Merge tag 'ext4_for_linus_stable' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
[sfrench/cifs-2.6.git] / fs / ext4 / resize.c
1 // SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
2 /*
3  *  linux/fs/ext4/resize.c
4  *
5  * Support for resizing an ext4 filesystem while it is mounted.
6  *
7  * Copyright (C) 2001, 2002 Andreas Dilger <adilger@clusterfs.com>
8  *
9  * This could probably be made into a module, because it is not often in use.
10  */
11
12
13 #define EXT4FS_DEBUG
14
15 #include <linux/errno.h>
16 #include <linux/slab.h>
17
18 #include "ext4_jbd2.h"
19
20 int ext4_resize_begin(struct super_block *sb)
21 {
22         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
23         int ret = 0;
24
25         if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE))
26                 return -EPERM;
27
28         /*
29          * If we are not using the primary superblock/GDT copy don't resize,
30          * because the user tools have no way of handling this.  Probably a
31          * bad time to do it anyways.
32          */
33         if (EXT4_B2C(sbi, sbi->s_sbh->b_blocknr) !=
34             le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block)) {
35                 ext4_warning(sb, "won't resize using backup superblock at %llu",
36                         (unsigned long long)EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh->b_blocknr);
37                 return -EPERM;
38         }
39
40         /*
41          * We are not allowed to do online-resizing on a filesystem mounted
42          * with error, because it can destroy the filesystem easily.
43          */
44         if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_state & EXT4_ERROR_FS) {
45                 ext4_warning(sb, "There are errors in the filesystem, "
46                              "so online resizing is not allowed");
47                 return -EPERM;
48         }
49
50         if (test_and_set_bit_lock(EXT4_FLAGS_RESIZING,
51                                   &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext4_flags))
52                 ret = -EBUSY;
53
54         return ret;
55 }
56
57 void ext4_resize_end(struct super_block *sb)
58 {
59         clear_bit_unlock(EXT4_FLAGS_RESIZING, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_ext4_flags);
60         smp_mb__after_atomic();
61 }
62
63 static ext4_group_t ext4_meta_bg_first_group(struct super_block *sb,
64                                              ext4_group_t group) {
65         return (group >> EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb)) <<
66                EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb);
67 }
68
69 static ext4_fsblk_t ext4_meta_bg_first_block_no(struct super_block *sb,
70                                              ext4_group_t group) {
71         group = ext4_meta_bg_first_group(sb, group);
72         return ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group);
73 }
74
75 static ext4_grpblk_t ext4_group_overhead_blocks(struct super_block *sb,
76                                                 ext4_group_t group) {
77         ext4_grpblk_t overhead;
78         overhead = ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, group);
79         if (ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group))
80                 overhead += 1 +
81                           le16_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks);
82         return overhead;
83 }
84
85 #define outside(b, first, last) ((b) < (first) || (b) >= (last))
86 #define inside(b, first, last)  ((b) >= (first) && (b) < (last))
87
88 static int verify_group_input(struct super_block *sb,
89                               struct ext4_new_group_data *input)
90 {
91         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
92         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
93         ext4_fsblk_t start = ext4_blocks_count(es);
94         ext4_fsblk_t end = start + input->blocks_count;
95         ext4_group_t group = input->group;
96         ext4_fsblk_t itend = input->inode_table + sbi->s_itb_per_group;
97         unsigned overhead;
98         ext4_fsblk_t metaend;
99         struct buffer_head *bh = NULL;
100         ext4_grpblk_t free_blocks_count, offset;
101         int err = -EINVAL;
102
103         if (group != sbi->s_groups_count) {
104                 ext4_warning(sb, "Cannot add at group %u (only %u groups)",
105                              input->group, sbi->s_groups_count);
106                 return -EINVAL;
107         }
108
109         overhead = ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, group);
110         metaend = start + overhead;
111         input->free_clusters_count = free_blocks_count =
112                 input->blocks_count - 2 - overhead - sbi->s_itb_per_group;
113
114         if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG))
115                 printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: adding %s group %u: %u blocks "
116                        "(%d free, %u reserved)\n",
117                        ext4_bg_has_super(sb, input->group) ? "normal" :
118                        "no-super", input->group, input->blocks_count,
119                        free_blocks_count, input->reserved_blocks);
120
121         ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, start, NULL, &offset);
122         if (offset != 0)
123                         ext4_warning(sb, "Last group not full");
124         else if (input->reserved_blocks > input->blocks_count / 5)
125                 ext4_warning(sb, "Reserved blocks too high (%u)",
126                              input->reserved_blocks);
127         else if (free_blocks_count < 0)
128                 ext4_warning(sb, "Bad blocks count %u",
129                              input->blocks_count);
130         else if (!(bh = sb_bread(sb, end - 1)))
131                 ext4_warning(sb, "Cannot read last block (%llu)",
132                              end - 1);
133         else if (outside(input->block_bitmap, start, end))
134                 ext4_warning(sb, "Block bitmap not in group (block %llu)",
135                              (unsigned long long)input->block_bitmap);
136         else if (outside(input->inode_bitmap, start, end))
137                 ext4_warning(sb, "Inode bitmap not in group (block %llu)",
138                              (unsigned long long)input->inode_bitmap);
139         else if (outside(input->inode_table, start, end) ||
140                  outside(itend - 1, start, end))
141                 ext4_warning(sb, "Inode table not in group (blocks %llu-%llu)",
142                              (unsigned long long)input->inode_table, itend - 1);
143         else if (input->inode_bitmap == input->block_bitmap)
144                 ext4_warning(sb, "Block bitmap same as inode bitmap (%llu)",
145                              (unsigned long long)input->block_bitmap);
146         else if (inside(input->block_bitmap, input->inode_table, itend))
147                 ext4_warning(sb, "Block bitmap (%llu) in inode table "
148                              "(%llu-%llu)",
149                              (unsigned long long)input->block_bitmap,
150                              (unsigned long long)input->inode_table, itend - 1);
151         else if (inside(input->inode_bitmap, input->inode_table, itend))
152                 ext4_warning(sb, "Inode bitmap (%llu) in inode table "
153                              "(%llu-%llu)",
154                              (unsigned long long)input->inode_bitmap,
155                              (unsigned long long)input->inode_table, itend - 1);
156         else if (inside(input->block_bitmap, start, metaend))
157                 ext4_warning(sb, "Block bitmap (%llu) in GDT table (%llu-%llu)",
158                              (unsigned long long)input->block_bitmap,
159                              start, metaend - 1);
160         else if (inside(input->inode_bitmap, start, metaend))
161                 ext4_warning(sb, "Inode bitmap (%llu) in GDT table (%llu-%llu)",
162                              (unsigned long long)input->inode_bitmap,
163                              start, metaend - 1);
164         else if (inside(input->inode_table, start, metaend) ||
165                  inside(itend - 1, start, metaend))
166                 ext4_warning(sb, "Inode table (%llu-%llu) overlaps GDT table "
167                              "(%llu-%llu)",
168                              (unsigned long long)input->inode_table,
169                              itend - 1, start, metaend - 1);
170         else
171                 err = 0;
172         brelse(bh);
173
174         return err;
175 }
176
177 /*
178  * ext4_new_flex_group_data is used by 64bit-resize interface to add a flex
179  * group each time.
180  */
181 struct ext4_new_flex_group_data {
182         struct ext4_new_group_data *groups;     /* new_group_data for groups
183                                                    in the flex group */
184         __u16 *bg_flags;                        /* block group flags of groups
185                                                    in @groups */
186         ext4_group_t count;                     /* number of groups in @groups
187                                                  */
188 };
189
190 /*
191  * alloc_flex_gd() allocates a ext4_new_flex_group_data with size of
192  * @flexbg_size.
193  *
194  * Returns NULL on failure otherwise address of the allocated structure.
195  */
196 static struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *alloc_flex_gd(unsigned long flexbg_size)
197 {
198         struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd;
199
200         flex_gd = kmalloc(sizeof(*flex_gd), GFP_NOFS);
201         if (flex_gd == NULL)
202                 goto out3;
203
204         if (flexbg_size >= UINT_MAX / sizeof(struct ext4_new_group_data))
205                 goto out2;
206         flex_gd->count = flexbg_size;
207
208         flex_gd->groups = kmalloc_array(flexbg_size,
209                                         sizeof(struct ext4_new_group_data),
210                                         GFP_NOFS);
211         if (flex_gd->groups == NULL)
212                 goto out2;
213
214         flex_gd->bg_flags = kmalloc_array(flexbg_size, sizeof(__u16),
215                                           GFP_NOFS);
216         if (flex_gd->bg_flags == NULL)
217                 goto out1;
218
219         return flex_gd;
220
221 out1:
222         kfree(flex_gd->groups);
223 out2:
224         kfree(flex_gd);
225 out3:
226         return NULL;
227 }
228
229 static void free_flex_gd(struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd)
230 {
231         kfree(flex_gd->bg_flags);
232         kfree(flex_gd->groups);
233         kfree(flex_gd);
234 }
235
236 /*
237  * ext4_alloc_group_tables() allocates block bitmaps, inode bitmaps
238  * and inode tables for a flex group.
239  *
240  * This function is used by 64bit-resize.  Note that this function allocates
241  * group tables from the 1st group of groups contained by @flexgd, which may
242  * be a partial of a flex group.
243  *
244  * @sb: super block of fs to which the groups belongs
245  *
246  * Returns 0 on a successful allocation of the metadata blocks in the
247  * block group.
248  */
249 static int ext4_alloc_group_tables(struct super_block *sb,
250                                 struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd,
251                                 int flexbg_size)
252 {
253         struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data = flex_gd->groups;
254         ext4_fsblk_t start_blk;
255         ext4_fsblk_t last_blk;
256         ext4_group_t src_group;
257         ext4_group_t bb_index = 0;
258         ext4_group_t ib_index = 0;
259         ext4_group_t it_index = 0;
260         ext4_group_t group;
261         ext4_group_t last_group;
262         unsigned overhead;
263         __u16 uninit_mask = (flexbg_size > 1) ? ~EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT : ~0;
264         int i;
265
266         BUG_ON(flex_gd->count == 0 || group_data == NULL);
267
268         src_group = group_data[0].group;
269         last_group  = src_group + flex_gd->count - 1;
270
271         BUG_ON((flexbg_size > 1) && ((src_group & ~(flexbg_size - 1)) !=
272                (last_group & ~(flexbg_size - 1))));
273 next_group:
274         group = group_data[0].group;
275         if (src_group >= group_data[0].group + flex_gd->count)
276                 return -ENOSPC;
277         start_blk = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, src_group);
278         last_blk = start_blk + group_data[src_group - group].blocks_count;
279
280         overhead = ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, src_group);
281
282         start_blk += overhead;
283
284         /* We collect contiguous blocks as much as possible. */
285         src_group++;
286         for (; src_group <= last_group; src_group++) {
287                 overhead = ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, src_group);
288                 if (overhead == 0)
289                         last_blk += group_data[src_group - group].blocks_count;
290                 else
291                         break;
292         }
293
294         /* Allocate block bitmaps */
295         for (; bb_index < flex_gd->count; bb_index++) {
296                 if (start_blk >= last_blk)
297                         goto next_group;
298                 group_data[bb_index].block_bitmap = start_blk++;
299                 group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, start_blk - 1);
300                 group -= group_data[0].group;
301                 group_data[group].mdata_blocks++;
302                 flex_gd->bg_flags[group] &= uninit_mask;
303         }
304
305         /* Allocate inode bitmaps */
306         for (; ib_index < flex_gd->count; ib_index++) {
307                 if (start_blk >= last_blk)
308                         goto next_group;
309                 group_data[ib_index].inode_bitmap = start_blk++;
310                 group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, start_blk - 1);
311                 group -= group_data[0].group;
312                 group_data[group].mdata_blocks++;
313                 flex_gd->bg_flags[group] &= uninit_mask;
314         }
315
316         /* Allocate inode tables */
317         for (; it_index < flex_gd->count; it_index++) {
318                 unsigned int itb = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group;
319                 ext4_fsblk_t next_group_start;
320
321                 if (start_blk + itb > last_blk)
322                         goto next_group;
323                 group_data[it_index].inode_table = start_blk;
324                 group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, start_blk);
325                 next_group_start = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group + 1);
326                 group -= group_data[0].group;
327
328                 if (start_blk + itb > next_group_start) {
329                         flex_gd->bg_flags[group + 1] &= uninit_mask;
330                         overhead = start_blk + itb - next_group_start;
331                         group_data[group + 1].mdata_blocks += overhead;
332                         itb -= overhead;
333                 }
334
335                 group_data[group].mdata_blocks += itb;
336                 flex_gd->bg_flags[group] &= uninit_mask;
337                 start_blk += EXT4_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group;
338         }
339
340         /* Update free clusters count to exclude metadata blocks */
341         for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++) {
342                 group_data[i].free_clusters_count -=
343                                 EXT4_NUM_B2C(EXT4_SB(sb),
344                                              group_data[i].mdata_blocks);
345         }
346
347         if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG)) {
348                 int i;
349                 group = group_data[0].group;
350
351                 printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: adding a flex group with "
352                        "%d groups, flexbg size is %d:\n", flex_gd->count,
353                        flexbg_size);
354
355                 for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++) {
356                         ext4_debug(
357                                "adding %s group %u: %u blocks (%d free, %d mdata blocks)\n",
358                                ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group + i) ? "normal" :
359                                "no-super", group + i,
360                                group_data[i].blocks_count,
361                                group_data[i].free_clusters_count,
362                                group_data[i].mdata_blocks);
363                 }
364         }
365         return 0;
366 }
367
368 static struct buffer_head *bclean(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb,
369                                   ext4_fsblk_t blk)
370 {
371         struct buffer_head *bh;
372         int err;
373
374         bh = sb_getblk(sb, blk);
375         if (unlikely(!bh))
376                 return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
377         BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access");
378         if ((err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh))) {
379                 brelse(bh);
380                 bh = ERR_PTR(err);
381         } else {
382                 memset(bh->b_data, 0, sb->s_blocksize);
383                 set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
384         }
385
386         return bh;
387 }
388
389 /*
390  * If we have fewer than thresh credits, extend by EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA.
391  * If that fails, restart the transaction & regain write access for the
392  * buffer head which is used for block_bitmap modifications.
393  */
394 static int extend_or_restart_transaction(handle_t *handle, int thresh)
395 {
396         int err;
397
398         if (ext4_handle_has_enough_credits(handle, thresh))
399                 return 0;
400
401         err = ext4_journal_extend(handle, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA);
402         if (err < 0)
403                 return err;
404         if (err) {
405                 err = ext4_journal_restart(handle, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA);
406                 if (err)
407                         return err;
408         }
409
410         return 0;
411 }
412
413 /*
414  * set_flexbg_block_bitmap() mark clusters [@first_cluster, @last_cluster] used.
415  *
416  * Helper function for ext4_setup_new_group_blocks() which set .
417  *
418  * @sb: super block
419  * @handle: journal handle
420  * @flex_gd: flex group data
421  */
422 static int set_flexbg_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, handle_t *handle,
423                         struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd,
424                         ext4_fsblk_t first_cluster, ext4_fsblk_t last_cluster)
425 {
426         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
427         ext4_group_t count = last_cluster - first_cluster + 1;
428         ext4_group_t count2;
429
430         ext4_debug("mark clusters [%llu-%llu] used\n", first_cluster,
431                    last_cluster);
432         for (count2 = count; count > 0;
433              count -= count2, first_cluster += count2) {
434                 ext4_fsblk_t start;
435                 struct buffer_head *bh;
436                 ext4_group_t group;
437                 int err;
438
439                 group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, EXT4_C2B(sbi, first_cluster));
440                 start = EXT4_B2C(sbi, ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group));
441                 group -= flex_gd->groups[0].group;
442
443                 count2 = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) - (first_cluster - start);
444                 if (count2 > count)
445                         count2 = count;
446
447                 if (flex_gd->bg_flags[group] & EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT) {
448                         BUG_ON(flex_gd->count > 1);
449                         continue;
450                 }
451
452                 err = extend_or_restart_transaction(handle, 1);
453                 if (err)
454                         return err;
455
456                 bh = sb_getblk(sb, flex_gd->groups[group].block_bitmap);
457                 if (unlikely(!bh))
458                         return -ENOMEM;
459
460                 BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access");
461                 err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh);
462                 if (err) {
463                         brelse(bh);
464                         return err;
465                 }
466                 ext4_debug("mark block bitmap %#04llx (+%llu/%u)\n",
467                            first_cluster, first_cluster - start, count2);
468                 ext4_set_bits(bh->b_data, first_cluster - start, count2);
469
470                 err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh);
471                 brelse(bh);
472                 if (unlikely(err))
473                         return err;
474         }
475
476         return 0;
477 }
478
479 /*
480  * Set up the block and inode bitmaps, and the inode table for the new groups.
481  * This doesn't need to be part of the main transaction, since we are only
482  * changing blocks outside the actual filesystem.  We still do journaling to
483  * ensure the recovery is correct in case of a failure just after resize.
484  * If any part of this fails, we simply abort the resize.
485  *
486  * setup_new_flex_group_blocks handles a flex group as follow:
487  *  1. copy super block and GDT, and initialize group tables if necessary.
488  *     In this step, we only set bits in blocks bitmaps for blocks taken by
489  *     super block and GDT.
490  *  2. allocate group tables in block bitmaps, that is, set bits in block
491  *     bitmap for blocks taken by group tables.
492  */
493 static int setup_new_flex_group_blocks(struct super_block *sb,
494                                 struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd)
495 {
496         int group_table_count[] = {1, 1, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group};
497         ext4_fsblk_t start;
498         ext4_fsblk_t block;
499         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
500         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
501         struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data = flex_gd->groups;
502         __u16 *bg_flags = flex_gd->bg_flags;
503         handle_t *handle;
504         ext4_group_t group, count;
505         struct buffer_head *bh = NULL;
506         int reserved_gdb, i, j, err = 0, err2;
507         int meta_bg;
508
509         BUG_ON(!flex_gd->count || !group_data ||
510                group_data[0].group != sbi->s_groups_count);
511
512         reserved_gdb = le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks);
513         meta_bg = ext4_has_feature_meta_bg(sb);
514
515         /* This transaction may be extended/restarted along the way */
516         handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_RESIZE, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA);
517         if (IS_ERR(handle))
518                 return PTR_ERR(handle);
519
520         group = group_data[0].group;
521         for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++, group++) {
522                 unsigned long gdblocks;
523                 ext4_grpblk_t overhead;
524
525                 gdblocks = ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, group);
526                 start = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group);
527
528                 if (meta_bg == 0 && !ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group))
529                         goto handle_itb;
530
531                 if (meta_bg == 1) {
532                         ext4_group_t first_group;
533                         first_group = ext4_meta_bg_first_group(sb, group);
534                         if (first_group != group + 1 &&
535                             first_group != group + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1)
536                                 goto handle_itb;
537                 }
538
539                 block = start + ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group);
540                 /* Copy all of the GDT blocks into the backup in this group */
541                 for (j = 0; j < gdblocks; j++, block++) {
542                         struct buffer_head *gdb;
543
544                         ext4_debug("update backup group %#04llx\n", block);
545                         err = extend_or_restart_transaction(handle, 1);
546                         if (err)
547                                 goto out;
548
549                         gdb = sb_getblk(sb, block);
550                         if (unlikely(!gdb)) {
551                                 err = -ENOMEM;
552                                 goto out;
553                         }
554
555                         BUFFER_TRACE(gdb, "get_write_access");
556                         err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdb);
557                         if (err) {
558                                 brelse(gdb);
559                                 goto out;
560                         }
561                         memcpy(gdb->b_data, sbi->s_group_desc[j]->b_data,
562                                gdb->b_size);
563                         set_buffer_uptodate(gdb);
564
565                         err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, gdb);
566                         if (unlikely(err)) {
567                                 brelse(gdb);
568                                 goto out;
569                         }
570                         brelse(gdb);
571                 }
572
573                 /* Zero out all of the reserved backup group descriptor
574                  * table blocks
575                  */
576                 if (ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group)) {
577                         err = sb_issue_zeroout(sb, gdblocks + start + 1,
578                                         reserved_gdb, GFP_NOFS);
579                         if (err)
580                                 goto out;
581                 }
582
583 handle_itb:
584                 /* Initialize group tables of the grop @group */
585                 if (!(bg_flags[i] & EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED))
586                         goto handle_bb;
587
588                 /* Zero out all of the inode table blocks */
589                 block = group_data[i].inode_table;
590                 ext4_debug("clear inode table blocks %#04llx -> %#04lx\n",
591                            block, sbi->s_itb_per_group);
592                 err = sb_issue_zeroout(sb, block, sbi->s_itb_per_group,
593                                        GFP_NOFS);
594                 if (err)
595                         goto out;
596
597 handle_bb:
598                 if (bg_flags[i] & EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)
599                         goto handle_ib;
600
601                 /* Initialize block bitmap of the @group */
602                 block = group_data[i].block_bitmap;
603                 err = extend_or_restart_transaction(handle, 1);
604                 if (err)
605                         goto out;
606
607                 bh = bclean(handle, sb, block);
608                 if (IS_ERR(bh)) {
609                         err = PTR_ERR(bh);
610                         goto out;
611                 }
612                 overhead = ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, group);
613                 if (overhead != 0) {
614                         ext4_debug("mark backup superblock %#04llx (+0)\n",
615                                    start);
616                         ext4_set_bits(bh->b_data, 0,
617                                       EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, overhead));
618                 }
619                 ext4_mark_bitmap_end(EXT4_B2C(sbi, group_data[i].blocks_count),
620                                      sb->s_blocksize * 8, bh->b_data);
621                 err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh);
622                 brelse(bh);
623                 if (err)
624                         goto out;
625
626 handle_ib:
627                 if (bg_flags[i] & EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT)
628                         continue;
629
630                 /* Initialize inode bitmap of the @group */
631                 block = group_data[i].inode_bitmap;
632                 err = extend_or_restart_transaction(handle, 1);
633                 if (err)
634                         goto out;
635                 /* Mark unused entries in inode bitmap used */
636                 bh = bclean(handle, sb, block);
637                 if (IS_ERR(bh)) {
638                         err = PTR_ERR(bh);
639                         goto out;
640                 }
641
642                 ext4_mark_bitmap_end(EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb),
643                                      sb->s_blocksize * 8, bh->b_data);
644                 err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh);
645                 brelse(bh);
646                 if (err)
647                         goto out;
648         }
649
650         /* Mark group tables in block bitmap */
651         for (j = 0; j < GROUP_TABLE_COUNT; j++) {
652                 count = group_table_count[j];
653                 start = (&group_data[0].block_bitmap)[j];
654                 block = start;
655                 for (i = 1; i < flex_gd->count; i++) {
656                         block += group_table_count[j];
657                         if (block == (&group_data[i].block_bitmap)[j]) {
658                                 count += group_table_count[j];
659                                 continue;
660                         }
661                         err = set_flexbg_block_bitmap(sb, handle,
662                                                       flex_gd,
663                                                       EXT4_B2C(sbi, start),
664                                                       EXT4_B2C(sbi,
665                                                                start + count
666                                                                - 1));
667                         if (err)
668                                 goto out;
669                         count = group_table_count[j];
670                         start = (&group_data[i].block_bitmap)[j];
671                         block = start;
672                 }
673
674                 if (count) {
675                         err = set_flexbg_block_bitmap(sb, handle,
676                                                       flex_gd,
677                                                       EXT4_B2C(sbi, start),
678                                                       EXT4_B2C(sbi,
679                                                                start + count
680                                                                - 1));
681                         if (err)
682                                 goto out;
683                 }
684         }
685
686 out:
687         err2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
688         if (err2 && !err)
689                 err = err2;
690
691         return err;
692 }
693
694 /*
695  * Iterate through the groups which hold BACKUP superblock/GDT copies in an
696  * ext4 filesystem.  The counters should be initialized to 1, 5, and 7 before
697  * calling this for the first time.  In a sparse filesystem it will be the
698  * sequence of powers of 3, 5, and 7: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 25, 27, 49, 81, ...
699  * For a non-sparse filesystem it will be every group: 1, 2, 3, 4, ...
700  */
701 static unsigned ext4_list_backups(struct super_block *sb, unsigned *three,
702                                   unsigned *five, unsigned *seven)
703 {
704         unsigned *min = three;
705         int mult = 3;
706         unsigned ret;
707
708         if (!ext4_has_feature_sparse_super(sb)) {
709                 ret = *min;
710                 *min += 1;
711                 return ret;
712         }
713
714         if (*five < *min) {
715                 min = five;
716                 mult = 5;
717         }
718         if (*seven < *min) {
719                 min = seven;
720                 mult = 7;
721         }
722
723         ret = *min;
724         *min *= mult;
725
726         return ret;
727 }
728
729 /*
730  * Check that all of the backup GDT blocks are held in the primary GDT block.
731  * It is assumed that they are stored in group order.  Returns the number of
732  * groups in current filesystem that have BACKUPS, or -ve error code.
733  */
734 static int verify_reserved_gdb(struct super_block *sb,
735                                ext4_group_t end,
736                                struct buffer_head *primary)
737 {
738         const ext4_fsblk_t blk = primary->b_blocknr;
739         unsigned three = 1;
740         unsigned five = 5;
741         unsigned seven = 7;
742         unsigned grp;
743         __le32 *p = (__le32 *)primary->b_data;
744         int gdbackups = 0;
745
746         while ((grp = ext4_list_backups(sb, &three, &five, &seven)) < end) {
747                 if (le32_to_cpu(*p++) !=
748                     grp * EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) + blk){
749                         ext4_warning(sb, "reserved GDT %llu"
750                                      " missing grp %d (%llu)",
751                                      blk, grp,
752                                      grp *
753                                      (ext4_fsblk_t)EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) +
754                                      blk);
755                         return -EINVAL;
756                 }
757                 if (++gdbackups > EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb))
758                         return -EFBIG;
759         }
760
761         return gdbackups;
762 }
763
764 /*
765  * Called when we need to bring a reserved group descriptor table block into
766  * use from the resize inode.  The primary copy of the new GDT block currently
767  * is an indirect block (under the double indirect block in the resize inode).
768  * The new backup GDT blocks will be stored as leaf blocks in this indirect
769  * block, in group order.  Even though we know all the block numbers we need,
770  * we check to ensure that the resize inode has actually reserved these blocks.
771  *
772  * Don't need to update the block bitmaps because the blocks are still in use.
773  *
774  * We get all of the error cases out of the way, so that we are sure to not
775  * fail once we start modifying the data on disk, because JBD has no rollback.
776  */
777 static int add_new_gdb(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
778                        ext4_group_t group)
779 {
780         struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
781         struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
782         unsigned long gdb_num = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
783         ext4_fsblk_t gdblock = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh->b_blocknr + 1 + gdb_num;
784         struct buffer_head **o_group_desc, **n_group_desc;
785         struct buffer_head *dind;
786         struct buffer_head *gdb_bh;
787         int gdbackups;
788         struct ext4_iloc iloc;
789         __le32 *data;
790         int err;
791
792         if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG))
793                 printk(KERN_DEBUG
794                        "EXT4-fs: ext4_add_new_gdb: adding group block %lu\n",
795                        gdb_num);
796
797         gdb_bh = sb_bread(sb, gdblock);
798         if (!gdb_bh)
799                 return -EIO;
800
801         gdbackups = verify_reserved_gdb(sb, group, gdb_bh);
802         if (gdbackups < 0) {
803                 err = gdbackups;
804                 goto exit_bh;
805         }
806
807         data = EXT4_I(inode)->i_data + EXT4_DIND_BLOCK;
808         dind = sb_bread(sb, le32_to_cpu(*data));
809         if (!dind) {
810                 err = -EIO;
811                 goto exit_bh;
812         }
813
814         data = (__le32 *)dind->b_data;
815         if (le32_to_cpu(data[gdb_num % EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb)]) != gdblock) {
816                 ext4_warning(sb, "new group %u GDT block %llu not reserved",
817                              group, gdblock);
818                 err = -EINVAL;
819                 goto exit_dind;
820         }
821
822         BUFFER_TRACE(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh, "get_write_access");
823         err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh);
824         if (unlikely(err))
825                 goto exit_dind;
826
827         BUFFER_TRACE(gdb_bh, "get_write_access");
828         err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdb_bh);
829         if (unlikely(err))
830                 goto exit_dind;
831
832         BUFFER_TRACE(dind, "get_write_access");
833         err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, dind);
834         if (unlikely(err))
835                 ext4_std_error(sb, err);
836
837         /* ext4_reserve_inode_write() gets a reference on the iloc */
838         err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc);
839         if (unlikely(err))
840                 goto exit_dind;
841
842         n_group_desc = ext4_kvmalloc((gdb_num + 1) *
843                                      sizeof(struct buffer_head *),
844                                      GFP_NOFS);
845         if (!n_group_desc) {
846                 err = -ENOMEM;
847                 ext4_warning(sb, "not enough memory for %lu groups",
848                              gdb_num + 1);
849                 goto exit_inode;
850         }
851
852         /*
853          * Finally, we have all of the possible failures behind us...
854          *
855          * Remove new GDT block from inode double-indirect block and clear out
856          * the new GDT block for use (which also "frees" the backup GDT blocks
857          * from the reserved inode).  We don't need to change the bitmaps for
858          * these blocks, because they are marked as in-use from being in the
859          * reserved inode, and will become GDT blocks (primary and backup).
860          */
861         data[gdb_num % EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb)] = 0;
862         err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, dind);
863         if (unlikely(err)) {
864                 ext4_std_error(sb, err);
865                 goto exit_inode;
866         }
867         inode->i_blocks -= (gdbackups + 1) * sb->s_blocksize >>
868                            (9 - EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_bits);
869         ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc);
870         memset(gdb_bh->b_data, 0, sb->s_blocksize);
871         err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, gdb_bh);
872         if (unlikely(err)) {
873                 ext4_std_error(sb, err);
874                 iloc.bh = NULL;
875                 goto exit_inode;
876         }
877         brelse(dind);
878
879         o_group_desc = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_desc;
880         memcpy(n_group_desc, o_group_desc,
881                EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count * sizeof(struct buffer_head *));
882         n_group_desc[gdb_num] = gdb_bh;
883         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_desc = n_group_desc;
884         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count++;
885         kvfree(o_group_desc);
886
887         le16_add_cpu(&es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks, -1);
888         err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb);
889         if (err)
890                 ext4_std_error(sb, err);
891
892         return err;
893
894 exit_inode:
895         kvfree(n_group_desc);
896         brelse(iloc.bh);
897 exit_dind:
898         brelse(dind);
899 exit_bh:
900         brelse(gdb_bh);
901
902         ext4_debug("leaving with error %d\n", err);
903         return err;
904 }
905
906 /*
907  * add_new_gdb_meta_bg is the sister of add_new_gdb.
908  */
909 static int add_new_gdb_meta_bg(struct super_block *sb,
910                                handle_t *handle, ext4_group_t group) {
911         ext4_fsblk_t gdblock;
912         struct buffer_head *gdb_bh;
913         struct buffer_head **o_group_desc, **n_group_desc;
914         unsigned long gdb_num = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
915         int err;
916
917         gdblock = ext4_meta_bg_first_block_no(sb, group) +
918                    ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group);
919         gdb_bh = sb_bread(sb, gdblock);
920         if (!gdb_bh)
921                 return -EIO;
922         n_group_desc = ext4_kvmalloc((gdb_num + 1) *
923                                      sizeof(struct buffer_head *),
924                                      GFP_NOFS);
925         if (!n_group_desc) {
926                 brelse(gdb_bh);
927                 err = -ENOMEM;
928                 ext4_warning(sb, "not enough memory for %lu groups",
929                              gdb_num + 1);
930                 return err;
931         }
932
933         o_group_desc = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_desc;
934         memcpy(n_group_desc, o_group_desc,
935                EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count * sizeof(struct buffer_head *));
936         n_group_desc[gdb_num] = gdb_bh;
937         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_desc = n_group_desc;
938         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count++;
939         kvfree(o_group_desc);
940         BUFFER_TRACE(gdb_bh, "get_write_access");
941         err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdb_bh);
942         return err;
943 }
944
945 /*
946  * Called when we are adding a new group which has a backup copy of each of
947  * the GDT blocks (i.e. sparse group) and there are reserved GDT blocks.
948  * We need to add these reserved backup GDT blocks to the resize inode, so
949  * that they are kept for future resizing and not allocated to files.
950  *
951  * Each reserved backup GDT block will go into a different indirect block.
952  * The indirect blocks are actually the primary reserved GDT blocks,
953  * so we know in advance what their block numbers are.  We only get the
954  * double-indirect block to verify it is pointing to the primary reserved
955  * GDT blocks so we don't overwrite a data block by accident.  The reserved
956  * backup GDT blocks are stored in their reserved primary GDT block.
957  */
958 static int reserve_backup_gdb(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
959                               ext4_group_t group)
960 {
961         struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
962         int reserved_gdb =le16_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks);
963         int cluster_bits = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_cluster_bits;
964         struct buffer_head **primary;
965         struct buffer_head *dind;
966         struct ext4_iloc iloc;
967         ext4_fsblk_t blk;
968         __le32 *data, *end;
969         int gdbackups = 0;
970         int res, i;
971         int err;
972
973         primary = kmalloc_array(reserved_gdb, sizeof(*primary), GFP_NOFS);
974         if (!primary)
975                 return -ENOMEM;
976
977         data = EXT4_I(inode)->i_data + EXT4_DIND_BLOCK;
978         dind = sb_bread(sb, le32_to_cpu(*data));
979         if (!dind) {
980                 err = -EIO;
981                 goto exit_free;
982         }
983
984         blk = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh->b_blocknr + 1 + EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count;
985         data = (__le32 *)dind->b_data + (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_gdb_count %
986                                          EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb));
987         end = (__le32 *)dind->b_data + EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(sb);
988
989         /* Get each reserved primary GDT block and verify it holds backups */
990         for (res = 0; res < reserved_gdb; res++, blk++) {
991                 if (le32_to_cpu(*data) != blk) {
992                         ext4_warning(sb, "reserved block %llu"
993                                      " not at offset %ld",
994                                      blk,
995                                      (long)(data - (__le32 *)dind->b_data));
996                         err = -EINVAL;
997                         goto exit_bh;
998                 }
999                 primary[res] = sb_bread(sb, blk);
1000                 if (!primary[res]) {
1001                         err = -EIO;
1002                         goto exit_bh;
1003                 }
1004                 gdbackups = verify_reserved_gdb(sb, group, primary[res]);
1005                 if (gdbackups < 0) {
1006                         brelse(primary[res]);
1007                         err = gdbackups;
1008                         goto exit_bh;
1009                 }
1010                 if (++data >= end)
1011                         data = (__le32 *)dind->b_data;
1012         }
1013
1014         for (i = 0; i < reserved_gdb; i++) {
1015                 BUFFER_TRACE(primary[i], "get_write_access");
1016                 if ((err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, primary[i])))
1017                         goto exit_bh;
1018         }
1019
1020         if ((err = ext4_reserve_inode_write(handle, inode, &iloc)))
1021                 goto exit_bh;
1022
1023         /*
1024          * Finally we can add each of the reserved backup GDT blocks from
1025          * the new group to its reserved primary GDT block.
1026          */
1027         blk = group * EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
1028         for (i = 0; i < reserved_gdb; i++) {
1029                 int err2;
1030                 data = (__le32 *)primary[i]->b_data;
1031                 /* printk("reserving backup %lu[%u] = %lu\n",
1032                        primary[i]->b_blocknr, gdbackups,
1033                        blk + primary[i]->b_blocknr); */
1034                 data[gdbackups] = cpu_to_le32(blk + primary[i]->b_blocknr);
1035                 err2 = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, primary[i]);
1036                 if (!err)
1037                         err = err2;
1038         }
1039
1040         inode->i_blocks += reserved_gdb * sb->s_blocksize >> (9 - cluster_bits);
1041         ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &iloc);
1042
1043 exit_bh:
1044         while (--res >= 0)
1045                 brelse(primary[res]);
1046         brelse(dind);
1047
1048 exit_free:
1049         kfree(primary);
1050
1051         return err;
1052 }
1053
1054 /*
1055  * Update the backup copies of the ext4 metadata.  These don't need to be part
1056  * of the main resize transaction, because e2fsck will re-write them if there
1057  * is a problem (basically only OOM will cause a problem).  However, we
1058  * _should_ update the backups if possible, in case the primary gets trashed
1059  * for some reason and we need to run e2fsck from a backup superblock.  The
1060  * important part is that the new block and inode counts are in the backup
1061  * superblocks, and the location of the new group metadata in the GDT backups.
1062  *
1063  * We do not need take the s_resize_lock for this, because these
1064  * blocks are not otherwise touched by the filesystem code when it is
1065  * mounted.  We don't need to worry about last changing from
1066  * sbi->s_groups_count, because the worst that can happen is that we
1067  * do not copy the full number of backups at this time.  The resize
1068  * which changed s_groups_count will backup again.
1069  */
1070 static void update_backups(struct super_block *sb, sector_t blk_off, char *data,
1071                            int size, int meta_bg)
1072 {
1073         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1074         ext4_group_t last;
1075         const int bpg = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
1076         unsigned three = 1;
1077         unsigned five = 5;
1078         unsigned seven = 7;
1079         ext4_group_t group = 0;
1080         int rest = sb->s_blocksize - size;
1081         handle_t *handle;
1082         int err = 0, err2;
1083
1084         handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_RESIZE, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA);
1085         if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
1086                 group = 1;
1087                 err = PTR_ERR(handle);
1088                 goto exit_err;
1089         }
1090
1091         if (meta_bg == 0) {
1092                 group = ext4_list_backups(sb, &three, &five, &seven);
1093                 last = sbi->s_groups_count;
1094         } else {
1095                 group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, blk_off) + 1;
1096                 last = (ext4_group_t)(group + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 2);
1097         }
1098
1099         while (group < sbi->s_groups_count) {
1100                 struct buffer_head *bh;
1101                 ext4_fsblk_t backup_block;
1102
1103                 /* Out of journal space, and can't get more - abort - so sad */
1104                 if (ext4_handle_valid(handle) &&
1105                     handle->h_buffer_credits == 0 &&
1106                     ext4_journal_extend(handle, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA) &&
1107                     (err = ext4_journal_restart(handle, EXT4_MAX_TRANS_DATA)))
1108                         break;
1109
1110                 if (meta_bg == 0)
1111                         backup_block = ((ext4_fsblk_t)group) * bpg + blk_off;
1112                 else
1113                         backup_block = (ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group) +
1114                                         ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group));
1115
1116                 bh = sb_getblk(sb, backup_block);
1117                 if (unlikely(!bh)) {
1118                         err = -ENOMEM;
1119                         break;
1120                 }
1121                 ext4_debug("update metadata backup %llu(+%llu)\n",
1122                            backup_block, backup_block -
1123                            ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, group));
1124                 BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "get_write_access");
1125                 if ((err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh))) {
1126                         brelse(bh);
1127                         break;
1128                 }
1129                 lock_buffer(bh);
1130                 memcpy(bh->b_data, data, size);
1131                 if (rest)
1132                         memset(bh->b_data + size, 0, rest);
1133                 set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
1134                 unlock_buffer(bh);
1135                 err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, bh);
1136                 if (unlikely(err))
1137                         ext4_std_error(sb, err);
1138                 brelse(bh);
1139
1140                 if (meta_bg == 0)
1141                         group = ext4_list_backups(sb, &three, &five, &seven);
1142                 else if (group == last)
1143                         break;
1144                 else
1145                         group = last;
1146         }
1147         if ((err2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle)) && !err)
1148                 err = err2;
1149
1150         /*
1151          * Ugh! Need to have e2fsck write the backup copies.  It is too
1152          * late to revert the resize, we shouldn't fail just because of
1153          * the backup copies (they are only needed in case of corruption).
1154          *
1155          * However, if we got here we have a journal problem too, so we
1156          * can't really start a transaction to mark the superblock.
1157          * Chicken out and just set the flag on the hope it will be written
1158          * to disk, and if not - we will simply wait until next fsck.
1159          */
1160 exit_err:
1161         if (err) {
1162                 ext4_warning(sb, "can't update backup for group %u (err %d), "
1163                              "forcing fsck on next reboot", group, err);
1164                 sbi->s_mount_state &= ~EXT4_VALID_FS;
1165                 sbi->s_es->s_state &= cpu_to_le16(~EXT4_VALID_FS);
1166                 mark_buffer_dirty(sbi->s_sbh);
1167         }
1168 }
1169
1170 /*
1171  * ext4_add_new_descs() adds @count group descriptor of groups
1172  * starting at @group
1173  *
1174  * @handle: journal handle
1175  * @sb: super block
1176  * @group: the group no. of the first group desc to be added
1177  * @resize_inode: the resize inode
1178  * @count: number of group descriptors to be added
1179  */
1180 static int ext4_add_new_descs(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb,
1181                               ext4_group_t group, struct inode *resize_inode,
1182                               ext4_group_t count)
1183 {
1184         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1185         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
1186         struct buffer_head *gdb_bh;
1187         int i, gdb_off, gdb_num, err = 0;
1188         int meta_bg;
1189
1190         meta_bg = ext4_has_feature_meta_bg(sb);
1191         for (i = 0; i < count; i++, group++) {
1192                 int reserved_gdb = ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group) ?
1193                         le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks) : 0;
1194
1195                 gdb_off = group % EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
1196                 gdb_num = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
1197
1198                 /*
1199                  * We will only either add reserved group blocks to a backup group
1200                  * or remove reserved blocks for the first group in a new group block.
1201                  * Doing both would be mean more complex code, and sane people don't
1202                  * use non-sparse filesystems anymore.  This is already checked above.
1203                  */
1204                 if (gdb_off) {
1205                         gdb_bh = sbi->s_group_desc[gdb_num];
1206                         BUFFER_TRACE(gdb_bh, "get_write_access");
1207                         err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdb_bh);
1208
1209                         if (!err && reserved_gdb && ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, group))
1210                                 err = reserve_backup_gdb(handle, resize_inode, group);
1211                 } else if (meta_bg != 0) {
1212                         err = add_new_gdb_meta_bg(sb, handle, group);
1213                 } else {
1214                         err = add_new_gdb(handle, resize_inode, group);
1215                 }
1216                 if (err)
1217                         break;
1218         }
1219         return err;
1220 }
1221
1222 static struct buffer_head *ext4_get_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, __u64 block)
1223 {
1224         struct buffer_head *bh = sb_getblk(sb, block);
1225         if (unlikely(!bh))
1226                 return NULL;
1227         if (!bh_uptodate_or_lock(bh)) {
1228                 if (bh_submit_read(bh) < 0) {
1229                         brelse(bh);
1230                         return NULL;
1231                 }
1232         }
1233
1234         return bh;
1235 }
1236
1237 static int ext4_set_bitmap_checksums(struct super_block *sb,
1238                                      ext4_group_t group,
1239                                      struct ext4_group_desc *gdp,
1240                                      struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data)
1241 {
1242         struct buffer_head *bh;
1243
1244         if (!ext4_has_metadata_csum(sb))
1245                 return 0;
1246
1247         bh = ext4_get_bitmap(sb, group_data->inode_bitmap);
1248         if (!bh)
1249                 return -EIO;
1250         ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(sb, group, gdp, bh,
1251                                    EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) / 8);
1252         brelse(bh);
1253
1254         bh = ext4_get_bitmap(sb, group_data->block_bitmap);
1255         if (!bh)
1256                 return -EIO;
1257         ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(sb, group, gdp, bh);
1258         brelse(bh);
1259
1260         return 0;
1261 }
1262
1263 /*
1264  * ext4_setup_new_descs() will set up the group descriptor descriptors of a flex bg
1265  */
1266 static int ext4_setup_new_descs(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb,
1267                                 struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd)
1268 {
1269         struct ext4_new_group_data      *group_data = flex_gd->groups;
1270         struct ext4_group_desc          *gdp;
1271         struct ext4_sb_info             *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1272         struct buffer_head              *gdb_bh;
1273         ext4_group_t                    group;
1274         __u16                           *bg_flags = flex_gd->bg_flags;
1275         int                             i, gdb_off, gdb_num, err = 0;
1276
1277
1278         for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++, group_data++, bg_flags++) {
1279                 group = group_data->group;
1280
1281                 gdb_off = group % EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
1282                 gdb_num = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
1283
1284                 /*
1285                  * get_write_access() has been called on gdb_bh by ext4_add_new_desc().
1286                  */
1287                 gdb_bh = sbi->s_group_desc[gdb_num];
1288                 /* Update group descriptor block for new group */
1289                 gdp = (struct ext4_group_desc *)(gdb_bh->b_data +
1290                                                  gdb_off * EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb));
1291
1292                 memset(gdp, 0, EXT4_DESC_SIZE(sb));
1293                 ext4_block_bitmap_set(sb, gdp, group_data->block_bitmap);
1294                 ext4_inode_bitmap_set(sb, gdp, group_data->inode_bitmap);
1295                 err = ext4_set_bitmap_checksums(sb, group, gdp, group_data);
1296                 if (err) {
1297                         ext4_std_error(sb, err);
1298                         break;
1299                 }
1300
1301                 ext4_inode_table_set(sb, gdp, group_data->inode_table);
1302                 ext4_free_group_clusters_set(sb, gdp,
1303                                              group_data->free_clusters_count);
1304                 ext4_free_inodes_set(sb, gdp, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb));
1305                 if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb))
1306                         ext4_itable_unused_set(sb, gdp,
1307                                                EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb));
1308                 gdp->bg_flags = cpu_to_le16(*bg_flags);
1309                 ext4_group_desc_csum_set(sb, group, gdp);
1310
1311                 err = ext4_handle_dirty_metadata(handle, NULL, gdb_bh);
1312                 if (unlikely(err)) {
1313                         ext4_std_error(sb, err);
1314                         break;
1315                 }
1316
1317                 /*
1318                  * We can allocate memory for mb_alloc based on the new group
1319                  * descriptor
1320                  */
1321                 err = ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(sb, group, gdp);
1322                 if (err)
1323                         break;
1324         }
1325         return err;
1326 }
1327
1328 /*
1329  * ext4_update_super() updates the super block so that the newly added
1330  * groups can be seen by the filesystem.
1331  *
1332  * @sb: super block
1333  * @flex_gd: new added groups
1334  */
1335 static void ext4_update_super(struct super_block *sb,
1336                              struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd)
1337 {
1338         ext4_fsblk_t blocks_count = 0;
1339         ext4_fsblk_t free_blocks = 0;
1340         ext4_fsblk_t reserved_blocks = 0;
1341         struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data = flex_gd->groups;
1342         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1343         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
1344         int i;
1345
1346         BUG_ON(flex_gd->count == 0 || group_data == NULL);
1347         /*
1348          * Make the new blocks and inodes valid next.  We do this before
1349          * increasing the group count so that once the group is enabled,
1350          * all of its blocks and inodes are already valid.
1351          *
1352          * We always allocate group-by-group, then block-by-block or
1353          * inode-by-inode within a group, so enabling these
1354          * blocks/inodes before the group is live won't actually let us
1355          * allocate the new space yet.
1356          */
1357         for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++) {
1358                 blocks_count += group_data[i].blocks_count;
1359                 free_blocks += EXT4_C2B(sbi, group_data[i].free_clusters_count);
1360         }
1361
1362         reserved_blocks = ext4_r_blocks_count(es) * 100;
1363         reserved_blocks = div64_u64(reserved_blocks, ext4_blocks_count(es));
1364         reserved_blocks *= blocks_count;
1365         do_div(reserved_blocks, 100);
1366
1367         ext4_blocks_count_set(es, ext4_blocks_count(es) + blocks_count);
1368         ext4_free_blocks_count_set(es, ext4_free_blocks_count(es) + free_blocks);
1369         le32_add_cpu(&es->s_inodes_count, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) *
1370                      flex_gd->count);
1371         le32_add_cpu(&es->s_free_inodes_count, EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) *
1372                      flex_gd->count);
1373
1374         ext4_debug("free blocks count %llu", ext4_free_blocks_count(es));
1375         /*
1376          * We need to protect s_groups_count against other CPUs seeing
1377          * inconsistent state in the superblock.
1378          *
1379          * The precise rules we use are:
1380          *
1381          * * Writers must perform a smp_wmb() after updating all
1382          *   dependent data and before modifying the groups count
1383          *
1384          * * Readers must perform an smp_rmb() after reading the groups
1385          *   count and before reading any dependent data.
1386          *
1387          * NB. These rules can be relaxed when checking the group count
1388          * while freeing data, as we can only allocate from a block
1389          * group after serialising against the group count, and we can
1390          * only then free after serialising in turn against that
1391          * allocation.
1392          */
1393         smp_wmb();
1394
1395         /* Update the global fs size fields */
1396         sbi->s_groups_count += flex_gd->count;
1397         sbi->s_blockfile_groups = min_t(ext4_group_t, sbi->s_groups_count,
1398                         (EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS / EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)));
1399
1400         /* Update the reserved block counts only once the new group is
1401          * active. */
1402         ext4_r_blocks_count_set(es, ext4_r_blocks_count(es) +
1403                                 reserved_blocks);
1404
1405         /* Update the free space counts */
1406         percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter,
1407                            EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, free_blocks));
1408         percpu_counter_add(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter,
1409                            EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) * flex_gd->count);
1410
1411         ext4_debug("free blocks count %llu",
1412                    percpu_counter_read(&sbi->s_freeclusters_counter));
1413         if (ext4_has_feature_flex_bg(sb) && sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex) {
1414                 ext4_group_t flex_group;
1415                 flex_group = ext4_flex_group(sbi, group_data[0].group);
1416                 atomic64_add(EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, free_blocks),
1417                              &sbi->s_flex_groups[flex_group].free_clusters);
1418                 atomic_add(EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) * flex_gd->count,
1419                            &sbi->s_flex_groups[flex_group].free_inodes);
1420         }
1421
1422         /*
1423          * Update the fs overhead information
1424          */
1425         ext4_calculate_overhead(sb);
1426
1427         if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG))
1428                 printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: added group %u:"
1429                        "%llu blocks(%llu free %llu reserved)\n", flex_gd->count,
1430                        blocks_count, free_blocks, reserved_blocks);
1431 }
1432
1433 /* Add a flex group to an fs. Ensure we handle all possible error conditions
1434  * _before_ we start modifying the filesystem, because we cannot abort the
1435  * transaction and not have it write the data to disk.
1436  */
1437 static int ext4_flex_group_add(struct super_block *sb,
1438                                struct inode *resize_inode,
1439                                struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd)
1440 {
1441         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1442         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
1443         ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count;
1444         ext4_grpblk_t last;
1445         ext4_group_t group;
1446         handle_t *handle;
1447         unsigned reserved_gdb;
1448         int err = 0, err2 = 0, credit;
1449
1450         BUG_ON(!flex_gd->count || !flex_gd->groups || !flex_gd->bg_flags);
1451
1452         reserved_gdb = le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks);
1453         o_blocks_count = ext4_blocks_count(es);
1454         ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, o_blocks_count, &group, &last);
1455         BUG_ON(last);
1456
1457         err = setup_new_flex_group_blocks(sb, flex_gd);
1458         if (err)
1459                 goto exit;
1460         /*
1461          * We will always be modifying at least the superblock and  GDT
1462          * blocks.  If we are adding a group past the last current GDT block,
1463          * we will also modify the inode and the dindirect block.  If we
1464          * are adding a group with superblock/GDT backups  we will also
1465          * modify each of the reserved GDT dindirect blocks.
1466          */
1467         credit = 3;     /* sb, resize inode, resize inode dindirect */
1468         /* GDT blocks */
1469         credit += 1 + DIV_ROUND_UP(flex_gd->count, EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb));
1470         credit += reserved_gdb; /* Reserved GDT dindirect blocks */
1471         handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_RESIZE, credit);
1472         if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
1473                 err = PTR_ERR(handle);
1474                 goto exit;
1475         }
1476
1477         BUFFER_TRACE(sbi->s_sbh, "get_write_access");
1478         err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh);
1479         if (err)
1480                 goto exit_journal;
1481
1482         group = flex_gd->groups[0].group;
1483         BUG_ON(group != sbi->s_groups_count);
1484         err = ext4_add_new_descs(handle, sb, group,
1485                                 resize_inode, flex_gd->count);
1486         if (err)
1487                 goto exit_journal;
1488
1489         err = ext4_setup_new_descs(handle, sb, flex_gd);
1490         if (err)
1491                 goto exit_journal;
1492
1493         ext4_update_super(sb, flex_gd);
1494
1495         err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb);
1496
1497 exit_journal:
1498         err2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
1499         if (!err)
1500                 err = err2;
1501
1502         if (!err) {
1503                 int gdb_num = group / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
1504                 int gdb_num_end = ((group + flex_gd->count - 1) /
1505                                    EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb));
1506                 int meta_bg = ext4_has_feature_meta_bg(sb);
1507                 sector_t old_gdb = 0;
1508
1509                 update_backups(sb, sbi->s_sbh->b_blocknr, (char *)es,
1510                                sizeof(struct ext4_super_block), 0);
1511                 for (; gdb_num <= gdb_num_end; gdb_num++) {
1512                         struct buffer_head *gdb_bh;
1513
1514                         gdb_bh = sbi->s_group_desc[gdb_num];
1515                         if (old_gdb == gdb_bh->b_blocknr)
1516                                 continue;
1517                         update_backups(sb, gdb_bh->b_blocknr, gdb_bh->b_data,
1518                                        gdb_bh->b_size, meta_bg);
1519                         old_gdb = gdb_bh->b_blocknr;
1520                 }
1521         }
1522 exit:
1523         return err;
1524 }
1525
1526 static int ext4_setup_next_flex_gd(struct super_block *sb,
1527                                     struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd,
1528                                     ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count,
1529                                     unsigned long flexbg_size)
1530 {
1531         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1532         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
1533         struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data = flex_gd->groups;
1534         ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count;
1535         ext4_group_t n_group;
1536         ext4_group_t group;
1537         ext4_group_t last_group;
1538         ext4_grpblk_t last;
1539         ext4_grpblk_t clusters_per_group;
1540         unsigned long i;
1541
1542         clusters_per_group = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb);
1543
1544         o_blocks_count = ext4_blocks_count(es);
1545
1546         if (o_blocks_count == n_blocks_count)
1547                 return 0;
1548
1549         ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, o_blocks_count, &group, &last);
1550         BUG_ON(last);
1551         ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, n_blocks_count - 1, &n_group, &last);
1552
1553         last_group = group | (flexbg_size - 1);
1554         if (last_group > n_group)
1555                 last_group = n_group;
1556
1557         flex_gd->count = last_group - group + 1;
1558
1559         for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++) {
1560                 int overhead;
1561
1562                 group_data[i].group = group + i;
1563                 group_data[i].blocks_count = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
1564                 overhead = ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, group + i);
1565                 group_data[i].mdata_blocks = overhead;
1566                 group_data[i].free_clusters_count = EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb);
1567                 if (ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb)) {
1568                         flex_gd->bg_flags[i] = EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT |
1569                                                EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT;
1570                         if (!test_opt(sb, INIT_INODE_TABLE))
1571                                 flex_gd->bg_flags[i] |= EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED;
1572                 } else
1573                         flex_gd->bg_flags[i] = EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED;
1574         }
1575
1576         if (last_group == n_group && ext4_has_group_desc_csum(sb))
1577                 /* We need to initialize block bitmap of last group. */
1578                 flex_gd->bg_flags[i - 1] &= ~EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT;
1579
1580         if ((last_group == n_group) && (last != clusters_per_group - 1)) {
1581                 group_data[i - 1].blocks_count = EXT4_C2B(sbi, last + 1);
1582                 group_data[i - 1].free_clusters_count -= clusters_per_group -
1583                                                        last - 1;
1584         }
1585
1586         return 1;
1587 }
1588
1589 /* Add group descriptor data to an existing or new group descriptor block.
1590  * Ensure we handle all possible error conditions _before_ we start modifying
1591  * the filesystem, because we cannot abort the transaction and not have it
1592  * write the data to disk.
1593  *
1594  * If we are on a GDT block boundary, we need to get the reserved GDT block.
1595  * Otherwise, we may need to add backup GDT blocks for a sparse group.
1596  *
1597  * We only need to hold the superblock lock while we are actually adding
1598  * in the new group's counts to the superblock.  Prior to that we have
1599  * not really "added" the group at all.  We re-check that we are still
1600  * adding in the last group in case things have changed since verifying.
1601  */
1602 int ext4_group_add(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_new_group_data *input)
1603 {
1604         struct ext4_new_flex_group_data flex_gd;
1605         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1606         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
1607         int reserved_gdb = ext4_bg_has_super(sb, input->group) ?
1608                 le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks) : 0;
1609         struct inode *inode = NULL;
1610         int gdb_off;
1611         int err;
1612         __u16 bg_flags = 0;
1613
1614         gdb_off = input->group % EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
1615
1616         if (gdb_off == 0 && !ext4_has_feature_sparse_super(sb)) {
1617                 ext4_warning(sb, "Can't resize non-sparse filesystem further");
1618                 return -EPERM;
1619         }
1620
1621         if (ext4_blocks_count(es) + input->blocks_count <
1622             ext4_blocks_count(es)) {
1623                 ext4_warning(sb, "blocks_count overflow");
1624                 return -EINVAL;
1625         }
1626
1627         if (le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_count) + EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb) <
1628             le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_count)) {
1629                 ext4_warning(sb, "inodes_count overflow");
1630                 return -EINVAL;
1631         }
1632
1633         if (reserved_gdb || gdb_off == 0) {
1634                 if (ext4_has_feature_resize_inode(sb) ||
1635                     !le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks)) {
1636                         ext4_warning(sb,
1637                                      "No reserved GDT blocks, can't resize");
1638                         return -EPERM;
1639                 }
1640                 inode = ext4_iget(sb, EXT4_RESIZE_INO);
1641                 if (IS_ERR(inode)) {
1642                         ext4_warning(sb, "Error opening resize inode");
1643                         return PTR_ERR(inode);
1644                 }
1645         }
1646
1647
1648         err = verify_group_input(sb, input);
1649         if (err)
1650                 goto out;
1651
1652         err = ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(sb, input->group + 1);
1653         if (err)
1654                 goto out;
1655
1656         err = ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(sb, input->group + 1);
1657         if (err)
1658                 goto out;
1659
1660         flex_gd.count = 1;
1661         flex_gd.groups = input;
1662         flex_gd.bg_flags = &bg_flags;
1663         err = ext4_flex_group_add(sb, inode, &flex_gd);
1664 out:
1665         iput(inode);
1666         return err;
1667 } /* ext4_group_add */
1668
1669 /*
1670  * extend a group without checking assuming that checking has been done.
1671  */
1672 static int ext4_group_extend_no_check(struct super_block *sb,
1673                                       ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count, ext4_grpblk_t add)
1674 {
1675         struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
1676         handle_t *handle;
1677         int err = 0, err2;
1678
1679         /* We will update the superblock, one block bitmap, and
1680          * one group descriptor via ext4_group_add_blocks().
1681          */
1682         handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_RESIZE, 3);
1683         if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
1684                 err = PTR_ERR(handle);
1685                 ext4_warning(sb, "error %d on journal start", err);
1686                 return err;
1687         }
1688
1689         BUFFER_TRACE(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh, "get_write_access");
1690         err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh);
1691         if (err) {
1692                 ext4_warning(sb, "error %d on journal write access", err);
1693                 goto errout;
1694         }
1695
1696         ext4_blocks_count_set(es, o_blocks_count + add);
1697         ext4_free_blocks_count_set(es, ext4_free_blocks_count(es) + add);
1698         ext4_debug("freeing blocks %llu through %llu\n", o_blocks_count,
1699                    o_blocks_count + add);
1700         /* We add the blocks to the bitmap and set the group need init bit */
1701         err = ext4_group_add_blocks(handle, sb, o_blocks_count, add);
1702         if (err)
1703                 goto errout;
1704         ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb);
1705         ext4_debug("freed blocks %llu through %llu\n", o_blocks_count,
1706                    o_blocks_count + add);
1707 errout:
1708         err2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
1709         if (err2 && !err)
1710                 err = err2;
1711
1712         if (!err) {
1713                 if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG))
1714                         printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: extended group to %llu "
1715                                "blocks\n", ext4_blocks_count(es));
1716                 update_backups(sb, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh->b_blocknr,
1717                                (char *)es, sizeof(struct ext4_super_block), 0);
1718         }
1719         return err;
1720 }
1721
1722 /*
1723  * Extend the filesystem to the new number of blocks specified.  This entry
1724  * point is only used to extend the current filesystem to the end of the last
1725  * existing group.  It can be accessed via ioctl, or by "remount,resize=<size>"
1726  * for emergencies (because it has no dependencies on reserved blocks).
1727  *
1728  * If we _really_ wanted, we could use default values to call ext4_group_add()
1729  * allow the "remount" trick to work for arbitrary resizing, assuming enough
1730  * GDT blocks are reserved to grow to the desired size.
1731  */
1732 int ext4_group_extend(struct super_block *sb, struct ext4_super_block *es,
1733                       ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count)
1734 {
1735         ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count;
1736         ext4_grpblk_t last;
1737         ext4_grpblk_t add;
1738         struct buffer_head *bh;
1739         int err;
1740         ext4_group_t group;
1741
1742         o_blocks_count = ext4_blocks_count(es);
1743
1744         if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG))
1745                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_DEBUG,
1746                          "extending last group from %llu to %llu blocks",
1747                          o_blocks_count, n_blocks_count);
1748
1749         if (n_blocks_count == 0 || n_blocks_count == o_blocks_count)
1750                 return 0;
1751
1752         if (n_blocks_count > (sector_t)(~0ULL) >> (sb->s_blocksize_bits - 9)) {
1753                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1754                          "filesystem too large to resize to %llu blocks safely",
1755                          n_blocks_count);
1756                 if (sizeof(sector_t) < 8)
1757                         ext4_warning(sb, "CONFIG_LBDAF not enabled");
1758                 return -EINVAL;
1759         }
1760
1761         if (n_blocks_count < o_blocks_count) {
1762                 ext4_warning(sb, "can't shrink FS - resize aborted");
1763                 return -EINVAL;
1764         }
1765
1766         /* Handle the remaining blocks in the last group only. */
1767         ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, o_blocks_count, &group, &last);
1768
1769         if (last == 0) {
1770                 ext4_warning(sb, "need to use ext2online to resize further");
1771                 return -EPERM;
1772         }
1773
1774         add = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - last;
1775
1776         if (o_blocks_count + add < o_blocks_count) {
1777                 ext4_warning(sb, "blocks_count overflow");
1778                 return -EINVAL;
1779         }
1780
1781         if (o_blocks_count + add > n_blocks_count)
1782                 add = n_blocks_count - o_blocks_count;
1783
1784         if (o_blocks_count + add < n_blocks_count)
1785                 ext4_warning(sb, "will only finish group (%llu blocks, %u new)",
1786                              o_blocks_count + add, add);
1787
1788         /* See if the device is actually as big as what was requested */
1789         bh = sb_bread(sb, o_blocks_count + add - 1);
1790         if (!bh) {
1791                 ext4_warning(sb, "can't read last block, resize aborted");
1792                 return -ENOSPC;
1793         }
1794         brelse(bh);
1795
1796         err = ext4_group_extend_no_check(sb, o_blocks_count, add);
1797         return err;
1798 } /* ext4_group_extend */
1799
1800
1801 static int num_desc_blocks(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t groups)
1802 {
1803         return (groups + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1) / EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
1804 }
1805
1806 /*
1807  * Release the resize inode and drop the resize_inode feature if there
1808  * are no more reserved gdt blocks, and then convert the file system
1809  * to enable meta_bg
1810  */
1811 static int ext4_convert_meta_bg(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *inode)
1812 {
1813         handle_t *handle;
1814         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1815         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
1816         struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode);
1817         ext4_fsblk_t nr;
1818         int i, ret, err = 0;
1819         int credits = 1;
1820
1821         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Converting file system to meta_bg");
1822         if (inode) {
1823                 if (es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks) {
1824                         ext4_error(sb, "Unexpected non-zero "
1825                                    "s_reserved_gdt_blocks");
1826                         return -EPERM;
1827                 }
1828
1829                 /* Do a quick sanity check of the resize inode */
1830                 if (inode->i_blocks != 1 << (inode->i_blkbits -
1831                                              (9 - sbi->s_cluster_bits)))
1832                         goto invalid_resize_inode;
1833                 for (i = 0; i < EXT4_N_BLOCKS; i++) {
1834                         if (i == EXT4_DIND_BLOCK) {
1835                                 if (ei->i_data[i])
1836                                         continue;
1837                                 else
1838                                         goto invalid_resize_inode;
1839                         }
1840                         if (ei->i_data[i])
1841                                 goto invalid_resize_inode;
1842                 }
1843                 credits += 3;   /* block bitmap, bg descriptor, resize inode */
1844         }
1845
1846         handle = ext4_journal_start_sb(sb, EXT4_HT_RESIZE, credits);
1847         if (IS_ERR(handle))
1848                 return PTR_ERR(handle);
1849
1850         BUFFER_TRACE(sbi->s_sbh, "get_write_access");
1851         err = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, sbi->s_sbh);
1852         if (err)
1853                 goto errout;
1854
1855         ext4_clear_feature_resize_inode(sb);
1856         ext4_set_feature_meta_bg(sb);
1857         sbi->s_es->s_first_meta_bg =
1858                 cpu_to_le32(num_desc_blocks(sb, sbi->s_groups_count));
1859
1860         err = ext4_handle_dirty_super(handle, sb);
1861         if (err) {
1862                 ext4_std_error(sb, err);
1863                 goto errout;
1864         }
1865
1866         if (inode) {
1867                 nr = le32_to_cpu(ei->i_data[EXT4_DIND_BLOCK]);
1868                 ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, NULL, nr, 1,
1869                                  EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA |
1870                                  EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET);
1871                 ei->i_data[EXT4_DIND_BLOCK] = 0;
1872                 inode->i_blocks = 0;
1873
1874                 err = ext4_mark_inode_dirty(handle, inode);
1875                 if (err)
1876                         ext4_std_error(sb, err);
1877         }
1878
1879 errout:
1880         ret = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
1881         if (!err)
1882                 err = ret;
1883         return ret;
1884
1885 invalid_resize_inode:
1886         ext4_error(sb, "corrupted/inconsistent resize inode");
1887         return -EINVAL;
1888 }
1889
1890 /*
1891  * ext4_resize_fs() resizes a fs to new size specified by @n_blocks_count
1892  *
1893  * @sb: super block of the fs to be resized
1894  * @n_blocks_count: the number of blocks resides in the resized fs
1895  */
1896 int ext4_resize_fs(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count)
1897 {
1898         struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd = NULL;
1899         struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
1900         struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
1901         struct buffer_head *bh;
1902         struct inode *resize_inode = NULL;
1903         ext4_grpblk_t add, offset;
1904         unsigned long n_desc_blocks;
1905         unsigned long o_desc_blocks;
1906         ext4_group_t o_group;
1907         ext4_group_t n_group;
1908         ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count;
1909         ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count_retry = 0;
1910         unsigned long last_update_time = 0;
1911         int err = 0, flexbg_size = 1 << sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex;
1912         int meta_bg;
1913
1914         /* See if the device is actually as big as what was requested */
1915         bh = sb_bread(sb, n_blocks_count - 1);
1916         if (!bh) {
1917                 ext4_warning(sb, "can't read last block, resize aborted");
1918                 return -ENOSPC;
1919         }
1920         brelse(bh);
1921
1922 retry:
1923         o_blocks_count = ext4_blocks_count(es);
1924
1925         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "resizing filesystem from %llu "
1926                  "to %llu blocks", o_blocks_count, n_blocks_count);
1927
1928         if (n_blocks_count < o_blocks_count) {
1929                 /* On-line shrinking not supported */
1930                 ext4_warning(sb, "can't shrink FS - resize aborted");
1931                 return -EINVAL;
1932         }
1933
1934         if (n_blocks_count == o_blocks_count)
1935                 /* Nothing need to do */
1936                 return 0;
1937
1938         n_group = ext4_get_group_number(sb, n_blocks_count - 1);
1939         if (n_group >= (0xFFFFFFFFUL / EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(sb))) {
1940                 ext4_warning(sb, "resize would cause inodes_count overflow");
1941                 return -EINVAL;
1942         }
1943         ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, o_blocks_count - 1, &o_group, &offset);
1944
1945         n_desc_blocks = num_desc_blocks(sb, n_group + 1);
1946         o_desc_blocks = num_desc_blocks(sb, sbi->s_groups_count);
1947
1948         meta_bg = ext4_has_feature_meta_bg(sb);
1949
1950         if (ext4_has_feature_resize_inode(sb)) {
1951                 if (meta_bg) {
1952                         ext4_error(sb, "resize_inode and meta_bg enabled "
1953                                    "simultaneously");
1954                         return -EINVAL;
1955                 }
1956                 if (n_desc_blocks > o_desc_blocks +
1957                     le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks)) {
1958                         n_blocks_count_retry = n_blocks_count;
1959                         n_desc_blocks = o_desc_blocks +
1960                                 le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks);
1961                         n_group = n_desc_blocks * EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
1962                         n_blocks_count = (ext4_fsblk_t)n_group *
1963                                 EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
1964                         n_group--; /* set to last group number */
1965                 }
1966
1967                 if (!resize_inode)
1968                         resize_inode = ext4_iget(sb, EXT4_RESIZE_INO);
1969                 if (IS_ERR(resize_inode)) {
1970                         ext4_warning(sb, "Error opening resize inode");
1971                         return PTR_ERR(resize_inode);
1972                 }
1973         }
1974
1975         if ((!resize_inode && !meta_bg) || n_blocks_count == o_blocks_count) {
1976                 err = ext4_convert_meta_bg(sb, resize_inode);
1977                 if (err)
1978                         goto out;
1979                 if (resize_inode) {
1980                         iput(resize_inode);
1981                         resize_inode = NULL;
1982                 }
1983                 if (n_blocks_count_retry) {
1984                         n_blocks_count = n_blocks_count_retry;
1985                         n_blocks_count_retry = 0;
1986                         goto retry;
1987                 }
1988         }
1989
1990         /*
1991          * Make sure the last group has enough space so that it's
1992          * guaranteed to have enough space for all metadata blocks
1993          * that it might need to hold.  (We might not need to store
1994          * the inode table blocks in the last block group, but there
1995          * will be cases where this might be needed.)
1996          */
1997         if ((ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, n_group) +
1998              ext4_group_overhead_blocks(sb, n_group) + 2 +
1999              sbi->s_itb_per_group + sbi->s_cluster_ratio) >= n_blocks_count) {
2000                 n_blocks_count = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, n_group);
2001                 n_group--;
2002                 n_blocks_count_retry = 0;
2003                 if (resize_inode) {
2004                         iput(resize_inode);
2005                         resize_inode = NULL;
2006                 }
2007                 goto retry;
2008         }
2009
2010         /* extend the last group */
2011         if (n_group == o_group)
2012                 add = n_blocks_count - o_blocks_count;
2013         else
2014                 add = EXT4_C2B(sbi, EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(sb) - (offset + 1));
2015         if (add > 0) {
2016                 err = ext4_group_extend_no_check(sb, o_blocks_count, add);
2017                 if (err)
2018                         goto out;
2019         }
2020
2021         if (ext4_blocks_count(es) == n_blocks_count)
2022                 goto out;
2023
2024         err = ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(sb, n_group + 1);
2025         if (err)
2026                 goto out;
2027
2028         err = ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(sb, n_group + 1);
2029         if (err)
2030                 goto out;
2031
2032         flex_gd = alloc_flex_gd(flexbg_size);
2033         if (flex_gd == NULL) {
2034                 err = -ENOMEM;
2035                 goto out;
2036         }
2037
2038         /* Add flex groups. Note that a regular group is a
2039          * flex group with 1 group.
2040          */
2041         while (ext4_setup_next_flex_gd(sb, flex_gd, n_blocks_count,
2042                                               flexbg_size)) {
2043                 if (jiffies - last_update_time > HZ * 10) {
2044                         if (last_update_time)
2045                                 ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO,
2046                                          "resized to %llu blocks",
2047                                          ext4_blocks_count(es));
2048                         last_update_time = jiffies;
2049                 }
2050                 if (ext4_alloc_group_tables(sb, flex_gd, flexbg_size) != 0)
2051                         break;
2052                 err = ext4_flex_group_add(sb, resize_inode, flex_gd);
2053                 if (unlikely(err))
2054                         break;
2055         }
2056
2057         if (!err && n_blocks_count_retry) {
2058                 n_blocks_count = n_blocks_count_retry;
2059                 n_blocks_count_retry = 0;
2060                 free_flex_gd(flex_gd);
2061                 flex_gd = NULL;
2062                 if (resize_inode) {
2063                         iput(resize_inode);
2064                         resize_inode = NULL;
2065                 }
2066                 goto retry;
2067         }
2068
2069 out:
2070         if (flex_gd)
2071                 free_flex_gd(flex_gd);
2072         if (resize_inode != NULL)
2073                 iput(resize_inode);
2074         ext4_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "resized filesystem to %llu", n_blocks_count);
2075         return err;
2076 }