x86: notsc is ignored on common configurations
[sfrench/cifs-2.6.git] / arch / x86 / mm / init_64.c
1 /*
2  *  linux/arch/x86_64/mm/init.c
3  *
4  *  Copyright (C) 1995  Linus Torvalds
5  *  Copyright (C) 2000  Pavel Machek <pavel@suse.cz>
6  *  Copyright (C) 2002,2003 Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
7  */
8
9 #include <linux/signal.h>
10 #include <linux/sched.h>
11 #include <linux/kernel.h>
12 #include <linux/errno.h>
13 #include <linux/string.h>
14 #include <linux/types.h>
15 #include <linux/ptrace.h>
16 #include <linux/mman.h>
17 #include <linux/mm.h>
18 #include <linux/swap.h>
19 #include <linux/smp.h>
20 #include <linux/init.h>
21 #include <linux/pagemap.h>
22 #include <linux/bootmem.h>
23 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
24 #include <linux/pci.h>
25 #include <linux/pfn.h>
26 #include <linux/poison.h>
27 #include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
28 #include <linux/module.h>
29 #include <linux/memory_hotplug.h>
30 #include <linux/nmi.h>
31
32 #include <asm/processor.h>
33 #include <asm/system.h>
34 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
35 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
36 #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
37 #include <asm/dma.h>
38 #include <asm/fixmap.h>
39 #include <asm/e820.h>
40 #include <asm/apic.h>
41 #include <asm/tlb.h>
42 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
43 #include <asm/proto.h>
44 #include <asm/smp.h>
45 #include <asm/sections.h>
46 #include <asm/kdebug.h>
47 #include <asm/numa.h>
48 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
49
50 const struct dma_mapping_ops *dma_ops;
51 EXPORT_SYMBOL(dma_ops);
52
53 static unsigned long dma_reserve __initdata;
54
55 DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mmu_gather, mmu_gathers);
56
57 /*
58  * NOTE: pagetable_init alloc all the fixmap pagetables contiguous on the
59  * physical space so we can cache the place of the first one and move
60  * around without checking the pgd every time.
61  */
62
63 void show_mem(void)
64 {
65         long i, total = 0, reserved = 0;
66         long shared = 0, cached = 0;
67         struct page *page;
68         pg_data_t *pgdat;
69
70         printk(KERN_INFO "Mem-info:\n");
71         show_free_areas();
72         printk(KERN_INFO "Free swap:       %6ldkB\n",
73                 nr_swap_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT-10));
74
75         for_each_online_pgdat(pgdat) {
76                 for (i = 0; i < pgdat->node_spanned_pages; ++i) {
77                         /*
78                          * This loop can take a while with 256 GB and
79                          * 4k pages so defer the NMI watchdog:
80                          */
81                         if (unlikely(i % MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES == 0))
82                                 touch_nmi_watchdog();
83
84                         if (!pfn_valid(pgdat->node_start_pfn + i))
85                                 continue;
86
87                         page = pfn_to_page(pgdat->node_start_pfn + i);
88                         total++;
89                         if (PageReserved(page))
90                                 reserved++;
91                         else if (PageSwapCache(page))
92                                 cached++;
93                         else if (page_count(page))
94                                 shared += page_count(page) - 1;
95                 }
96         }
97         printk(KERN_INFO "%lu pages of RAM\n",          total);
98         printk(KERN_INFO "%lu reserved pages\n",        reserved);
99         printk(KERN_INFO "%lu pages shared\n",          shared);
100         printk(KERN_INFO "%lu pages swap cached\n",     cached);
101 }
102
103 int after_bootmem;
104
105 static __init void *spp_getpage(void)
106 {
107         void *ptr;
108
109         if (after_bootmem)
110                 ptr = (void *) get_zeroed_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
111         else
112                 ptr = alloc_bootmem_pages(PAGE_SIZE);
113
114         if (!ptr || ((unsigned long)ptr & ~PAGE_MASK)) {
115                 panic("set_pte_phys: cannot allocate page data %s\n",
116                         after_bootmem ? "after bootmem" : "");
117         }
118
119         pr_debug("spp_getpage %p\n", ptr);
120
121         return ptr;
122 }
123
124 static __init void
125 set_pte_phys(unsigned long vaddr, unsigned long phys, pgprot_t prot)
126 {
127         pgd_t *pgd;
128         pud_t *pud;
129         pmd_t *pmd;
130         pte_t *pte, new_pte;
131
132         pr_debug("set_pte_phys %lx to %lx\n", vaddr, phys);
133
134         pgd = pgd_offset_k(vaddr);
135         if (pgd_none(*pgd)) {
136                 printk(KERN_ERR
137                         "PGD FIXMAP MISSING, it should be setup in head.S!\n");
138                 return;
139         }
140         pud = pud_offset(pgd, vaddr);
141         if (pud_none(*pud)) {
142                 pmd = (pmd_t *) spp_getpage();
143                 set_pud(pud, __pud(__pa(pmd) | _KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER));
144                 if (pmd != pmd_offset(pud, 0)) {
145                         printk(KERN_ERR "PAGETABLE BUG #01! %p <-> %p\n",
146                                 pmd, pmd_offset(pud, 0));
147                         return;
148                 }
149         }
150         pmd = pmd_offset(pud, vaddr);
151         if (pmd_none(*pmd)) {
152                 pte = (pte_t *) spp_getpage();
153                 set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(__pa(pte) | _KERNPG_TABLE | _PAGE_USER));
154                 if (pte != pte_offset_kernel(pmd, 0)) {
155                         printk(KERN_ERR "PAGETABLE BUG #02!\n");
156                         return;
157                 }
158         }
159         new_pte = pfn_pte(phys >> PAGE_SHIFT, prot);
160
161         pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, vaddr);
162         if (!pte_none(*pte) &&
163             pte_val(*pte) != (pte_val(new_pte) & __supported_pte_mask))
164                 pte_ERROR(*pte);
165         set_pte(pte, new_pte);
166
167         /*
168          * It's enough to flush this one mapping.
169          * (PGE mappings get flushed as well)
170          */
171         __flush_tlb_one(vaddr);
172 }
173
174 /*
175  * The head.S code sets up the kernel high mapping from:
176  * __START_KERNEL_map to __START_KERNEL_map + KERNEL_TEXT_SIZE
177  *
178  * phys_addr holds the negative offset to the kernel, which is added
179  * to the compile time generated pmds. This results in invalid pmds up
180  * to the point where we hit the physaddr 0 mapping.
181  *
182  * We limit the mappings to the region from _text to _end.  _end is
183  * rounded up to the 2MB boundary. This catches the invalid pmds as
184  * well, as they are located before _text:
185  */
186 void __init cleanup_highmap(void)
187 {
188         unsigned long vaddr = __START_KERNEL_map;
189         unsigned long end = round_up((unsigned long)_end, PMD_SIZE) - 1;
190         pmd_t *pmd = level2_kernel_pgt;
191         pmd_t *last_pmd = pmd + PTRS_PER_PMD;
192
193         for (; pmd < last_pmd; pmd++, vaddr += PMD_SIZE) {
194                 if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
195                         continue;
196                 if (vaddr < (unsigned long) _text || vaddr > end)
197                         set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(0));
198         }
199 }
200
201 /* NOTE: this is meant to be run only at boot */
202 void __init
203 __set_fixmap(enum fixed_addresses idx, unsigned long phys, pgprot_t prot)
204 {
205         unsigned long address = __fix_to_virt(idx);
206
207         if (idx >= __end_of_fixed_addresses) {
208                 printk(KERN_ERR "Invalid __set_fixmap\n");
209                 return;
210         }
211         set_pte_phys(address, phys, prot);
212 }
213
214 static unsigned long __initdata table_start;
215 static unsigned long __meminitdata table_end;
216
217 static __meminit void *alloc_low_page(unsigned long *phys)
218 {
219         unsigned long pfn = table_end++;
220         void *adr;
221
222         if (after_bootmem) {
223                 adr = (void *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
224                 *phys = __pa(adr);
225
226                 return adr;
227         }
228
229         if (pfn >= end_pfn)
230                 panic("alloc_low_page: ran out of memory");
231
232         adr = early_ioremap(pfn * PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
233         memset(adr, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
234         *phys  = pfn * PAGE_SIZE;
235         return adr;
236 }
237
238 static __meminit void unmap_low_page(void *adr)
239 {
240         if (after_bootmem)
241                 return;
242
243         early_iounmap(adr, PAGE_SIZE);
244 }
245
246 /* Must run before zap_low_mappings */
247 __meminit void *early_ioremap(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size)
248 {
249         pmd_t *pmd, *last_pmd;
250         unsigned long vaddr;
251         int i, pmds;
252
253         pmds = ((addr & ~PMD_MASK) + size + ~PMD_MASK) / PMD_SIZE;
254         vaddr = __START_KERNEL_map;
255         pmd = level2_kernel_pgt;
256         last_pmd = level2_kernel_pgt + PTRS_PER_PMD - 1;
257
258         for (; pmd <= last_pmd; pmd++, vaddr += PMD_SIZE) {
259                 for (i = 0; i < pmds; i++) {
260                         if (pmd_present(pmd[i]))
261                                 goto continue_outer_loop;
262                 }
263                 vaddr += addr & ~PMD_MASK;
264                 addr &= PMD_MASK;
265
266                 for (i = 0; i < pmds; i++, addr += PMD_SIZE)
267                         set_pmd(pmd+i, __pmd(addr | __PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE_EXEC));
268                 __flush_tlb_all();
269
270                 return (void *)vaddr;
271 continue_outer_loop:
272                 ;
273         }
274         printk(KERN_ERR "early_ioremap(0x%lx, %lu) failed\n", addr, size);
275
276         return NULL;
277 }
278
279 /*
280  * To avoid virtual aliases later:
281  */
282 __meminit void early_iounmap(void *addr, unsigned long size)
283 {
284         unsigned long vaddr;
285         pmd_t *pmd;
286         int i, pmds;
287
288         vaddr = (unsigned long)addr;
289         pmds = ((vaddr & ~PMD_MASK) + size + ~PMD_MASK) / PMD_SIZE;
290         pmd = level2_kernel_pgt + pmd_index(vaddr);
291
292         for (i = 0; i < pmds; i++)
293                 pmd_clear(pmd + i);
294
295         __flush_tlb_all();
296 }
297
298 static void __meminit
299 phys_pmd_init(pmd_t *pmd_page, unsigned long address, unsigned long end)
300 {
301         int i = pmd_index(address);
302
303         for (; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++, address += PMD_SIZE) {
304                 pmd_t *pmd = pmd_page + pmd_index(address);
305
306                 if (address >= end) {
307                         if (!after_bootmem) {
308                                 for (; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++, pmd++)
309                                         set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(0));
310                         }
311                         break;
312                 }
313
314                 if (pmd_val(*pmd))
315                         continue;
316
317                 set_pte((pte_t *)pmd,
318                         pfn_pte(address >> PAGE_SHIFT, PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE));
319         }
320 }
321
322 static void __meminit
323 phys_pmd_update(pud_t *pud, unsigned long address, unsigned long end)
324 {
325         pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, 0);
326         spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
327         phys_pmd_init(pmd, address, end);
328         spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
329         __flush_tlb_all();
330 }
331
332 static void __meminit
333 phys_pud_init(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
334 {
335         int i = pud_index(addr);
336
337         for (; i < PTRS_PER_PUD; i++, addr = (addr & PUD_MASK) + PUD_SIZE) {
338                 unsigned long pmd_phys;
339                 pud_t *pud = pud_page + pud_index(addr);
340                 pmd_t *pmd;
341
342                 if (addr >= end)
343                         break;
344
345                 if (!after_bootmem &&
346                                 !e820_any_mapped(addr, addr+PUD_SIZE, 0)) {
347                         set_pud(pud, __pud(0));
348                         continue;
349                 }
350
351                 if (pud_val(*pud)) {
352                         phys_pmd_update(pud, addr, end);
353                         continue;
354                 }
355
356                 pmd = alloc_low_page(&pmd_phys);
357
358                 spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
359                 set_pud(pud, __pud(pmd_phys | _KERNPG_TABLE));
360                 phys_pmd_init(pmd, addr, end);
361                 spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
362
363                 unmap_low_page(pmd);
364         }
365         __flush_tlb_all();
366 }
367
368 static void __init find_early_table_space(unsigned long end)
369 {
370         unsigned long puds, pmds, tables, start;
371
372         puds = (end + PUD_SIZE - 1) >> PUD_SHIFT;
373         pmds = (end + PMD_SIZE - 1) >> PMD_SHIFT;
374         tables = round_up(puds * sizeof(pud_t), PAGE_SIZE) +
375                  round_up(pmds * sizeof(pmd_t), PAGE_SIZE);
376
377         /*
378          * RED-PEN putting page tables only on node 0 could
379          * cause a hotspot and fill up ZONE_DMA. The page tables
380          * need roughly 0.5KB per GB.
381          */
382         start = 0x8000;
383         table_start = find_e820_area(start, end, tables, PAGE_SIZE);
384         if (table_start == -1UL)
385                 panic("Cannot find space for the kernel page tables");
386
387         table_start >>= PAGE_SHIFT;
388         table_end = table_start;
389
390         early_printk("kernel direct mapping tables up to %lx @ %lx-%lx\n",
391                 end, table_start << PAGE_SHIFT,
392                 (table_start << PAGE_SHIFT) + tables);
393 }
394
395 /*
396  * Setup the direct mapping of the physical memory at PAGE_OFFSET.
397  * This runs before bootmem is initialized and gets pages directly from
398  * the physical memory. To access them they are temporarily mapped.
399  */
400 void __init_refok init_memory_mapping(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
401 {
402         unsigned long next;
403
404         pr_debug("init_memory_mapping\n");
405
406         /*
407          * Find space for the kernel direct mapping tables.
408          *
409          * Later we should allocate these tables in the local node of the
410          * memory mapped. Unfortunately this is done currently before the
411          * nodes are discovered.
412          */
413         if (!after_bootmem)
414                 find_early_table_space(end);
415
416         start = (unsigned long)__va(start);
417         end = (unsigned long)__va(end);
418
419         for (; start < end; start = next) {
420                 pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset_k(start);
421                 unsigned long pud_phys;
422                 pud_t *pud;
423
424                 if (after_bootmem)
425                         pud = pud_offset(pgd, start & PGDIR_MASK);
426                 else
427                         pud = alloc_low_page(&pud_phys);
428
429                 next = start + PGDIR_SIZE;
430                 if (next > end)
431                         next = end;
432                 phys_pud_init(pud, __pa(start), __pa(next));
433                 if (!after_bootmem)
434                         set_pgd(pgd_offset_k(start), mk_kernel_pgd(pud_phys));
435                 unmap_low_page(pud);
436         }
437
438         if (!after_bootmem)
439                 mmu_cr4_features = read_cr4();
440         __flush_tlb_all();
441
442         if (!after_bootmem)
443                 reserve_early(table_start << PAGE_SHIFT,
444                                  table_end << PAGE_SHIFT, "PGTABLE");
445 }
446
447 #ifndef CONFIG_NUMA
448 void __init paging_init(void)
449 {
450         unsigned long max_zone_pfns[MAX_NR_ZONES];
451
452         memset(max_zone_pfns, 0, sizeof(max_zone_pfns));
453         max_zone_pfns[ZONE_DMA] = MAX_DMA_PFN;
454         max_zone_pfns[ZONE_DMA32] = MAX_DMA32_PFN;
455         max_zone_pfns[ZONE_NORMAL] = end_pfn;
456
457         memory_present(0, 0, end_pfn);
458         sparse_init();
459         free_area_init_nodes(max_zone_pfns);
460 }
461 #endif
462
463 /*
464  * Memory hotplug specific functions
465  */
466 void online_page(struct page *page)
467 {
468         ClearPageReserved(page);
469         init_page_count(page);
470         __free_page(page);
471         totalram_pages++;
472         num_physpages++;
473 }
474
475 #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
476 /*
477  * Memory is added always to NORMAL zone. This means you will never get
478  * additional DMA/DMA32 memory.
479  */
480 int arch_add_memory(int nid, u64 start, u64 size)
481 {
482         struct pglist_data *pgdat = NODE_DATA(nid);
483         struct zone *zone = pgdat->node_zones + ZONE_NORMAL;
484         unsigned long start_pfn = start >> PAGE_SHIFT;
485         unsigned long nr_pages = size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
486         int ret;
487
488         init_memory_mapping(start, start + size-1);
489
490         ret = __add_pages(zone, start_pfn, nr_pages);
491         WARN_ON(1);
492
493         return ret;
494 }
495 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_add_memory);
496
497 #if !defined(CONFIG_ACPI_NUMA) && defined(CONFIG_NUMA)
498 int memory_add_physaddr_to_nid(u64 start)
499 {
500         return 0;
501 }
502 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(memory_add_physaddr_to_nid);
503 #endif
504
505 #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */
506
507 static struct kcore_list kcore_mem, kcore_vmalloc, kcore_kernel,
508                          kcore_modules, kcore_vsyscall;
509
510 void __init mem_init(void)
511 {
512         long codesize, reservedpages, datasize, initsize;
513
514         pci_iommu_alloc();
515
516         /* clear_bss() already clear the empty_zero_page */
517
518         /* temporary debugging - double check it's true: */
519         {
520                 int i;
521
522                 for (i = 0; i < 1024; i++)
523                         WARN_ON_ONCE(empty_zero_page[i]);
524         }
525
526         reservedpages = 0;
527
528         /* this will put all low memory onto the freelists */
529 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
530         totalram_pages = numa_free_all_bootmem();
531 #else
532         totalram_pages = free_all_bootmem();
533 #endif
534         reservedpages = end_pfn - totalram_pages -
535                                         absent_pages_in_range(0, end_pfn);
536         after_bootmem = 1;
537
538         codesize =  (unsigned long) &_etext - (unsigned long) &_text;
539         datasize =  (unsigned long) &_edata - (unsigned long) &_etext;
540         initsize =  (unsigned long) &__init_end - (unsigned long) &__init_begin;
541
542         /* Register memory areas for /proc/kcore */
543         kclist_add(&kcore_mem, __va(0), max_low_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT);
544         kclist_add(&kcore_vmalloc, (void *)VMALLOC_START,
545                    VMALLOC_END-VMALLOC_START);
546         kclist_add(&kcore_kernel, &_stext, _end - _stext);
547         kclist_add(&kcore_modules, (void *)MODULES_VADDR, MODULES_LEN);
548         kclist_add(&kcore_vsyscall, (void *)VSYSCALL_START,
549                                  VSYSCALL_END - VSYSCALL_START);
550
551         printk(KERN_INFO "Memory: %luk/%luk available (%ldk kernel code, "
552                                 "%ldk reserved, %ldk data, %ldk init)\n",
553                 (unsigned long) nr_free_pages() << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
554                 end_pfn << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
555                 codesize >> 10,
556                 reservedpages << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
557                 datasize >> 10,
558                 initsize >> 10);
559
560         cpa_init();
561 }
562
563 void free_init_pages(char *what, unsigned long begin, unsigned long end)
564 {
565         unsigned long addr = begin;
566
567         if (addr >= end)
568                 return;
569
570         /*
571          * If debugging page accesses then do not free this memory but
572          * mark them not present - any buggy init-section access will
573          * create a kernel page fault:
574          */
575 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
576         printk(KERN_INFO "debug: unmapping init memory %08lx..%08lx\n",
577                 begin, PAGE_ALIGN(end));
578         set_memory_np(begin, (end - begin) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
579 #else
580         printk(KERN_INFO "Freeing %s: %luk freed\n", what, (end - begin) >> 10);
581
582         for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
583                 ClearPageReserved(virt_to_page(addr));
584                 init_page_count(virt_to_page(addr));
585                 memset((void *)(addr & ~(PAGE_SIZE-1)),
586                         POISON_FREE_INITMEM, PAGE_SIZE);
587                 free_page(addr);
588                 totalram_pages++;
589         }
590 #endif
591 }
592
593 void free_initmem(void)
594 {
595         free_init_pages("unused kernel memory",
596                         (unsigned long)(&__init_begin),
597                         (unsigned long)(&__init_end));
598 }
599
600 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA
601 const int rodata_test_data = 0xC3;
602 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rodata_test_data);
603
604 void mark_rodata_ro(void)
605 {
606         unsigned long start = (unsigned long)_stext, end;
607
608 #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
609         /* It must still be possible to apply SMP alternatives. */
610         if (num_possible_cpus() > 1)
611                 start = (unsigned long)_etext;
612 #endif
613
614 #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES
615         start = (unsigned long)__start_rodata;
616 #endif
617
618         end = (unsigned long)__end_rodata;
619         start = (start + PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK;
620         end &= PAGE_MASK;
621         if (end <= start)
622                 return;
623
624
625         printk(KERN_INFO "Write protecting the kernel read-only data: %luk\n",
626                (end - start) >> 10);
627         set_memory_ro(start, (end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
628
629         /*
630          * The rodata section (but not the kernel text!) should also be
631          * not-executable.
632          */
633         start = ((unsigned long)__start_rodata + PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK;
634         set_memory_nx(start, (end - start) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
635
636         rodata_test();
637
638 #ifdef CONFIG_CPA_DEBUG
639         printk(KERN_INFO "Testing CPA: undo %lx-%lx\n", start, end);
640         set_memory_rw(start, (end-start) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
641
642         printk(KERN_INFO "Testing CPA: again\n");
643         set_memory_ro(start, (end-start) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
644 #endif
645 }
646 #endif
647
648 #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD
649 void free_initrd_mem(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
650 {
651         free_init_pages("initrd memory", start, end);
652 }
653 #endif
654
655 void __init reserve_bootmem_generic(unsigned long phys, unsigned len)
656 {
657 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
658         int nid = phys_to_nid(phys);
659 #endif
660         unsigned long pfn = phys >> PAGE_SHIFT;
661
662         if (pfn >= end_pfn) {
663                 /*
664                  * This can happen with kdump kernels when accessing
665                  * firmware tables:
666                  */
667                 if (pfn < end_pfn_map)
668                         return;
669
670                 printk(KERN_ERR "reserve_bootmem: illegal reserve %lx %u\n",
671                                 phys, len);
672                 return;
673         }
674
675         /* Should check here against the e820 map to avoid double free */
676 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
677         reserve_bootmem_node(NODE_DATA(nid), phys, len, BOOTMEM_DEFAULT);
678 #else
679         reserve_bootmem(phys, len, BOOTMEM_DEFAULT);
680 #endif
681         if (phys+len <= MAX_DMA_PFN*PAGE_SIZE) {
682                 dma_reserve += len / PAGE_SIZE;
683                 set_dma_reserve(dma_reserve);
684         }
685 }
686
687 int kern_addr_valid(unsigned long addr)
688 {
689         unsigned long above = ((long)addr) >> __VIRTUAL_MASK_SHIFT;
690         pgd_t *pgd;
691         pud_t *pud;
692         pmd_t *pmd;
693         pte_t *pte;
694
695         if (above != 0 && above != -1UL)
696                 return 0;
697
698         pgd = pgd_offset_k(addr);
699         if (pgd_none(*pgd))
700                 return 0;
701
702         pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
703         if (pud_none(*pud))
704                 return 0;
705
706         pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
707         if (pmd_none(*pmd))
708                 return 0;
709
710         if (pmd_large(*pmd))
711                 return pfn_valid(pmd_pfn(*pmd));
712
713         pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, addr);
714         if (pte_none(*pte))
715                 return 0;
716
717         return pfn_valid(pte_pfn(*pte));
718 }
719
720 /*
721  * A pseudo VMA to allow ptrace access for the vsyscall page.  This only
722  * covers the 64bit vsyscall page now. 32bit has a real VMA now and does
723  * not need special handling anymore:
724  */
725 static struct vm_area_struct gate_vma = {
726         .vm_start       = VSYSCALL_START,
727         .vm_end         = VSYSCALL_START + (VSYSCALL_MAPPED_PAGES * PAGE_SIZE),
728         .vm_page_prot   = PAGE_READONLY_EXEC,
729         .vm_flags       = VM_READ | VM_EXEC
730 };
731
732 struct vm_area_struct *get_gate_vma(struct task_struct *tsk)
733 {
734 #ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION
735         if (test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_IA32))
736                 return NULL;
737 #endif
738         return &gate_vma;
739 }
740
741 int in_gate_area(struct task_struct *task, unsigned long addr)
742 {
743         struct vm_area_struct *vma = get_gate_vma(task);
744
745         if (!vma)
746                 return 0;
747
748         return (addr >= vma->vm_start) && (addr < vma->vm_end);
749 }
750
751 /*
752  * Use this when you have no reliable task/vma, typically from interrupt
753  * context. It is less reliable than using the task's vma and may give
754  * false positives:
755  */
756 int in_gate_area_no_task(unsigned long addr)
757 {
758         return (addr >= VSYSCALL_START) && (addr < VSYSCALL_END);
759 }
760
761 const char *arch_vma_name(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
762 {
763         if (vma->vm_mm && vma->vm_start == (long)vma->vm_mm->context.vdso)
764                 return "[vdso]";
765         if (vma == &gate_vma)
766                 return "[vsyscall]";
767         return NULL;
768 }
769
770 #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
771 /*
772  * Initialise the sparsemem vmemmap using huge-pages at the PMD level.
773  */
774 int __meminit
775 vmemmap_populate(struct page *start_page, unsigned long size, int node)
776 {
777         unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)start_page;
778         unsigned long end = (unsigned long)(start_page + size);
779         unsigned long next;
780         pgd_t *pgd;
781         pud_t *pud;
782         pmd_t *pmd;
783
784         for (; addr < end; addr = next) {
785                 next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
786
787                 pgd = vmemmap_pgd_populate(addr, node);
788                 if (!pgd)
789                         return -ENOMEM;
790
791                 pud = vmemmap_pud_populate(pgd, addr, node);
792                 if (!pud)
793                         return -ENOMEM;
794
795                 pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
796                 if (pmd_none(*pmd)) {
797                         pte_t entry;
798                         void *p;
799
800                         p = vmemmap_alloc_block(PMD_SIZE, node);
801                         if (!p)
802                                 return -ENOMEM;
803
804                         entry = pfn_pte(__pa(p) >> PAGE_SHIFT,
805                                                         PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE);
806                         set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(pte_val(entry)));
807
808                         printk(KERN_DEBUG " [%lx-%lx] PMD ->%p on node %d\n",
809                                 addr, addr + PMD_SIZE - 1, p, node);
810                 } else {
811                         vmemmap_verify((pte_t *)pmd, node, addr, next);
812                 }
813         }
814         return 0;
815 }
816 #endif