read           = seq_read,
757         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
758         .release        = single_release,
759 };
760
761
762 struct mm_struct *proc_mem_open(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode)
763 {
764         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
765         struct mm_struct *mm = ERR_PTR(-ESRCH);
766
767         if (task) {
768                 mm = mm_access(task, mode | PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS);
769                 put_task_struct(task);
770
771                 if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mm)) {
772                         /* ensure this mm_struct can't be freed */
773                         mmgrab(mm);
774                         /* but do not pin its memory */
775                         mmput(mm);
776                 }
777         }
778
779         return mm;
780 }
781
782 static int __mem_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, unsigned int mode)
783 {
784         struct mm_struct *mm = proc_mem_open(inode, mode);
785
786         if (IS_ERR(mm))
787                 return PTR_ERR(mm);
788
789         file->private_data = mm;
790         return 0;
791 }
792
793 static int mem_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
794 {
795         int ret = __mem_open(inode, file, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH);
796
797         /* OK to pass negative loff_t, we can catch out-of-range */
798         file->f_mode |= FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET;
799
800         return ret;
801 }
802
803 static ssize_t mem_rw(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
804                         size_t count, loff_t *ppos, int write)
805 {
806         struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data;
807         unsigned long addr = *ppos;
808         ssize_t copied;
809         char *page;
810         unsigned int flags;
811
812         if (!mm)
813                 return 0;
814
815         page = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
816         if (!page)
817                 return -ENOMEM;
818
819         copied = 0;
820         if (!mmget_not_zero(mm))
821                 goto free;
822
823         flags = FOLL_FORCE | (write ? FOLL_WRITE : 0);
824
825         while (count > 0) {
826                 int this_len = min_t(int, count, PAGE_SIZE);
827
828                 if (write && copy_from_user(page, buf, this_len)) {
829                         copied = -EFAULT;
830                         break;
831                 }
832
833                 this_len = access_remote_vm(mm, addr, page, this_len, flags);
834                 if (!this_len) {
835                         if (!copied)
836                                 copied = -EIO;
837                         break;
838                 }
839
840                 if (!write && copy_to_user(buf, page, this_len)) {
841                         copied = -EFAULT;
842                         break;
843                 }
844
845                 buf += this_len;
846                 addr += this_len;
847                 copied += this_len;
848                 count -= this_len;
849         }
850         *ppos = addr;
851
852         mmput(mm);
853 free:
854         free_page((unsigned long) page);
855         return copied;
856 }
857
858 static ssize_t mem_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
859                         size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
860 {
861         return mem_rw(file, buf, count, ppos, 0);
862 }
863
864 static ssize_t mem_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
865                          size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
866 {
867         return mem_rw(file, (char __user*)buf, count, ppos, 1);
868 }
869
870 loff_t mem_lseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int orig)
871 {
872         switch (orig) {
873         case 0:
874                 file->f_pos = offset;
875                 break;
876         case 1:
877                 file->f_pos += offset;
878                 break;
879         default:
880                 return -EINVAL;
881         }
882         force_successful_syscall_return();
883         return file->f_pos;
884 }
885
886 static int mem_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
887 {
888         struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data;
889         if (mm)
890                 mmdrop(mm);
891         return 0;
892 }
893
894 static const struct file_operations proc_mem_operations = {
895         .llseek         = mem_lseek,
896         .read           = mem_read,
897         .write          = mem_write,
898         .open           = mem_open,
899         .release        = mem_release,
900 };
901
902 static int environ_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
903 {
904         return __mem_open(inode, file, PTRACE_MODE_READ);
905 }
906
907 static ssize_t environ_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
908                         size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
909 {
910         char *page;
911         unsigned long src = *ppos;
912         int ret = 0;
913         struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data;
914         unsigned long env_start, env_end;
915
916         /* Ensure the process spawned far enough to have an environment. */
917         if (!mm || !mm->env_end)
918                 return 0;
919
920         page = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
921         if (!page)
922                 return -ENOMEM;
923
924         ret = 0;
925         if (!mmget_not_zero(mm))
926                 goto free;
927
928         spin_lock(&mm->arg_lock);
929         env_start = mm->env_start;
930         env_end = mm->env_end;
931         spin_unlock(&mm->arg_lock);
932
933         while (count > 0) {
934                 size_t this_len, max_len;
935                 int retval;
936
937                 if (src >= (env_end - env_start))
938                         break;
939
940                 this_len = env_end - (env_start + src);
941
942                 max_len = min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE, count);
943                 this_len = min(max_len, this_len);
944
945                 retval = access_remote_vm(mm, (env_start + src), page, this_len, FOLL_ANON);
946
947                 if (retval <= 0) {
948                         ret = retval;
949                         break;
950                 }
951
952                 if (copy_to_user(buf, page, retval)) {
953                         ret = -EFAULT;
954                         break;
955                 }
956
957                 ret += retval;
958                 src += retval;
959                 buf += retval;
960                 count -= retval;
961         }
962         *ppos = src;
963         mmput(mm);
964
965 free:
966         free_page((unsigned long) page);
967         return ret;
968 }
969
970 static const struct file_operations proc_environ_operations = {
971         .open           = environ_open,
972         .read           = environ_read,
973         .llseek         = generic_file_llseek,
974         .release        = mem_release,
975 };
976
977 static int auxv_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
978 {
979         return __mem_open(inode, file, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS);
980 }
981
982 static ssize_t auxv_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
983                         size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
984 {
985         struct mm_struct *mm = file->private_data;
986         unsigned int nwords = 0;
987
988         if (!mm)
989                 return 0;
990         do {
991                 nwords += 2;
992         } while (mm->saved_auxv[nwords - 2] != 0); /* AT_NULL */
993         return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, mm->saved_auxv,
994                                        nwords * sizeof(mm->saved_auxv[0]));
995 }
996
997 static const struct file_operations proc_auxv_operations = {
998         .open           = auxv_open,
999         .read           = auxv_read,
1000         .llseek         = generic_file_llseek,
1001         .release        = mem_release,
1002 };
1003
1004 static ssize_t oom_adj_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count,
1005                             loff_t *ppos)
1006 {
1007         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
1008         char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
1009         int oom_adj = OOM_ADJUST_MIN;
1010         size_t len;
1011
1012         if (!task)
1013                 return -ESRCH;
1014         if (task->signal->oom_score_adj == OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX)
1015                 oom_adj = OOM_ADJUST_MAX;
1016         else
1017                 oom_adj = (task->signal->oom_score_adj * -OOM_DISABLE) /
1018                           OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX;
1019         put_task_struct(task);
1020         len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%d\n", oom_adj);
1021         return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len);
1022 }
1023
1024 static int __set_oom_adj(struct file *file, int oom_adj, bool legacy)
1025 {
1026         static DEFINE_MUTEX(oom_adj_mutex);
1027         struct mm_struct *mm = NULL;
1028         struct task_struct *task;
1029         int err = 0;
1030
1031         task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
1032         if (!task)
1033                 return -ESRCH;
1034
1035         mutex_lock(&oom_adj_mutex);
1036         if (legacy) {
1037                 if (oom_adj < task->signal->oom_score_adj &&
1038                                 !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) {
1039                         err = -EACCES;
1040                         goto err_unlock;
1041                 }
1042                 /*
1043                  * /proc/pid/oom_adj is provided for legacy purposes, ask users to use
1044                  * /proc/pid/oom_score_adj instead.
1045                  */
1046                 pr_warn_once("%s (%d): /proc/%d/oom_adj is deprecated, please use /proc/%d/oom_score_adj instead.\n",
1047                           current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), task_pid_nr(task),
1048                           task_pid_nr(task));
1049         } else {
1050                 if ((short)oom_adj < task->signal->oom_score_adj_min &&
1051                                 !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) {
1052                         err = -EACCES;
1053                         goto err_unlock;
1054                 }
1055         }
1056
1057         /*
1058          * Make sure we will check other processes sharing the mm if this is
1059          * not vfrok which wants its own oom_score_adj.
1060          * pin the mm so it doesn't go away and get reused after task_unlock
1061          */
1062         if (!task->vfork_done) {
1063                 struct task_struct *p = find_lock_task_mm(task);
1064
1065                 if (p) {
1066                         if (atomic_read(&p->mm->mm_users) > 1) {
1067                                 mm = p->mm;
1068                                 mmgrab(mm);
1069                         }
1070                         task_unlock(p);
1071                 }
1072         }
1073
1074         task->signal->oom_score_adj = oom_adj;
1075         if (!legacy && has_capability_noaudit(current, CAP_SYS_RESOURCE))
1076                 task->signal->oom_score_adj_min = (short)oom_adj;
1077         trace_oom_score_adj_update(task);
1078
1079         if (mm) {
1080                 struct task_struct *p;
1081
1082                 rcu_read_lock();
1083                 for_each_process(p) {
1084                         if (same_thread_group(task, p))
1085                                 continue;
1086
1087                         /* do not touch kernel threads or the global init */
1088                         if (p->flags & PF_KTHREAD || is_global_init(p))
1089                                 continue;
1090
1091                         task_lock(p);
1092                         if (!p->vfork_done && process_shares_mm(p, mm)) {
1093                                 p->signal->oom_score_adj = oom_adj;
1094                                 if (!legacy && has_capability_noaudit(current, CAP_SYS_RESOURCE))
1095                                         p->signal->oom_score_adj_min = (short)oom_adj;
1096                         }
1097                         task_unlock(p);
1098                 }
1099                 rcu_read_unlock();
1100                 mmdrop(mm);
1101         }
1102 err_unlock:
1103         mutex_unlock(&oom_adj_mutex);
1104         put_task_struct(task);
1105         return err;
1106 }
1107
1108 /*
1109  * /proc/pid/oom_adj exists solely for backwards compatibility with previous
1110  * kernels.  The effective policy is defined by oom_score_adj, which has a
1111  * different scale: oom_adj grew exponentially and oom_score_adj grows linearly.
1112  * Values written to oom_adj are simply mapped linearly to oom_score_adj.
1113  * Processes that become oom disabled via oom_adj will still be oom disabled
1114  * with this implementation.
1115  *
1116  * oom_adj cannot be removed since existing userspace binaries use it.
1117  */
1118 static ssize_t oom_adj_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
1119                              size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
1120 {
1121         char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
1122         int oom_adj;
1123         int err;
1124
1125         memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
1126         if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1)
1127                 count = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
1128         if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count)) {
1129                 err = -EFAULT;
1130                 goto out;
1131         }
1132
1133         err = kstrtoint(strstrip(buffer), 0, &oom_adj);
1134         if (err)
1135                 goto out;
1136         if ((oom_adj < OOM_ADJUST_MIN || oom_adj > OOM_ADJUST_MAX) &&
1137              oom_adj != OOM_DISABLE) {
1138                 err = -EINVAL;
1139                 goto out;
1140         }
1141
1142         /*
1143          * Scale /proc/pid/oom_score_adj appropriately ensuring that a maximum
1144          * value is always attainable.
1145          */
1146         if (oom_adj == OOM_ADJUST_MAX)
1147                 oom_adj = OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX;
1148         else
1149                 oom_adj = (oom_adj * OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX) / -OOM_DISABLE;
1150
1151         err = __set_oom_adj(file, oom_adj, true);
1152 out:
1153         return err < 0 ? err : count;
1154 }
1155
1156 static const struct file_operations proc_oom_adj_operations = {
1157         .read           = oom_adj_read,
1158         .write          = oom_adj_write,
1159         .llseek         = generic_file_llseek,
1160 };
1161
1162 static ssize_t oom_score_adj_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
1163                                         size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
1164 {
1165         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
1166         char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
1167         short oom_score_adj = OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN;
1168         size_t len;
1169
1170         if (!task)
1171                 return -ESRCH;
1172         oom_score_adj = task->signal->oom_score_adj;
1173         put_task_struct(task);
1174         len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%hd\n", oom_score_adj);
1175         return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len);
1176 }
1177
1178 static ssize_t oom_score_adj_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
1179                                         size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
1180 {
1181         char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
1182         int oom_score_adj;
1183         int err;
1184
1185         memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
1186         if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1)
1187                 count = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
1188         if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count)) {
1189                 err = -EFAULT;
1190                 goto out;
1191         }
1192
1193         err = kstrtoint(strstrip(buffer), 0, &oom_score_adj);
1194         if (err)
1195                 goto out;
1196         if (oom_score_adj < OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN ||
1197                         oom_score_adj > OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MAX) {
1198                 err = -EINVAL;
1199                 goto out;
1200         }
1201
1202         err = __set_oom_adj(file, oom_score_adj, false);
1203 out:
1204         return err < 0 ? err : count;
1205 }
1206
1207 static const struct file_operations proc_oom_score_adj_operations = {
1208         .read           = oom_score_adj_read,
1209         .write          = oom_score_adj_write,
1210         .llseek         = default_llseek,
1211 };
1212
1213 #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL
1214 #define TMPBUFLEN 11
1215 static ssize_t proc_loginuid_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf,
1216                                   size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
1217 {
1218         struct inode * inode = file_inode(file);
1219         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
1220         ssize_t length;
1221         char tmpbuf[TMPBUFLEN];
1222
1223         if (!task)
1224                 return -ESRCH;
1225         length = scnprintf(tmpbuf, TMPBUFLEN, "%u",
1226                            from_kuid(file->f_cred->user_ns,
1227                                      audit_get_loginuid(task)));
1228         put_task_struct(task);
1229         return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, tmpbuf, length);
1230 }
1231
1232 static ssize_t proc_loginuid_write(struct file * file, const char __user * buf,
1233                                    size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
1234 {
1235         struct inode * inode = file_inode(file);
1236         uid_t loginuid;
1237         kuid_t kloginuid;
1238         int rv;
1239
1240         rcu_read_lock();
1241         if (current != pid_task(proc_pid(inode), PIDTYPE_PID)) {
1242                 rcu_read_unlock();
1243                 return -EPERM;
1244         }
1245         rcu_read_unlock();
1246
1247         if (*ppos != 0) {
1248                 /* No partial writes. */
1249                 return -EINVAL;
1250         }
1251
1252         rv = kstrtou32_from_user(buf, count, 10, &loginuid);
1253         if (rv < 0)
1254                 return rv;
1255
1256         /* is userspace tring to explicitly UNSET the loginuid? */
1257         if (loginuid == AUDIT_UID_UNSET) {
1258                 kloginuid = INVALID_UID;
1259         } else {
1260                 kloginuid = make_kuid(file->f_cred->user_ns, loginuid);
1261                 if (!uid_valid(kloginuid))
1262                         return -EINVAL;
1263         }
1264
1265         rv = audit_set_loginuid(kloginuid);
1266         if (rv < 0)
1267                 return rv;
1268         return count;
1269 }
1270
1271 static const struct file_operations proc_loginuid_operations = {
1272         .read           = proc_loginuid_read,
1273         .write          = proc_loginuid_write,
1274         .llseek         = generic_file_llseek,
1275 };
1276
1277 static ssize_t proc_sessionid_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf,
1278                                   size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
1279 {
1280         struct inode * inode = file_inode(file);
1281         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
1282         ssize_t length;
1283         char tmpbuf[TMPBUFLEN];
1284
1285         if (!task)
1286                 return -ESRCH;
1287         length = scnprintf(tmpbuf, TMPBUFLEN, "%u",
1288                                 audit_get_sessionid(task));
1289         put_task_struct(task);
1290         return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, tmpbuf, length);
1291 }
1292
1293 static const struct file_operations proc_sessionid_operations = {
1294         .read           = proc_sessionid_read,
1295         .llseek         = generic_file_llseek,
1296 };
1297 #endif
1298
1299 #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION
1300 static ssize_t proc_fault_inject_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf,
1301                                       size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
1302 {
1303         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
1304         char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
1305         size_t len;
1306         int make_it_fail;
1307
1308         if (!task)
1309                 return -ESRCH;
1310         make_it_fail = task->make_it_fail;
1311         put_task_struct(task);
1312
1313         len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%i\n", make_it_fail);
1314
1315         return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len);
1316 }
1317
1318 static ssize_t proc_fault_inject_write(struct file * file,
1319                         const char __user * buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
1320 {
1321         struct task_struct *task;
1322         char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
1323         int make_it_fail;
1324         int rv;
1325
1326         if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE))
1327                 return -EPERM;
1328         memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
1329         if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1)
1330                 count = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
1331         if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count))
1332                 return -EFAULT;
1333         rv = kstrtoint(strstrip(buffer), 0, &make_it_fail);
1334         if (rv < 0)
1335                 return rv;
1336         if (make_it_fail < 0 || make_it_fail > 1)
1337                 return -EINVAL;
1338
1339         task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
1340         if (!task)
1341                 return -ESRCH;
1342         task->make_it_fail = make_it_fail;
1343         put_task_struct(task);
1344
1345         return count;
1346 }
1347
1348 static const struct file_operations proc_fault_inject_operations = {
1349         .read           = proc_fault_inject_read,
1350         .write          = proc_fault_inject_write,
1351         .llseek         = generic_file_llseek,
1352 };
1353
1354 static ssize_t proc_fail_nth_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
1355                                    size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
1356 {
1357         struct task_struct *task;
1358         int err;
1359         unsigned int n;
1360
1361         err = kstrtouint_from_user(buf, count, 0, &n);
1362         if (err)
1363                 return err;
1364
1365         task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
1366         if (!task)
1367                 return -ESRCH;
1368         task->fail_nth = n;
1369         put_task_struct(task);
1370
1371         return count;
1372 }
1373
1374 static ssize_t proc_fail_nth_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
1375                                   size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
1376 {
1377         struct task_struct *task;
1378         char numbuf[PROC_NUMBUF];
1379         ssize_t len;
1380
1381         task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
1382         if (!task)
1383                 return -ESRCH;
1384         len = snprintf(numbuf, sizeof(numbuf), "%u\n", task->fail_nth);
1385         put_task_struct(task);
1386         return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, numbuf, len);
1387 }
1388
1389 static const struct file_operations proc_fail_nth_operations = {
1390         .read           = proc_fail_nth_read,
1391         .write          = proc_fail_nth_write,
1392 };
1393 #endif
1394
1395
1396 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
1397 /*
1398  * Print out various scheduling related per-task fields:
1399  */
1400 static int sched_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
1401 {
1402         struct inode *inode = m->private;
1403         struct pid_namespace *ns = proc_pid_ns(inode);
1404         struct task_struct *p;
1405
1406         p = get_proc_task(inode);
1407         if (!p)
1408                 return -ESRCH;
1409         proc_sched_show_task(p, ns, m);
1410
1411         put_task_struct(p);
1412
1413         return 0;
1414 }
1415
1416 static ssize_t
1417 sched_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
1418             size_t count, loff_t *offset)
1419 {
1420         struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
1421         struct task_struct *p;
1422
1423         p = get_proc_task(inode);
1424         if (!p)
1425                 return -ESRCH;
1426         proc_sched_set_task(p);
1427
1428         put_task_struct(p);
1429
1430         return count;
1431 }
1432
1433 static int sched_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
1434 {
1435         return single_open(filp, sched_show, inode);
1436 }
1437
1438 static const struct file_operations proc_pid_sched_operations = {
1439         .open           = sched_open,
1440         .read           = seq_read,
1441         .write          = sched_write,
1442         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
1443         .release        = single_release,
1444 };
1445
1446 #endif
1447
1448 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP
1449 /*
1450  * Print out autogroup related information:
1451  */
1452 static int sched_autogroup_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
1453 {
1454         struct inode *inode = m->private;
1455         struct task_struct *p;
1456
1457         p = get_proc_task(inode);
1458         if (!p)
1459                 return -ESRCH;
1460         proc_sched_autogroup_show_task(p, m);
1461
1462         put_task_struct(p);
1463
1464         return 0;
1465 }
1466
1467 static ssize_t
1468 sched_autogroup_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
1469             size_t count, loff_t *offset)
1470 {
1471         struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
1472         struct task_struct *p;
1473         char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
1474         int nice;
1475         int err;
1476
1477         memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
1478         if (count > sizeof(buffer) - 1)
1479                 count = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
1480         if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count))
1481                 return -EFAULT;
1482
1483         err = kstrtoint(strstrip(buffer), 0, &nice);
1484         if (err < 0)
1485                 return err;
1486
1487         p = get_proc_task(inode);
1488         if (!p)
1489                 return -ESRCH;
1490
1491         err = proc_sched_autogroup_set_nice(p, nice);
1492         if (err)
1493                 count = err;
1494
1495         put_task_struct(p);
1496
1497         return count;
1498 }
1499
1500 static int sched_autogroup_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
1501 {
1502         int ret;
1503
1504         ret = single_open(filp, sched_autogroup_show, NULL);
1505         if (!ret) {
1506                 struct seq_file *m = filp->private_data;
1507
1508                 m->private = inode;
1509         }
1510         return ret;
1511 }
1512
1513 static const struct file_operations proc_pid_sched_autogroup_operations = {
1514         .open           = sched_autogroup_open,
1515         .read           = seq_read,
1516         .write          = sched_autogroup_write,
1517         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
1518         .release        = single_release,
1519 };
1520
1521 #endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP */
1522
1523 static ssize_t comm_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
1524                                 size_t count, loff_t *offset)
1525 {
1526         struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
1527         struct task_struct *p;
1528         char buffer[TASK_COMM_LEN];
1529         const size_t maxlen = sizeof(buffer) - 1;
1530
1531         memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
1532         if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, count > maxlen ? maxlen : count))
1533                 return -EFAULT;
1534
1535         p = get_proc_task(inode);
1536         if (!p)
1537                 return -ESRCH;
1538
1539         if (same_thread_group(current, p))
1540                 set_task_comm(p, buffer);
1541         else
1542                 count = -EINVAL;
1543
1544         put_task_struct(p);
1545
1546         return count;
1547 }
1548
1549 static int comm_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
1550 {
1551         struct inode *inode = m->private;
1552         struct task_struct *p;
1553
1554         p = get_proc_task(inode);
1555         if (!p)
1556                 return -ESRCH;
1557
1558         proc_task_name(m, p, false);
1559         seq_putc(m, '\n');
1560
1561         put_task_struct(p);
1562
1563         return 0;
1564 }
1565
1566 static int comm_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
1567 {
1568         return single_open(filp, comm_show, inode);
1569 }
1570
1571 static const struct file_operations proc_pid_set_comm_operations = {
1572         .open           = comm_open,
1573         .read           = seq_read,
1574         .write          = comm_write,
1575         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
1576         .release        = single_release,
1577 };
1578
1579 static int proc_exe_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *exe_path)
1580 {
1581         struct task_struct *task;
1582         struct file *exe_file;
1583
1584         task = get_proc_task(d_inode(dentry));
1585         if (!task)
1586                 return -ENOENT;
1587         exe_file = get_task_exe_file(task);
1588         put_task_struct(task);
1589         if (exe_file) {
1590                 *exe_path = exe_file->f_path;
1591                 path_get(&exe_file->f_path);
1592                 fput(exe_file);
1593                 return 0;
1594         } else
1595                 return -ENOENT;
1596 }
1597
1598 static const char *proc_pid_get_link(struct dentry *dentry,
1599                                      struct inode *inode,
1600                                      struct delayed_call *done)
1601 {
1602         struct path path;
1603         int error = -EACCES;
1604
1605         if (!dentry)
1606                 return ERR_PTR(-ECHILD);
1607
1608         /* Are we allowed to snoop on the tasks file descriptors? */
1609         if (!proc_fd_access_allowed(inode))
1610                 goto out;
1611
1612         error = PROC_I(inode)->op.proc_get_link(dentry, &path);
1613         if (error)
1614                 goto out;
1615
1616         nd_jump_link(&path);
1617         return NULL;
1618 out:
1619         return ERR_PTR(error);
1620 }
1621
1622 static int do_proc_readlink(struct path *path, char __user *buffer, int buflen)
1623 {
1624         char *tmp = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
1625         char *pathname;
1626         int len;
1627
1628         if (!tmp)
1629                 return -ENOMEM;
1630
1631         pathname = d_path(path, tmp, PAGE_SIZE);
1632         len = PTR_ERR(pathname);
1633         if (IS_ERR(pathname))
1634                 goto out;
1635         len = tmp + PAGE_SIZE - 1 - pathname;
1636
1637         if (len > buflen)
1638                 len = buflen;
1639         if (copy_to_user(buffer, pathname, len))
1640                 len = -EFAULT;
1641  out:
1642         free_page((unsigned long)tmp);
1643         return len;
1644 }
1645
1646 static int proc_pid_readlink(struct dentry * dentry, char __user * buffer, int buflen)
1647 {
1648         int error = -EACCES;
1649         struct inode *inode = d_inode(dentry);
1650         struct path path;
1651
1652         /* Are we allowed to snoop on the tasks file descriptors? */
1653         if (!proc_fd_access_allowed(inode))
1654                 goto out;
1655
1656         error = PROC_I(inode)->op.proc_get_link(dentry, &path);
1657         if (error)
1658                 goto out;
1659
1660         error = do_proc_readlink(&path, buffer, buflen);
1661         path_put(&path);
1662 out:
1663         return error;
1664 }
1665
1666 const struct inode_operations proc_pid_link_inode_operations = {
1667         .readlink       = proc_pid_readlink,
1668         .get_link       = proc_pid_get_link,
1669         .setattr        = proc_setattr,
1670 };
1671
1672
1673 /* building an inode */
1674
1675 void task_dump_owner(struct task_struct *task, umode_t mode,
1676                      kuid_t *ruid, kgid_t *rgid)
1677 {
1678         /* Depending on the state of dumpable compute who should own a
1679          * proc file for a task.
1680          */
1681         const struct cred *cred;
1682         kuid_t uid;
1683         kgid_t gid;
1684
1685         if (unlikely(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) {
1686                 *ruid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID;
1687                 *rgid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID;
1688                 return;
1689         }
1690
1691         /* Default to the tasks effective ownership */
1692         rcu_read_lock();
1693         cred = __task_cred(task);
1694         uid = cred->euid;
1695         gid = cred->egid;
1696         rcu_read_unlock();
1697
1698         /*
1699          * Before the /proc/pid/status file was created the only way to read
1700          * the effective uid of a /process was to stat /proc/pid.  Reading
1701          * /proc/pid/status is slow enough that procps and other packages
1702          * kept stating /proc/pid.  To keep the rules in /proc simple I have
1703          * made this apply to all per process world readable and executable
1704          * directories.
1705          */
1706         if (mode != (S_IFDIR|S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO)) {
1707                 struct mm_struct *mm;
1708                 task_lock(task);
1709                 mm = task->mm;
1710                 /* Make non-dumpable tasks owned by some root */
1711                 if (mm) {
1712                         if (get_dumpable(mm) != SUID_DUMP_USER) {
1713                                 struct user_namespace *user_ns = mm->user_ns;
1714
1715                                 uid = make_kuid(user_ns, 0);
1716                                 if (!uid_valid(uid))
1717                                         uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID;
1718
1719                                 gid = make_kgid(user_ns, 0);
1720                                 if (!gid_valid(gid))
1721                                         gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID;
1722                         }
1723                 } else {
1724                         uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID;
1725                         gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID;
1726                 }
1727                 task_unlock(task);
1728         }
1729         *ruid = uid;
1730         *rgid = gid;
1731 }
1732
1733 struct inode *proc_pid_make_inode(struct super_block * sb,
1734                                   struct task_struct *task, umode_t mode)
1735 {
1736         struct inode * inode;
1737         struct proc_inode *ei;
1738
1739         /* We need a new inode */
1740
1741         inode = new_inode(sb);
1742         if (!inode)
1743                 goto out;
1744
1745         /* Common stuff */
1746         ei = PROC_I(inode);
1747         inode->i_mode = mode;
1748         inode->i_ino = get_next_ino();
1749         inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode);
1750         inode->i_op = &proc_def_inode_operations;
1751
1752         /*
1753          * grab the reference to task.
1754          */
1755         ei->pid = get_task_pid(task, PIDTYPE_PID);
1756         if (!ei->pid)
1757                 goto out_unlock;
1758
1759         task_dump_owner(task, 0, &inode->i_uid, &inode->i_gid);
1760         security_task_to_inode(task, inode);
1761
1762 out:
1763         return inode;
1764
1765 out_unlock:
1766         iput(inode);
1767         return NULL;
1768 }
1769
1770 int pid_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat,
1771                 u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags)
1772 {
1773         struct inode *inode = d_inode(path->dentry);
1774         struct pid_namespace *pid = proc_pid_ns(inode);
1775         struct task_struct *task;
1776
1777         generic_fillattr(inode, stat);
1778
1779         stat->uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID;
1780         stat->gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID;
1781         rcu_read_lock();
1782         task = pid_task(proc_pid(inode), PIDTYPE_PID);
1783         if (task) {
1784                 if (!has_pid_permissions(pid, task, HIDEPID_INVISIBLE)) {
1785                         rcu_read_unlock();
1786                         /*
1787                          * This doesn't prevent learning whether PID exists,
1788                          * it only makes getattr() consistent with readdir().
1789                          */
1790                         return -ENOENT;
1791                 }
1792                 task_dump_owner(task, inode->i_mode, &stat->uid, &stat->gid);
1793         }
1794         rcu_read_unlock();
1795         return 0;
1796 }
1797
1798 /* dentry stuff */
1799
1800 /*
1801  * Set <pid>/... inode ownership (can change due to setuid(), etc.)
1802  */
1803 void pid_update_inode(struct task_struct *task, struct inode *inode)
1804 {
1805         task_dump_owner(task, inode->i_mode, &inode->i_uid, &inode->i_gid);
1806
1807         inode->i_mode &= ~(S_ISUID | S_ISGID);
1808         security_task_to_inode(task, inode);
1809 }
1810
1811 /*
1812  * Rewrite the inode's ownerships here because the owning task may have
1813  * performed a setuid(), etc.
1814  *
1815  */
1816 static int pid_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
1817 {
1818         struct inode *inode;
1819         struct task_struct *task;
1820
1821         if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU)
1822                 return -ECHILD;
1823
1824         inode = d_inode(dentry);
1825         task = get_proc_task(inode);
1826
1827         if (task) {
1828                 pid_update_inode(task, inode);
1829                 put_task_struct(task);
1830                 return 1;
1831         }
1832         return 0;
1833 }
1834
1835 static inline bool proc_inode_is_dead(struct inode *inode)
1836 {
1837         return !proc_pid(inode)->tasks[PIDTYPE_PID].first;
1838 }
1839
1840 int pid_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *dentry)
1841 {
1842         /* Is the task we represent dead?
1843          * If so, then don't put the dentry on the lru list,
1844          * kill it immediately.
1845          */
1846         return proc_inode_is_dead(d_inode(dentry));
1847 }
1848
1849 const struct dentry_operations pid_dentry_operations =
1850 {
1851         .d_revalidate   = pid_revalidate,
1852         .d_delete       = pid_delete_dentry,
1853 };
1854
1855 /* Lookups */
1856
1857 /*
1858  * Fill a directory entry.
1859  *
1860  * If possible create the dcache entry and derive our inode number and
1861  * file type from dcache entry.
1862  *
1863  * Since all of the proc inode numbers are dynamically generated, the inode
1864  * numbers do not exist until the inode is cache.  This means creating the
1865  * the dcache entry in readdir is necessary to keep the inode numbers
1866  * reported by readdir in sync with the inode numbers reported
1867  * by stat.
1868  */
1869 bool proc_fill_cache(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx,
1870         const char *name, unsigned int len,
1871         instantiate_t instantiate, struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr)
1872 {
1873         struct dentry *child, *dir = file->f_path.dentry;
1874         struct qstr qname = QSTR_INIT(name, len);
1875         struct inode *inode;
1876         unsigned type = DT_UNKNOWN;
1877         ino_t ino = 1;
1878
1879         child = d_hash_and_lookup(dir, &qname);
1880         if (!child) {
1881                 DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(wq);
1882                 child = d_alloc_parallel(dir, &qname, &wq);
1883                 if (IS_ERR(child))
1884                         goto end_instantiate;
1885                 if (d_in_lookup(child)) {
1886                         struct dentry *res;
1887                         res = instantiate(child, task, ptr);
1888                         d_lookup_done(child);
1889                         if (unlikely(res)) {
1890                                 dput(child);
1891                                 child = res;
1892                                 if (IS_ERR(child))
1893                                         goto end_instantiate;
1894                         }
1895                 }
1896         }
1897         inode = d_inode(child);
1898         ino = inode->i_ino;
1899         type = inode->i_mode >> 12;
1900         dput(child);
1901 end_instantiate:
1902         return dir_emit(ctx, name, len, ino, type);
1903 }
1904
1905 /*
1906  * dname_to_vma_addr - maps a dentry name into two unsigned longs
1907  * which represent vma start and end addresses.
1908  */
1909 static int dname_to_vma_addr(struct dentry *dentry,
1910                              unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end)
1911 {
1912         const char *str = dentry->d_name.name;
1913         unsigned long long sval, eval;
1914         unsigned int len;
1915
1916         if (str[0] == '0' && str[1] != '-')
1917                 return -EINVAL;
1918         len = _parse_integer(str, 16, &sval);
1919         if (len & KSTRTOX_OVERFLOW)
1920                 return -EINVAL;
1921         if (sval != (unsigned long)sval)
1922                 return -EINVAL;
1923         str += len;
1924
1925         if (*str != '-')
1926                 return -EINVAL;
1927         str++;
1928
1929         if (str[0] == '0' && str[1])
1930                 return -EINVAL;
1931         len = _parse_integer(str, 16, &eval);
1932         if (len & KSTRTOX_OVERFLOW)
1933                 return -EINVAL;
1934         if (eval != (unsigned long)eval)
1935                 return -EINVAL;
1936         str += len;
1937
1938         if (*str != '\0')
1939                 return -EINVAL;
1940
1941         *start = sval;
1942         *end = eval;
1943
1944         return 0;
1945 }
1946
1947 static int map_files_d_revalidate(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
1948 {
1949         unsigned long vm_start, vm_end;
1950         bool exact_vma_exists = false;
1951         struct mm_struct *mm = NULL;
1952         struct task_struct *task;
1953         struct inode *inode;
1954         int status = 0;
1955
1956         if (flags & LOOKUP_RCU)
1957                 return -ECHILD;
1958
1959         inode = d_inode(dentry);
1960         task = get_proc_task(inode);
1961         if (!task)
1962                 goto out_notask;
1963
1964         mm = mm_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS);
1965         if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(mm))
1966                 goto out;
1967
1968         if (!dname_to_vma_addr(dentry, &vm_start, &vm_end)) {
1969                 down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
1970                 exact_vma_exists = !!find_exact_vma(mm, vm_start, vm_end);
1971                 up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
1972         }
1973
1974         mmput(mm);
1975
1976         if (exact_vma_exists) {
1977                 task_dump_owner(task, 0, &inode->i_uid, &inode->i_gid);
1978
1979                 security_task_to_inode(task, inode);
1980                 status = 1;
1981         }
1982
1983 out:
1984         put_task_struct(task);
1985
1986 out_notask:
1987         return status;
1988 }
1989
1990 static const struct dentry_operations tid_map_files_dentry_operations = {
1991         .d_revalidate   = map_files_d_revalidate,
1992         .d_delete       = pid_delete_dentry,
1993 };
1994
1995 static int map_files_get_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct path *path)
1996 {
1997         unsigned long vm_start, vm_end;
1998         struct vm_area_struct *vma;
1999         struct task_struct *task;
2000         struct mm_struct *mm;
2001         int rc;
2002
2003         rc = -ENOENT;
2004         task = get_proc_task(d_inode(dentry));
2005         if (!task)
2006                 goto out;
2007
2008         mm = get_task_mm(task);
2009         put_task_struct(task);
2010         if (!mm)
2011                 goto out;
2012
2013         rc = dname_to_vma_addr(dentry, &vm_start, &vm_end);
2014         if (rc)
2015                 goto out_mmput;
2016
2017         rc = -ENOENT;
2018         down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
2019         vma = find_exact_vma(mm, vm_start, vm_end);
2020         if (vma && vma->vm_file) {
2021                 *path = vma->vm_file->f_path;
2022                 path_get(path);
2023                 rc = 0;
2024         }
2025         up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
2026
2027 out_mmput:
2028         mmput(mm);
2029 out:
2030         return rc;
2031 }
2032
2033 struct map_files_info {
2034         unsigned long   start;
2035         unsigned long   end;
2036         fmode_t         mode;
2037 };
2038
2039 /*
2040  * Only allow CAP_SYS_ADMIN to follow the links, due to concerns about how the
2041  * symlinks may be used to bypass permissions on ancestor directories in the
2042  * path to the file in question.
2043  */
2044 static const char *
2045 proc_map_files_get_link(struct dentry *dentry,
2046                         struct inode *inode,
2047                         struct delayed_call *done)
2048 {
2049         if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
2050                 return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);
2051
2052         return proc_pid_get_link(dentry, inode, done);
2053 }
2054
2055 /*
2056  * Identical to proc_pid_link_inode_operations except for get_link()
2057  */
2058 static const struct inode_operations proc_map_files_link_inode_operations = {
2059         .readlink       = proc_pid_readlink,
2060         .get_link       = proc_map_files_get_link,
2061         .setattr        = proc_setattr,
2062 };
2063
2064 static struct dentry *
2065 proc_map_files_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry,
2066                            struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr)
2067 {
2068         fmode_t mode = (fmode_t)(unsigned long)ptr;
2069         struct proc_inode *ei;
2070         struct inode *inode;
2071
2072         inode = proc_pid_make_inode(dentry->d_sb, task, S_IFLNK |
2073                                     ((mode & FMODE_READ ) ? S_IRUSR : 0) |
2074                                     ((mode & FMODE_WRITE) ? S_IWUSR : 0));
2075         if (!inode)
2076                 return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
2077
2078         ei = PROC_I(inode);
2079         ei->op.proc_get_link = map_files_get_link;
2080
2081         inode->i_op = &proc_map_files_link_inode_operations;
2082         inode->i_size = 64;
2083
2084         d_set_d_op(dentry, &tid_map_files_dentry_operations);
2085         return d_splice_alias(inode, dentry);
2086 }
2087
2088 static struct dentry *proc_map_files_lookup(struct inode *dir,
2089                 struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
2090 {
2091         unsigned long vm_start, vm_end;
2092         struct vm_area_struct *vma;
2093         struct task_struct *task;
2094         struct dentry *result;
2095         struct mm_struct *mm;
2096
2097         result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
2098         task = get_proc_task(dir);
2099         if (!task)
2100                 goto out;
2101
2102         result = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
2103         if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS))
2104                 goto out_put_task;
2105
2106         result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
2107         if (dname_to_vma_addr(dentry, &vm_start, &vm_end))
2108                 goto out_put_task;
2109
2110         mm = get_task_mm(task);
2111         if (!mm)
2112                 goto out_put_task;
2113
2114         down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
2115         vma = find_exact_vma(mm, vm_start, vm_end);
2116         if (!vma)
2117                 goto out_no_vma;
2118
2119         if (vma->vm_file)
2120                 result = proc_map_files_instantiate(dentry, task,
2121                                 (void *)(unsigned long)vma->vm_file->f_mode);
2122
2123 out_no_vma:
2124         up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
2125         mmput(mm);
2126 out_put_task:
2127         put_task_struct(task);
2128 out:
2129         return result;
2130 }
2131
2132 static const struct inode_operations proc_map_files_inode_operations = {
2133         .lookup         = proc_map_files_lookup,
2134         .permission     = proc_fd_permission,
2135         .setattr        = proc_setattr,
2136 };
2137
2138 static int
2139 proc_map_files_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx)
2140 {
2141         struct vm_area_struct *vma;
2142         struct task_struct *task;
2143         struct mm_struct *mm;
2144         unsigned long nr_files, pos, i;
2145         struct flex_array *fa = NULL;
2146         struct map_files_info info;
2147         struct map_files_info *p;
2148         int ret;
2149
2150         ret = -ENOENT;
2151         task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
2152         if (!task)
2153                 goto out;
2154
2155         ret = -EACCES;
2156         if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS))
2157                 goto out_put_task;
2158
2159         ret = 0;
2160         if (!dir_emit_dots(file, ctx))
2161                 goto out_put_task;
2162
2163         mm = get_task_mm(task);
2164         if (!mm)
2165                 goto out_put_task;
2166         down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
2167
2168         nr_files = 0;
2169
2170         /*
2171          * We need two passes here:
2172          *
2173          *  1) Collect vmas of mapped files with mmap_sem taken
2174          *  2) Release mmap_sem and instantiate entries
2175          *
2176          * otherwise we get lockdep complained, since filldir()
2177          * routine might require mmap_sem taken in might_fault().
2178          */
2179
2180         for (vma = mm->mmap, pos = 2; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
2181                 if (vma->vm_file && ++pos > ctx->pos)
2182                         nr_files++;
2183         }
2184
2185         if (nr_files) {
2186                 fa = flex_array_alloc(sizeof(info), nr_files,
2187                                         GFP_KERNEL);
2188                 if (!fa || flex_array_prealloc(fa, 0, nr_files,
2189                                                 GFP_KERNEL)) {
2190                         ret = -ENOMEM;
2191                         if (fa)
2192                                 flex_array_free(fa);
2193                         up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
2194                         mmput(mm);
2195                         goto out_put_task;
2196                 }
2197                 for (i = 0, vma = mm->mmap, pos = 2; vma;
2198                                 vma = vma->vm_next) {
2199                         if (!vma->vm_file)
2200                                 continue;
2201                         if (++pos <= ctx->pos)
2202                                 continue;
2203
2204                         info.start = vma->vm_start;
2205                         info.end = vma->vm_end;
2206                         info.mode = vma->vm_file->f_mode;
2207                         if (flex_array_put(fa, i++, &info, GFP_KERNEL))
2208                                 BUG();
2209                 }
2210         }
2211         up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
2212         mmput(mm);
2213
2214         for (i = 0; i < nr_files; i++) {
2215                 char buf[4 * sizeof(long) + 2]; /* max: %lx-%lx\0 */
2216                 unsigned int len;
2217
2218                 p = flex_array_get(fa, i);
2219                 len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%lx-%lx", p->start, p->end);
2220                 if (!proc_fill_cache(file, ctx,
2221                                       buf, len,
2222                                       proc_map_files_instantiate,
2223                                       task,
2224                                       (void *)(unsigned long)p->mode))
2225                         break;
2226                 ctx->pos++;
2227         }
2228         if (fa)
2229                 flex_array_free(fa);
2230
2231 out_put_task:
2232         put_task_struct(task);
2233 out:
2234         return ret;
2235 }
2236
2237 static const struct file_operations proc_map_files_operations = {
2238         .read           = generic_read_dir,
2239         .iterate_shared = proc_map_files_readdir,
2240         .llseek         = generic_file_llseek,
2241 };
2242
2243 #if defined(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE) && defined(CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS)
2244 struct timers_private {
2245         struct pid *pid;
2246         struct task_struct *task;
2247         struct sighand_struct *sighand;
2248         struct pid_namespace *ns;
2249         unsigned long flags;
2250 };
2251
2252 static void *timers_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
2253 {
2254         struct timers_private *tp = m->private;
2255
2256         tp->task = get_pid_task(tp->pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
2257         if (!tp->task)
2258                 return ERR_PTR(-ESRCH);
2259
2260         tp->sighand = lock_task_sighand(tp->task, &tp->flags);
2261         if (!tp->sighand)
2262                 return ERR_PTR(-ESRCH);
2263
2264         return seq_list_start(&tp->task->signal->posix_timers, *pos);
2265 }
2266
2267 static void *timers_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos)
2268 {
2269         struct timers_private *tp = m->private;
2270         return seq_list_next(v, &tp->task->signal->posix_timers, pos);
2271 }
2272
2273 static void timers_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
2274 {
2275         struct timers_private *tp = m->private;
2276
2277         if (tp->sighand) {
2278                 unlock_task_sighand(tp->task, &tp->flags);
2279                 tp->sighand = NULL;
2280         }
2281
2282         if (tp->task) {
2283                 put_task_struct(tp->task);
2284                 tp->task = NULL;
2285         }
2286 }
2287
2288 static int show_timer(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
2289 {
2290         struct k_itimer *timer;
2291         struct timers_private *tp = m->private;
2292         int notify;
2293         static const char * const nstr[] = {
2294                 [SIGEV_SIGNAL] = "signal",
2295                 [SIGEV_NONE] = "none",
2296                 [SIGEV_THREAD] = "thread",
2297         };
2298
2299         timer = list_entry((struct list_head *)v, struct k_itimer, list);
2300         notify = timer->it_sigev_notify;
2301
2302         seq_printf(m, "ID: %d\n", timer->it_id);
2303         seq_printf(m, "signal: %d/%px\n",
2304                    timer->sigq->info.si_signo,
2305                    timer->sigq->info.si_value.sival_ptr);
2306         seq_printf(m, "notify: %s/%s.%d\n",
2307                    nstr[notify & ~SIGEV_THREAD_ID],
2308                    (notify & SIGEV_THREAD_ID) ? "tid" : "pid",
2309                    pid_nr_ns(timer->it_pid, tp->ns));
2310         seq_printf(m, "ClockID: %d\n", timer->it_clock);
2311
2312         return 0;
2313 }
2314
2315 static const struct seq_operations proc_timers_seq_ops = {
2316         .start  = timers_start,
2317         .next   = timers_next,
2318         .stop   = timers_stop,
2319         .show   = show_timer,
2320 };
2321
2322 static int proc_timers_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2323 {
2324         struct timers_private *tp;
2325
2326         tp = __seq_open_private(file, &proc_timers_seq_ops,
2327                         sizeof(struct timers_private));
2328         if (!tp)
2329                 return -ENOMEM;
2330
2331         tp->pid = proc_pid(inode);
2332         tp->ns = proc_pid_ns(inode);
2333         return 0;
2334 }
2335
2336 static const struct file_operations proc_timers_operations = {
2337         .open           = proc_timers_open,
2338         .read           = seq_read,
2339         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
2340         .release        = seq_release_private,
2341 };
2342 #endif
2343
2344 static ssize_t timerslack_ns_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
2345                                         size_t count, loff_t *offset)
2346 {
2347         struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
2348         struct task_struct *p;
2349         u64 slack_ns;
2350         int err;
2351
2352         err = kstrtoull_from_user(buf, count, 10, &slack_ns);
2353         if (err < 0)
2354                 return err;
2355
2356         p = get_proc_task(inode);
2357         if (!p)
2358                 return -ESRCH;
2359
2360         if (p != current) {
2361                 rcu_read_lock();
2362                 if (!ns_capable(__task_cred(p)->user_ns, CAP_SYS_NICE)) {
2363                         rcu_read_unlock();
2364                         count = -EPERM;
2365                         goto out;
2366                 }
2367                 rcu_read_unlock();
2368
2369                 err = security_task_setscheduler(p);
2370                 if (err) {
2371                         count = err;
2372                         goto out;
2373                 }
2374         }
2375
2376         task_lock(p);
2377         if (slack_ns == 0)
2378                 p->timer_slack_ns = p->default_timer_slack_ns;
2379         else
2380                 p->timer_slack_ns = slack_ns;
2381         task_unlock(p);
2382
2383 out:
2384         put_task_struct(p);
2385
2386         return count;
2387 }
2388
2389 static int timerslack_ns_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
2390 {
2391         struct inode *inode = m->private;
2392         struct task_struct *p;
2393         int err = 0;
2394
2395         p = get_proc_task(inode);
2396         if (!p)
2397                 return -ESRCH;
2398
2399         if (p != current) {
2400                 rcu_read_lock();
2401                 if (!ns_capable(__task_cred(p)->user_ns, CAP_SYS_NICE)) {
2402                         rcu_read_unlock();
2403                         err = -EPERM;
2404                         goto out;
2405                 }
2406                 rcu_read_unlock();
2407
2408                 err = security_task_getscheduler(p);
2409                 if (err)
2410                         goto out;
2411         }
2412
2413         task_lock(p);
2414         seq_printf(m, "%llu\n", p->timer_slack_ns);
2415         task_unlock(p);
2416
2417 out:
2418         put_task_struct(p);
2419
2420         return err;
2421 }
2422
2423 static int timerslack_ns_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
2424 {
2425         return single_open(filp, timerslack_ns_show, inode);
2426 }
2427
2428 static const struct file_operations proc_pid_set_timerslack_ns_operations = {
2429         .open           = timerslack_ns_open,
2430         .read           = seq_read,
2431         .write          = timerslack_ns_write,
2432         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
2433         .release        = single_release,
2434 };
2435
2436 static struct dentry *proc_pident_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry,
2437         struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr)
2438 {
2439         const struct pid_entry *p = ptr;
2440         struct inode *inode;
2441         struct proc_inode *ei;
2442
2443         inode = proc_pid_make_inode(dentry->d_sb, task, p->mode);
2444         if (!inode)
2445                 return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
2446
2447         ei = PROC_I(inode);
2448         if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
2449                 set_nlink(inode, 2);    /* Use getattr to fix if necessary */
2450         if (p->iop)
2451                 inode->i_op = p->iop;
2452         if (p->fop)
2453                 inode->i_fop = p->fop;
2454         ei->op = p->op;
2455         pid_update_inode(task, inode);
2456         d_set_d_op(dentry, &pid_dentry_operations);
2457         return d_splice_alias(inode, dentry);
2458 }
2459
2460 static struct dentry *proc_pident_lookup(struct inode *dir, 
2461                                          struct dentry *dentry,
2462                                          const struct pid_entry *ents,
2463                                          unsigned int nents)
2464 {
2465         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(dir);
2466         const struct pid_entry *p, *last;
2467         struct dentry *res = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
2468
2469         if (!task)
2470                 goto out_no_task;
2471
2472         /*
2473          * Yes, it does not scale. And it should not. Don't add
2474          * new entries into /proc/<tgid>/ without very good reasons.
2475          */
2476         last = &ents[nents];
2477         for (p = ents; p < last; p++) {
2478                 if (p->len != dentry->d_name.len)
2479                         continue;
2480                 if (!memcmp(dentry->d_name.name, p->name, p->len)) {
2481                         res = proc_pident_instantiate(dentry, task, p);
2482                         break;
2483                 }
2484         }
2485         put_task_struct(task);
2486 out_no_task:
2487         return res;
2488 }
2489
2490 static int proc_pident_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx,
2491                 const struct pid_entry *ents, unsigned int nents)
2492 {
2493         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
2494         const struct pid_entry *p;
2495
2496         if (!task)
2497                 return -ENOENT;
2498
2499         if (!dir_emit_dots(file, ctx))
2500                 goto out;
2501
2502         if (ctx->pos >= nents + 2)
2503                 goto out;
2504
2505         for (p = ents + (ctx->pos - 2); p < ents + nents; p++) {
2506                 if (!proc_fill_cache(file, ctx, p->name, p->len,
2507                                 proc_pident_instantiate, task, p))
2508                         break;
2509                 ctx->pos++;
2510         }
2511 out:
2512         put_task_struct(task);
2513         return 0;
2514 }
2515
2516 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
2517 static ssize_t proc_pid_attr_read(struct file * file, char __user * buf,
2518                                   size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
2519 {
2520         struct inode * inode = file_inode(file);
2521         char *p = NULL;
2522         ssize_t length;
2523         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(inode);
2524
2525         if (!task)
2526                 return -ESRCH;
2527
2528         length = security_getprocattr(task, PROC_I(inode)->op.lsm,
2529                                       (char*)file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name,
2530                                       &p);
2531         put_task_struct(task);
2532         if (length > 0)
2533                 length = simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, p, length);
2534         kfree(p);
2535         return length;
2536 }
2537
2538 static ssize_t proc_pid_attr_write(struct file * file, const char __user * buf,
2539                                    size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
2540 {
2541         struct inode * inode = file_inode(file);
2542         struct task_struct *task;
2543         void *page;
2544         int rv;
2545
2546         rcu_read_lock();
2547         task = pid_task(proc_pid(inode), PIDTYPE_PID);
2548         if (!task) {
2549                 rcu_read_unlock();
2550                 return -ESRCH;
2551         }
2552         /* A task may only write its own attributes. */
2553         if (current != task) {
2554                 rcu_read_unlock();
2555                 return -EACCES;
2556         }
2557         rcu_read_unlock();
2558
2559         if (count > PAGE_SIZE)
2560                 count = PAGE_SIZE;
2561
2562         /* No partial writes. */
2563         if (*ppos != 0)
2564                 return -EINVAL;
2565
2566         page = memdup_user(buf, count);
2567         if (IS_ERR(page)) {
2568                 rv = PTR_ERR(page);
2569                 goto out;
2570         }
2571
2572         /* Guard against adverse ptrace interaction */
2573         rv = mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
2574         if (rv < 0)
2575                 goto out_free;
2576
2577         rv = security_setprocattr(PROC_I(inode)->op.lsm,
2578                                   file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name, page,
2579                                   count);
2580         mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
2581 out_free:
2582         kfree(page);
2583 out:
2584         return rv;
2585 }
2586
2587 static const struct file_operations proc_pid_attr_operations = {
2588         .read           = proc_pid_attr_read,
2589         .write          = proc_pid_attr_write,
2590         .llseek         = generic_file_llseek,
2591 };
2592
2593 #define LSM_DIR_OPS(LSM) \
2594 static int proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_iterate(struct file *filp, \
2595                              struct dir_context *ctx) \
2596 { \
2597         return proc_pident_readdir(filp, ctx, \
2598                                    LSM##_attr_dir_stuff, \
2599                                    ARRAY_SIZE(LSM##_attr_dir_stuff)); \
2600 } \
2601 \
2602 static const struct file_operations proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_ops = { \
2603         .read           = generic_read_dir, \
2604         .iterate        = proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_iterate, \
2605         .llseek         = default_llseek, \
2606 }; \
2607 \
2608 static struct dentry *proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_lookup(struct inode *dir, \
2609                                 struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags) \
2610 { \
2611         return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry, \
2612                                   LSM##_attr_dir_stuff, \
2613                                   ARRAY_SIZE(LSM##_attr_dir_stuff)); \
2614 } \
2615 \
2616 static const struct inode_operations proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_inode_ops = { \
2617         .lookup         = proc_##LSM##_attr_dir_lookup, \
2618         .getattr        = pid_getattr, \
2619         .setattr        = proc_setattr, \
2620 }
2621
2622 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SMACK
2623 static const struct pid_entry smack_attr_dir_stuff[] = {
2624         ATTR("smack", "current",        0666),
2625 };
2626 LSM_DIR_OPS(smack);
2627 #endif
2628
2629 static const struct pid_entry attr_dir_stuff[] = {
2630         ATTR(NULL, "current",           0666),
2631         ATTR(NULL, "prev",              0444),
2632         ATTR(NULL, "exec",              0666),
2633         ATTR(NULL, "fscreate",          0666),
2634         ATTR(NULL, "keycreate",         0666),
2635         ATTR(NULL, "sockcreate",        0666),
2636 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_SMACK
2637         DIR("smack",                    0555,
2638             proc_smack_attr_dir_inode_ops, proc_smack_attr_dir_ops),
2639 #endif
2640 };
2641
2642 static int proc_attr_dir_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx)
2643 {
2644         return proc_pident_readdir(file, ctx, 
2645                                    attr_dir_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(attr_dir_stuff));
2646 }
2647
2648 static const struct file_operations proc_attr_dir_operations = {
2649         .read           = generic_read_dir,
2650         .iterate_shared = proc_attr_dir_readdir,
2651         .llseek         = generic_file_llseek,
2652 };
2653
2654 static struct dentry *proc_attr_dir_lookup(struct inode *dir,
2655                                 struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
2656 {
2657         return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry,
2658                                   attr_dir_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(attr_dir_stuff));
2659 }
2660
2661 static const struct inode_operations proc_attr_dir_inode_operations = {
2662         .lookup         = proc_attr_dir_lookup,
2663         .getattr        = pid_getattr,
2664         .setattr        = proc_setattr,
2665 };
2666
2667 #endif
2668
2669 #ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE
2670 static ssize_t proc_coredump_filter_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
2671                                          size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
2672 {
2673         struct task_struct *task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
2674         struct mm_struct *mm;
2675         char buffer[PROC_NUMBUF];
2676         size_t len;
2677         int ret;
2678
2679         if (!task)
2680                 return -ESRCH;
2681
2682         ret = 0;
2683         mm = get_task_mm(task);
2684         if (mm) {
2685                 len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%08lx\n",
2686                                ((mm->flags & MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK) >>
2687                                 MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT));
2688                 mmput(mm);
2689                 ret = simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, buffer, len);
2690         }
2691
2692         put_task_struct(task);
2693
2694         return ret;
2695 }
2696
2697 static ssize_t proc_coredump_filter_write(struct file *file,
2698                                           const char __user *buf,
2699                                           size_t count,
2700                                           loff_t *ppos)
2701 {
2702         struct task_struct *task;
2703         struct mm_struct *mm;
2704         unsigned int val;
2705         int ret;
2706         int i;
2707         unsigned long mask;
2708
2709         ret = kstrtouint_from_user(buf, count, 0, &val);
2710         if (ret < 0)
2711                 return ret;
2712
2713         ret = -ESRCH;
2714         task = get_proc_task(file_inode(file));
2715         if (!task)
2716                 goto out_no_task;
2717
2718         mm = get_task_mm(task);
2719         if (!mm)
2720                 goto out_no_mm;
2721         ret = 0;
2722
2723         for (i = 0, mask = 1; i < MMF_DUMP_FILTER_BITS; i++, mask <<= 1) {
2724                 if (val & mask)
2725                         set_bit(i + MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT, &mm->flags);
2726                 else
2727                         clear_bit(i + MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT, &mm->flags);
2728         }
2729
2730         mmput(mm);
2731  out_no_mm:
2732         put_task_struct(task);
2733  out_no_task:
2734         if (ret < 0)
2735                 return ret;
2736         return count;
2737 }
2738
2739 static const struct file_operations proc_coredump_filter_operations = {
2740         .read           = proc_coredump_filter_read,
2741         .write          = proc_coredump_filter_write,
2742         .llseek         = generic_file_llseek,
2743 };
2744 #endif
2745
2746 #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING
2747 static int do_io_accounting(struct task_struct *task, struct seq_file *m, int whole)
2748 {
2749         struct task_io_accounting acct = task->ioac;
2750         unsigned long flags;
2751         int result;
2752
2753         result = mutex_lock_killable(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
2754         if (result)
2755                 return result;
2756
2757         if (!ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_READ_FSCREDS)) {
2758                 result = -EACCES;
2759                 goto out_unlock;
2760         }
2761
2762         if (whole && lock_task_sighand(task, &flags)) {
2763                 struct task_struct *t = task;
2764
2765                 task_io_accounting_add(&acct, &task->signal->ioac);
2766                 while_each_thread(task, t)
2767                         task_io_accounting_add(&acct, &t->ioac);
2768
2769                 unlock_task_sighand(task, &flags);
2770         }
2771         seq_printf(m,
2772                    "rchar: %llu\n"
2773                    "wchar: %llu\n"
2774                    "syscr: %llu\n"
2775                    "syscw: %llu\n"
2776                    "read_bytes: %llu\n"
2777                    "write_bytes: %llu\n"
2778                    "cancelled_write_bytes: %llu\n",
2779                    (unsigned long long)acct.rchar,
2780                    (unsigned long long)acct.wchar,
2781                    (unsigned long long)acct.syscr,
2782                    (unsigned long long)acct.syscw,
2783                    (unsigned long long)acct.read_bytes,
2784                    (unsigned long long)acct.write_bytes,
2785                    (unsigned long long)acct.cancelled_write_bytes);
2786         result = 0;
2787
2788 out_unlock:
2789         mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
2790         return result;
2791 }
2792
2793 static int proc_tid_io_accounting(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
2794                                   struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
2795 {
2796         return do_io_accounting(task, m, 0);
2797 }
2798
2799 static int proc_tgid_io_accounting(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
2800                                    struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
2801 {
2802         return do_io_accounting(task, m, 1);
2803 }
2804 #endif /* CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING */
2805
2806 #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
2807 static int proc_id_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
2808         const struct seq_operations *seq_ops)
2809 {
2810         struct user_namespace *ns = NULL;
2811         struct task_struct *task;
2812         struct seq_file *seq;
2813         int ret = -EINVAL;
2814
2815         task = get_proc_task(inode);
2816         if (task) {
2817                 rcu_read_lock();
2818                 ns = get_user_ns(task_cred_xxx(task, user_ns));
2819                 rcu_read_unlock();
2820                 put_task_struct(task);
2821         }
2822         if (!ns)
2823                 goto err;
2824
2825         ret = seq_open(file, seq_ops);
2826         if (ret)
2827                 goto err_put_ns;
2828
2829         seq = file->private_data;
2830         seq->private = ns;
2831
2832         return 0;
2833 err_put_ns:
2834         put_user_ns(ns);
2835 err:
2836         return ret;
2837 }
2838
2839 static int proc_id_map_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2840 {
2841         struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data;
2842         struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private;
2843         put_user_ns(ns);
2844         return seq_release(inode, file);
2845 }
2846
2847 static int proc_uid_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2848 {
2849         return proc_id_map_open(inode, file, &proc_uid_seq_operations);
2850 }
2851
2852 static int proc_gid_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2853 {
2854         return proc_id_map_open(inode, file, &proc_gid_seq_operations);
2855 }
2856
2857 static int proc_projid_map_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2858 {
2859         return proc_id_map_open(inode, file, &proc_projid_seq_operations);
2860 }
2861
2862 static const struct file_operations proc_uid_map_operations = {
2863         .open           = proc_uid_map_open,
2864         .write          = proc_uid_map_write,
2865         .read           = seq_read,
2866         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
2867         .release        = proc_id_map_release,
2868 };
2869
2870 static const struct file_operations proc_gid_map_operations = {
2871         .open           = proc_gid_map_open,
2872         .write          = proc_gid_map_write,
2873         .read           = seq_read,
2874         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
2875         .release        = proc_id_map_release,
2876 };
2877
2878 static const struct file_operations proc_projid_map_operations = {
2879         .open           = proc_projid_map_open,
2880         .write          = proc_projid_map_write,
2881         .read           = seq_read,
2882         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
2883         .release        = proc_id_map_release,
2884 };
2885
2886 static int proc_setgroups_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2887 {
2888         struct user_namespace *ns = NULL;
2889         struct task_struct *task;
2890         int ret;
2891
2892         ret = -ESRCH;
2893         task = get_proc_task(inode);
2894         if (task) {
2895                 rcu_read_lock();
2896                 ns = get_user_ns(task_cred_xxx(task, user_ns));
2897                 rcu_read_unlock();
2898                 put_task_struct(task);
2899         }
2900         if (!ns)
2901                 goto err;
2902
2903         if (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) {
2904                 ret = -EACCES;
2905                 if (!ns_capable(ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
2906                         goto err_put_ns;
2907         }
2908
2909         ret = single_open(file, &proc_setgroups_show, ns);
2910         if (ret)
2911                 goto err_put_ns;
2912
2913         return 0;
2914 err_put_ns:
2915         put_user_ns(ns);
2916 err:
2917         return ret;
2918 }
2919
2920 static int proc_setgroups_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2921 {
2922         struct seq_file *seq = file->private_data;
2923         struct user_namespace *ns = seq->private;
2924         int ret = single_release(inode, file);
2925         put_user_ns(ns);
2926         return ret;
2927 }
2928
2929 static const struct file_operations proc_setgroups_operations = {
2930         .open           = proc_setgroups_open,
2931         .write          = proc_setgroups_write,
2932         .read           = seq_read,
2933         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
2934         .release        = proc_setgroups_release,
2935 };
2936 #endif /* CONFIG_USER_NS */
2937
2938 static int proc_pid_personality(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
2939                                 struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
2940 {
2941         int err = lock_trace(task);
2942         if (!err) {
2943                 seq_printf(m, "%08x\n", task->personality);
2944                 unlock_trace(task);
2945         }
2946         return err;
2947 }
2948
2949 #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH
2950 static int proc_pid_patch_state(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
2951                                 struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
2952 {
2953         seq_printf(m, "%d\n", task->patch_state);
2954         return 0;
2955 }
2956 #endif /* CONFIG_LIVEPATCH */
2957
2958 #ifdef CONFIG_STACKLEAK_METRICS
2959 static int proc_stack_depth(struct seq_file *m, struct pid_namespace *ns,
2960                                 struct pid *pid, struct task_struct *task)
2961 {
2962         unsigned long prev_depth = THREAD_SIZE -
2963                                 (task->prev_lowest_stack & (THREAD_SIZE - 1));
2964         unsigned long depth = THREAD_SIZE -
2965                                 (task->lowest_stack & (THREAD_SIZE - 1));
2966
2967         seq_printf(m, "previous stack depth: %lu\nstack depth: %lu\n",
2968                                                         prev_depth, depth);
2969         return 0;
2970 }
2971 #endif /* CONFIG_STACKLEAK_METRICS */
2972
2973 /*
2974  * Thread groups
2975  */
2976 static const struct file_operations proc_task_operations;
2977 static const struct inode_operations proc_task_inode_operations;
2978
2979 static const struct pid_entry tgid_base_stuff[] = {
2980         DIR("task",       S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_task_inode_operations, proc_task_operations),
2981         DIR("fd",         S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fd_inode_operations, proc_fd_operations),
2982         DIR("map_files",  S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_map_files_inode_operations, proc_map_files_operations),
2983         DIR("fdinfo",     S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fdinfo_inode_operations, proc_fdinfo_operations),
2984         DIR("ns",         S_IRUSR|S_IXUGO, proc_ns_dir_inode_operations, proc_ns_dir_operations),
2985 #ifdef CONFIG_NET
2986         DIR("net",        S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_net_inode_operations, proc_net_operations),
2987 #endif
2988         REG("environ",    S_IRUSR, proc_environ_operations),
2989         REG("auxv",       S_IRUSR, proc_auxv_operations),
2990         ONE("status",     S_IRUGO, proc_pid_status),
2991         ONE("personality", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_personality),
2992         ONE("limits",     S_IRUGO, proc_pid_limits),
2993 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
2994         REG("sched",      S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_sched_operations),
2995 #endif
2996 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP
2997         REG("autogroup",  S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_sched_autogroup_operations),
2998 #endif
2999         REG("comm",      S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_set_comm_operations),
3000 #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
3001         ONE("syscall",    S_IRUSR, proc_pid_syscall),
3002 #endif
3003         REG("cmdline",    S_IRUGO, proc_pid_cmdline_ops),
3004         ONE("stat",       S_IRUGO, proc_tgid_stat),
3005         ONE("statm",      S_IRUGO, proc_pid_statm),
3006         REG("maps",       S_IRUGO, proc_pid_maps_operations),
3007 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
3008         REG("numa_maps",  S_IRUGO, proc_pid_numa_maps_operations),
3009 #endif
3010         REG("mem",        S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR, proc_mem_operations),
3011         LNK("cwd",        proc_cwd_link),
3012         LNK("root",       proc_root_link),
3013         LNK("exe",        proc_exe_link),
3014         REG("mounts",     S_IRUGO, proc_mounts_operations),
3015         REG("mountinfo",  S_IRUGO, proc_mountinfo_operations),
3016         REG("mountstats", S_IRUSR, proc_mountstats_operations),
3017 #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PAGE_MONITOR
3018         REG("clear_refs", S_IWUSR, proc_clear_refs_operations),
3019         REG("smaps",      S_IRUGO, proc_pid_smaps_operations),
3020         REG("smaps_rollup", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_smaps_rollup_operations),
3021         REG("pagemap",    S_IRUSR, proc_pagemap_operations),
3022 #endif
3023 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
3024         DIR("attr",       S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_attr_dir_inode_operations, proc_attr_dir_operations),
3025 #endif
3026 #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
3027         ONE("wchan",      S_IRUGO, proc_pid_wchan),
3028 #endif
3029 #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
3030         ONE("stack",      S_IRUSR, proc_pid_stack),
3031 #endif
3032 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO
3033         ONE("schedstat",  S_IRUGO, proc_pid_schedstat),
3034 #endif
3035 #ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP
3036         REG("latency",  S_IRUGO, proc_lstats_operations),
3037 #endif
3038 #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET
3039         ONE("cpuset",     S_IRUGO, proc_cpuset_show),
3040 #endif
3041 #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS
3042         ONE("cgroup",  S_IRUGO, proc_cgroup_show),
3043 #endif
3044         ONE("oom_score",  S_IRUGO, proc_oom_score),
3045         REG("oom_adj",    S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_adj_operations),
3046         REG("oom_score_adj", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_score_adj_operations),
3047 #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL
3048         REG("loginuid",   S_IWUSR|S_IRUGO, proc_loginuid_operations),
3049         REG("sessionid",  S_IRUGO, proc_sessionid_operations),
3050 #endif
3051 #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION
3052         REG("make-it-fail", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_fault_inject_operations),
3053         REG("fail-nth", 0644, proc_fail_nth_operations),
3054 #endif
3055 #ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE
3056         REG("coredump_filter", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_coredump_filter_operations),
3057 #endif
3058 #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING
3059         ONE("io",       S_IRUSR, proc_tgid_io_accounting),
3060 #endif
3061 #ifdef CONFIG_USER_NS
3062         REG("uid_map",    S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_uid_map_operations),
3063         REG("gid_map",    S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_gid_map_operations),
3064         REG("projid_map", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_projid_map_operations),
3065         REG("setgroups",  S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_setgroups_operations),
3066 #endif
3067 #if defined(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE) && defined(CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS)
3068         REG("timers",     S_IRUGO, proc_timers_operations),
3069 #endif
3070         REG("timerslack_ns", S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO, proc_pid_set_timerslack_ns_operations),
3071 #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH
3072         ONE("patch_state",  S_IRUSR, proc_pid_patch_state),
3073 #endif
3074 #ifdef CONFIG_STACKLEAK_METRICS
3075         ONE("stack_depth", S_IRUGO, proc_stack_depth),
3076 #endif
3077 };
3078
3079 static int proc_tgid_base_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx)
3080 {
3081         return proc_pident_readdir(file, ctx,
3082                                    tgid_base_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(tgid_base_stuff));
3083 }
3084
3085 static const struct file_operations proc_tgid_base_operations = {
3086         .read           = generic_read_dir,
3087         .iterate_shared = proc_tgid_base_readdir,
3088         .llseek         = generic_file_llseek,
3089 };
3090
3091 static struct dentry *proc_tgid_base_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
3092 {
3093         return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry,
3094                                   tgid_base_stuff, ARRAY_SIZE(tgid_base_stuff));
3095 }
3096
3097 static const struct inode_operations proc_tgid_base_inode_operations = {
3098         .lookup         = proc_tgid_base_lookup,
3099         .getattr        = pid_getattr,
3100         .setattr        = proc_setattr,
3101         .permission     = proc_pid_permission,
3102 };
3103
3104 static void proc_flush_task_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, pid_t pid, pid_t tgid)
3105 {
3106         struct dentry *dentry, *leader, *dir;
3107         char buf[10 + 1];
3108         struct qstr name;
3109
3110         name.name = buf;
3111         name.len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%u", pid);
3112         /* no ->d_hash() rejects on procfs */
3113         dentry = d_hash_and_lookup(mnt->mnt_root, &name);
3114         if (dentry) {
3115                 d_invalidate(dentry);
3116                 dput(dentry);
3117         }
3118
3119         if (pid == tgid)
3120                 return;
3121
3122         name.name = buf;
3123         name.len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%u", tgid);
3124         leader = d_hash_and_lookup(mnt->mnt_root, &name);
3125         if (!leader)
3126                 goto out;
3127
3128         name.name = "task";
3129         name.len = strlen(name.name);
3130         dir = d_hash_and_lookup(leader, &name);
3131         if (!dir)
3132                 goto out_put_leader;
3133
3134         name.name = buf;
3135         name.len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%u", pid);
3136         dentry = d_hash_and_lookup(dir, &name);
3137         if (dentry) {
3138                 d_invalidate(dentry);
3139                 dput(dentry);
3140         }
3141
3142         dput(dir);
3143 out_put_leader:
3144         dput(leader);
3145 out:
3146         return;
3147 }
3148
3149 /**
3150  * proc_flush_task -  Remove dcache entries for @task from the /proc dcache.
3151  * @task: task that should be flushed.
3152  *
3153  * When flushing dentries from proc, one needs to flush them from global
3154  * proc (proc_mnt) and from all the namespaces' procs this task was seen
3155  * in. This call is supposed to do all of this job.
3156  *
3157  * Looks in the dcache for
3158  * /proc/@pid
3159  * /proc/@tgid/task/@pid
3160  * if either directory is present flushes it and all of it'ts children
3161  * from the dcache.
3162  *
3163  * It is safe and reasonable to cache /proc entries for a task until
3164  * that task exits.  After that they just clog up the dcache with
3165  * useless entries, possibly causing useful dcache entries to be
3166  * flushed instead.  This routine is proved to flush those useless
3167  * dcache entries at process exit time.
3168  *
3169  * NOTE: This routine is just an optimization so it does not guarantee
3170  *       that no dcache entries will exist at process exit time it
3171  *       just makes it very unlikely that any will persist.
3172  */
3173
3174 void proc_flush_task(struct task_struct *task)
3175 {
3176         int i;
3177         struct pid *pid, *tgid;
3178         struct upid *upid;
3179
3180         pid = task_pid(task);
3181         tgid = task_tgid(task);
3182
3183         for (i = 0; i <= pid->level; i++) {
3184                 upid = &pid->numbers[i];
3185                 proc_flush_task_mnt(upid->ns->proc_mnt, upid->nr,
3186                                         tgid->numbers[i].nr);
3187         }
3188 }
3189
3190 static struct dentry *proc_pid_instantiate(struct dentry * dentry,
3191                                    struct task_struct *task, const void *ptr)
3192 {
3193         struct inode *inode;
3194
3195         inode = proc_pid_make_inode(dentry->d_sb, task, S_IFDIR | S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO);
3196         if (!inode)
3197                 return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
3198
3199         inode->i_op = &proc_tgid_base_inode_operations;
3200         inode->i_fop = &proc_tgid_base_operations;
3201         inode->i_flags|=S_IMMUTABLE;
3202
3203         set_nlink(inode, nlink_tgid);
3204         pid_update_inode(task, inode);
3205
3206         d_set_d_op(dentry, &pid_dentry_operations);
3207         return d_splice_alias(inode, dentry);
3208 }
3209
3210 struct dentry *proc_pid_lookup(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
3211 {
3212         struct task_struct *task;
3213         unsigned tgid;
3214         struct pid_namespace *ns;
3215         struct dentry *result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
3216
3217         tgid = name_to_int(&dentry->d_name);
3218         if (tgid == ~0U)
3219                 goto out;
3220
3221         ns = dentry->d_sb->s_fs_info;
3222         rcu_read_lock();
3223         task = find_task_by_pid_ns(tgid, ns);
3224         if (task)
3225                 get_task_struct(task);
3226         rcu_read_unlock();
3227         if (!task)
3228                 goto out;
3229
3230         result = proc_pid_instantiate(dentry, task, NULL);
3231         put_task_struct(task);
3232 out:
3233         return result;
3234 }
3235
3236 /*
3237  * Find the first task with tgid >= tgid
3238  *
3239  */
3240 struct tgid_iter {
3241         unsigned int tgid;
3242         struct task_struct *task;
3243 };
3244 static struct tgid_iter next_tgid(struct pid_namespace *ns, struct tgid_iter iter)
3245 {
3246         struct pid *pid;
3247
3248         if (iter.task)
3249                 put_task_struct(iter.task);
3250         rcu_read_lock();
3251 retry:
3252         iter.task = NULL;
3253         pid = find_ge_pid(iter.tgid, ns);
3254         if (pid) {
3255                 iter.tgid = pid_nr_ns(pid, ns);
3256                 iter.task = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
3257                 /* What we to know is if the pid we have find is the
3258                  * pid of a thread_group_leader.  Testing for task
3259                  * being a thread_group_leader is the obvious thing
3260                  * todo but there is a window when it fails, due to
3261                  * the pid transfer logic in de_thread.
3262                  *
3263                  * So we perform the straight forward test of seeing
3264                  * if the pid we have found is the pid of a thread
3265                  * group leader, and don't worry if the task we have
3266                  * found doesn't happen to be a thread group leader.
3267                  * As we don't care in the case of readdir.
3268                  */
3269                 if (!iter.task || !has_group_leader_pid(iter.task)) {
3270                         iter.tgid += 1;
3271                         goto retry;
3272                 }
3273                 get_task_struct(iter.task);
3274         }
3275         rcu_read_unlock();
3276         return iter;
3277 }
3278
3279 #define TGID_OFFSET (FIRST_PROCESS_ENTRY + 2)
3280
3281 /* for the /proc/ directory itself, after non-process stuff has been done */
3282 int proc_pid_readdir(struct file *file, struct dir_context *ctx)
3283 {
3284         struct tgid_iter iter;
3285         struct pid_namespace *ns = proc_pid_ns(file_inode(file));
3286         loff_t pos = ctx->pos;
3287
3288         if (pos >= PID_MAX_LIMIT + TGID_OFFSET)
3289                 return 0;
3290
3291         if (pos == TGID_OFFSET - 2) {
3292                 struct inode *inode = d_inode(ns->proc_self);
3293                 if (!dir_emit(ctx, "self", 4, inode->i_ino, DT_LNK))
3294                         return 0;
3295                 ctx->pos = pos = pos + 1;
3296         }
3297         if (pos == TGID_OFFSET - 1) {
3298                 struct inode *inode = d_inode(ns->proc_thread_self);
3299                 if (!dir_emit(ctx, "thread-self", 11, inode->i_ino, DT_LNK))
3300                         return 0;
3301                 ctx->pos = pos = pos + 1;
3302         }
3303         iter.tgid = pos - TGID_OFFSET;
3304         iter.task = NULL;
3305         for (iter = next_tgid(ns, iter);
3306              iter.task;
3307              iter.tgid += 1, iter = next_tgid(ns, iter)) {
3308                 char name[10 + 1];
3309                 unsigned int len;
3310
3311                 cond_resched();
3312                 if (!has_pid_permissions(ns, iter.task, HIDEPID_INVISIBLE))
3313                         continue;
3314
3315                 len = snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%u", iter.tgid);
3316                 ctx->pos = iter.tgid + TGID_OFFSET;
3317                 if (!proc_fill_cache(file, ctx, name, len,
3318                                      proc_pid_instantiate, iter.task, NULL)) {
3319                         put_task_struct(iter.task);
3320                         return 0;
3321                 }
3322         }
3323         ctx->pos = PID_MAX_LIMIT + TGID_OFFSET;
3324         return 0;
3325 }
3326
3327 /*
3328  * proc_tid_comm_permission is a special permission function exclusively
3329  * used for the node /proc/<pid>/task/<tid>/comm.
3330  * It bypasses generic permission checks in the case where a task of the same
3331  * task group attempts to access the node.
3332  * The rationale behind this is that glibc and bionic access this node for
3333  * cross thread naming (pthread_set/getname_np(!self)). However, if
3334  * PR_SET_DUMPABLE gets set to 0 this node among others becomes uid=0 gid=0,
3335  * which locks out the cross thread naming implementation.
3336  * This function makes sure that the node is always accessible for members of
3337  * same thread group.
3338  */
3339 static int proc_tid_comm_permission(struct inode *inode, int mask)
3340 {
3341         bool is_same_tgroup;
3342         struct task_struct *task;
3343
3344         task = get_proc_task(inode);
3345         if (!task)
3346                 return -ESRCH;
3347         is_same_tgroup = same_thread_group(current, task);
3348         put_task_struct(task);
3349
3350         if (likely(is_same_tgroup && !(mask & MAY_EXEC))) {
3351                 /* This file (/proc/<pid>/task/<tid>/comm) can always be
3352                  * read or written by the members of the corresponding
3353                  * thread group.
3354                  */
3355                 return 0;
3356         }
3357
3358         return generic_permission(inode, mask);
3359 }
3360
3361 static const struct inode_operations proc_tid_comm_inode_operations = {
3362                 .permission = proc_tid_comm_permission,
3363 };
3364
3365 /*
3366  * Tasks
3367  */
3368 static const struct pid_entry tid_base_stuff[] = {
3369         DIR("fd",        S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fd_inode_operations, proc_fd_operations),
3370         DIR("fdinfo",    S_IRUSR|S_IXUSR, proc_fdinfo_inode_operations, proc_fdinfo_operations),
3371         DIR("ns",        S_IRUSR|S_IXUGO, proc_ns_dir_inode_operations, proc_ns_dir_operations),
3372 #ifdef CONFIG_NET
3373         DIR("net",        S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_net_inode_operations, proc_net_operations),
3374 #endif
3375         REG("environ",   S_IRUSR, proc_environ_operations),
3376         REG("auxv",      S_IRUSR, proc_auxv_operations),
3377         ONE("status",    S_IRUGO, proc_pid_status),
3378         ONE("personality", S_IRUSR, proc_pid_personality),
3379         ONE("limits",    S_IRUGO, proc_pid_limits),
3380 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
3381         REG("sched",     S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_pid_sched_operations),
3382 #endif
3383         NOD("comm",      S_IFREG|S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR,
3384                          &proc_tid_comm_inode_operations,
3385                          &proc_pid_set_comm_operations, {}),
3386 #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
3387         ONE("syscall",   S_IRUSR, proc_pid_syscall),
3388 #endif
3389         REG("cmdline",   S_IRUGO, proc_pid_cmdline_ops),
3390         ONE("stat",      S_IRUGO, proc_tid_stat),
3391         ONE("statm",     S_IRUGO, proc_pid_statm),
3392         REG("maps",      S_IRUGO, proc_pid_maps_operations),
3393 #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_CHILDREN
3394         REG("children",  S_IRUGO, proc_tid_children_operations),
3395 #endif
3396 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
3397         REG("numa_maps", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_numa_maps_operations),
3398 #endif
3399         REG("mem",       S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR, proc_mem_operations),
3400         LNK("cwd",       proc_cwd_link),
3401         LNK("root",      proc_root_link),
3402         LNK("exe",       proc_exe_link),
3403         REG("mounts",    S_IRUGO, proc_mounts_operations),
3404         REG("mountinfo",  S_IRUGO, proc_mountinfo_operations),
3405 #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PAGE_MONITOR
3406         REG("clear_refs", S_IWUSR, proc_clear_refs_operations),
3407         REG("smaps",     S_IRUGO, proc_pid_smaps_operations),
3408         REG("smaps_rollup", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_smaps_rollup_operations),
3409         REG("pagemap",    S_IRUSR, proc_pagemap_operations),
3410 #endif
3411 #ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY
3412         DIR("attr",      S_IRUGO|S_IXUGO, proc_attr_dir_inode_operations, proc_attr_dir_operations),
3413 #endif
3414 #ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
3415         ONE("wchan",     S_IRUGO, proc_pid_wchan),
3416 #endif
3417 #ifdef CONFIG_STACKTRACE
3418         ONE("stack",      S_IRUSR, proc_pid_stack),
3419 #endif
3420 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO
3421         ONE("schedstat", S_IRUGO, proc_pid_schedstat),
3422 #endif
3423 #ifdef CONFIG_LATENCYTOP
3424         REG("latency",  S_IRUGO, proc_lstats_operations),
3425 #endif
3426 #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_PID_CPUSET
3427         ONE("cpuset",    S_IRUGO, proc_cpuset_show),
3428 #endif
3429 #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUPS
3430         ONE("cgroup",  S_IRUGO, proc_cgroup_show),
3431 #endif
3432         ONE("oom_score", S_IRUGO, proc_oom_score),
3433         REG("oom_adj",   S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_adj_operations),
3434         REG("oom_score_adj", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_oom_score_adj_operations),
3435 #ifdef CONFIG_AUDITSYSCALL
3436         REG("loginuid",  S_IWUSR|S_IRUGO, proc_loginuid_operations),
3437         REG("sessionid",  S_IRUGO, proc_sessionid_operations),
3438 #endif
3439 #ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION
3440         REG("make-it-fail", S_IRUGO|S_IWUSR, proc_fault_inject_operations),
3441         REG("fail-nth", 0644, proc_fail_nth_operations),
3442 #endif
3443 #ifdef CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING
3444         ONE("io",       S_IRUSR, proc_tid_io_accounting),