r15094: Replace ; by # where we have a comment and remove superfluous spaces at
[kai/samba-autobuild/.git] / examples / misc / adssearch.pl
1 #!/usr/bin/perl -w
2
3 # adssearch.pl  - query an Active Directory server and
4 #                 display objects in a human readable format
5 #
6 # Copyright (C) Guenther Deschner <gd@samba.org> 2003-2005
7 #
8 # TODO: add range retrieval
9 #       write sddl-converter, decode userParameters
10 #       chase referrals
11 #       apparently only win2k3 allows simple-binds with machine-accounts.
12 #       make sasl support independent from Authen::SASL::Cyrus v >0.11
13 use strict;
14
15 use Net::LDAP;
16 use Net::LDAP::Control;
17 use Convert::ASN1;
18 use Time::Local;
19 use POSIX qw(strftime);
20 use Getopt::Long;
21
22 my $have_sasl;
23 my $works_sasl;
24 my $pref_version;
25 BEGIN {
26         my $class = 'Authen::SASL';
27         $pref_version = "0.32";
28         if ( eval "require $class;" ) {
29                 $have_sasl = 1;
30         }
31         if ( eval "Net::LDAP->VERSION($pref_version);" ) {
32                 $works_sasl = 1;
33         }
34 }
35
36 # users may set defaults here
37 my $base        = "";
38 my $binddn      = "";
39 my $password    = "";
40 my $server      = "";
41
42 my $tdbdump     = "/usr/bin/tdbdump";
43 my $testparm    = "/usr/bin/testparm";
44 my $net         = "/usr/bin/net";
45 my $dig         = "/usr/bin/dig";
46 my $nmblookup   = "/usr/bin/nmblookup";
47 my $secrets_tdb = "/etc/samba/secrets.tdb";
48 my $klist       = "/usr/bin/klist";
49 my $kinit       = "/usr/bin/kinit";
50 my $ads_h       = "/home/gd/ads.h";
51 my $page_size   = "1000";
52 my $workgroup   = "";
53 my $machine     = "";
54 my $realm       = "";
55
56 # parse input
57 my (
58         $opt_asq,
59         $opt_base, 
60         $opt_binddn,
61         $opt_debug,
62         $opt_display_extendeddn,
63         $opt_display_metadata,
64         $opt_display_raw,
65         $opt_dump_rootdse,
66         $opt_dump_schema,
67         $opt_dump_wknguid,
68         $opt_help, 
69         $opt_host, 
70         $opt_machine,
71         $opt_notify, 
72         $opt_notify_nodiffs, 
73         $opt_password,
74         $opt_port,
75         $opt_realm,
76         $opt_saslmech,
77         $opt_scope, 
78         $opt_simpleauth,
79         $opt_starttls,
80         $opt_user,
81         $opt_verbose,
82         $opt_workgroup,
83 );
84
85 GetOptions(
86         'asq=s'         => \$opt_asq,
87         'base|b=s'      => \$opt_base,
88         'D|DN=s'        => \$opt_binddn,
89         'debug=i'       => \$opt_debug,
90         'extendeddn|e'  => \$opt_display_extendeddn,
91         'help'          => \$opt_help,
92         'host|h=s'      => \$opt_host,
93         'machine|P'     => \$opt_machine,
94         'metadata|m'    => \$opt_display_metadata,
95         'nodiffs'       => \$opt_notify_nodiffs,
96         'notify|n'      => \$opt_notify,
97         'password|w=s'  => \$opt_password,
98         'port=i'        => \$opt_port,
99         'rawdisplay'    => \$opt_display_raw,
100         'realm|R=s'     => \$opt_realm,
101         'rootDSE'       => \$opt_dump_rootdse,
102         'saslmech|Y=s'  => \$opt_saslmech,
103         'schema|c'      => \$opt_dump_schema,
104         'scope|s=s'     => \$opt_scope,
105         'simpleauth|x'  => \$opt_simpleauth,
106         'tls|Z'         => \$opt_starttls,
107         'user|U=s'      => \$opt_user,
108         'verbose|v'     => \$opt_verbose,
109         'wknguid'       => \$opt_dump_wknguid,
110         'workgroup|k=s' => \$opt_workgroup,
111         );
112
113
114 # activate controls
115 my $paging      = 1 if !$opt_notify;
116
117 if (!@ARGV && !$opt_dump_schema && !$opt_dump_rootdse && !$opt_notify || $opt_help) {
118         usage();
119         exit 1;
120 }
121
122 # get the query
123 my $query       = shift;
124 my @attrs       = @ARGV;
125
126 # some global vars
127 my ($filter, $dse, $uri);
128 my ($attr, $value);
129 my (@ctrls, @ctrls_s);
130 my ($ctl_paged, $cookie);
131 my ($page_count, $total_entry_count);
132 my ($sasl_hd, $async_ldap_hd, $sync_ldap_hd);
133 my ($mesg, $usn);
134 my (%entry_store);
135 my $async_search;
136 my (%ads_atype, %ads_gtype, %ads_grouptype, %ads_uf);
137
138 # fixed values and vars
139 my $set         = "X";
140 my $unset       = "-";
141 my $tabsize     = "\t\t\t";
142
143 # get defaults
144 my $scope       = $opt_scope    || "sub"; 
145 my $port        = $opt_port;
146
147 my %ads_controls = (
148 "LDAP_SERVER_NOTIFICATION_OID"          => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.528",
149 "LDAP_SERVER_EXTENDED_DN_OID"           => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.529",
150 "LDAP_PAGED_RESULT_OID_STRING"          => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.319",
151 "LDAP_SERVER_SD_FLAGS_OID"              => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.801",
152 "LDAP_SERVER_SORT_OID"                  => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.473",
153 "LDAP_SERVER_RESP_SORT_OID"             => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.474",
154 "LDAP_CONTROL_VLVREQUEST"               => "2.16.840.1.113730.3.4.9",
155 "LDAP_CONTROL_VLVRESPONSE"              => "2.16.840.1.113730.3.4.10",
156 "LDAP_SERVER_RANGE_RETRIEVAL"           => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.802", #unsure
157 "LDAP_SERVER_SHOW_DELETED_OID"          => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.417",
158 "LDAP_SERVER_CROSSDOM_MOVE_TARGET_OID"  => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.521",
159 "LDAP_SERVER_LAZY_COMMIT_OID"           => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.619",
160 "LDAP_SERVER_TREE_DELETE_OID"           => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.805",
161 "LDAP_SERVER_DIRSYNC_OID"               => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.841",
162 "LDAP_SERVER_VERIFY_NAME_OID"           => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1338",
163 "LDAP_SERVER_DOMAIN_SCOPE_OID"          => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1339",
164 "LDAP_SERVER_SEARCH_OPTIONS_OID"        => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1340",
165 "LDAP_SERVER_PERMISSIVE_MODIFY_OID"     => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1413",
166 "LDAP_SERVER_ASQ_OID"                   => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1504",
167 "NONE (Get stats control)"              => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.970",
168 "LDAP_SERVER_QUOTA_CONTROL_OID"         => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1852",
169 );
170
171 my %ads_capabilities = (
172 "LDAP_CAP_ACTIVE_DIRECTORY_OID"         => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.800",
173 "LDAP_CAP_ACTIVE_DIRECTORY_V51_OID"     => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1670",
174 "LDAP_CAP_ACTIVE_DIRECTORY_LDAP_INTEG_OID" => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1791",
175 );
176
177 my %ads_extensions = (
178 "LDAP_START_TLS_OID"                    => "1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.20037",
179 "LDAP_TTL_EXTENDED_OP_OID"              => "1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.101.119.1",
180 "LDAP_SERVER_FAST_BIND_OID"             => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1781", 
181 "NONE (TTL refresh extended op)"        => "1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.101.119.1",
182 );
183
184 my %ads_matching_rules = (
185 "LDAP_MATCHING_RULE_BIT_AND"            => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.803",
186 "LDAP_MATCHING_RULE_BIT_OR"             => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.804",
187 );
188
189 my %wknguids = (
190 "WELL_KNOWN_GUID_COMPUTERS"             => "AA312825768811D1ADED00C04FD8D5CD",
191 "WELL_KNOWN_GUID_DOMAIN_CONTROLLERS"    => "A361B2FFFFD211D1AA4B00C04FD7D83A",
192 "WELL_KNOWN_GUID_SYSTEM"                => "AB1D30F3768811D1ADED00C04FD8D5CD",
193 "WELL_KNOWN_GUID_USERS"                 => "A9D1CA15768811D1ADED00C04FD8D5CD",
194 );
195
196 my %ads_systemflags = (
197 "FLAG_DONT_REPLICATE"                   => 0x00000001,  # 1
198 "FLAG_REPLICATE_TO_GC"                  => 0x00000002,  # 2
199 "FLAG_ATTRIBUTE_CONSTRUCT"              => 0x00000004,  # 4
200 "FLAG_CATEGORY_1_OBJECT"                => 0x00000010,  # 16
201 "FLAG_DELETE_WITHOUT_TOMBSTONE"         => 0x02000000,  # 33554432
202 "FLAG_DOMAIN_DISALLOW_MOVE"             => 0x04000000,  # 67108864
203 "FLAG_DOMAIN_DISALLOW_RENAME"           => 0x08000000,  # 134217728
204 #"FLAG_CONFIG_CAN_MOVE_RESTRICTED"      => 0x10000000,  # 268435456     # only setable on creation
205 #"FLAG_CONFIG_CAN_MOVE"                 => 0x20000000,  # 536870912     # only setable on creation
206 #"FLAG_CONFIG_CAN_RENAME"               => 0x40000000,  # 1073741824    # only setable on creation
207 "FLAG_DISALLOW_DELETE"                  => 0x80000000,  # 2147483648
208 );
209
210 my %ads_mixed_domain = (
211 "NATIVE_LEVEL_DOMAIN"                   => 0,
212 "MIXED_LEVEL_DOMAIN"                    => 1,
213 );
214
215 my %ads_ds_func = (
216 "DS_BEHAVIOR_WIN2000"                   => 0,   # untested
217 "DS_BEHAVIOR_WIN2003"                   => 2,
218 );
219
220 my %ads_instance_type = (
221 "DS_INSTANCETYPE_IS_NC_HEAD"            => 0x1,
222 "IT_WRITE"                              => 0x4,
223 "IT_NC_ABOVE"                           => 0x8,
224 );
225
226 my %ads_uacc = (
227         "ACCOUNT_NEVER_EXPIRES"         => 0x000000, # 0 
228         "ACCOUNT_OK"                    => 0x800000, # 8388608
229         "ACCOUNT_LOCKED_OUT"            => 0x800010, # 8388624
230 );
231
232 my %ads_gpoptions = (
233         "GPOPTIONS_INHERIT"             => 0,
234         "GPOPTIONS_BLOCK_INHERITANCE"   => 1,
235 );
236
237 my %ads_gplink_opts = (
238         "GPLINK_OPT_NONE"               => 0,
239         "GPLINK_OPT_DISABLED"           => 1,
240         "GPLINK_OPT_ENFORCED"           => 2,
241 );
242
243 my %ads_gpflags = (
244         "GPFLAGS_ALL_ENABLED"                   => 0,
245         "GPFLAGS_USER_SETTINGS_DISABLED"        => 1,
246         "GPFLAGS_MACHINE_SETTINGS_DISABLED"     => 2,
247         "GPFLAGS_ALL_DISABLED"                  => 3,
248 );
249
250 my %ads_serverstate = (
251         "SERVER_ENABLED"                => 1,
252         "SERVER_DISABLED"               => 2,
253 );
254
255 my %ads_sdeffective = (
256         "OWNER_SECURITY_INFORMATION"    => 0x01,
257         "DACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION"     => 0x04,
258         "SACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION"     => 0x10,
259 );
260
261 my %ads_trustattrs = (
262         "TRUST_ATTRIBUTE_NON_TRANSITIVE"        => 1,
263         "TRUST_ATTRIBUTE_TREE_PARENT"           => 2,
264         "TRUST_ATTRIBUTE_TREE_ROOT"             => 3,
265         "TRUST_ATTRIBUTE_UPLEVEL_ONLY"          => 4,
266 );
267
268 my %ads_trustdirection = (
269         "TRUST_DIRECTION_INBOUND"               => 1,
270         "TRUST_DIRECTION_OUTBOUND"              => 2,
271         "TRUST_DIRECTION_BIDIRECTIONAL"         => 3,
272 );
273
274 my %ads_trusttype = (
275         "TRUST_TYPE_DOWNLEVEL"                  => 1,
276         "TRUST_TYPE_UPLEVEL"                    => 2,
277         "TRUST_TYPE_KERBEROS"                   => 3,
278         "TRUST_TYPE_DCE"                        => 4,
279 );
280
281 my %ads_pwdproperties = (
282         "DOMAIN_PASSWORD_COMPLEX"               => 1, 
283         "DOMAIN_PASSWORD_NO_ANON_CHANGE"        => 2, 
284         "DOMAIN_PASSWORD_NO_CLEAR_CHANGE"       => 4, 
285         "DOMAIN_LOCKOUT_ADMINS"                 => 8, 
286         "DOMAIN_PASSWORD_STORE_CLEARTEXT"       => 16, 
287         "DOMAIN_REFUSE_PASSWORD_CHANGE"         => 32,
288 );
289
290 my %ads_uascompat = (
291         "LANMAN_USER_ACCOUNT_SYSTEM_NOLIMITS"   => 0,
292         "LANMAN_USER_ACCOUNT_SYSTEM_COMPAT"     => 1,
293 );
294
295 my %ads_frstypes = (
296         "REPLICA_SET_SYSVOL"            => 2,   # unsure
297         "REPLICA_SET_DFS"               => 1,   # unsure
298         "REPLICA_SET_OTHER"             => 0,   # unsure
299 );
300
301 my %ads_gp_cse_extensions = (
302 "Administrative Templates Extension"    => "35378EAC-683F-11D2-A89A-00C04FBBCFA2",
303 "Disk Quotas"                           => "3610EDA5-77EF-11D2-8DC5-00C04FA31A66",
304 "EFS Recovery"                          => "B1BE8D72-6EAC-11D2-A4EA-00C04F79F83A",
305 "Folder Redirection"                    => "25537BA6-77A8-11D2-9B6C-0000F8080861",
306 "IP Security"                           => "E437BC1C-AA7D-11D2-A382-00C04F991E27",
307 "Internet Explorer Maintenance"         => "A2E30F80-D7DE-11d2-BBDE-00C04F86AE3B",
308 "QoS Packet Scheduler"                  => "426031c0-0b47-4852-b0ca-ac3d37bfcb39",
309 "Scripts"                               => "42B5FAAE-6536-11D2-AE5A-0000F87571E3",
310 "Security"                              => "827D319E-6EAC-11D2-A4EA-00C04F79F83A",
311 "Software Installation"                 => "C6DC5466-785A-11D2-84D0-00C04FB169F7",
312 );
313
314 # guess work
315 my %ads_gpcextensions = (
316 "Administrative Templates"              => "0F6B957D-509E-11D1-A7CC-0000F87571E3",
317 "Certificates"                          => "53D6AB1D-2488-11D1-A28C-00C04FB94F17",
318 "EFS recovery policy processing"        => "B1BE8D72-6EAC-11D2-A4EA-00C04F79F83A",
319 "Folder Redirection policy processing"  => "25537BA6-77A8-11D2-9B6C-0000F8080861",
320 "Folder Redirection"                    => "88E729D6-BDC1-11D1-BD2A-00C04FB9603F",
321 "Registry policy processing"            => "35378EAC-683F-11D2-A89A-00C04FBBCFA2",
322 "Remote Installation Services"          => "3060E8CE-7020-11D2-842D-00C04FA372D4",
323 "Security Settings"                     => "803E14A0-B4FB-11D0-A0D0-00A0C90F574B",
324 "Security policy processing"            => "827D319E-6EAC-11D2-A4EA-00C04F79F83A",
325 "unknown"                               => "3060E8D0-7020-11D2-842D-00C04FA372D4",
326 "unknown2"                              => "53D6AB1B-2488-11D1-A28C-00C04FB94F17",
327 );
328
329 my %ads_gpo_default_guids = (
330 "Default Domain Policy"                 => "31B2F340-016D-11D2-945F-00C04FB984F9",
331 "Default Domain Controllers Policy"     => "6AC1786C-016F-11D2-945F-00C04fB984F9",
332 "mist"                                  => "61718096-3D3F-4398-8318-203A48976F9E",
333 );
334
335 my %munged_dial = (
336         "CtxCfgPresent"         => \&dump_int,
337         "CtxCfgFlags1"          => \&dump_int,
338         "CtxCallback"           => \&dump_string,
339         "CtxShadow"             => \&dump_string,
340         "CtxMaxConnectionTime"  => \&dump_int,
341         "CtxMaxDisconnectionTime"=> \&dump_int,
342         "CtxMaxIdleTime"        => \&dump_int,
343         "CtxKeyboardLayout"     => \&dump_int,
344         "CtxMinEncryptionLevel" => \&dump_int,
345         "CtxWorkDirectory"      => \&dump_string,
346         "CtxNWLogonServer"      => \&dump_string,
347         "CtxWFHomeDir"          => \&dump_string,
348         "CtxWFHomeDirDrive"     => \&dump_string,
349         "CtxWFProfilePath"      => \&dump_string,
350         "CtxInitialProgram"     => \&dump_string,
351         "CtxCallbackNumber"     => \&dump_string,
352 );
353
354 $SIG{__WARN__} = sub {
355         use Carp;
356         Carp::cluck (shift);
357 };
358
359 # parse ads.h
360 parse_ads_h();
361
362 # if there is data missing, we try to autodetect with samba-tools (if installed)
363 # this might fill up workgroup, machine, realm
364 get_samba_info();
365
366 # get a workgroup
367 $workgroup      = $workgroup || $opt_workgroup || "";
368
369 # get the server
370 $server         = process_servername($opt_host) || 
371                   detect_server($workgroup,$opt_realm) || 
372                   die "please define server to query with -h host\n";
373
374
375 # get the base
376 $base           = $opt_base || 
377                   get_base_from_rootdse($server,$dse);
378
379 # get the realm
380 $realm          = $opt_realm || 
381                   get_realm_from_rootdse($server,$dse);
382
383 # get sasl mechs
384 my @sasl_mechs  = get_sasl_mechs_from_rootdse($server,$dse);
385 my $sasl_mech   = "GSSAPI";
386 if ($opt_saslmech) {
387         $sasl_mech = sprintf("%s", (check_sasl_mech($opt_saslmech) == 0)?uc($opt_saslmech):"");
388 }
389
390 # set bind type
391 my $sasl_bind = 1 if (!$opt_simpleauth);
392
393 # get username
394 my $user        = check_user($opt_user) || $ENV{'USER'} || "";
395
396 # gen upn
397 my $upn         = sprintf("%s", gen_upn($opt_machine ? "$machine\$" : $user, $realm));
398
399 # get binddn
400 $binddn         = $opt_binddn || $upn;
401
402 # get the password
403 $password       = $password || $opt_password;
404 if (!$password) {
405         $password = $opt_machine ? get_machine_password($workgroup) : get_password();
406 }
407
408 my %attr_handler = (
409         "Token-Groups-No-GC-Acceptable" => \&dump_sid,  #wrong name
410         "accountExpires"                => \&dump_nttime,
411         "badPasswordTime"               => \&dump_nttime,                       
412         "creationTime"                  => \&dump_nttime,
413         "currentTime"                   => \&dump_timestr,
414         "domainControllerFunctionality" => \&dump_ds_func,
415         "domainFunctionality"           => \&dump_ds_func,
416         "fRSReplicaSetGUID"             => \&dump_guid,
417         "fRSReplicaSetType"             => \&dump_frstype,
418         "fRSVersionGUID"                => \&dump_guid,
419         "flags"                         => \&dump_gpflags,      # fixme: possibly only on gpos!
420         "forceLogoff"                   => \&dump_nttime_abs,
421         "forestFunctionality"           => \&dump_ds_func,
422 #       "gPCMachineExtensionNames"      => \&dump_gpcextensions,
423 #       "gPCUserExtensionNames"         => \&dump_gpcextensions,
424         "gPLink"                        => \&dump_gplink,
425         "gPOptions"                     => \&dump_gpoptions,
426         "groupType"                     => \&dump_gtype,
427         "instanceType"                  => \&dump_instance_type,
428         "lastLogon"                     => \&dump_nttime,
429         "lastLogonTimestamp"            => \&dump_nttime,
430         "lockOutObservationWindow"      => \&dump_nttime_abs,
431         "lockoutDuration"               => \&dump_nttime_abs,
432         "lockoutTime"                   => \&dump_nttime,
433 #       "logonHours"                    => \&dump_logonhours,
434         "maxPwdAge"                     => \&dump_nttime_abs,
435         "minPwdAge"                     => \&dump_nttime_abs,
436         "modifyTimeStamp"               => \&dump_timestr,
437         "msDS-Behavior-Version"         => \&dump_ds_func,      #unsure
438         "msDS-User-Account-Control-Computed" => \&dump_uacc,
439 #       "msRADIUSFramedIPAddress"       => \&dump_ipaddr,
440 #       "msRASSavedFramedIPAddress"     => \&dump_ipaddr,
441         "netbootGUID"                   => \&dump_guid,
442         "nTMixedDomain"                 => \&dump_mixed_domain,
443         "nTSecurityDescriptor"          => \&dump_secdesc,
444         "objectGUID"                    => \&dump_guid,
445         "objectSid"                     => \&dump_sid,
446         "pKT"                           => \&dump_pkt,
447         "pKTGuid"                       => \&dump_guid,
448         "pwdLastSet"                    => \&dump_nttime,
449         "pwdProperties"                 => \&dump_pwdproperties,
450         "sAMAccountType"                => \&dump_atype,
451         "sDRightsEffective"             => \&dump_sdeffective,
452         "securityIdentifier"            => \&dump_sid,
453         "serverState"                   => \&dump_serverstate,
454         "supportedCapabilities",        => \&dump_capabilities,
455         "supportedControl",             => \&dump_controls,
456         "supportedExtension",           => \&dump_extension,
457         "systemFlags"                   => \&dump_systemflags,
458         "tokenGroups",                  => \&dump_sid,
459         "tokenGroupsGlobalAndUniversal" => \&dump_sid,
460         "trustAttributes"               => \&dump_trustattr,
461         "trustDirection"                => \&dump_trustdirection,
462         "trustType"                     => \&dump_trusttype,
463         "uASCompat"                     => \&dump_uascompat,
464         "userAccountControl"            => \&dump_uac,
465         "userCertificate"               => \&dump_cert,
466         "userFlags"                     => \&dump_uf,
467         "userParameters"                => \&dump_munged_dial,
468         "whenChanged"                   => \&dump_timestr,
469         "whenCreated"                   => \&dump_timestr,
470 #       "dSCorePropagationData"         => \&dump_timestr,
471 );
472
473
474
475 ################
476 # subfunctions #
477 ################
478
479 sub usage {
480         print "usage: $0 [--asq] [--base|-b base] [--debug level] [--debug level] [--DN|-D binddn] [--extendeddn|-e] [--help] [--host|-h host] [--machine|-P] [--metadata|-m] [--nodiffs] [--notify|-n] [--password|-w password] [--port port] [--rawdisplay] [--realm|-R realm] [--rootdse] [--saslmech|-Y saslmech] [--schema|-c] [--scope|-s scope] [--simpleauth|-x] [--starttls|-Z] [--user|-U user] [--wknguid] [--workgroup|-k workgroup] filter [attrs]\n";
481         print "\t--asq [attribute]\n\t\tAttribute to use for a attribute scoped query (LDAP_SERVER_ASQ_OID)\n";
482         print "\t--base|-b [base]\n\t\tUse base [base]\n";
483         print "\t--debug [level]\n\t\tUse debuglevel (for Net::LDAP)\n";
484         print "\t--DN|-D [binddn]\n\t\tUse binddn or principal\n";
485         print "\t--extendeddn|-e\n\t\tDisplay extended dn (LDAP_SERVER_EXTENDED_DN_OID)\n";
486         print "\t--help\n\t\tDisplay help page\n";
487         print "\t--host|-h [host]\n\t\tQuery Host [host] (either a hostname or an LDAP uri)\n";
488         print "\t--machine|-P\n\t\tUse samba3 machine account stored in $secrets_tdb (needs root access)\n";
489         print "\t--metdata|-m\n\t\tDisplay replication metadata\n";
490         print "\t--nodiffs\n\t\tDisplay no diffs but full entry dump when running in notify mode\n";
491         print "\t--notify|-n\n\t\tActivate asynchronous change notification (LDAP_SERVER_NOTIFICATION_OID)\n";
492         print "\t--password|-w [password]\n\t\tUse [password] for binddn\n";
493         print "\t--port [port]\n\t\tUse [port] when connecting ADS\n";
494         print "\t--rawdisplay\n\t\tDo not interpret values\n";
495         print "\t--realm|-R [realm]\n\t\tUse [realm] when trying to construct bind-principal\n";
496         print "\t--rootdse\n\t\tDisplay RootDSE (anonymously)\n";
497         print "\t--saslmech|-Y [saslmech]\n\t\tUse SASL Mechanism [saslmech] when binding\n";
498         print "\t--schema|-c\n\t\tDisplay DSE-Schema\n";
499         print "\t--scope|-s [scope]\n\t\tUse scope [scope] (sub, base, one)\n";
500         print "\t--simpleauth|-x\n\t\tUse simple bind (otherwise SASL binds are performed)\n";
501         print "\t--starttls|-Z\n\t\tUse Start TLS extended operation to secure LDAP traffic\n";
502         print "\t--user|-U [user]\n\t\tUse [user]\n";
503         print "\t--wknguid\n\t\tDisplay well known guids\n";
504         print "\t--workgroup|-k [workgroup]\n\t\tWhen LDAP-Server is not known try to find a Domain-Controller for [workgroup]\n";
505 }
506
507 sub write_ads_list {
508         my ($mod,$attr,$value) = @_;
509         my $ofh = select(STDOUT);
510         $~ = "ADS_LIST";
511         select($ofh);
512         write();
513
514 format ADS_LIST =
515 @<<<< @>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>: @*
516 $mod, $attr, $value
517 .
518 }
519
520 sub write_ads {
521         my ($mod,$attr,$value) = @_;
522         my $ofh = select(STDOUT);
523         $~ = "ADS";
524         select($ofh);
525         write();
526
527 format ADS =
528 @<<<< @>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>: ^<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
529 $mod, $attr, $value
530 ~~                              ^<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
531                                 $value
532 .
533 }
534
535 sub detect_server {
536
537         my $workgroup = shift;
538         my $realm = shift;
539         my $result;
540         my $found;
541
542         # try net cache (nbt records)
543         if ( -x $net && $workgroup ) {
544                 my $key = sprintf("NBT/%s#1C", uc($workgroup));
545                 chomp($result = `$net cache search $key 2>&1 /dev/null`);
546                 $result =~ s/^.*Value: //;
547                 $result =~ s/:.*//;
548                 return $result if $result;
549                 printf("%10s query failed for [%s]\n", "net cache", $key);
550         }
551
552         # try dns SRV entries
553         if ( -x $dig && $realm ) {
554                 my $key = sprintf("_ldap._tcp.%s", lc($realm));
555                 chomp($result = `$dig $key SRV +short +search | egrep "^[0-9]" | head -1`);
556                 $result =~ s/.* //g;
557                 $result =~ s/.$//g;
558                 return $result if $result;
559                 printf("%10s query failed for [%s]\n", "dns", $key);
560         }
561
562         # try netbios broadcast query
563         if ( -x $nmblookup && $workgroup ) {
564                 my $key = sprintf("%s#1C", uc($workgroup));
565                 my $pattern = sprintf("%s<1c>", uc($workgroup));
566                 chomp($result = `$nmblookup $key -d 0 | grep '$pattern'`);
567                 $result =~ s/\s.*//;
568                 return $result if $result;
569                 printf("%10s query failed for [%s]\n", "nmblookup", $key);
570         }
571
572         return "";
573 }
574
575 sub get_samba_info {
576
577         if (! -x $testparm) { return -1; }
578         
579         my $tmp;
580         open(TESTPARM, "$testparm -s -v 2> /dev/null |");
581         while (my $line = <TESTPARM>) {
582                 chomp($line);
583                 if ($line =~ /netbios name/) {
584                         ($tmp, $machine) = split(/=/, $line);
585                         $machine =~ s/\s+|\t+//g;
586                 }
587                 if ($line =~ /realm/) {
588                         ($tmp, $realm) = split(/=/, $line);
589                         $realm =~ s/\s+|\t+//g;
590                 }
591                 if ($line =~ /workgroup/) {
592                         ($tmp, $workgroup) = split(/=/, $line);
593                         $workgroup =~ s/\s+|\t+//g;
594                 }
595         }
596         close(TESTPARM);
597         return 0;
598 }
599
600 sub gen_upn {
601         my $machine = shift;
602         my $realm = shift;
603         if ($machine && $realm) {
604                 return sprintf("%s\@%s", lc($machine), uc($realm));
605         };
606         return undef;
607 }
608
609 sub get_password {
610         if (!$password && $opt_simpleauth && check_ticket($user)) {
611                 return prompt_password($user);
612         }
613         return "";
614 }
615
616 sub get_user {
617         my $user = shift || prompt_user();
618         return $user;
619 }
620
621 sub get_machine_password {
622
623         my $workgroup = shift || "";
624         $workgroup = uc($workgroup);
625
626         my ($found, $tmp);
627         -x $tdbdump || die "tdbdump is not installed. cannot proceed autodetection\n";
628         -r $secrets_tdb || die "cannot read $secrets_tdb. cannot proceed autodetection\n";
629
630         # get machine-password
631         my $key = sprintf("SECRETS/MACHINE_PASSWORD/%s", $workgroup);
632         open(SECRETS,"$tdbdump $secrets_tdb |");
633         while(my $line = <SECRETS>) {
634                 chomp($line);
635                 if ($found) {
636                         $line =~ s/\\00//;
637                         ($line,$password) = split(/"/, $line);
638                         last;
639                 }
640                 if ($line =~ /$key/) {
641                         $found = 1;
642                 }
643         }
644         close(SECRETS);
645
646         if ($found) {
647                 print "Successfully autodetected machine password for workgroup: $workgroup\n";
648                 return $password;
649         } else {
650                 warn "No machine password available for $workgroup\n";
651         }
652         return "";
653 }
654
655 sub prompt_password {
656
657         my $acct = shift || "";
658         if ($acct =~ /\%/) {
659                 ($acct, $password) = split(/\%/, $acct);
660                 return $password;
661         }
662         system "stty -echo";
663         print "Enter password for $acct:";
664         my $password = <STDIN>;
665         chomp($password);
666         print "\n";
667         system "stty echo";
668         return $password;
669 }
670
671 sub prompt_user {
672
673         print "Enter Username:";
674         my $user = <STDIN>;
675         chomp($user);
676         print "\n";
677         return $user;
678 }
679
680 sub check_ticket {
681         return 0;
682         # works only for heimdal
683         return system("$klist -t");
684 }
685
686 sub get_ticket {
687
688         my $KRB5_CONFIG = "/tmp/.krb5.conf.telads-$<";
689
690         open(KRB5CONF, "> $KRB5_CONFIG") || die "cannot write $KRB5_CONFIG";
691         printf  KRB5CONF "# autogenerated by $0\n";
692         printf  KRB5CONF "[libdefaults]\n\tdefault_realm = %s\n\tclockskew = %d\n", uc($realm), 60*60;
693         printf  KRB5CONF "[realms]\n\t%s = {\n\t\tkdc = %s\n\t}\n", uc($realm), $server;
694         close(KRB5CONF);
695
696         if ( system("KRB5_CONFIG=$KRB5_CONFIG $kinit $user") != 0) {
697                 return -1;
698         }
699
700         return 0;
701 }
702
703 sub check_user {
704         my $acct = shift || "";
705         if ($acct =~ /\%/) {
706                 ($acct, $password) = split(/\%/, $acct);
707         }
708         return $acct;
709 }
710
711 sub check_ctrls ($$@) {
712
713         # bogus function??
714         my $server = shift || "";
715         $dse = shift || get_dse($server) || return -1;
716         my @ctrls = @_;
717
718         my $dse_controls = $dse->get_value('supportedControl', asref => '1');
719         my @dse_controls = @$dse_controls;
720
721         foreach my $i (@ctrls) {
722                 # we could use -> supported_control but this 
723                 # is only available in newer versions of perl-ldap
724 #               if ( ! $dse->supported_control( $i ) ) {
725                 if ( grep(/$i->type()/, @dse_controls) ) { 
726                         printf("required control: %s is not supported by ADS-server.\n", $i->type());
727                         return -1;
728                 }
729         }
730         return 0;
731 }
732
733 sub get_base_from_rootdse {
734
735         my $server = shift || "";
736         $dse = shift || get_dse($server,$async_ldap_hd) || return -1;
737         return $dse->get_value('defaultNamingContext');
738 }
739
740 sub get_realm_from_rootdse {
741
742         my $server = shift || "";
743         $dse = shift || get_dse($server,$async_ldap_hd) || return -1;
744         my $service = $dse->get_value('ldapServiceName') || "";
745         if ($service) {
746                 my ($t,$realm) = split(/\@/, $service);
747                 return $realm;
748         } else {
749                 die "very odd: could not get realm";
750         }
751 }
752
753 sub get_sasl_mechs_from_rootdse {
754
755         my $server = shift || "";
756         $dse = shift || get_dse($server,$async_ldap_hd) || return -1;
757         my $mechs = $dse->get_value('supportedSASLMechanisms', asref => 1);
758         return @$mechs;
759 }
760
761 sub get_dse {
762
763         my $server = shift || return undef;
764         $async_ldap_hd = shift || get_ldap_hd($server,1);
765         if (!$async_ldap_hd) {
766                 print "oh, no connection\n";
767                 return undef;
768         }
769         my $mesg = $async_ldap_hd->bind() || die "cannot bind\n";
770         if ($mesg->code) { die "failed to bind\n"; };
771         my $dse = $async_ldap_hd->root_dse( attrs => ['*', "supportedExtension", "supportedFeatures" ] );
772
773         return $dse;
774 }
775
776 sub process_servername {
777
778         my $name = shift || return "";
779         if ($name =~ /^ldaps:\/\//i ) {
780                 $name =~ s#^ldaps://##i;
781                 $uri = sprintf("%s://%s", "ldaps", $name);
782         } else {
783                 $name =~ s#^ldap://##i;
784                 $uri = sprintf("%s://%s", "ldap", $name);
785         }
786         return $name;
787 }
788
789 sub get_ldap_hd {
790
791         my $server = shift || return undef;
792         my $async = shift || "0";
793         my $hd;
794         die "uri unavailable" if (!$uri);
795         if ($uri =~ /^ldaps:\/\//i ) {
796                 $port = $port || 636;
797                 use Net::LDAPS;
798                 $hd = Net::LDAPS->new( $server, async => $async, port => $port ) || 
799                         die "host $server not available: $!";
800         } else {
801                 $port = $port || 389;
802                 $hd = Net::LDAP->new( $server, async => $async, port => $port ) || 
803                         die "host $server not available: $!";
804         }
805         $hd->debug($opt_debug);
806         if ($opt_starttls) {
807                 $hd->start_tls( verify => 'none' );
808         }
809
810         return $hd;
811 }
812
813 sub get_sasl_hd {
814
815         if (!$have_sasl) {
816                 print "no sasl support\n";
817                 return undef;
818         }
819
820         my $hd;
821         if ($sasl_mech && $sasl_mech eq "GSSAPI") {
822                 my $user = sprintf("%s\@%s", $user, uc($realm));
823                 if (check_ticket($user) != 0 && get_ticket($user) != 0) {
824                         print "Could not get Kerberos ticket for user [$user]\n";
825                         return undef;
826                 }
827
828                 $hd = Authen::SASL->new( mechanism => 'GSSAPI' ) || die "nope";
829                 my $conn = $hd->client_new("ldap", $server);
830                 
831                 if ($conn->code == -1) {
832                         printf "%s\n", $conn->error();
833                         return undef;
834                 };
835
836         } elsif ($sasl_mech) {
837
838                 # here comes generic sasl code
839                 $hd = Authen::SASL->new( mechanism => $sasl_mech, 
840                         callback  => { 
841                                 user => \&get_user, 
842                                 pass => \&get_password 
843                         } 
844                 ) || die "nope";
845         } else {
846                 $sasl_bind = 0;
847                 print "no supported SASL mechanism found (@sasl_mechs).\n";
848                 print "falling back to simple bind.\n";
849                 return undef;
850         }
851
852         return $hd;
853 }
854
855 sub check_sasl_mech {
856         my $mech_check = shift;
857         my $have_mech = 0;
858         foreach my $mech (@sasl_mechs) {
859                 $have_mech = 1 if ($mech eq uc($mech_check));
860         }
861         if (!$have_mech) {
862                 return -1;
863         }
864         return 0;
865 }
866
867
868 sub parse_ads_h {
869
870         -e "$ads_h" || die "cannot open samba3 ads.h ($ads_h): $!";
871         open(ADSH,"$ads_h");
872         while (my $line = <ADSH>) {
873                 chomp($line);
874                 if ($line =~ /#define.UF.*0x/) {
875                         my ($tmp, $name, $val) = split(/\s+/,$line);
876                         next if ($name =~ /UNUSED/);
877 #                       $ads_uf{$name} = sprintf("%d", hex $val);
878                         $ads_uf{$name} = hex $val;
879                 }
880                 if ($line =~ /#define.GROUP_TYPE.*0x/) {
881                         my ($tmp, $name, $val) = split(/\s+/,$line);
882                         $ads_grouptype{$name} = hex $val;
883                 }
884                 if ($line =~ /#define.ATYPE.*0x/) {
885                         my ($tmp, $name, $val) = split(/\s+/,$line);
886                         $ads_atype{$name} = 
887                                 (exists $ads_atype{$val}) ? $ads_atype{$val} : hex $val;
888                 }
889                 if ($line =~ /#define.GTYPE.*0x/) {
890                         my ($val, $i);
891                         my ($tmp, $name, @val) = split(/\s+/,$line);
892                         foreach my $tempval (@val) {
893                                 if ($tempval =~ /^0x/) {
894                                         $val = $tempval;
895                                         last;
896                                 }
897                         }
898                         next if (!$val);
899                         $ads_gtype{$name} = sprintf("%d", hex $val);
900                 }
901
902         }
903         close(ADSH);
904 }
905
906 sub store_result ($) {
907
908         my $entry = shift;
909         return if (!$entry);
910         $entry_store{$entry->dn} = $entry;
911 }
912
913 sub display_result_diff ($) {
914
915         my $entry_new = shift;
916         return if ( !$entry_new);
917
918         if ( !exists $entry_store{$entry_new->dn}) {
919                 print "can't display any differences yet. full dump...\n";
920                 display_entry_generic($entry_new);
921                 return;
922         }
923
924         my $entry_old = $entry_store{$entry_new->dn};
925
926         foreach my $attr (sort $entry_new->attributes) {
927                 if ( $entry_new->exists($attr) && ! $entry_old->exists($attr)) {
928                         display_attr_generic("add:\t", $entry_new, $attr);
929                         next;
930                 }
931         }
932
933         foreach my $attr (sort $entry_old->attributes) {
934                 if (! $entry_new->exists($attr) && $entry_old->exists($attr)) {
935                         display_attr_generic("del:\t", $entry_old, $attr);
936                         next;
937                 }
938
939                 # now check for all values if they have changed, display changes
940                 my ($old_vals, $new_vals, @old_vals, @new_vals, %old, %new);
941
942                 $old_vals = $entry_old->get_value($attr, asref => 1);
943                 @old_vals = @$old_vals;
944                 $new_vals = $entry_new->get_value($attr, asref => 1);
945                 @new_vals = @$new_vals;
946
947                 if (scalar(@old_vals) == 1 && scalar(@new_vals) == 1) {
948                         if ($old_vals[0] ne $new_vals[0]) {
949                                 display_attr_generic("old:\t", $entry_old, $attr);
950                                 display_attr_generic("new:\t", $entry_new, $attr);
951                         }
952                         next;
953                 }
954
955                 # handle multivalued diffs
956                 foreach my $val (@old_vals) { $old{$val} = "dummy"; };
957                 foreach my $val (@new_vals) { $new{$val} = "dummy"; };
958                 foreach my $val (sort keys %new) {
959                         if (!exists $old{$val}) {
960                                 display_value_generic("add:\t", $attr, $val);
961                         }
962                 }
963                 foreach my $val (sort keys %old) {
964                         if (!exists $new{$val}) {
965                                 display_value_generic("del:\t", $attr, $val);
966                         }
967                 }
968         }
969         print "\n";
970
971 }
972
973 sub sid2string ($) {
974
975         # Fix from Michael James <michael@james.st>
976         my $binary_sid = shift;
977         my($sid_rev, $num_auths, $id1, $id2, @ids) = unpack("H2 H2 n N V*", $binary_sid);
978         my $sid_string = join("-", "S", hex($sid_rev), ($id1<<32)+$id2, @ids);
979         return $sid_string;
980                         
981 }
982
983 sub string_to_guid {
984         my $string = shift;
985         return undef unless $string =~ /([0-9,a-z]{8})-([0-9,a-z]{4})-([0-9,a-z]{4})-([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})-([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})/i;
986         
987         return  pack("I", hex $1) . 
988                 pack("S", hex $2) . 
989                 pack("S", hex $3) . 
990                 pack("C", hex $4) . 
991                 pack("C", hex $5) .
992                 pack("C", hex $6) . 
993                 pack("C", hex $7) . 
994                 pack("C", hex $8) . 
995                 pack("C", hex $9) . 
996                 pack("C", hex $10) . 
997                 pack("C", hex $11);
998
999 #       print "$1\n$2\n$3\n$4\n$5\n$6\n$7\n$8\n$9\n$10\n$11\n";
1000 }
1001                                                                
1002 sub bindstring_to_guid {
1003         my $str = shift;
1004         return pack("H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2", 
1005                 substr($str,0,2),
1006                 substr($str,2,2),
1007                 substr($str,4,2),
1008                 substr($str,6,2),
1009                 substr($str,8,2),
1010                 substr($str,10,2),
1011                 substr($str,12,2),
1012                 substr($str,14,2),
1013                 substr($str,16,2),
1014                 substr($str,18,2),
1015                 substr($str,20,2),
1016                 substr($str,22,2),
1017                 substr($str,24,2),
1018                 substr($str,26,2),
1019                 substr($str,28,2),
1020                 substr($str,30,2));
1021 }
1022
1023 sub guid_to_string {
1024         my $guid = shift;
1025         my $string = sprintf "%08X-%04X-%04X-%02X%02X-%02X%02X%02X%02X%02X%02X", 
1026                 unpack("I", $guid), 
1027                 unpack("S", substr($guid, 4, 2)), 
1028                 unpack("S", substr($guid, 6, 2)),
1029                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 8, 1)),
1030                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 9, 1)),
1031                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 10, 1)),
1032                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 11, 1)),
1033                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 12, 1)),
1034                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 13, 1)),
1035                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 14, 1)),
1036                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 15, 1)); 
1037         return lc($string);
1038 }
1039
1040 sub guid_to_bindstring {
1041         my $guid = shift;
1042         return unpack("H" . 2 * length($guid), $guid),
1043 }
1044
1045 sub dump_wknguid {
1046         print "Dumping Well known GUIDs:\n";
1047         foreach my $wknguid (keys %wknguids) {
1048
1049                 my $guid = bindstring_to_guid($wknguids{$wknguid});
1050                 my $str  = guid_to_string($guid);
1051                 my $back = guid_to_bindstring($guid);
1052
1053                 printf "wkguid:             %s\n", $wknguid;
1054                 printf "bind_string format: %s\n", $wknguids{$wknguid};
1055                 printf "string format:      %s\n", guid_to_string($guid);
1056                 printf "back to bind_string:%s\n", guid_to_bindstring($guid);
1057                                 
1058                 printf "use base: \"<WKGUID=%s,%s>\"\n", guid_to_bindstring($guid), $base;
1059         }
1060 }
1061
1062 sub gen_bitmask_string_format($%) {
1063         my $mod = shift;
1064         my (%tmp) = @_;
1065         my @list;
1066         foreach my $key (sort keys %tmp) {
1067                 push(@list, sprintf("%s %s", $tmp{$key}, $key));
1068         }
1069         return join("\n$mod$tabsize",@list);
1070 }
1071
1072
1073 sub nt_to_unixtime ($) {
1074         # the number of 100 nanosecond intervals since jan. 1. 1601 (utc)
1075         my $t64 = shift;
1076         $t64 =~ s/(.+).{7,7}/$1/;
1077         $t64 -= 11644473600;
1078         return $t64;
1079 }
1080
1081 sub dump_equal {
1082         my $val = shift;
1083         my $mod = shift || die "no mod";
1084         my (%header) = @_;
1085         my %tmp;
1086         my $found = 0;
1087         foreach my $key (keys %header) {
1088                 if ($header{$key} eq $val) {
1089                         $tmp{"($val)"} = $key;
1090                         $found = 1;
1091                         last;
1092                 }
1093         }
1094         if (!$found) { $tmp{$val} = ""; };
1095         return gen_bitmask_string_format($mod,%tmp);
1096 }
1097
1098 sub dump_bitmask {
1099         my $op = shift || die "no op";
1100         my $val = shift; 
1101         my $mod = shift || die "no mod";
1102         my (%header) = @_;
1103         my %tmp;
1104         $tmp{""} = $val;
1105         foreach my $key (sort keys %header) {   # sort by val !
1106                 if ($op eq "&") {
1107                         $tmp{$key} = ( $val & $header{$key} ) ? $set:$unset; 
1108                 } elsif ($op eq "==") {
1109                         $tmp{$key} = ( $val == $header{$key} ) ? $set:$unset; 
1110                 } else {
1111                         print "unknown operator: $op\n";
1112                         return;
1113                 }
1114         }
1115         return gen_bitmask_string_format($mod,%tmp);
1116 }
1117
1118 sub dump_bitmask_and {
1119         return dump_bitmask("&",@_);
1120 }
1121
1122 sub dump_bitmask_equal {
1123         return dump_bitmask("==",@_);
1124 }
1125
1126 sub dump_uac {
1127         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_uf); # ads_uf ?
1128 }
1129
1130 sub dump_uascompat {
1131         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_uascompat);
1132 }
1133
1134 sub dump_gpoptions {
1135         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_gpoptions);
1136 }
1137
1138 sub dump_gpflags {
1139         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_gpflags);
1140 }
1141
1142 sub dump_uacc {
1143         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_uacc); 
1144 }
1145
1146 sub dump_uf {
1147         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_uf);
1148 }
1149
1150 sub dump_gtype {
1151         my $ret = dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_grouptype);
1152         $ret .= "\n$tabsize\t";
1153         $ret .= dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_gtype);
1154         return $ret;
1155 }
1156
1157 sub dump_atype {
1158         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_atype);
1159 }
1160
1161 sub dump_controls {
1162         return dump_equal(@_,%ads_controls);
1163 }
1164
1165 sub dump_capabilities {
1166         return dump_equal(@_,%ads_capabilities);
1167 }
1168
1169 sub dump_extension {
1170         return dump_equal(@_,%ads_extensions);
1171 }
1172
1173 sub dump_systemflags {
1174         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_systemflags);
1175 }
1176
1177 sub dump_instance_type {
1178         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_instance_type);
1179 }
1180
1181 sub dump_ds_func {
1182         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_ds_func);
1183 }
1184
1185 sub dump_serverstate {
1186         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_serverstate);
1187 }
1188
1189 sub dump_sdeffective {
1190         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_sdeffective);
1191 }
1192
1193 sub dump_trustattr {
1194         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_trustattrs);
1195 }
1196
1197 sub dump_trusttype {
1198         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_trusttype);
1199 }
1200
1201 sub dump_trustdirection {
1202         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_trustdirection);
1203 }
1204
1205 sub dump_pwdproperties {
1206         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_pwdproperties);
1207 }
1208
1209 sub dump_frstype {
1210         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_frstypes)
1211 }
1212
1213 sub dump_mixed_domain {
1214         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_mixed_domain);
1215 }
1216
1217 sub dump_sid {
1218         my $bin_sid = shift;
1219         return sid2string($bin_sid);
1220 }
1221
1222 sub dump_guid {
1223         my $guid = shift;
1224         return guid_to_string($guid);
1225 }
1226
1227 sub dump_secdesc {
1228         my $val = shift;
1229         return "FIXME: write sddl-converter!";
1230 }
1231
1232 sub dump_nttime {
1233         my $nttime = shift;
1234         if ($nttime == 0) {
1235                 return sprintf("%s (%s)", "never", $nttime);
1236         }
1237         my $localtime = localtime(nt_to_unixtime($nttime));
1238         return sprintf("%s (%s)", $localtime, $nttime);
1239 }
1240
1241 sub dump_nttime_abs {
1242         if ($_[0] == 9223372036854775807) {
1243                 return sprintf("%s (%s)", "now", $_[0]);
1244         }
1245         if ($_[0] == -9223372036854775808 || $_[0] == 0) { # 0x7FFFFFFFFFFFFFFF
1246                 return sprintf("%s (%s)", "never", $_[0]);
1247         }
1248         # FIXME: actually *do* abs time !
1249         return dump_nttime($_[0]);
1250 }
1251
1252 sub dump_timestr {
1253         my $time = shift;
1254         if ($time eq "16010101000010.0Z") {
1255                 return sprintf("%s (%s)", "never", $time);
1256         }
1257         my ($year,$mon,$mday,$hour,$min,$sec,$zone) = 
1258                 unpack('a4 a2 a2 a2 a2 a2 a4', $time);
1259         $mon -= 1;
1260         my $localtime = localtime(timegm($sec,$min,$hour,$mday,$mon,$year));
1261         return sprintf("%s (%s)", $localtime, $time);
1262 }
1263
1264 sub dump_string {
1265         return $_[0];
1266 }
1267
1268 sub dump_int {
1269         return sprintf("%d", $_[0]);
1270 }
1271
1272 sub dump_munged_dial {
1273         my $dial = shift;
1274         return "FIXME! decode this";
1275 }
1276
1277 sub dump_cert {
1278  
1279         my $cert = shift;
1280         open(OPENSSL, "| /usr/bin/openssl x509 -text -inform der");
1281         print OPENSSL $cert;
1282         close(OPENSSL);
1283         return "";
1284 }
1285
1286 sub dump_pkt {
1287         my $pkt = shift;
1288         return "not yet";
1289         printf("%s: ", $pkt);
1290         printf("%02X", $pkt);
1291         
1292 }
1293
1294 sub dump_gplink {
1295
1296         my $gplink = shift;
1297         my $gplink_mod = $gplink;
1298         my @links = split("\\]\\[", $gplink_mod);
1299         foreach my $link (@links) {
1300                 $link =~ s/^\[|\]$//g;
1301                 my ($ldap_link, $opt) = split(";", $link);
1302                 my @array = ( "$opt", "\t" );
1303                 printf("%slink: %s, opt: %s\n", $tabsize, $ldap_link, dump_bitmask_and(@array, %ads_gplink_opts));
1304         }
1305         return $gplink;
1306 }
1307
1308 sub construct_filter {
1309
1310         my $tmp = shift;
1311
1312         if (!$tmp || $opt_notify) {
1313                 return "(objectclass=*)";
1314         }
1315
1316         if ($tmp && $tmp !~ /^.*\=/) {
1317                 return "(ANR=$tmp)";
1318         }
1319
1320         return $tmp;
1321         # (&(objectCategory=person)
1322         # (userAccountControl:$ads_matching_rules{LDAP_MATCHING_RULE_BIT_AND}:=2))
1323 }
1324
1325 sub construct_attrs {
1326         
1327         my @attrs = @_;
1328         
1329         if (!@attrs) {
1330                 push(@attrs,"*");
1331         }
1332
1333         if ($opt_notify) {
1334                 push(@attrs,"uSNChanged");
1335         }
1336
1337         if ($opt_display_metadata) {
1338                 push(@attrs,"msDS-ReplAttributeMetaData");
1339                 push(@attrs,"replPropertyMetaData");
1340         }
1341
1342         if ($opt_verbose) {
1343                 push(@attrs,"nTSecurityDescriptor");
1344                 push(@attrs,"msDS-KeyVersionNumber");
1345                 push(@attrs,"msDS-User-Account-Control-Computed");
1346                 push(@attrs,"modifyTimeStamp");
1347         }
1348
1349         return sort @attrs;
1350 }
1351
1352 sub print_header {
1353
1354         print "\n";
1355         printf "%10s: %s\n", "uri", $uri;
1356         printf "%10s: %s\n", "port", $port;
1357         printf "%10s: %s\n", "base", $base;
1358         printf "%10s: %s\n", $sasl_bind ? "principal" : "binddn", $sasl_bind ? $upn : $binddn;
1359         printf "%10s: %s\n", "password", $password;
1360         printf "%10s: %s\n", "bind-type", $sasl_bind ? "SASL" : "simple";
1361         printf "%10s: %s\n", "sasl-mech", $sasl_mech if ($sasl_mech);
1362         printf "%10s: %s\n", "filter", $filter;
1363         printf "%10s: %s\n", "scope", $scope;
1364         printf "%10s: %s\n", "attrs", join(", ", @attrs);
1365         printf "%10s: %s\n", "controls", join(", ", @ctrls_s);
1366         printf "%10s: %s\n", "page_size", $page_size if ($paging);
1367         printf "%10s: %s\n", "start_tls", $opt_starttls ? "yes" : "no";
1368         printf "\n";
1369 }
1370
1371 sub gen_controls {
1372
1373         # setup attribute-scoped query control
1374         my $asq_asn = Convert::ASN1->new;
1375         $asq_asn->prepare(
1376                 q<      asq ::= SEQUENCE {
1377                                 sourceAttribute   OCTET_STRING
1378                         }
1379                 >
1380         );
1381         my $ctl_asq_val = $asq_asn->encode( sourceAttribute => $opt_asq);
1382         my $ctl_asq = Net::LDAP::Control->new(
1383                 type => $ads_controls{'LDAP_SERVER_ASQ_OID'},
1384                 critical => 'true',
1385                 value => $ctl_asq_val);
1386
1387
1388         # setup extended dn control
1389         my $asn_extended_dn = Convert::ASN1->new;
1390         $asn_extended_dn->prepare(
1391                 q<      ExtendedDn ::= SEQUENCE {
1392                                 mode     INTEGER
1393                         }
1394                 >
1395         );
1396
1397         my $ctl_extended_dn_val = $asn_extended_dn->encode( mode => '1');
1398         my $ctl_extended_dn =Net::LDAP::Control->new( 
1399                 type => $ads_controls{'LDAP_SERVER_EXTENDED_DN_OID'},
1400                 critical => 'true',
1401                 value => $ctl_extended_dn_val);
1402
1403
1404         # setup notify control
1405         my $ctl_notification = Net::LDAP::Control->new( 
1406                 type => $ads_controls{'LDAP_SERVER_NOTIFICATION_OID'},
1407                 critical => 'true');
1408
1409
1410         # setup paging control
1411         $ctl_paged = Net::LDAP::Control->new( 
1412                 type => $ads_controls{'LDAP_PAGED_RESULT_OID_STRING'},
1413                 critical => 'true',
1414                 size => $page_size);
1415
1416
1417         if ($paging) {
1418                 push(@ctrls, $ctl_paged);
1419                 push(@ctrls_s, "LDAP_PAGED_RESULT_OID_STRING" );
1420         }
1421
1422         if ($opt_display_extendeddn) {
1423                 push(@ctrls, $ctl_extended_dn);
1424                 push(@ctrls_s, "LDAP_SERVER_EXTENDED_DN_OID");
1425         } 
1426         if ($opt_notify) {
1427                 push(@ctrls, $ctl_notification);
1428                 push(@ctrls_s, "LDAP_SERVER_NOTIFICATION_OID");
1429         }
1430         
1431         if ($opt_asq) {
1432                 push(@ctrls, $ctl_asq);
1433                 push(@ctrls_s, "LDAP_SERVER_ASQ_OID");
1434         }
1435         
1436         return @ctrls;
1437 }
1438
1439 sub display_value_generic ($$$) {
1440
1441         my ($mod,$attr,$value) = @_;
1442         return unless (defined($value) and defined($attr));
1443
1444         if ( ! $opt_display_raw && exists $attr_handler{$attr} ) {
1445                 $value = $attr_handler{$attr}($value,$mod);
1446                 write_ads_list($mod,$attr,$value);
1447                 return;
1448         }
1449         write_ads($mod,$attr,$value);
1450 }
1451
1452 sub display_attr_generic ($$$) {
1453
1454         my ($mod,$entry,$attr) = @_;
1455         return if (!$attr || !$entry);
1456
1457         my $ref = $entry->get_value($attr, asref => 1);
1458         my @values = @$ref;
1459
1460         foreach my $value ( sort @values) {
1461                 display_value_generic($mod,$attr,$value);
1462         }
1463 }
1464
1465 sub display_entry_generic ($) {
1466
1467         my $entry = shift;
1468         return if (!$entry);
1469
1470         foreach my $attr ( sort $entry->attributes) {
1471                 display_attr_generic("\t",$entry,$attr);        
1472         }
1473 }
1474
1475 sub display_ldap_err ($) {
1476
1477         my $msg = shift;
1478         print_header();
1479         my ($package, $filename, $line, $subroutine) = caller(0);
1480
1481         print "got error from ADS:\n";
1482         printf("%s(%d): ERROR (%s): %s\n", 
1483                 $subroutine, $line, $msg->code, $msg->error);
1484
1485 }
1486
1487 sub process_result {
1488
1489         my ($msg,$entry) = @_;
1490
1491         if (!defined($msg)) { 
1492                 return; 
1493         }
1494
1495         if ($msg->code) {
1496                 display_ldap_err($msg);
1497                 exit 1;
1498         }
1499
1500         if (!defined($entry)) {
1501                 return;
1502         }
1503
1504         if ($entry->isa('Net::LDAP::Reference')) {
1505                 foreach my $ref ($entry->references) {
1506                         print "\ngot Reference: [$ref]\n";
1507                 }
1508                 return;
1509         }
1510
1511         print "\nfound entry: ".$entry->dn."\n".("-" x 80)."\n";
1512
1513         display_entry_generic($entry);
1514 }
1515
1516 sub default_callback {
1517
1518         my ($res,$obj) = @_;
1519
1520         if (!$opt_notify) {
1521                 return process_result($res,$obj);
1522         } 
1523 }
1524
1525 sub error_callback {
1526
1527         my ($msg,$entry) = @_;
1528
1529         if (!$msg) { 
1530                 return; 
1531         }
1532
1533         if ($msg->code) {
1534                 display_ldap_err($msg);
1535                 exit(1);
1536         }
1537         return;
1538 }
1539
1540 sub notify_callback {
1541
1542         my ($msg, $obj) = @_;
1543
1544         if (! defined($obj)) {
1545                 return;
1546         }
1547
1548         if ($obj->isa('Net::LDAP::Reference')) {
1549                 foreach my $ref ($obj->references) {
1550                         print "\ngot Reference: [$ref]\n";
1551                 }
1552                 return;
1553         }
1554
1555         while (1) {
1556
1557                 my $async_entry = $async_search->pop_entry;
1558
1559                 if (!$async_entry->dn) {
1560                         print "very weird. entry has no dn\n";
1561                         next;
1562                 }
1563         
1564                 printf("\ngot changenotify for dn: [%s]\n%s\n", $async_entry->dn, ("-" x 80));
1565
1566                 my $new_usn = $async_entry->get_value('uSNChanged');
1567                 if (!$usn || $new_usn > $usn) {
1568                         $usn = $new_usn;
1569                         if ($opt_notify_nodiffs) {
1570                                 display_entry_generic($async_entry);
1571                         } else {
1572                                 display_result_diff($async_entry);
1573                         }
1574                 } 
1575                 store_result($async_entry);
1576         }
1577 }
1578
1579 sub do_bind($$) {
1580
1581         my $async_ldap_hd = shift || return undef;
1582         my $sasl_bind = shift;
1583
1584         if ($sasl_bind) {
1585                 if (!$works_sasl) {
1586                         print "this version of Net::LDAP does not have proper SASL support.\n";
1587                         print "Need at least perl-ldap V. $pref_version\n";
1588                 }
1589                 $sasl_hd = get_sasl_hd();
1590                 if (!$sasl_hd) {
1591                         print "failed to create SASL handle\n";
1592                         return -1;
1593                 }
1594                 $mesg = $async_ldap_hd->bind( 
1595                         sasl => $sasl_hd, 
1596                         callback => \&error_callback 
1597                 ) || die "doesnt work"; 
1598         } else {
1599                 $sasl_mech = "";
1600                 $mesg = $async_ldap_hd->bind( 
1601                         $binddn, 
1602                         password => $password, 
1603                         callback => \&error_callback
1604                 ) || die "doesnt work";
1605         };
1606         if ($mesg->code) { 
1607                 display_ldap_err($mesg);
1608                 return -1;
1609         }
1610         return 0;
1611 }
1612
1613 sub do_unbind() {
1614         if ($async_ldap_hd) {
1615                 $async_ldap_hd->unbind;
1616         }
1617         if ($sync_ldap_hd) {
1618                 $sync_ldap_hd->unbind;
1619         }
1620 }
1621
1622 ###############################################################################
1623
1624 sub main () {
1625
1626         $filter = construct_filter($query);
1627         @attrs  = construct_attrs(@attrs);
1628         @ctrls  = gen_controls();
1629         if (check_ctrls($server,$dse,@ctrls) == -1) {
1630                 print "not all required LDAP Controls are supported by this server\n";
1631                 exit 1;
1632         }
1633
1634         if ($opt_dump_rootdse) {
1635                 print "Dumping Root-DSE:\n";
1636                 display_entry_generic($dse);
1637                 exit 0;
1638         }
1639
1640         if ($opt_dump_wknguid) {
1641                 dump_wknguid();
1642                 exit 0;
1643         }
1644
1645         if (do_bind($async_ldap_hd, $sasl_bind) == -1) {
1646                 exit 1;
1647         }
1648
1649         print_header();
1650
1651         if ($opt_dump_schema) {
1652                 print "Dumping Schema:\n";
1653                 my $ads_schema = $async_ldap_hd->schema;
1654                 $ads_schema->dump;
1655                 exit 0;
1656         }
1657
1658         while (1) {
1659
1660                 $async_search = $async_ldap_hd->search( 
1661                         base => $base, 
1662                         filter => $filter, 
1663                         attrs => [ @attrs ],
1664                         control => [ @ctrls ], 
1665                         callback => \&default_callback,
1666                         scope => $scope,
1667                                 ) || die "cannot search";
1668
1669                 if ($opt_notify) {
1670
1671                         print "Base [$base] is registered now for change-notify\n";
1672                         print "\nWaiting for change-notify...\n";
1673
1674                         my $sync_ldap_hd = get_ldap_hd($server,0);
1675                         if (do_bind($sync_ldap_hd, $sasl_bind) == -1) {
1676                                 exit 2;
1677                         }
1678
1679                         my $sync_search = $sync_ldap_hd->search( 
1680                                 base => $base, 
1681                                 filter => $filter, 
1682                                 attrs => [ @attrs ],
1683                                 callback => \&notify_callback,
1684                                 scope => $scope,
1685                                 ) || die "cannot search";
1686
1687                 }
1688
1689                 $total_entry_count += $async_search->count;
1690                 ++$page_count;
1691                 print "-" x 80 . "\n";
1692                 printf("Got %d Entries in Page %d \n\n", 
1693                         $async_search->count, $page_count);
1694                 my ($resp) = $async_search->control( 
1695                         $ads_controls{'LDAP_PAGED_RESULT_OID_STRING'} ) or last;
1696                 last unless ref $resp && $ctl_paged->cookie($resp->cookie);
1697         }
1698
1699         if ($async_search->entries == 0) {
1700                 print "No entries found with filter $filter\n";
1701         } else {
1702                 print "Got $total_entry_count Entries in $page_count Pages\n" if ($paging);
1703         }
1704
1705         do_unbind()
1706 }
1707
1708 main();
1709
1710 exit 0;