Merge tag 'sound-5.2-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tiwai...
[sfrench/cifs-2.6.git] / fs / binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
1 /* binfmt_elf_fdpic.c: FDPIC ELF binary format
2  *
3  * Copyright (C) 2003, 2004, 2006 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
4  * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
5  * Derived from binfmt_elf.c
6  *
7  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
8  * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
9  * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
10  * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
11  */
12
13 #include <linux/module.h>
14
15 #include <linux/fs.h>
16 #include <linux/stat.h>
17 #include <linux/sched.h>
18 #include <linux/sched/coredump.h>
19 #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
20 #include <linux/sched/cputime.h>
21 #include <linux/mm.h>
22 #include <linux/mman.h>
23 #include <linux/errno.h>
24 #include <linux/signal.h>
25 #include <linux/binfmts.h>
26 #include <linux/string.h>
27 #include <linux/file.h>
28 #include <linux/fcntl.h>
29 #include <linux/slab.h>
30 #include <linux/pagemap.h>
31 #include <linux/security.h>
32 #include <linux/highmem.h>
33 #include <linux/highuid.h>
34 #include <linux/personality.h>
35 #include <linux/ptrace.h>
36 #include <linux/init.h>
37 #include <linux/elf.h>
38 #include <linux/elf-fdpic.h>
39 #include <linux/elfcore.h>
40 #include <linux/coredump.h>
41 #include <linux/dax.h>
42
43 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
44 #include <asm/param.h>
45 #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
46
47 typedef char *elf_caddr_t;
48
49 #if 0
50 #define kdebug(fmt, ...) printk("FDPIC "fmt"\n" ,##__VA_ARGS__ )
51 #else
52 #define kdebug(fmt, ...) do {} while(0)
53 #endif
54
55 #if 0
56 #define kdcore(fmt, ...) printk("FDPIC "fmt"\n" ,##__VA_ARGS__ )
57 #else
58 #define kdcore(fmt, ...) do {} while(0)
59 #endif
60
61 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
62
63 static int load_elf_fdpic_binary(struct linux_binprm *);
64 static int elf_fdpic_fetch_phdrs(struct elf_fdpic_params *, struct file *);
65 static int elf_fdpic_map_file(struct elf_fdpic_params *, struct file *,
66                               struct mm_struct *, const char *);
67
68 static int create_elf_fdpic_tables(struct linux_binprm *, struct mm_struct *,
69                                    struct elf_fdpic_params *,
70                                    struct elf_fdpic_params *);
71
72 #ifndef CONFIG_MMU
73 static int elf_fdpic_map_file_constdisp_on_uclinux(struct elf_fdpic_params *,
74                                                    struct file *,
75                                                    struct mm_struct *);
76 #endif
77
78 static int elf_fdpic_map_file_by_direct_mmap(struct elf_fdpic_params *,
79                                              struct file *, struct mm_struct *);
80
81 #ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE
82 static int elf_fdpic_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm);
83 #endif
84
85 static struct linux_binfmt elf_fdpic_format = {
86         .module         = THIS_MODULE,
87         .load_binary    = load_elf_fdpic_binary,
88 #ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE
89         .core_dump      = elf_fdpic_core_dump,
90 #endif
91         .min_coredump   = ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE,
92 };
93
94 static int __init init_elf_fdpic_binfmt(void)
95 {
96         register_binfmt(&elf_fdpic_format);
97         return 0;
98 }
99
100 static void __exit exit_elf_fdpic_binfmt(void)
101 {
102         unregister_binfmt(&elf_fdpic_format);
103 }
104
105 core_initcall(init_elf_fdpic_binfmt);
106 module_exit(exit_elf_fdpic_binfmt);
107
108 static int is_elf(struct elfhdr *hdr, struct file *file)
109 {
110         if (memcmp(hdr->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG) != 0)
111                 return 0;
112         if (hdr->e_type != ET_EXEC && hdr->e_type != ET_DYN)
113                 return 0;
114         if (!elf_check_arch(hdr))
115                 return 0;
116         if (!file->f_op->mmap)
117                 return 0;
118         return 1;
119 }
120
121 #ifndef elf_check_fdpic
122 #define elf_check_fdpic(x) 0
123 #endif
124
125 #ifndef elf_check_const_displacement
126 #define elf_check_const_displacement(x) 0
127 #endif
128
129 static int is_constdisp(struct elfhdr *hdr)
130 {
131         if (!elf_check_fdpic(hdr))
132                 return 1;
133         if (elf_check_const_displacement(hdr))
134                 return 1;
135         return 0;
136 }
137
138 /*****************************************************************************/
139 /*
140  * read the program headers table into memory
141  */
142 static int elf_fdpic_fetch_phdrs(struct elf_fdpic_params *params,
143                                  struct file *file)
144 {
145         struct elf32_phdr *phdr;
146         unsigned long size;
147         int retval, loop;
148         loff_t pos = params->hdr.e_phoff;
149
150         if (params->hdr.e_phentsize != sizeof(struct elf_phdr))
151                 return -ENOMEM;
152         if (params->hdr.e_phnum > 65536U / sizeof(struct elf_phdr))
153                 return -ENOMEM;
154
155         size = params->hdr.e_phnum * sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
156         params->phdrs = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
157         if (!params->phdrs)
158                 return -ENOMEM;
159
160         retval = kernel_read(file, params->phdrs, size, &pos);
161         if (unlikely(retval != size))
162                 return retval < 0 ? retval : -ENOEXEC;
163
164         /* determine stack size for this binary */
165         phdr = params->phdrs;
166         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
167                 if (phdr->p_type != PT_GNU_STACK)
168                         continue;
169
170                 if (phdr->p_flags & PF_X)
171                         params->flags |= ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXEC_STACK;
172                 else
173                         params->flags |= ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_NOEXEC_STACK;
174
175                 params->stack_size = phdr->p_memsz;
176                 break;
177         }
178
179         return 0;
180 }
181
182 /*****************************************************************************/
183 /*
184  * load an fdpic binary into various bits of memory
185  */
186 static int load_elf_fdpic_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
187 {
188         struct elf_fdpic_params exec_params, interp_params;
189         struct pt_regs *regs = current_pt_regs();
190         struct elf_phdr *phdr;
191         unsigned long stack_size, entryaddr;
192 #ifdef ELF_FDPIC_PLAT_INIT
193         unsigned long dynaddr;
194 #endif
195 #ifndef CONFIG_MMU
196         unsigned long stack_prot;
197 #endif
198         struct file *interpreter = NULL; /* to shut gcc up */
199         char *interpreter_name = NULL;
200         int executable_stack;
201         int retval, i;
202         loff_t pos;
203
204         kdebug("____ LOAD %d ____", current->pid);
205
206         memset(&exec_params, 0, sizeof(exec_params));
207         memset(&interp_params, 0, sizeof(interp_params));
208
209         exec_params.hdr = *(struct elfhdr *) bprm->buf;
210         exec_params.flags = ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_PRESENT | ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXECUTABLE;
211
212         /* check that this is a binary we know how to deal with */
213         retval = -ENOEXEC;
214         if (!is_elf(&exec_params.hdr, bprm->file))
215                 goto error;
216         if (!elf_check_fdpic(&exec_params.hdr)) {
217 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
218                 /* binfmt_elf handles non-fdpic elf except on nommu */
219                 goto error;
220 #else
221                 /* nommu can only load ET_DYN (PIE) ELF */
222                 if (exec_params.hdr.e_type != ET_DYN)
223                         goto error;
224 #endif
225         }
226
227         /* read the program header table */
228         retval = elf_fdpic_fetch_phdrs(&exec_params, bprm->file);
229         if (retval < 0)
230                 goto error;
231
232         /* scan for a program header that specifies an interpreter */
233         phdr = exec_params.phdrs;
234
235         for (i = 0; i < exec_params.hdr.e_phnum; i++, phdr++) {
236                 switch (phdr->p_type) {
237                 case PT_INTERP:
238                         retval = -ENOMEM;
239                         if (phdr->p_filesz > PATH_MAX)
240                                 goto error;
241                         retval = -ENOENT;
242                         if (phdr->p_filesz < 2)
243                                 goto error;
244
245                         /* read the name of the interpreter into memory */
246                         interpreter_name = kmalloc(phdr->p_filesz, GFP_KERNEL);
247                         if (!interpreter_name)
248                                 goto error;
249
250                         pos = phdr->p_offset;
251                         retval = kernel_read(bprm->file, interpreter_name,
252                                              phdr->p_filesz, &pos);
253                         if (unlikely(retval != phdr->p_filesz)) {
254                                 if (retval >= 0)
255                                         retval = -ENOEXEC;
256                                 goto error;
257                         }
258
259                         retval = -ENOENT;
260                         if (interpreter_name[phdr->p_filesz - 1] != '\0')
261                                 goto error;
262
263                         kdebug("Using ELF interpreter %s", interpreter_name);
264
265                         /* replace the program with the interpreter */
266                         interpreter = open_exec(interpreter_name);
267                         retval = PTR_ERR(interpreter);
268                         if (IS_ERR(interpreter)) {
269                                 interpreter = NULL;
270                                 goto error;
271                         }
272
273                         /*
274                          * If the binary is not readable then enforce
275                          * mm->dumpable = 0 regardless of the interpreter's
276                          * permissions.
277                          */
278                         would_dump(bprm, interpreter);
279
280                         pos = 0;
281                         retval = kernel_read(interpreter, bprm->buf,
282                                         BINPRM_BUF_SIZE, &pos);
283                         if (unlikely(retval != BINPRM_BUF_SIZE)) {
284                                 if (retval >= 0)
285                                         retval = -ENOEXEC;
286                                 goto error;
287                         }
288
289                         interp_params.hdr = *((struct elfhdr *) bprm->buf);
290                         break;
291
292                 case PT_LOAD:
293 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
294                         if (exec_params.load_addr == 0)
295                                 exec_params.load_addr = phdr->p_vaddr;
296 #endif
297                         break;
298                 }
299
300         }
301
302         if (is_constdisp(&exec_params.hdr))
303                 exec_params.flags |= ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONSTDISP;
304
305         /* perform insanity checks on the interpreter */
306         if (interpreter_name) {
307                 retval = -ELIBBAD;
308                 if (!is_elf(&interp_params.hdr, interpreter))
309                         goto error;
310
311                 interp_params.flags = ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_PRESENT;
312
313                 /* read the interpreter's program header table */
314                 retval = elf_fdpic_fetch_phdrs(&interp_params, interpreter);
315                 if (retval < 0)
316                         goto error;
317         }
318
319         stack_size = exec_params.stack_size;
320         if (exec_params.flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXEC_STACK)
321                 executable_stack = EXSTACK_ENABLE_X;
322         else if (exec_params.flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_NOEXEC_STACK)
323                 executable_stack = EXSTACK_DISABLE_X;
324         else
325                 executable_stack = EXSTACK_DEFAULT;
326
327         if (stack_size == 0) {
328                 stack_size = interp_params.stack_size;
329                 if (interp_params.flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXEC_STACK)
330                         executable_stack = EXSTACK_ENABLE_X;
331                 else if (interp_params.flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_NOEXEC_STACK)
332                         executable_stack = EXSTACK_DISABLE_X;
333                 else
334                         executable_stack = EXSTACK_DEFAULT;
335         }
336
337         retval = -ENOEXEC;
338         if (stack_size == 0)
339                 stack_size = 131072UL; /* same as exec.c's default commit */
340
341         if (is_constdisp(&interp_params.hdr))
342                 interp_params.flags |= ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONSTDISP;
343
344         /* flush all traces of the currently running executable */
345         retval = flush_old_exec(bprm);
346         if (retval)
347                 goto error;
348
349         /* there's now no turning back... the old userspace image is dead,
350          * defunct, deceased, etc.
351          */
352         if (elf_check_fdpic(&exec_params.hdr))
353                 set_personality(PER_LINUX_FDPIC);
354         else
355                 set_personality(PER_LINUX);
356         if (elf_read_implies_exec(&exec_params.hdr, executable_stack))
357                 current->personality |= READ_IMPLIES_EXEC;
358
359         setup_new_exec(bprm);
360
361         set_binfmt(&elf_fdpic_format);
362
363         current->mm->start_code = 0;
364         current->mm->end_code = 0;
365         current->mm->start_stack = 0;
366         current->mm->start_data = 0;
367         current->mm->end_data = 0;
368         current->mm->context.exec_fdpic_loadmap = 0;
369         current->mm->context.interp_fdpic_loadmap = 0;
370
371 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
372         elf_fdpic_arch_lay_out_mm(&exec_params,
373                                   &interp_params,
374                                   &current->mm->start_stack,
375                                   &current->mm->start_brk);
376
377         retval = setup_arg_pages(bprm, current->mm->start_stack,
378                                  executable_stack);
379         if (retval < 0)
380                 goto error;
381 #ifdef ARCH_HAS_SETUP_ADDITIONAL_PAGES
382         retval = arch_setup_additional_pages(bprm, !!interpreter_name);
383         if (retval < 0)
384                 goto error;
385 #endif
386 #endif
387
388         /* load the executable and interpreter into memory */
389         retval = elf_fdpic_map_file(&exec_params, bprm->file, current->mm,
390                                     "executable");
391         if (retval < 0)
392                 goto error;
393
394         if (interpreter_name) {
395                 retval = elf_fdpic_map_file(&interp_params, interpreter,
396                                             current->mm, "interpreter");
397                 if (retval < 0) {
398                         printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to load interpreter\n");
399                         goto error;
400                 }
401
402                 allow_write_access(interpreter);
403                 fput(interpreter);
404                 interpreter = NULL;
405         }
406
407 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
408         if (!current->mm->start_brk)
409                 current->mm->start_brk = current->mm->end_data;
410
411         current->mm->brk = current->mm->start_brk =
412                 PAGE_ALIGN(current->mm->start_brk);
413
414 #else
415         /* create a stack area and zero-size brk area */
416         stack_size = (stack_size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK;
417         if (stack_size < PAGE_SIZE * 2)
418                 stack_size = PAGE_SIZE * 2;
419
420         stack_prot = PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE;
421         if (executable_stack == EXSTACK_ENABLE_X ||
422             (executable_stack == EXSTACK_DEFAULT && VM_STACK_FLAGS & VM_EXEC))
423                 stack_prot |= PROT_EXEC;
424
425         current->mm->start_brk = vm_mmap(NULL, 0, stack_size, stack_prot,
426                                          MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS |
427                                          MAP_UNINITIALIZED | MAP_GROWSDOWN,
428                                          0);
429
430         if (IS_ERR_VALUE(current->mm->start_brk)) {
431                 retval = current->mm->start_brk;
432                 current->mm->start_brk = 0;
433                 goto error;
434         }
435
436         current->mm->brk = current->mm->start_brk;
437         current->mm->context.end_brk = current->mm->start_brk;
438         current->mm->start_stack = current->mm->start_brk + stack_size;
439 #endif
440
441         install_exec_creds(bprm);
442         if (create_elf_fdpic_tables(bprm, current->mm,
443                                     &exec_params, &interp_params) < 0)
444                 goto error;
445
446         kdebug("- start_code  %lx", current->mm->start_code);
447         kdebug("- end_code    %lx", current->mm->end_code);
448         kdebug("- start_data  %lx", current->mm->start_data);
449         kdebug("- end_data    %lx", current->mm->end_data);
450         kdebug("- start_brk   %lx", current->mm->start_brk);
451         kdebug("- brk         %lx", current->mm->brk);
452         kdebug("- start_stack %lx", current->mm->start_stack);
453
454 #ifdef ELF_FDPIC_PLAT_INIT
455         /*
456          * The ABI may specify that certain registers be set up in special
457          * ways (on i386 %edx is the address of a DT_FINI function, for
458          * example.  This macro performs whatever initialization to
459          * the regs structure is required.
460          */
461         dynaddr = interp_params.dynamic_addr ?: exec_params.dynamic_addr;
462         ELF_FDPIC_PLAT_INIT(regs, exec_params.map_addr, interp_params.map_addr,
463                             dynaddr);
464 #endif
465
466         finalize_exec(bprm);
467         /* everything is now ready... get the userspace context ready to roll */
468         entryaddr = interp_params.entry_addr ?: exec_params.entry_addr;
469         start_thread(regs, entryaddr, current->mm->start_stack);
470
471         retval = 0;
472
473 error:
474         if (interpreter) {
475                 allow_write_access(interpreter);
476                 fput(interpreter);
477         }
478         kfree(interpreter_name);
479         kfree(exec_params.phdrs);
480         kfree(exec_params.loadmap);
481         kfree(interp_params.phdrs);
482         kfree(interp_params.loadmap);
483         return retval;
484 }
485
486 /*****************************************************************************/
487
488 #ifndef ELF_BASE_PLATFORM
489 /*
490  * AT_BASE_PLATFORM indicates the "real" hardware/microarchitecture.
491  * If the arch defines ELF_BASE_PLATFORM (in asm/elf.h), the value
492  * will be copied to the user stack in the same manner as AT_PLATFORM.
493  */
494 #define ELF_BASE_PLATFORM NULL
495 #endif
496
497 /*
498  * present useful information to the program by shovelling it onto the new
499  * process's stack
500  */
501 static int create_elf_fdpic_tables(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
502                                    struct mm_struct *mm,
503                                    struct elf_fdpic_params *exec_params,
504                                    struct elf_fdpic_params *interp_params)
505 {
506         const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
507         unsigned long sp, csp, nitems;
508         elf_caddr_t __user *argv, *envp;
509         size_t platform_len = 0, len;
510         char *k_platform, *k_base_platform;
511         char __user *u_platform, *u_base_platform, *p;
512         int loop;
513         int nr; /* reset for each csp adjustment */
514
515 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
516         /* In some cases (e.g. Hyper-Threading), we want to avoid L1 evictions
517          * by the processes running on the same package. One thing we can do is
518          * to shuffle the initial stack for them, so we give the architecture
519          * an opportunity to do so here.
520          */
521         sp = arch_align_stack(bprm->p);
522 #else
523         sp = mm->start_stack;
524
525         /* stack the program arguments and environment */
526         if (transfer_args_to_stack(bprm, &sp) < 0)
527                 return -EFAULT;
528         sp &= ~15;
529 #endif
530
531         /*
532          * If this architecture has a platform capability string, copy it
533          * to userspace.  In some cases (Sparc), this info is impossible
534          * for userspace to get any other way, in others (i386) it is
535          * merely difficult.
536          */
537         k_platform = ELF_PLATFORM;
538         u_platform = NULL;
539
540         if (k_platform) {
541                 platform_len = strlen(k_platform) + 1;
542                 sp -= platform_len;
543                 u_platform = (char __user *) sp;
544                 if (__copy_to_user(u_platform, k_platform, platform_len) != 0)
545                         return -EFAULT;
546         }
547
548         /*
549          * If this architecture has a "base" platform capability
550          * string, copy it to userspace.
551          */
552         k_base_platform = ELF_BASE_PLATFORM;
553         u_base_platform = NULL;
554
555         if (k_base_platform) {
556                 platform_len = strlen(k_base_platform) + 1;
557                 sp -= platform_len;
558                 u_base_platform = (char __user *) sp;
559                 if (__copy_to_user(u_base_platform, k_base_platform, platform_len) != 0)
560                         return -EFAULT;
561         }
562
563         sp &= ~7UL;
564
565         /* stack the load map(s) */
566         len = sizeof(struct elf32_fdpic_loadmap);
567         len += sizeof(struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg) * exec_params->loadmap->nsegs;
568         sp = (sp - len) & ~7UL;
569         exec_params->map_addr = sp;
570
571         if (copy_to_user((void __user *) sp, exec_params->loadmap, len) != 0)
572                 return -EFAULT;
573
574         current->mm->context.exec_fdpic_loadmap = (unsigned long) sp;
575
576         if (interp_params->loadmap) {
577                 len = sizeof(struct elf32_fdpic_loadmap);
578                 len += sizeof(struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg) *
579                         interp_params->loadmap->nsegs;
580                 sp = (sp - len) & ~7UL;
581                 interp_params->map_addr = sp;
582
583                 if (copy_to_user((void __user *) sp, interp_params->loadmap,
584                                  len) != 0)
585                         return -EFAULT;
586
587                 current->mm->context.interp_fdpic_loadmap = (unsigned long) sp;
588         }
589
590         /* force 16 byte _final_ alignment here for generality */
591 #define DLINFO_ITEMS 15
592
593         nitems = 1 + DLINFO_ITEMS + (k_platform ? 1 : 0) +
594                 (k_base_platform ? 1 : 0) + AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH;
595
596         if (bprm->interp_flags & BINPRM_FLAGS_EXECFD)
597                 nitems++;
598
599         csp = sp;
600         sp -= nitems * 2 * sizeof(unsigned long);
601         sp -= (bprm->envc + 1) * sizeof(char *);        /* envv[] */
602         sp -= (bprm->argc + 1) * sizeof(char *);        /* argv[] */
603         sp -= 1 * sizeof(unsigned long);                /* argc */
604
605         csp -= sp & 15UL;
606         sp -= sp & 15UL;
607
608         /* put the ELF interpreter info on the stack */
609 #define NEW_AUX_ENT(id, val)                                            \
610         do {                                                            \
611                 struct { unsigned long _id, _val; } __user *ent;        \
612                                                                         \
613                 ent = (void __user *) csp;                              \
614                 __put_user((id), &ent[nr]._id);                         \
615                 __put_user((val), &ent[nr]._val);                       \
616                 nr++;                                                   \
617         } while (0)
618
619         nr = 0;
620         csp -= 2 * sizeof(unsigned long);
621         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_NULL, 0);
622         if (k_platform) {
623                 nr = 0;
624                 csp -= 2 * sizeof(unsigned long);
625                 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PLATFORM,
626                             (elf_addr_t) (unsigned long) u_platform);
627         }
628
629         if (k_base_platform) {
630                 nr = 0;
631                 csp -= 2 * sizeof(unsigned long);
632                 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_BASE_PLATFORM,
633                             (elf_addr_t) (unsigned long) u_base_platform);
634         }
635
636         if (bprm->interp_flags & BINPRM_FLAGS_EXECFD) {
637                 nr = 0;
638                 csp -= 2 * sizeof(unsigned long);
639                 NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EXECFD, bprm->interp_data);
640         }
641
642         nr = 0;
643         csp -= DLINFO_ITEMS * 2 * sizeof(unsigned long);
644         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_HWCAP,   ELF_HWCAP);
645 #ifdef ELF_HWCAP2
646         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_HWCAP2,  ELF_HWCAP2);
647 #endif
648         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PAGESZ,  PAGE_SIZE);
649         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_CLKTCK,  CLOCKS_PER_SEC);
650         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHDR,    exec_params->ph_addr);
651         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHENT,   sizeof(struct elf_phdr));
652         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_PHNUM,   exec_params->hdr.e_phnum);
653         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_BASE,    interp_params->elfhdr_addr);
654         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_FLAGS,   0);
655         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_ENTRY,   exec_params->entry_addr);
656         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_UID,     (elf_addr_t) from_kuid_munged(cred->user_ns, cred->uid));
657         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EUID,    (elf_addr_t) from_kuid_munged(cred->user_ns, cred->euid));
658         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_GID,     (elf_addr_t) from_kgid_munged(cred->user_ns, cred->gid));
659         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EGID,    (elf_addr_t) from_kgid_munged(cred->user_ns, cred->egid));
660         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_SECURE,  bprm->secureexec);
661         NEW_AUX_ENT(AT_EXECFN,  bprm->exec);
662
663 #ifdef ARCH_DLINFO
664         nr = 0;
665         csp -= AT_VECTOR_SIZE_ARCH * 2 * sizeof(unsigned long);
666
667         /* ARCH_DLINFO must come last so platform specific code can enforce
668          * special alignment requirements on the AUXV if necessary (eg. PPC).
669          */
670         ARCH_DLINFO;
671 #endif
672 #undef NEW_AUX_ENT
673
674         /* allocate room for argv[] and envv[] */
675         csp -= (bprm->envc + 1) * sizeof(elf_caddr_t);
676         envp = (elf_caddr_t __user *) csp;
677         csp -= (bprm->argc + 1) * sizeof(elf_caddr_t);
678         argv = (elf_caddr_t __user *) csp;
679
680         /* stack argc */
681         csp -= sizeof(unsigned long);
682         __put_user(bprm->argc, (unsigned long __user *) csp);
683
684         BUG_ON(csp != sp);
685
686         /* fill in the argv[] array */
687 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
688         current->mm->arg_start = bprm->p;
689 #else
690         current->mm->arg_start = current->mm->start_stack -
691                 (MAX_ARG_PAGES * PAGE_SIZE - bprm->p);
692 #endif
693
694         p = (char __user *) current->mm->arg_start;
695         for (loop = bprm->argc; loop > 0; loop--) {
696                 __put_user((elf_caddr_t) p, argv++);
697                 len = strnlen_user(p, MAX_ARG_STRLEN);
698                 if (!len || len > MAX_ARG_STRLEN)
699                         return -EINVAL;
700                 p += len;
701         }
702         __put_user(NULL, argv);
703         current->mm->arg_end = (unsigned long) p;
704
705         /* fill in the envv[] array */
706         current->mm->env_start = (unsigned long) p;
707         for (loop = bprm->envc; loop > 0; loop--) {
708                 __put_user((elf_caddr_t)(unsigned long) p, envp++);
709                 len = strnlen_user(p, MAX_ARG_STRLEN);
710                 if (!len || len > MAX_ARG_STRLEN)
711                         return -EINVAL;
712                 p += len;
713         }
714         __put_user(NULL, envp);
715         current->mm->env_end = (unsigned long) p;
716
717         mm->start_stack = (unsigned long) sp;
718         return 0;
719 }
720
721 /*****************************************************************************/
722 /*
723  * load the appropriate binary image (executable or interpreter) into memory
724  * - we assume no MMU is available
725  * - if no other PIC bits are set in params->hdr->e_flags
726  *   - we assume that the LOADable segments in the binary are independently relocatable
727  *   - we assume R/O executable segments are shareable
728  * - else
729  *   - we assume the loadable parts of the image to require fixed displacement
730  *   - the image is not shareable
731  */
732 static int elf_fdpic_map_file(struct elf_fdpic_params *params,
733                               struct file *file,
734                               struct mm_struct *mm,
735                               const char *what)
736 {
737         struct elf32_fdpic_loadmap *loadmap;
738 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
739         struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg *mseg;
740 #endif
741         struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg *seg;
742         struct elf32_phdr *phdr;
743         unsigned long load_addr, stop;
744         unsigned nloads, tmp;
745         size_t size;
746         int loop, ret;
747
748         /* allocate a load map table */
749         nloads = 0;
750         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++)
751                 if (params->phdrs[loop].p_type == PT_LOAD)
752                         nloads++;
753
754         if (nloads == 0)
755                 return -ELIBBAD;
756
757         size = sizeof(*loadmap) + nloads * sizeof(*seg);
758         loadmap = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
759         if (!loadmap)
760                 return -ENOMEM;
761
762         params->loadmap = loadmap;
763
764         loadmap->version = ELF32_FDPIC_LOADMAP_VERSION;
765         loadmap->nsegs = nloads;
766
767         load_addr = params->load_addr;
768         seg = loadmap->segs;
769
770         /* map the requested LOADs into the memory space */
771         switch (params->flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_ARRANGEMENT) {
772         case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONSTDISP:
773         case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONTIGUOUS:
774 #ifndef CONFIG_MMU
775                 ret = elf_fdpic_map_file_constdisp_on_uclinux(params, file, mm);
776                 if (ret < 0)
777                         return ret;
778                 break;
779 #endif
780         default:
781                 ret = elf_fdpic_map_file_by_direct_mmap(params, file, mm);
782                 if (ret < 0)
783                         return ret;
784                 break;
785         }
786
787         /* map the entry point */
788         if (params->hdr.e_entry) {
789                 seg = loadmap->segs;
790                 for (loop = loadmap->nsegs; loop > 0; loop--, seg++) {
791                         if (params->hdr.e_entry >= seg->p_vaddr &&
792                             params->hdr.e_entry < seg->p_vaddr + seg->p_memsz) {
793                                 params->entry_addr =
794                                         (params->hdr.e_entry - seg->p_vaddr) +
795                                         seg->addr;
796                                 break;
797                         }
798                 }
799         }
800
801         /* determine where the program header table has wound up if mapped */
802         stop = params->hdr.e_phoff;
803         stop += params->hdr.e_phnum * sizeof (struct elf_phdr);
804         phdr = params->phdrs;
805
806         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
807                 if (phdr->p_type != PT_LOAD)
808                         continue;
809
810                 if (phdr->p_offset > params->hdr.e_phoff ||
811                     phdr->p_offset + phdr->p_filesz < stop)
812                         continue;
813
814                 seg = loadmap->segs;
815                 for (loop = loadmap->nsegs; loop > 0; loop--, seg++) {
816                         if (phdr->p_vaddr >= seg->p_vaddr &&
817                             phdr->p_vaddr + phdr->p_filesz <=
818                             seg->p_vaddr + seg->p_memsz) {
819                                 params->ph_addr =
820                                         (phdr->p_vaddr - seg->p_vaddr) +
821                                         seg->addr +
822                                         params->hdr.e_phoff - phdr->p_offset;
823                                 break;
824                         }
825                 }
826                 break;
827         }
828
829         /* determine where the dynamic section has wound up if there is one */
830         phdr = params->phdrs;
831         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
832                 if (phdr->p_type != PT_DYNAMIC)
833                         continue;
834
835                 seg = loadmap->segs;
836                 for (loop = loadmap->nsegs; loop > 0; loop--, seg++) {
837                         if (phdr->p_vaddr >= seg->p_vaddr &&
838                             phdr->p_vaddr + phdr->p_memsz <=
839                             seg->p_vaddr + seg->p_memsz) {
840                                 Elf32_Dyn __user *dyn;
841                                 Elf32_Sword d_tag;
842
843                                 params->dynamic_addr =
844                                         (phdr->p_vaddr - seg->p_vaddr) +
845                                         seg->addr;
846
847                                 /* check the dynamic section contains at least
848                                  * one item, and that the last item is a NULL
849                                  * entry */
850                                 if (phdr->p_memsz == 0 ||
851                                     phdr->p_memsz % sizeof(Elf32_Dyn) != 0)
852                                         goto dynamic_error;
853
854                                 tmp = phdr->p_memsz / sizeof(Elf32_Dyn);
855                                 dyn = (Elf32_Dyn __user *)params->dynamic_addr;
856                                 __get_user(d_tag, &dyn[tmp - 1].d_tag);
857                                 if (d_tag != 0)
858                                         goto dynamic_error;
859                                 break;
860                         }
861                 }
862                 break;
863         }
864
865         /* now elide adjacent segments in the load map on MMU linux
866          * - on uClinux the holes between may actually be filled with system
867          *   stuff or stuff from other processes
868          */
869 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
870         nloads = loadmap->nsegs;
871         mseg = loadmap->segs;
872         seg = mseg + 1;
873         for (loop = 1; loop < nloads; loop++) {
874                 /* see if we have a candidate for merging */
875                 if (seg->p_vaddr - mseg->p_vaddr == seg->addr - mseg->addr) {
876                         load_addr = PAGE_ALIGN(mseg->addr + mseg->p_memsz);
877                         if (load_addr == (seg->addr & PAGE_MASK)) {
878                                 mseg->p_memsz +=
879                                         load_addr -
880                                         (mseg->addr + mseg->p_memsz);
881                                 mseg->p_memsz += seg->addr & ~PAGE_MASK;
882                                 mseg->p_memsz += seg->p_memsz;
883                                 loadmap->nsegs--;
884                                 continue;
885                         }
886                 }
887
888                 mseg++;
889                 if (mseg != seg)
890                         *mseg = *seg;
891         }
892 #endif
893
894         kdebug("Mapped Object [%s]:", what);
895         kdebug("- elfhdr   : %lx", params->elfhdr_addr);
896         kdebug("- entry    : %lx", params->entry_addr);
897         kdebug("- PHDR[]   : %lx", params->ph_addr);
898         kdebug("- DYNAMIC[]: %lx", params->dynamic_addr);
899         seg = loadmap->segs;
900         for (loop = 0; loop < loadmap->nsegs; loop++, seg++)
901                 kdebug("- LOAD[%d] : %08x-%08x [va=%x ms=%x]",
902                        loop,
903                        seg->addr, seg->addr + seg->p_memsz - 1,
904                        seg->p_vaddr, seg->p_memsz);
905
906         return 0;
907
908 dynamic_error:
909         printk("ELF FDPIC %s with invalid DYNAMIC section (inode=%lu)\n",
910                what, file_inode(file)->i_ino);
911         return -ELIBBAD;
912 }
913
914 /*****************************************************************************/
915 /*
916  * map a file with constant displacement under uClinux
917  */
918 #ifndef CONFIG_MMU
919 static int elf_fdpic_map_file_constdisp_on_uclinux(
920         struct elf_fdpic_params *params,
921         struct file *file,
922         struct mm_struct *mm)
923 {
924         struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg *seg;
925         struct elf32_phdr *phdr;
926         unsigned long load_addr, base = ULONG_MAX, top = 0, maddr = 0, mflags;
927         int loop, ret;
928
929         load_addr = params->load_addr;
930         seg = params->loadmap->segs;
931
932         /* determine the bounds of the contiguous overall allocation we must
933          * make */
934         phdr = params->phdrs;
935         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
936                 if (params->phdrs[loop].p_type != PT_LOAD)
937                         continue;
938
939                 if (base > phdr->p_vaddr)
940                         base = phdr->p_vaddr;
941                 if (top < phdr->p_vaddr + phdr->p_memsz)
942                         top = phdr->p_vaddr + phdr->p_memsz;
943         }
944
945         /* allocate one big anon block for everything */
946         mflags = MAP_PRIVATE;
947         if (params->flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXECUTABLE)
948                 mflags |= MAP_EXECUTABLE;
949
950         maddr = vm_mmap(NULL, load_addr, top - base,
951                         PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC, mflags, 0);
952         if (IS_ERR_VALUE(maddr))
953                 return (int) maddr;
954
955         if (load_addr != 0)
956                 load_addr += PAGE_ALIGN(top - base);
957
958         /* and then load the file segments into it */
959         phdr = params->phdrs;
960         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
961                 if (params->phdrs[loop].p_type != PT_LOAD)
962                         continue;
963
964                 seg->addr = maddr + (phdr->p_vaddr - base);
965                 seg->p_vaddr = phdr->p_vaddr;
966                 seg->p_memsz = phdr->p_memsz;
967
968                 ret = read_code(file, seg->addr, phdr->p_offset,
969                                        phdr->p_filesz);
970                 if (ret < 0)
971                         return ret;
972
973                 /* map the ELF header address if in this segment */
974                 if (phdr->p_offset == 0)
975                         params->elfhdr_addr = seg->addr;
976
977                 /* clear any space allocated but not loaded */
978                 if (phdr->p_filesz < phdr->p_memsz) {
979                         if (clear_user((void *) (seg->addr + phdr->p_filesz),
980                                        phdr->p_memsz - phdr->p_filesz))
981                                 return -EFAULT;
982                 }
983
984                 if (mm) {
985                         if (phdr->p_flags & PF_X) {
986                                 if (!mm->start_code) {
987                                         mm->start_code = seg->addr;
988                                         mm->end_code = seg->addr +
989                                                 phdr->p_memsz;
990                                 }
991                         } else if (!mm->start_data) {
992                                 mm->start_data = seg->addr;
993                                 mm->end_data = seg->addr + phdr->p_memsz;
994                         }
995                 }
996
997                 seg++;
998         }
999
1000         return 0;
1001 }
1002 #endif
1003
1004 /*****************************************************************************/
1005 /*
1006  * map a binary by direct mmap() of the individual PT_LOAD segments
1007  */
1008 static int elf_fdpic_map_file_by_direct_mmap(struct elf_fdpic_params *params,
1009                                              struct file *file,
1010                                              struct mm_struct *mm)
1011 {
1012         struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg *seg;
1013         struct elf32_phdr *phdr;
1014         unsigned long load_addr, delta_vaddr;
1015         int loop, dvset;
1016
1017         load_addr = params->load_addr;
1018         delta_vaddr = 0;
1019         dvset = 0;
1020
1021         seg = params->loadmap->segs;
1022
1023         /* deal with each load segment separately */
1024         phdr = params->phdrs;
1025         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
1026                 unsigned long maddr, disp, excess, excess1;
1027                 int prot = 0, flags;
1028
1029                 if (phdr->p_type != PT_LOAD)
1030                         continue;
1031
1032                 kdebug("[LOAD] va=%lx of=%lx fs=%lx ms=%lx",
1033                        (unsigned long) phdr->p_vaddr,
1034                        (unsigned long) phdr->p_offset,
1035                        (unsigned long) phdr->p_filesz,
1036                        (unsigned long) phdr->p_memsz);
1037
1038                 /* determine the mapping parameters */
1039                 if (phdr->p_flags & PF_R) prot |= PROT_READ;
1040                 if (phdr->p_flags & PF_W) prot |= PROT_WRITE;
1041                 if (phdr->p_flags & PF_X) prot |= PROT_EXEC;
1042
1043                 flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_DENYWRITE;
1044                 if (params->flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXECUTABLE)
1045                         flags |= MAP_EXECUTABLE;
1046
1047                 maddr = 0;
1048
1049                 switch (params->flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_ARRANGEMENT) {
1050                 case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_INDEPENDENT:
1051                         /* PT_LOADs are independently locatable */
1052                         break;
1053
1054                 case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_HONOURVADDR:
1055                         /* the specified virtual address must be honoured */
1056                         maddr = phdr->p_vaddr;
1057                         flags |= MAP_FIXED;
1058                         break;
1059
1060                 case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONSTDISP:
1061                         /* constant displacement
1062                          * - can be mapped anywhere, but must be mapped as a
1063                          *   unit
1064                          */
1065                         if (!dvset) {
1066                                 maddr = load_addr;
1067                                 delta_vaddr = phdr->p_vaddr;
1068                                 dvset = 1;
1069                         } else {
1070                                 maddr = load_addr + phdr->p_vaddr - delta_vaddr;
1071                                 flags |= MAP_FIXED;
1072                         }
1073                         break;
1074
1075                 case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONTIGUOUS:
1076                         /* contiguity handled later */
1077                         break;
1078
1079                 default:
1080                         BUG();
1081                 }
1082
1083                 maddr &= PAGE_MASK;
1084
1085                 /* create the mapping */
1086                 disp = phdr->p_vaddr & ~PAGE_MASK;
1087                 maddr = vm_mmap(file, maddr, phdr->p_memsz + disp, prot, flags,
1088                                 phdr->p_offset - disp);
1089
1090                 kdebug("mmap[%d] <file> sz=%lx pr=%x fl=%x of=%lx --> %08lx",
1091                        loop, phdr->p_memsz + disp, prot, flags,
1092                        phdr->p_offset - disp, maddr);
1093
1094                 if (IS_ERR_VALUE(maddr))
1095                         return (int) maddr;
1096
1097                 if ((params->flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_ARRANGEMENT) ==
1098                     ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONTIGUOUS)
1099                         load_addr += PAGE_ALIGN(phdr->p_memsz + disp);
1100
1101                 seg->addr = maddr + disp;
1102                 seg->p_vaddr = phdr->p_vaddr;
1103                 seg->p_memsz = phdr->p_memsz;
1104
1105                 /* map the ELF header address if in this segment */
1106                 if (phdr->p_offset == 0)
1107                         params->elfhdr_addr = seg->addr;
1108
1109                 /* clear the bit between beginning of mapping and beginning of
1110                  * PT_LOAD */
1111                 if (prot & PROT_WRITE && disp > 0) {
1112                         kdebug("clear[%d] ad=%lx sz=%lx", loop, maddr, disp);
1113                         if (clear_user((void __user *) maddr, disp))
1114                                 return -EFAULT;
1115                         maddr += disp;
1116                 }
1117
1118                 /* clear any space allocated but not loaded
1119                  * - on uClinux we can just clear the lot
1120                  * - on MMU linux we'll get a SIGBUS beyond the last page
1121                  *   extant in the file
1122                  */
1123                 excess = phdr->p_memsz - phdr->p_filesz;
1124                 excess1 = PAGE_SIZE - ((maddr + phdr->p_filesz) & ~PAGE_MASK);
1125
1126 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
1127                 if (excess > excess1) {
1128                         unsigned long xaddr = maddr + phdr->p_filesz + excess1;
1129                         unsigned long xmaddr;
1130
1131                         flags |= MAP_FIXED | MAP_ANONYMOUS;
1132                         xmaddr = vm_mmap(NULL, xaddr, excess - excess1,
1133                                          prot, flags, 0);
1134
1135                         kdebug("mmap[%d] <anon>"
1136                                " ad=%lx sz=%lx pr=%x fl=%x of=0 --> %08lx",
1137                                loop, xaddr, excess - excess1, prot, flags,
1138                                xmaddr);
1139
1140                         if (xmaddr != xaddr)
1141                                 return -ENOMEM;
1142                 }
1143
1144                 if (prot & PROT_WRITE && excess1 > 0) {
1145                         kdebug("clear[%d] ad=%lx sz=%lx",
1146                                loop, maddr + phdr->p_filesz, excess1);
1147                         if (clear_user((void __user *) maddr + phdr->p_filesz,
1148                                        excess1))
1149                                 return -EFAULT;
1150                 }
1151
1152 #else
1153                 if (excess > 0) {
1154                         kdebug("clear[%d] ad=%lx sz=%lx",
1155                                loop, maddr + phdr->p_filesz, excess);
1156                         if (clear_user((void *) maddr + phdr->p_filesz, excess))
1157                                 return -EFAULT;
1158                 }
1159 #endif
1160
1161                 if (mm) {
1162                         if (phdr->p_flags & PF_X) {
1163                                 if (!mm->start_code) {
1164                                         mm->start_code = maddr;
1165                                         mm->end_code = maddr + phdr->p_memsz;
1166                                 }
1167                         } else if (!mm->start_data) {
1168                                 mm->start_data = maddr;
1169                                 mm->end_data = maddr + phdr->p_memsz;
1170                         }
1171                 }
1172
1173                 seg++;
1174         }
1175
1176         return 0;
1177 }
1178
1179 /*****************************************************************************/
1180 /*
1181  * ELF-FDPIC core dumper
1182  *
1183  * Modelled on fs/exec.c:aout_core_dump()
1184  * Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@sw.oz.au>
1185  *
1186  * Modelled on fs/binfmt_elf.c core dumper
1187  */
1188 #ifdef CONFIG_ELF_CORE
1189
1190 /*
1191  * Decide whether a segment is worth dumping; default is yes to be
1192  * sure (missing info is worse than too much; etc).
1193  * Personally I'd include everything, and use the coredump limit...
1194  *
1195  * I think we should skip something. But I am not sure how. H.J.
1196  */
1197 static int maydump(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long mm_flags)
1198 {
1199         int dump_ok;
1200
1201         /* Do not dump I/O mapped devices or special mappings */
1202         if (vma->vm_flags & VM_IO) {
1203                 kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: no (IO)", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_flags);
1204                 return 0;
1205         }
1206
1207         /* If we may not read the contents, don't allow us to dump
1208          * them either. "dump_write()" can't handle it anyway.
1209          */
1210         if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_READ)) {
1211                 kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: no (!read)", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_flags);
1212                 return 0;
1213         }
1214
1215         /* support for DAX */
1216         if (vma_is_dax(vma)) {
1217                 if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) {
1218                         dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_DAX_SHARED, &mm_flags);
1219                         kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (DAX shared)", vma->vm_start,
1220                                vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
1221                 } else {
1222                         dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_DAX_PRIVATE, &mm_flags);
1223                         kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (DAX private)", vma->vm_start,
1224                                vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
1225                 }
1226                 return dump_ok;
1227         }
1228
1229         /* By default, dump shared memory if mapped from an anonymous file. */
1230         if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) {
1231                 if (file_inode(vma->vm_file)->i_nlink == 0) {
1232                         dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_ANON_SHARED, &mm_flags);
1233                         kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (share)", vma->vm_start,
1234                                vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
1235                         return dump_ok;
1236                 }
1237
1238                 dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_MAPPED_SHARED, &mm_flags);
1239                 kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (share)", vma->vm_start,
1240                        vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
1241                 return dump_ok;
1242         }
1243
1244 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
1245         /* By default, if it hasn't been written to, don't write it out */
1246         if (!vma->anon_vma) {
1247                 dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_MAPPED_PRIVATE, &mm_flags);
1248                 kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s (!anon)", vma->vm_start,
1249                        vma->vm_flags, dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
1250                 return dump_ok;
1251         }
1252 #endif
1253
1254         dump_ok = test_bit(MMF_DUMP_ANON_PRIVATE, &mm_flags);
1255         kdcore("%08lx: %08lx: %s", vma->vm_start, vma->vm_flags,
1256                dump_ok ? "yes" : "no");
1257         return dump_ok;
1258 }
1259
1260 /* An ELF note in memory */
1261 struct memelfnote
1262 {
1263         const char *name;
1264         int type;
1265         unsigned int datasz;
1266         void *data;
1267 };
1268
1269 static int notesize(struct memelfnote *en)
1270 {
1271         int sz;
1272
1273         sz = sizeof(struct elf_note);
1274         sz += roundup(strlen(en->name) + 1, 4);
1275         sz += roundup(en->datasz, 4);
1276
1277         return sz;
1278 }
1279
1280 /* #define DEBUG */
1281
1282 static int writenote(struct memelfnote *men, struct coredump_params *cprm)
1283 {
1284         struct elf_note en;
1285         en.n_namesz = strlen(men->name) + 1;
1286         en.n_descsz = men->datasz;
1287         en.n_type = men->type;
1288
1289         return dump_emit(cprm, &en, sizeof(en)) &&
1290                 dump_emit(cprm, men->name, en.n_namesz) && dump_align(cprm, 4) &&
1291                 dump_emit(cprm, men->data, men->datasz) && dump_align(cprm, 4);
1292 }
1293
1294 static inline void fill_elf_fdpic_header(struct elfhdr *elf, int segs)
1295 {
1296         memcpy(elf->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG);
1297         elf->e_ident[EI_CLASS] = ELF_CLASS;
1298         elf->e_ident[EI_DATA] = ELF_DATA;
1299         elf->e_ident[EI_VERSION] = EV_CURRENT;
1300         elf->e_ident[EI_OSABI] = ELF_OSABI;
1301         memset(elf->e_ident+EI_PAD, 0, EI_NIDENT-EI_PAD);
1302
1303         elf->e_type = ET_CORE;
1304         elf->e_machine = ELF_ARCH;
1305         elf->e_version = EV_CURRENT;
1306         elf->e_entry = 0;
1307         elf->e_phoff = sizeof(struct elfhdr);
1308         elf->e_shoff = 0;
1309         elf->e_flags = ELF_FDPIC_CORE_EFLAGS;
1310         elf->e_ehsize = sizeof(struct elfhdr);
1311         elf->e_phentsize = sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
1312         elf->e_phnum = segs;
1313         elf->e_shentsize = 0;
1314         elf->e_shnum = 0;
1315         elf->e_shstrndx = 0;
1316         return;
1317 }
1318
1319 static inline void fill_elf_note_phdr(struct elf_phdr *phdr, int sz, loff_t offset)
1320 {
1321         phdr->p_type = PT_NOTE;
1322         phdr->p_offset = offset;
1323         phdr->p_vaddr = 0;
1324         phdr->p_paddr = 0;
1325         phdr->p_filesz = sz;
1326         phdr->p_memsz = 0;
1327         phdr->p_flags = 0;
1328         phdr->p_align = 0;
1329         return;
1330 }
1331
1332 static inline void fill_note(struct memelfnote *note, const char *name, int type,
1333                 unsigned int sz, void *data)
1334 {
1335         note->name = name;
1336         note->type = type;
1337         note->datasz = sz;
1338         note->data = data;
1339         return;
1340 }
1341
1342 /*
1343  * fill up all the fields in prstatus from the given task struct, except
1344  * registers which need to be filled up separately.
1345  */
1346 static void fill_prstatus(struct elf_prstatus *prstatus,
1347                           struct task_struct *p, long signr)
1348 {
1349         prstatus->pr_info.si_signo = prstatus->pr_cursig = signr;
1350         prstatus->pr_sigpend = p->pending.signal.sig[0];
1351         prstatus->pr_sighold = p->blocked.sig[0];
1352         rcu_read_lock();
1353         prstatus->pr_ppid = task_pid_vnr(rcu_dereference(p->real_parent));
1354         rcu_read_unlock();
1355         prstatus->pr_pid = task_pid_vnr(p);
1356         prstatus->pr_pgrp = task_pgrp_vnr(p);
1357         prstatus->pr_sid = task_session_vnr(p);
1358         if (thread_group_leader(p)) {
1359                 struct task_cputime cputime;
1360
1361                 /*
1362                  * This is the record for the group leader.  It shows the
1363                  * group-wide total, not its individual thread total.
1364                  */
1365                 thread_group_cputime(p, &cputime);
1366                 prstatus->pr_utime = ns_to_timeval(cputime.utime);
1367                 prstatus->pr_stime = ns_to_timeval(cputime.stime);
1368         } else {
1369                 u64 utime, stime;
1370
1371                 task_cputime(p, &utime, &stime);
1372                 prstatus->pr_utime = ns_to_timeval(utime);
1373                 prstatus->pr_stime = ns_to_timeval(stime);
1374         }
1375         prstatus->pr_cutime = ns_to_timeval(p->signal->cutime);
1376         prstatus->pr_cstime = ns_to_timeval(p->signal->cstime);
1377
1378         prstatus->pr_exec_fdpic_loadmap = p->mm->context.exec_fdpic_loadmap;
1379         prstatus->pr_interp_fdpic_loadmap = p->mm->context.interp_fdpic_loadmap;
1380 }
1381
1382 static int fill_psinfo(struct elf_prpsinfo *psinfo, struct task_struct *p,
1383                        struct mm_struct *mm)
1384 {
1385         const struct cred *cred;
1386         unsigned int i, len;
1387
1388         /* first copy the parameters from user space */
1389         memset(psinfo, 0, sizeof(struct elf_prpsinfo));
1390
1391         len = mm->arg_end - mm->arg_start;
1392         if (len >= ELF_PRARGSZ)
1393                 len = ELF_PRARGSZ - 1;
1394         if (copy_from_user(&psinfo->pr_psargs,
1395                            (const char __user *) mm->arg_start, len))
1396                 return -EFAULT;
1397         for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
1398                 if (psinfo->pr_psargs[i] == 0)
1399                         psinfo->pr_psargs[i] = ' ';
1400         psinfo->pr_psargs[len] = 0;
1401
1402         rcu_read_lock();
1403         psinfo->pr_ppid = task_pid_vnr(rcu_dereference(p->real_parent));
1404         rcu_read_unlock();
1405         psinfo->pr_pid = task_pid_vnr(p);
1406         psinfo->pr_pgrp = task_pgrp_vnr(p);
1407         psinfo->pr_sid = task_session_vnr(p);
1408
1409         i = p->state ? ffz(~p->state) + 1 : 0;
1410         psinfo->pr_state = i;
1411         psinfo->pr_sname = (i > 5) ? '.' : "RSDTZW"[i];
1412         psinfo->pr_zomb = psinfo->pr_sname == 'Z';
1413         psinfo->pr_nice = task_nice(p);
1414         psinfo->pr_flag = p->flags;
1415         rcu_read_lock();
1416         cred = __task_cred(p);
1417         SET_UID(psinfo->pr_uid, from_kuid_munged(cred->user_ns, cred->uid));
1418         SET_GID(psinfo->pr_gid, from_kgid_munged(cred->user_ns, cred->gid));
1419         rcu_read_unlock();
1420         strncpy(psinfo->pr_fname, p->comm, sizeof(psinfo->pr_fname));
1421
1422         return 0;
1423 }
1424
1425 /* Here is the structure in which status of each thread is captured. */
1426 struct elf_thread_status
1427 {
1428         struct list_head list;
1429         struct elf_prstatus prstatus;   /* NT_PRSTATUS */
1430         elf_fpregset_t fpu;             /* NT_PRFPREG */
1431         struct task_struct *thread;
1432 #ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
1433         elf_fpxregset_t xfpu;           /* ELF_CORE_XFPREG_TYPE */
1434 #endif
1435         struct memelfnote notes[3];
1436         int num_notes;
1437 };
1438
1439 /*
1440  * In order to add the specific thread information for the elf file format,
1441  * we need to keep a linked list of every thread's pr_status and then create
1442  * a single section for them in the final core file.
1443  */
1444 static int elf_dump_thread_status(long signr, struct elf_thread_status *t)
1445 {
1446         struct task_struct *p = t->thread;
1447         int sz = 0;
1448
1449         t->num_notes = 0;
1450
1451         fill_prstatus(&t->prstatus, p, signr);
1452         elf_core_copy_task_regs(p, &t->prstatus.pr_reg);
1453
1454         fill_note(&t->notes[0], "CORE", NT_PRSTATUS, sizeof(t->prstatus),
1455                   &t->prstatus);
1456         t->num_notes++;
1457         sz += notesize(&t->notes[0]);
1458
1459         t->prstatus.pr_fpvalid = elf_core_copy_task_fpregs(p, NULL, &t->fpu);
1460         if (t->prstatus.pr_fpvalid) {
1461                 fill_note(&t->notes[1], "CORE", NT_PRFPREG, sizeof(t->fpu),
1462                           &t->fpu);
1463                 t->num_notes++;
1464                 sz += notesize(&t->notes[1]);
1465         }
1466
1467 #ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
1468         if (elf_core_copy_task_xfpregs(p, &t->xfpu)) {
1469                 fill_note(&t->notes[2], "LINUX", ELF_CORE_XFPREG_TYPE,
1470                           sizeof(t->xfpu), &t->xfpu);
1471                 t->num_notes++;
1472                 sz += notesize(&t->notes[2]);
1473         }
1474 #endif
1475         return sz;
1476 }
1477
1478 static void fill_extnum_info(struct elfhdr *elf, struct elf_shdr *shdr4extnum,
1479                              elf_addr_t e_shoff, int segs)
1480 {
1481         elf->e_shoff = e_shoff;
1482         elf->e_shentsize = sizeof(*shdr4extnum);
1483         elf->e_shnum = 1;
1484         elf->e_shstrndx = SHN_UNDEF;
1485
1486         memset(shdr4extnum, 0, sizeof(*shdr4extnum));
1487
1488         shdr4extnum->sh_type = SHT_NULL;
1489         shdr4extnum->sh_size = elf->e_shnum;
1490         shdr4extnum->sh_link = elf->e_shstrndx;
1491         shdr4extnum->sh_info = segs;
1492 }
1493
1494 /*
1495  * dump the segments for an MMU process
1496  */
1497 static bool elf_fdpic_dump_segments(struct coredump_params *cprm)
1498 {
1499         struct vm_area_struct *vma;
1500
1501         for (vma = current->mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
1502 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
1503                 unsigned long addr;
1504 #endif
1505
1506                 if (!maydump(vma, cprm->mm_flags))
1507                         continue;
1508
1509 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
1510                 for (addr = vma->vm_start; addr < vma->vm_end;
1511                                                         addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
1512                         bool res;
1513                         struct page *page = get_dump_page(addr);
1514                         if (page) {
1515                                 void *kaddr = kmap(page);
1516                                 res = dump_emit(cprm, kaddr, PAGE_SIZE);
1517                                 kunmap(page);
1518                                 put_page(page);
1519                         } else {
1520                                 res = dump_skip(cprm, PAGE_SIZE);
1521                         }
1522                         if (!res)
1523                                 return false;
1524                 }
1525 #else
1526                 if (!dump_emit(cprm, (void *) vma->vm_start,
1527                                 vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start))
1528                         return false;
1529 #endif
1530         }
1531         return true;
1532 }
1533
1534 static size_t elf_core_vma_data_size(unsigned long mm_flags)
1535 {
1536         struct vm_area_struct *vma;
1537         size_t size = 0;
1538
1539         for (vma = current->mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next)
1540                 if (maydump(vma, mm_flags))
1541                         size += vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
1542         return size;
1543 }
1544
1545 /*
1546  * Actual dumper
1547  *
1548  * This is a two-pass process; first we find the offsets of the bits,
1549  * and then they are actually written out.  If we run out of core limit
1550  * we just truncate.
1551  */
1552 static int elf_fdpic_core_dump(struct coredump_params *cprm)
1553 {
1554 #define NUM_NOTES       6
1555         int has_dumped = 0;
1556         mm_segment_t fs;
1557         int segs;
1558         int i;
1559         struct vm_area_struct *vma;
1560         struct elfhdr *elf = NULL;
1561         loff_t offset = 0, dataoff;
1562         int numnote;
1563         struct memelfnote *notes = NULL;
1564         struct elf_prstatus *prstatus = NULL;   /* NT_PRSTATUS */
1565         struct elf_prpsinfo *psinfo = NULL;     /* NT_PRPSINFO */
1566         LIST_HEAD(thread_list);
1567         struct list_head *t;
1568         elf_fpregset_t *fpu = NULL;
1569 #ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
1570         elf_fpxregset_t *xfpu = NULL;
1571 #endif
1572         int thread_status_size = 0;
1573         elf_addr_t *auxv;
1574         struct elf_phdr *phdr4note = NULL;
1575         struct elf_shdr *shdr4extnum = NULL;
1576         Elf_Half e_phnum;
1577         elf_addr_t e_shoff;
1578         struct core_thread *ct;
1579         struct elf_thread_status *tmp;
1580
1581         /*
1582          * We no longer stop all VM operations.
1583          *
1584          * This is because those proceses that could possibly change map_count
1585          * or the mmap / vma pages are now blocked in do_exit on current
1586          * finishing this core dump.
1587          *
1588          * Only ptrace can touch these memory addresses, but it doesn't change
1589          * the map_count or the pages allocated. So no possibility of crashing
1590          * exists while dumping the mm->vm_next areas to the core file.
1591          */
1592
1593         /* alloc memory for large data structures: too large to be on stack */
1594         elf = kmalloc(sizeof(*elf), GFP_KERNEL);
1595         if (!elf)
1596                 goto cleanup;
1597         prstatus = kzalloc(sizeof(*prstatus), GFP_KERNEL);
1598         if (!prstatus)
1599                 goto cleanup;
1600         psinfo = kmalloc(sizeof(*psinfo), GFP_KERNEL);
1601         if (!psinfo)
1602                 goto cleanup;
1603         notes = kmalloc_array(NUM_NOTES, sizeof(struct memelfnote),
1604                               GFP_KERNEL);
1605         if (!notes)
1606                 goto cleanup;
1607         fpu = kmalloc(sizeof(*fpu), GFP_KERNEL);
1608         if (!fpu)
1609                 goto cleanup;
1610 #ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
1611         xfpu = kmalloc(sizeof(*xfpu), GFP_KERNEL);
1612         if (!xfpu)
1613                 goto cleanup;
1614 #endif
1615
1616         for (ct = current->mm->core_state->dumper.next;
1617                                         ct; ct = ct->next) {
1618                 tmp = kzalloc(sizeof(*tmp), GFP_KERNEL);
1619                 if (!tmp)
1620                         goto cleanup;
1621
1622                 tmp->thread = ct->task;
1623                 list_add(&tmp->list, &thread_list);
1624         }
1625
1626         list_for_each(t, &thread_list) {
1627                 struct elf_thread_status *tmp;
1628                 int sz;
1629
1630                 tmp = list_entry(t, struct elf_thread_status, list);
1631                 sz = elf_dump_thread_status(cprm->siginfo->si_signo, tmp);
1632                 thread_status_size += sz;
1633         }
1634
1635         /* now collect the dump for the current */
1636         fill_prstatus(prstatus, current, cprm->siginfo->si_signo);
1637         elf_core_copy_regs(&prstatus->pr_reg, cprm->regs);
1638
1639         segs = current->mm->map_count;
1640         segs += elf_core_extra_phdrs();
1641
1642         /* for notes section */
1643         segs++;
1644
1645         /* If segs > PN_XNUM(0xffff), then e_phnum overflows. To avoid
1646          * this, kernel supports extended numbering. Have a look at
1647          * include/linux/elf.h for further information. */
1648         e_phnum = segs > PN_XNUM ? PN_XNUM : segs;
1649
1650         /* Set up header */
1651         fill_elf_fdpic_header(elf, e_phnum);
1652
1653         has_dumped = 1;
1654         /*
1655          * Set up the notes in similar form to SVR4 core dumps made
1656          * with info from their /proc.
1657          */
1658
1659         fill_note(notes + 0, "CORE", NT_PRSTATUS, sizeof(*prstatus), prstatus);
1660         fill_psinfo(psinfo, current->group_leader, current->mm);
1661         fill_note(notes + 1, "CORE", NT_PRPSINFO, sizeof(*psinfo), psinfo);
1662
1663         numnote = 2;
1664
1665         auxv = (elf_addr_t *) current->mm->saved_auxv;
1666
1667         i = 0;
1668         do
1669                 i += 2;
1670         while (auxv[i - 2] != AT_NULL);
1671         fill_note(&notes[numnote++], "CORE", NT_AUXV,
1672                   i * sizeof(elf_addr_t), auxv);
1673
1674         /* Try to dump the FPU. */
1675         if ((prstatus->pr_fpvalid =
1676              elf_core_copy_task_fpregs(current, cprm->regs, fpu)))
1677                 fill_note(notes + numnote++,
1678                           "CORE", NT_PRFPREG, sizeof(*fpu), fpu);
1679 #ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
1680         if (elf_core_copy_task_xfpregs(current, xfpu))
1681                 fill_note(notes + numnote++,
1682                           "LINUX", ELF_CORE_XFPREG_TYPE, sizeof(*xfpu), xfpu);
1683 #endif
1684
1685         fs = get_fs();
1686         set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
1687
1688         offset += sizeof(*elf);                         /* Elf header */
1689         offset += segs * sizeof(struct elf_phdr);       /* Program headers */
1690
1691         /* Write notes phdr entry */
1692         {
1693                 int sz = 0;
1694
1695                 for (i = 0; i < numnote; i++)
1696                         sz += notesize(notes + i);
1697
1698                 sz += thread_status_size;
1699
1700                 phdr4note = kmalloc(sizeof(*phdr4note), GFP_KERNEL);
1701                 if (!phdr4note)
1702                         goto end_coredump;
1703
1704                 fill_elf_note_phdr(phdr4note, sz, offset);
1705                 offset += sz;
1706         }
1707
1708         /* Page-align dumped data */
1709         dataoff = offset = roundup(offset, ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE);
1710
1711         offset += elf_core_vma_data_size(cprm->mm_flags);
1712         offset += elf_core_extra_data_size();
1713         e_shoff = offset;
1714
1715         if (e_phnum == PN_XNUM) {
1716                 shdr4extnum = kmalloc(sizeof(*shdr4extnum), GFP_KERNEL);
1717                 if (!shdr4extnum)
1718                         goto end_coredump;
1719                 fill_extnum_info(elf, shdr4extnum, e_shoff, segs);
1720         }
1721
1722         offset = dataoff;
1723
1724         if (!dump_emit(cprm, elf, sizeof(*elf)))
1725                 goto end_coredump;
1726
1727         if (!dump_emit(cprm, phdr4note, sizeof(*phdr4note)))
1728                 goto end_coredump;
1729
1730         /* write program headers for segments dump */
1731         for (vma = current->mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
1732                 struct elf_phdr phdr;
1733                 size_t sz;
1734
1735                 sz = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
1736
1737                 phdr.p_type = PT_LOAD;
1738                 phdr.p_offset = offset;
1739                 phdr.p_vaddr = vma->vm_start;
1740                 phdr.p_paddr = 0;
1741                 phdr.p_filesz = maydump(vma, cprm->mm_flags) ? sz : 0;
1742                 phdr.p_memsz = sz;
1743                 offset += phdr.p_filesz;
1744                 phdr.p_flags = vma->vm_flags & VM_READ ? PF_R : 0;
1745                 if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
1746                         phdr.p_flags |= PF_W;
1747                 if (vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC)
1748                         phdr.p_flags |= PF_X;
1749                 phdr.p_align = ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE;
1750
1751                 if (!dump_emit(cprm, &phdr, sizeof(phdr)))
1752                         goto end_coredump;
1753         }
1754
1755         if (!elf_core_write_extra_phdrs(cprm, offset))
1756                 goto end_coredump;
1757
1758         /* write out the notes section */
1759         for (i = 0; i < numnote; i++)
1760                 if (!writenote(notes + i, cprm))
1761                         goto end_coredump;
1762
1763         /* write out the thread status notes section */
1764         list_for_each(t, &thread_list) {
1765                 struct elf_thread_status *tmp =
1766                                 list_entry(t, struct elf_thread_status, list);
1767
1768                 for (i = 0; i < tmp->num_notes; i++)
1769                         if (!writenote(&tmp->notes[i], cprm))
1770                                 goto end_coredump;
1771         }
1772
1773         if (!dump_skip(cprm, dataoff - cprm->pos))
1774                 goto end_coredump;
1775
1776         if (!elf_fdpic_dump_segments(cprm))
1777                 goto end_coredump;
1778
1779         if (!elf_core_write_extra_data(cprm))
1780                 goto end_coredump;
1781
1782         if (e_phnum == PN_XNUM) {
1783                 if (!dump_emit(cprm, shdr4extnum, sizeof(*shdr4extnum)))
1784                         goto end_coredump;
1785         }
1786
1787         if (cprm->file->f_pos != offset) {
1788                 /* Sanity check */
1789                 printk(KERN_WARNING
1790                        "elf_core_dump: file->f_pos (%lld) != offset (%lld)\n",
1791                        cprm->file->f_pos, offset);
1792         }
1793
1794 end_coredump:
1795         set_fs(fs);
1796
1797 cleanup:
1798         while (!list_empty(&thread_list)) {
1799                 struct list_head *tmp = thread_list.next;
1800                 list_del(tmp);
1801                 kfree(list_entry(tmp, struct elf_thread_status, list));
1802         }
1803         kfree(phdr4note);
1804         kfree(elf);
1805         kfree(prstatus);
1806         kfree(psinfo);
1807         kfree(notes);
1808         kfree(fpu);
1809         kfree(shdr4extnum);
1810 #ifdef ELF_CORE_COPY_XFPREGS
1811         kfree(xfpu);
1812 #endif
1813         return has_dumped;
1814 #undef NUM_NOTES
1815 }
1816
1817 #endif          /* CONFIG_ELF_CORE */