adssearch: dump some more nttime timestamps.
[bbaumbach/samba-autobuild/.git] / examples / misc / adssearch.pl
1 #!/usr/bin/perl -w
2
3 # adssearch.pl  - query an Active Directory server and
4 #                 display objects in a human readable format
5 #
6 # Copyright (C) Guenther Deschner <gd@samba.org> 2003-2008
7 #
8 # TODO: add range retrieval
9 #       write sddl-converter, decode userParameters
10 #       apparently only win2k3 allows simple-binds with machine-accounts.
11 #       make sasl support independent from Authen::SASL::Cyrus v >0.11
12 use strict;
13
14 use Net::LDAP;
15 use Net::LDAP::Control;
16 use Net::LDAP::Constant qw(LDAP_REFERRAL);
17 use Convert::ASN1;
18 use Time::Local;
19 use POSIX qw(strftime);
20 use Getopt::Long;
21
22 my $have_sasl;
23 my $works_sasl;
24 my $pref_version;
25 BEGIN {
26         my $class = 'Authen::SASL';
27         $pref_version = "0.32";
28         if ( eval "require $class;" ) {
29                 $have_sasl = 1;
30         }
31         if ( eval "Net::LDAP->VERSION($pref_version);" ) {
32                 $works_sasl = 1;
33         }
34 }
35
36 # users may set defaults here
37 my $base        = "";
38 my $binddn      = "";
39 my $password    = "";
40 my $server      = "";
41 my $rebind_url;
42
43
44 my $tdbdump     = "/usr/bin/tdbdump";
45 my $testparm    = "/usr/bin/testparm";
46 my $net         = "/usr/bin/net";
47 my $dig         = "/usr/bin/dig";
48 my $nmblookup   = "/usr/bin/nmblookup";
49 my $secrets_tdb = "/etc/samba/secrets.tdb";
50 my $klist       = "/usr/bin/klist";
51 my $kinit       = "/usr/bin/kinit";
52 my $workgroup   = "";
53 my $machine     = "";
54 my $realm       = "";
55
56 # parse input
57 my (
58         $opt_asq,
59         $opt_base, 
60         $opt_binddn,
61         $opt_debug,
62         $opt_display_extendeddn,
63         $opt_display_metadata,
64         $opt_display_raw,
65         $opt_domain_scope,
66         $opt_dump_rootdse,
67         $opt_dump_schema,
68         $opt_dump_wknguid,
69         $opt_fastbind,
70         $opt_help, 
71         $opt_host, 
72         $opt_machine,
73         $opt_notify, 
74         $opt_notify_nodiffs,
75         $opt_paging,
76         $opt_password,
77         $opt_port,
78         $opt_realm,
79         $opt_saslmech,
80         $opt_search_opt,
81         $opt_scope, 
82         $opt_simpleauth,
83         $opt_starttls,
84         $opt_user,
85         $opt_verbose,
86         $opt_workgroup,
87 );
88
89 GetOptions(
90         'asq=s'         => \$opt_asq,
91         'base|b=s'      => \$opt_base,
92         'D|DN=s'        => \$opt_binddn,
93         'debug=i'       => \$opt_debug,
94         'domain_scope'  => \$opt_domain_scope,
95         'extendeddn|e:i'        => \$opt_display_extendeddn,
96         'fastbind'      => \$opt_fastbind,
97         'help'          => \$opt_help,
98         'host|h=s'      => \$opt_host,
99         'machine|P'     => \$opt_machine,
100         'metadata|m'    => \$opt_display_metadata,
101         'nodiffs'       => \$opt_notify_nodiffs,
102         'notify|n'      => \$opt_notify,
103         'paging:i'      => \$opt_paging,
104         'password|w=s'  => \$opt_password,
105         'port=i'        => \$opt_port,
106         'rawdisplay'    => \$opt_display_raw,
107         'realm|R=s'     => \$opt_realm,
108         'rootDSE'       => \$opt_dump_rootdse,
109         'saslmech|Y=s'  => \$opt_saslmech,
110         'schema|c'      => \$opt_dump_schema,
111         'scope|s=s'     => \$opt_scope,
112         'searchopt:i'   => \$opt_search_opt,
113         'simpleauth|x'  => \$opt_simpleauth,
114         'tls|Z'         => \$opt_starttls,
115         'user|U=s'      => \$opt_user,
116         'verbose|v'     => \$opt_verbose,
117         'wknguid'       => \$opt_dump_wknguid,
118         'workgroup|k=s' => \$opt_workgroup,
119         );
120
121
122 if (!@ARGV && !$opt_dump_schema && !$opt_dump_rootdse && !$opt_notify || $opt_help) {
123         usage();
124         exit 1;
125 }
126
127 if ($opt_fastbind && !$opt_simpleauth) {
128         printf("LDAP fast bind can only be performed with simple binds\n");
129         exit 1;
130 }
131
132 if ($opt_notify) {
133         $opt_paging = undef;
134 }
135
136 # get the query
137 my $query       = shift;
138 my @attrs       = @ARGV;
139
140 # some global vars
141 my $filter = "";
142 my ($dse, $uri);
143 my ($attr, $value);
144 my (@ctrls, @ctrls_s);
145 my ($ctl_paged, $cookie);
146 my ($page_count, $total_entry_count);
147 my ($sasl_hd, $async_ldap_hd, $sync_ldap_hd);
148 my ($mesg, $usn);
149 my (%entry_store);
150 my $async_search;
151
152 # fixed values and vars
153 my $set         = "X";
154 my $unset       = "-";
155 my $tabsize     = "\t\t\t";
156
157 # get defaults
158 my $scope       = $opt_scope    || "sub"; 
159 my $port        = $opt_port;
160
161 my %ads_controls = (
162 "LDAP_SERVER_NOTIFICATION_OID"          => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.528",
163 "LDAP_SERVER_EXTENDED_DN_OID"           => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.529",
164 "LDAP_PAGED_RESULT_OID_STRING"          => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.319",
165 "LDAP_SERVER_SD_FLAGS_OID"              => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.801",
166 "LDAP_SERVER_SORT_OID"                  => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.473",
167 "LDAP_SERVER_RESP_SORT_OID"             => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.474",
168 "LDAP_CONTROL_VLVREQUEST"               => "2.16.840.1.113730.3.4.9",
169 "LDAP_CONTROL_VLVRESPONSE"              => "2.16.840.1.113730.3.4.10",
170 "LDAP_SERVER_RANGE_RETRIEVAL"           => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.802", #unsure
171 "LDAP_SERVER_SHOW_DELETED_OID"          => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.417",
172 "LDAP_SERVER_CROSSDOM_MOVE_TARGET_OID"  => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.521",
173 "LDAP_SERVER_LAZY_COMMIT_OID"           => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.619",
174 "LDAP_SERVER_TREE_DELETE_OID"           => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.805",
175 "LDAP_SERVER_DIRSYNC_OID"               => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.841",
176 "LDAP_SERVER_VERIFY_NAME_OID"           => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1338",
177 "LDAP_SERVER_DOMAIN_SCOPE_OID"          => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1339",
178 "LDAP_SERVER_SEARCH_OPTIONS_OID"        => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1340",
179 "LDAP_SERVER_PERMISSIVE_MODIFY_OID"     => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1413",
180 "LDAP_SERVER_ASQ_OID"                   => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1504",
181 "NONE (Get stats control)"              => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.970",
182 "LDAP_SERVER_QUOTA_CONTROL_OID"         => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1852",
183 "LDAP_SERVER_SHUTDOWN_NOTIFY_OID"       => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1907",
184 );
185
186 my %ads_capabilities = (
187 "LDAP_CAP_ACTIVE_DIRECTORY_OID"         => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.800",
188 "LDAP_CAP_ACTIVE_DIRECTORY_V51_OID"     => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1670",
189 "LDAP_CAP_ACTIVE_DIRECTORY_LDAP_INTEG_OID" => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1791",
190 );
191
192 my %ads_extensions = (
193 "LDAP_START_TLS_OID"                    => "1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.20037",
194 "LDAP_TTL_EXTENDED_OP_OID"              => "1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.101.119.1",
195 "LDAP_SERVER_FAST_BIND_OID"             => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.1781", 
196 "NONE (TTL refresh extended op)"        => "1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.101.119.1",
197 );
198
199 my %ads_matching_rules = (
200 "LDAP_MATCHING_RULE_BIT_AND"            => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.803",
201 "LDAP_MATCHING_RULE_BIT_OR"             => "1.2.840.113556.1.4.804",
202 );
203
204 my %wknguids = (
205 "WELL_KNOWN_GUID_COMPUTERS"             => "AA312825768811D1ADED00C04FD8D5CD",
206 "WELL_KNOWN_GUID_DOMAIN_CONTROLLERS"    => "A361B2FFFFD211D1AA4B00C04FD7D83A",
207 "WELL_KNOWN_GUID_SYSTEM"                => "AB1D30F3768811D1ADED00C04FD8D5CD",
208 "WELL_KNOWN_GUID_USERS"                 => "A9D1CA15768811D1ADED00C04FD8D5CD",
209 );
210
211 my %ads_systemflags = (
212 "FLAG_DONT_REPLICATE"                   => 0x00000001,  # 1
213 "FLAG_REPLICATE_TO_GC"                  => 0x00000002,  # 2
214 "FLAG_ATTRIBUTE_CONSTRUCT"              => 0x00000004,  # 4
215 "FLAG_CATEGORY_1_OBJECT"                => 0x00000010,  # 16
216 "FLAG_DELETE_WITHOUT_TOMBSTONE"         => 0x02000000,  # 33554432
217 "FLAG_DOMAIN_DISALLOW_MOVE"             => 0x04000000,  # 67108864
218 "FLAG_DOMAIN_DISALLOW_RENAME"           => 0x08000000,  # 134217728
219 #"FLAG_CONFIG_CAN_MOVE_RESTRICTED"      => 0x10000000,  # 268435456     # only setable on creation
220 #"FLAG_CONFIG_CAN_MOVE"                 => 0x20000000,  # 536870912     # only setable on creation
221 #"FLAG_CONFIG_CAN_RENAME"               => 0x40000000,  # 1073741824    # only setable on creation
222 "FLAG_DISALLOW_DELETE"                  => 0x80000000,  # 2147483648
223 );
224
225 my %ads_mixed_domain = (
226 "NATIVE_LEVEL_DOMAIN"                   => 0,
227 "MIXED_LEVEL_DOMAIN"                    => 1,
228 );
229
230 my %ads_ds_func = (
231 "DS_BEHAVIOR_WIN2000"                   => 0,   # untested
232 "DS_BEHAVIOR_WIN2003"                   => 2,
233 "DS_BEHAVIOR_WIN2008"                   => 3,
234 );
235
236 my %ads_instance_type = (
237 "DS_INSTANCETYPE_IS_NC_HEAD"            => 0x1,
238 "IT_WRITE"                              => 0x4,
239 "IT_NC_ABOVE"                           => 0x8,
240 );
241
242 my %ads_uacc = (
243         "ACCOUNT_NEVER_EXPIRES"         => 0x000000, # 0 
244         "ACCOUNT_OK"                    => 0x800000, # 8388608
245         "ACCOUNT_LOCKED_OUT"            => 0x800010, # 8388624
246 );
247
248 my %ads_enctypes = (
249         "DES-CBC-CRC"                           => 0x01,
250         "DES-CBC-MD5"                           => 0x02,
251         "RC4_HMAC_MD5"                          => 0x04,
252         "AES128_CTS_HMAC_SHA1_96"               => 0x08,
253         "AES128_CTS_HMAC_SHA1_128"              => 0x10,
254 );
255
256 my %ads_gpoptions = (
257         "GPOPTIONS_INHERIT"             => 0,
258         "GPOPTIONS_BLOCK_INHERITANCE"   => 1,
259 );
260
261 my %ads_gplink_opts = (
262         "GPLINK_OPT_NONE"               => 0,
263         "GPLINK_OPT_DISABLED"           => 1,
264         "GPLINK_OPT_ENFORCED"           => 2,
265 );
266
267 my %ads_gpflags = (
268         "GPFLAGS_ALL_ENABLED"                   => 0,
269         "GPFLAGS_USER_SETTINGS_DISABLED"        => 1,
270         "GPFLAGS_MACHINE_SETTINGS_DISABLED"     => 2,
271         "GPFLAGS_ALL_DISABLED"                  => 3,
272 );
273
274 my %ads_serverstate = (
275         "SERVER_ENABLED"                => 1,
276         "SERVER_DISABLED"               => 2,
277 );
278
279 my %ads_sdeffective = (
280         "OWNER_SECURITY_INFORMATION"    => 0x01,
281         "DACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION"     => 0x04,
282         "SACL_SECURITY_INFORMATION"     => 0x10,
283 );
284
285 my %ads_trustattrs = (
286         "TRUST_ATTRIBUTE_NON_TRANSITIVE"        => 1,
287         "TRUST_ATTRIBUTE_TREE_PARENT"           => 2,
288         "TRUST_ATTRIBUTE_TREE_ROOT"             => 3,
289         "TRUST_ATTRIBUTE_UPLEVEL_ONLY"          => 4,
290 );
291
292 my %ads_trustdirection = (
293         "TRUST_DIRECTION_INBOUND"               => 1,
294         "TRUST_DIRECTION_OUTBOUND"              => 2,
295         "TRUST_DIRECTION_BIDIRECTIONAL"         => 3,
296 );
297
298 my %ads_trusttype = (
299         "TRUST_TYPE_DOWNLEVEL"                  => 1,
300         "TRUST_TYPE_UPLEVEL"                    => 2,
301         "TRUST_TYPE_KERBEROS"                   => 3,
302         "TRUST_TYPE_DCE"                        => 4,
303 );
304
305 my %ads_pwdproperties = (
306         "DOMAIN_PASSWORD_COMPLEX"               => 1, 
307         "DOMAIN_PASSWORD_NO_ANON_CHANGE"        => 2, 
308         "DOMAIN_PASSWORD_NO_CLEAR_CHANGE"       => 4, 
309         "DOMAIN_LOCKOUT_ADMINS"                 => 8, 
310         "DOMAIN_PASSWORD_STORE_CLEARTEXT"       => 16, 
311         "DOMAIN_REFUSE_PASSWORD_CHANGE"         => 32,
312 );
313
314 my %ads_uascompat = (
315         "LANMAN_USER_ACCOUNT_SYSTEM_NOLIMITS"   => 0,
316         "LANMAN_USER_ACCOUNT_SYSTEM_COMPAT"     => 1,
317 );
318
319 my %ads_frstypes = (
320         "REPLICA_SET_SYSVOL"            => 2,   # unsure
321         "REPLICA_SET_DFS"               => 1,   # unsure
322         "REPLICA_SET_OTHER"             => 0,   # unsure
323 );
324
325 my %ads_gp_cse_extensions = (
326 "Administrative Templates Extension"    => "35378EAC-683F-11D2-A89A-00C04FBBCFA2",
327 "Disk Quotas"                           => "3610EDA5-77EF-11D2-8DC5-00C04FA31A66",
328 "EFS Recovery"                          => "B1BE8D72-6EAC-11D2-A4EA-00C04F79F83A",
329 "Folder Redirection"                    => "25537BA6-77A8-11D2-9B6C-0000F8080861",
330 "IP Security"                           => "E437BC1C-AA7D-11D2-A382-00C04F991E27",
331 "Internet Explorer Maintenance"         => "A2E30F80-D7DE-11d2-BBDE-00C04F86AE3B",
332 "QoS Packet Scheduler"                  => "426031c0-0b47-4852-b0ca-ac3d37bfcb39",
333 "Scripts"                               => "42B5FAAE-6536-11D2-AE5A-0000F87571E3",
334 "Security"                              => "827D319E-6EAC-11D2-A4EA-00C04F79F83A",
335 "Software Installation"                 => "C6DC5466-785A-11D2-84D0-00C04FB169F7",
336 );
337
338 # guess work
339 my %ads_gpcextensions = (
340 "Administrative Templates"              => "0F6B957D-509E-11D1-A7CC-0000F87571E3",
341 "Certificates"                          => "53D6AB1D-2488-11D1-A28C-00C04FB94F17",
342 "EFS recovery policy processing"        => "B1BE8D72-6EAC-11D2-A4EA-00C04F79F83A",
343 "Folder Redirection policy processing"  => "25537BA6-77A8-11D2-9B6C-0000F8080861",
344 "Folder Redirection"                    => "88E729D6-BDC1-11D1-BD2A-00C04FB9603F",
345 "Registry policy processing"            => "35378EAC-683F-11D2-A89A-00C04FBBCFA2",
346 "Remote Installation Services"          => "3060E8CE-7020-11D2-842D-00C04FA372D4",
347 "Security Settings"                     => "803E14A0-B4FB-11D0-A0D0-00A0C90F574B",
348 "Security policy processing"            => "827D319E-6EAC-11D2-A4EA-00C04F79F83A",
349 "unknown"                               => "3060E8D0-7020-11D2-842D-00C04FA372D4",
350 "unknown2"                              => "53D6AB1B-2488-11D1-A28C-00C04FB94F17",
351 );
352
353 my %ads_gpo_default_guids = (
354 "Default Domain Policy"                 => "31B2F340-016D-11D2-945F-00C04FB984F9",
355 "Default Domain Controllers Policy"     => "6AC1786C-016F-11D2-945F-00C04fB984F9",
356 "mist"                                  => "61718096-3D3F-4398-8318-203A48976F9E",
357 );
358
359 my %ads_uf = (
360         "UF_SCRIPT"                             => 0x00000001,
361         "UF_ACCOUNTDISABLE"                     => 0x00000002,
362 #       "UF_UNUSED_1"                           => 0x00000004,
363         "UF_HOMEDIR_REQUIRED"                   => 0x00000008,
364         "UF_LOCKOUT"                            => 0x00000010,
365         "UF_PASSWD_NOTREQD"                     => 0x00000020,
366         "UF_PASSWD_CANT_CHANGE"                 => 0x00000040,
367         "UF_ENCRYPTED_TEXT_PASSWORD_ALLOWED"    => 0x00000080,
368         "UF_TEMP_DUPLICATE_ACCOUNT"             => 0x00000100,
369         "UF_NORMAL_ACCOUNT"                     => 0x00000200,
370 #       "UF_UNUSED_2"                           => 0x00000400,
371         "UF_INTERDOMAIN_TRUST_ACCOUNT"          => 0x00000800,
372         "UF_WORKSTATION_TRUST_ACCOUNT"          => 0x00001000,
373         "UF_SERVER_TRUST_ACCOUNT"               => 0x00002000,
374 #       "UF_UNUSED_3"                           => 0x00004000,
375 #       "UF_UNUSED_4"                           => 0x00008000,
376         "UF_DONT_EXPIRE_PASSWD"                 => 0x00010000,
377         "UF_MNS_LOGON_ACCOUNT"                  => 0x00020000,
378         "UF_SMARTCARD_REQUIRED"                 => 0x00040000,
379         "UF_TRUSTED_FOR_DELEGATION"             => 0x00080000,
380         "UF_NOT_DELEGATED"                      => 0x00100000,
381         "UF_USE_DES_KEY_ONLY"                   => 0x00200000,
382         "UF_DONT_REQUIRE_PREAUTH"               => 0x00400000,
383         "UF_PASSWORD_EXPIRED"                   => 0x00800000,
384         "UF_TRUSTED_TO_AUTHENTICATE_FOR_DELEGATION" => 0x01000000,
385         "UF_NO_AUTH_DATA_REQUIRED"              => 0x02000000,
386 #       "UF_UNUSED_8"                           => 0x04000000,
387 #       "UF_UNUSED_9"                           => 0x08000000,
388 #       "UF_UNUSED_10"                          => 0x10000000,
389 #       "UF_UNUSED_11"                          => 0x20000000,
390 #       "UF_UNUSED_12"                          => 0x40000000,
391 #       "UF_UNUSED_13"                          => 0x80000000,
392 );
393
394 my %ads_grouptype = (
395         "GROUP_TYPE_BUILTIN_LOCAL_GROUP"        => 0x00000001,
396         "GROUP_TYPE_ACCOUNT_GROUP"              => 0x00000002,
397         "GROUP_TYPE_RESOURCE_GROUP"             => 0x00000004,
398         "GROUP_TYPE_UNIVERSAL_GROUP"            => 0x00000008,
399         "GROUP_TYPE_APP_BASIC_GROUP"            => 0x00000010,
400         "GROUP_TYPE_APP_QUERY_GROUP"            => 0x00000020,
401         "GROUP_TYPE_SECURITY_ENABLED"           => 0x80000000,
402 );
403
404 my %ads_atype = (
405         "ATYPE_NORMAL_ACCOUNT"                  => 0x30000000,
406         "ATYPE_WORKSTATION_TRUST"               => 0x30000001,
407         "ATYPE_INTERDOMAIN_TRUST"               => 0x30000002,
408         "ATYPE_SECURITY_GLOBAL_GROUP"           => 0x10000000,
409         "ATYPE_DISTRIBUTION_GLOBAL_GROUP"       => 0x10000001,
410         "ATYPE_DISTRIBUTION_UNIVERSAL_GROUP"    => 0x10000001, # ATYPE_DISTRIBUTION_GLOBAL_GROUP
411         "ATYPE_SECURITY_LOCAL_GROUP"            => 0x20000000,
412         "ATYPE_DISTRIBUTION_LOCAL_GROUP"        => 0x20000001,
413         "ATYPE_ACCOUNT"                         => 0x30000000, # ATYPE_NORMAL_ACCOUNT
414         "ATYPE_GLOBAL_GROUP"                    => 0x10000000, # ATYPE_SECURITY_GLOBAL_GROUP
415         "ATYPE_LOCAL_GROUP"                     => 0x20000000, # ATYPE_SECURITY_LOCAL_GROUP
416 );
417
418 my %ads_gtype = (
419         "GTYPE_SECURITY_BUILTIN_LOCAL_GROUP"    => 0x80000005,
420         "GTYPE_SECURITY_DOMAIN_LOCAL_GROUP"     => 0x80000004,
421         "GTYPE_SECURITY_GLOBAL_GROUP"           => 0x80000002,
422         "GTYPE_SECURITY_UNIVERSAL_GROUP"        => 0x80000008,
423         "GTYPE_DISTRIBUTION_GLOBAL_GROUP"       => 0x00000002,
424         "GTYPE_DISTRIBUTION_DOMAIN_LOCAL_GROUP" => 0x00000004,
425         "GTYPE_DISTRIBUTION_UNIVERSAL_GROUP"    => 0x00000008,
426 );
427
428 my %munged_dial = (
429         "CtxCfgPresent"         => \&dump_int,
430         "CtxCfgFlags1"          => \&dump_int,
431         "CtxCallback"           => \&dump_string,
432         "CtxShadow"             => \&dump_string,
433         "CtxMaxConnectionTime"  => \&dump_int,
434         "CtxMaxDisconnectionTime"=> \&dump_int,
435         "CtxMaxIdleTime"        => \&dump_int,
436         "CtxKeyboardLayout"     => \&dump_int,
437         "CtxMinEncryptionLevel" => \&dump_int,
438         "CtxWorkDirectory"      => \&dump_string,
439         "CtxNWLogonServer"      => \&dump_string,
440         "CtxWFHomeDir"          => \&dump_string,
441         "CtxWFHomeDirDrive"     => \&dump_string,
442         "CtxWFProfilePath"      => \&dump_string,
443         "CtxInitialProgram"     => \&dump_string,
444         "CtxCallbackNumber"     => \&dump_string,
445 );
446
447 $SIG{__WARN__} = sub {
448         use Carp;
449         Carp::cluck (shift);
450 };
451
452 # if there is data missing, we try to autodetect with samba-tools (if installed)
453 # this might fill up workgroup, machine, realm
454 get_samba_info();
455
456 # get a workgroup
457 $workgroup      = $workgroup || $opt_workgroup || "";
458
459 # get the server
460 $server         = process_servername($opt_host) || 
461                   detect_server($workgroup,$opt_realm) || 
462                   die "please define server to query with -h host\n";
463
464
465 # get the base
466 $base           = defined($opt_base)? $opt_base : "" || 
467                   get_base_from_rootdse($server,$dse);
468
469 # get the realm
470 $realm          = $opt_realm || 
471                   get_realm_from_rootdse($server,$dse);
472
473 # get sasl mechs
474 my @sasl_mechs  = get_sasl_mechs_from_rootdse($server,$dse);
475 my $sasl_mech   = "GSSAPI";
476 if ($opt_saslmech) {
477         $sasl_mech = sprintf("%s", (check_sasl_mech($opt_saslmech) == 0)?uc($opt_saslmech):"");
478 }
479
480 # set bind type
481 my $sasl_bind = 1 if (!$opt_simpleauth);
482
483 # get username
484 my $user        = check_user($opt_user) || $ENV{'USER'} || "";
485
486 # gen upn
487 my $upn         = sprintf("%s", gen_upn($opt_machine ? "$machine\$" : $user, $realm));
488
489 # get binddn
490 $binddn         = $opt_binddn || $upn;
491
492 # get the password
493 $password       = $password || $opt_password;
494 if (!$password) {
495         $password = $opt_machine ? get_machine_password($workgroup) : get_password();
496 }
497
498 my %attr_handler = (
499         "Token-Groups-No-GC-Acceptable" => \&dump_sid,  #wrong name
500         "accountExpires"                => \&dump_nttime,
501         "attributeSecurityGUID"         => \&dump_guid,
502         "badPasswordTime"               => \&dump_nttime,                       
503         "creationTime"                  => \&dump_nttime,
504         "currentTime"                   => \&dump_timestr,
505         "domainControllerFunctionality" => \&dump_ds_func,
506         "domainFunctionality"           => \&dump_ds_func,
507         "fRSReplicaSetGUID"             => \&dump_guid,
508         "fRSReplicaSetType"             => \&dump_frstype,
509         "fRSVersionGUID"                => \&dump_guid,
510         "flags"                         => \&dump_gpflags,      # fixme: possibly only on gpos!
511         "forceLogoff"                   => \&dump_nttime_abs,
512         "forestFunctionality"           => \&dump_ds_func,
513 #       "gPCMachineExtensionNames"      => \&dump_gpcextensions,
514 #       "gPCUserExtensionNames"         => \&dump_gpcextensions,
515         "gPLink"                        => \&dump_gplink,
516         "gPOptions"                     => \&dump_gpoptions,
517         "groupType"                     => \&dump_gtype,
518         "instanceType"                  => \&dump_instance_type,
519         "lastLogon"                     => \&dump_nttime,
520         "lastLogonTimestamp"            => \&dump_nttime,
521         "lastSetTime"                   => \&dump_nttime,
522         "lockOutObservationWindow"      => \&dump_nttime_abs,
523         "lockoutDuration"               => \&dump_nttime_abs,
524         "lockoutTime"                   => \&dump_nttime,
525 #       "logonHours"                    => \&dump_logonhours,
526         "maxPwdAge"                     => \&dump_nttime_abs,
527         "minPwdAge"                     => \&dump_nttime_abs,
528         "modifyTimeStamp"               => \&dump_timestr,
529         "msDS-Behavior-Version"         => \&dump_ds_func,      #unsure
530         "msDS-User-Account-Control-Computed" => \&dump_uacc,
531         "msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes" => \&dump_enctypes,
532         "mS-DS-CreatorSID"              => \&dump_sid,
533 #       "msRADIUSFramedIPAddress"       => \&dump_ipaddr,
534 #       "msRASSavedFramedIPAddress"     => \&dump_ipaddr,
535         "netbootGUID"                   => \&dump_guid,
536         "nTMixedDomain"                 => \&dump_mixed_domain,
537         "nTSecurityDescriptor"          => \&dump_secdesc,
538         "objectGUID"                    => \&dump_guid,
539         "objectSid"                     => \&dump_sid,
540         "pKT"                           => \&dump_pkt,
541         "pKTGuid"                       => \&dump_guid,
542         "priorSetTime"                  => \&dump_nttime,
543         "pwdLastSet"                    => \&dump_nttime,
544         "pwdProperties"                 => \&dump_pwdproperties,
545         "sAMAccountType"                => \&dump_atype,
546         "schemaIDGUID"                  => \&dump_guid,
547         "sDRightsEffective"             => \&dump_sdeffective,
548         "securityIdentifier"            => \&dump_sid,
549         "serverState"                   => \&dump_serverstate,
550         "supportedCapabilities",        => \&dump_capabilities,
551         "supportedControl",             => \&dump_controls,
552         "supportedExtension",           => \&dump_extension,
553         "systemFlags"                   => \&dump_systemflags,
554         "tokenGroups",                  => \&dump_sid,
555         "tokenGroupsGlobalAndUniversal" => \&dump_sid,
556         "tokenGroupsNoGCAcceptable"     => \&dump_sid,
557         "trustAttributes"               => \&dump_trustattr,
558         "trustDirection"                => \&dump_trustdirection,
559         "trustType"                     => \&dump_trusttype,
560         "uASCompat"                     => \&dump_uascompat,
561         "userAccountControl"            => \&dump_uac,
562         "userCertificate"               => \&dump_cert,
563         "userFlags"                     => \&dump_uf,
564         "userParameters"                => \&dump_munged_dial,
565         "whenChanged"                   => \&dump_timestr,
566         "whenCreated"                   => \&dump_timestr,
567 #       "dSCorePropagationData"         => \&dump_timestr,
568 );
569
570
571
572 ################
573 # subfunctions #
574 ################
575
576 sub usage {
577         print "usage: $0 [--asq] [--base|-b base] [--debug level] [--debug level] [--DN|-D binddn] [--extendeddn|-e] [--help] [--host|-h host] [--machine|-P] [--metadata|-m] [--nodiffs] [--notify|-n] [--password|-w password] [--port port] [--rawdisplay] [--realm|-R realm] [--rootdse] [--saslmech|-Y saslmech] [--schema|-c] [--scope|-s scope] [--simpleauth|-x] [--starttls|-Z] [--user|-U user] [--wknguid] [--workgroup|-k workgroup] filter [attrs]\n";
578         print "\t--asq [attribute]\n\t\tAttribute to use for a attribute scoped query (LDAP_SERVER_ASQ_OID)\n";
579         print "\t--base|-b [base]\n\t\tUse base [base]\n";
580         print "\t--debug [level]\n\t\tUse debuglevel (for Net::LDAP)\n";
581         print "\t--domain_scope\n\t\tLimit LDAP search to local domain (LDAP_SERVER_DOMAIN_SCOPE_OID)\n";
582         print "\t--DN|-D [binddn]\n\t\tUse binddn or principal\n";
583         print "\t--extendeddn|-e [value]\n\t\tDisplay extended dn (LDAP_SERVER_EXTENDED_DN_OID)\n";
584         print "\t--fastbind\n\t\tDo LDAP fast bind using LDAP_SERVER_FAST_BIND_OID extension\n";
585         print "\t--help\n\t\tDisplay help page\n";
586         print "\t--host|-h [host]\n\t\tQuery Host [host] (either a hostname or an LDAP uri)\n";
587         print "\t--machine|-P\n\t\tUse samba3 machine account stored in $secrets_tdb (needs root access)\n";
588         print "\t--metdata|-m\n\t\tDisplay replication metadata\n";
589         print "\t--nodiffs\n\t\tDisplay no diffs but full entry dump when running in notify mode\n";
590         print "\t--notify|-n\n\t\tActivate asynchronous change notification (LDAP_SERVER_NOTIFICATION_OID)\n";
591         print "\t--paging [pagesize]\n\t\tUse paged results when searching\n";
592         print "\t--password|-w [password]\n\t\tUse [password] for binddn\n";
593         print "\t--port [port]\n\t\tUse [port] when connecting ADS\n";
594         print "\t--rawdisplay\n\t\tDo not interpret values\n";
595         print "\t--realm|-R [realm]\n\t\tUse [realm] when trying to construct bind-principal\n";
596         print "\t--rootdse\n\t\tDisplay RootDSE (anonymously)\n";
597         print "\t--saslmech|-Y [saslmech]\n\t\tUse SASL Mechanism [saslmech] when binding\n";
598         print "\t--schema|-c\n\t\tDisplay DSE-Schema\n";
599         print "\t--scope|-s [scope]\n\t\tUse scope [scope] (sub, base, one)\n";
600         print "\t--simpleauth|-x\n\t\tUse simple bind (otherwise SASL binds are performed)\n";
601         print "\t--starttls|-Z\n\t\tUse Start TLS extended operation to secure LDAP traffic\n";
602         print "\t--user|-U [user]\n\t\tUse [user]\n";
603         print "\t--wknguid\n\t\tDisplay well known guids\n";
604         print "\t--workgroup|-k [workgroup]\n\t\tWhen LDAP-Server is not known try to find a Domain-Controller for [workgroup]\n";
605 }
606
607 sub write_ads_list {
608         my ($mod,$attr,$value) = @_;
609         my $ofh = select(STDOUT);
610         $~ = "ADS_LIST";
611         select($ofh);
612         write();
613
614 format ADS_LIST =
615 @<<<< @>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>: @*
616 $mod, $attr, $value
617 .
618 }
619
620 sub write_ads {
621         my ($mod,$attr,$value) = @_;
622         my $ofh = select(STDOUT);
623         $~ = "ADS";
624         select($ofh);
625         write();
626
627 format ADS =
628 @<<<< @>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>: ^<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
629 $mod, $attr, $value
630 ~~                              ^<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
631                                 $value
632 .
633 }
634
635 sub detect_server {
636
637         my $workgroup = shift;
638         my $realm = shift;
639         my $result;
640         my $found;
641
642         # try net cache (nbt records)
643         if ( -x $net && $workgroup ) {
644                 my $key = sprintf("NBT/%s#1C", uc($workgroup));
645                 chomp($result = `$net cache search $key 2>&1 /dev/null`);
646                 $result =~ s/^.*Value: //;
647                 $result =~ s/:.*//;
648                 return $result if $result;
649                 printf("%10s query failed for [%s]\n", "net cache", $key);
650         }
651
652         # try dns SRV entries
653         if ( -x $dig && $realm ) {
654                 my $key = sprintf("_ldap._tcp.%s", lc($realm));
655                 chomp($result = `$dig $key SRV +short +search | egrep "^[0-9]" | head -1`);
656                 $result =~ s/.* //g;
657                 $result =~ s/.$//g;
658                 return $result if $result;
659                 printf("%10s query failed for [%s]\n", "dns", $key);
660         }
661
662         # try netbios broadcast query
663         if ( -x $nmblookup && $workgroup ) {
664                 my $key = sprintf("%s#1C", uc($workgroup));
665                 my $pattern = sprintf("%s<1c>", uc($workgroup));
666                 chomp($result = `$nmblookup $key -d 0 | grep '$pattern'`);
667                 $result =~ s/\s.*//;
668                 return $result if $result;
669                 printf("%10s query failed for [%s]\n", "nmblookup", $key);
670         }
671
672         return "";
673 }
674
675 sub get_samba_info {
676
677         if (! -x $testparm) { return -1; }
678         
679         my $tmp;
680         open(TESTPARM, "$testparm -s -v 2> /dev/null |");
681         while (my $line = <TESTPARM>) {
682                 chomp($line);
683                 if ($line =~ /netbios name/) {
684                         ($tmp, $machine) = split(/=/, $line);
685                         $machine =~ s/\s+|\t+//g;
686                 }
687                 if ($line =~ /realm/) {
688                         ($tmp, $realm) = split(/=/, $line);
689                         $realm =~ s/\s+|\t+//g;
690                 }
691                 if ($line =~ /workgroup/) {
692                         ($tmp, $workgroup) = split(/=/, $line);
693                         $workgroup =~ s/\s+|\t+//g;
694                 }
695         }
696         close(TESTPARM);
697         return 0;
698 }
699
700 sub gen_upn {
701         my $machine = shift;
702         my $realm = shift;
703         if ($machine && $realm) {
704                 return sprintf("%s\@%s", lc($machine), uc($realm));
705         };
706         return undef;
707 }
708
709 sub get_password {
710         if (!$password && $opt_simpleauth && check_ticket($user)) {
711                 return prompt_password($user);
712         }
713         return "";
714 }
715
716 sub get_user {
717         my $user = shift || prompt_user();
718         return $user;
719 }
720
721 sub get_machine_password {
722
723         my $workgroup = shift || "";
724         $workgroup = uc($workgroup);
725
726         my ($found, $tmp);
727         -x $tdbdump || die "tdbdump is not installed. cannot proceed autodetection\n";
728         -r $secrets_tdb || die "cannot read $secrets_tdb. cannot proceed autodetection\n";
729
730         # get machine-password
731         my $key = sprintf("SECRETS/MACHINE_PASSWORD/%s", $workgroup);
732         open(SECRETS,"$tdbdump $secrets_tdb |");
733         while(my $line = <SECRETS>) {
734                 chomp($line);
735                 if ($found) {
736                         $line =~ s/\\00//;
737                         ($line,$password) = split(/"/, $line);
738                         last;
739                 }
740                 if ($line =~ /\"$key\"/) {
741                         $found = 1;
742                 }
743         }
744         close(SECRETS);
745
746         if ($found) {
747                 print "Successfully autodetected machine password for workgroup: $workgroup\n";
748                 return $password;
749         } else {
750                 warn "No machine password available for $workgroup\n";
751         }
752         return "";
753 }
754
755 sub prompt_password {
756
757         my $acct = shift || "";
758         if ($acct =~ /\%/) {
759                 ($acct, $password) = split(/\%/, $acct);
760                 return $password;
761         }
762         system "stty -echo";
763         print "Enter password for $acct:";
764         my $password = <STDIN>;
765         chomp($password);
766         print "\n";
767         system "stty echo";
768         return $password;
769 }
770
771 sub prompt_user {
772
773         print "Enter Username:";
774         my $user = <STDIN>;
775         chomp($user);
776         print "\n";
777         return $user;
778 }
779
780 sub check_ticket {
781         return 0;
782         # works only for heimdal
783         return system("$klist -t");
784 }
785
786 sub get_ticket {
787
788         my $KRB5_CONFIG = "/tmp/.krb5.conf.telads-$<";
789
790         open(KRB5CONF, "> $KRB5_CONFIG") || die "cannot write $KRB5_CONFIG";
791         printf  KRB5CONF "# autogenerated by $0\n";
792         printf  KRB5CONF "[libdefaults]\n\tdefault_realm = %s\n\tclockskew = %d\n", uc($realm), 60*60;
793         printf  KRB5CONF "[realms]\n\t%s = {\n\t\tkdc = %s\n\t}\n", uc($realm), $server;
794         close(KRB5CONF);
795
796         if ( system("KRB5_CONFIG=$KRB5_CONFIG $kinit $user") != 0) {
797                 return -1;
798         }
799
800         return 0;
801 }
802
803 sub check_user {
804         my $acct = shift || "";
805         if ($acct =~ /\%/) {
806                 ($acct, $password) = split(/\%/, $acct);
807         }
808         return $acct;
809 }
810
811 sub check_root_dse($$$@) {
812
813         # bogus function??
814         my $server = shift || "";
815         $dse = shift || get_dse($server) || return -1;
816         my $attr = shift || die "unknown query";
817         my @array = @_;
818
819         my $dse_list = $dse->get_value($attr, asref => '1');
820         my @dse_array = @$dse_list;
821
822         foreach my $i (@array) {
823                 # we could use -> supported_control but this 
824                 # is only available in newer versions of perl-ldap
825 #               if ( ! $dse->supported_control( $i ) ) {
826                 if ( grep(/$i->type()/, @dse_array) ) { 
827                         printf("required \"$attr\": %s is not supported by ADS-server.\n", $i->type());
828                         return -1;
829                 }
830         }
831         return 0;
832 }
833
834 sub check_ctrls ($$@) {
835         my $server = shift;
836         my $dse = shift;
837         my @array = @_;
838         return check_root_dse($server, $dse, "supportedControl", @array);
839 }
840
841 sub check_exts ($$@) {
842         my $server = shift;
843         my $dse = shift;
844         my @array = @_;
845         return check_root_dse($server, $dse, "supportedExtension", @array);
846 }
847
848 sub get_base_from_rootdse {
849
850         my $server = shift || "";
851         $dse = shift || get_dse($server,$async_ldap_hd) || return -1;
852         return $dse->get_value($opt_dump_schema ? 'schemaNamingContext':
853                                                   'defaultNamingContext');
854 }
855
856 sub get_realm_from_rootdse {
857
858         my $server = shift || "";
859         $dse = shift || get_dse($server,$async_ldap_hd) || return -1;
860         my $service = $dse->get_value('ldapServiceName') || "";
861         if ($service) {
862                 my ($t,$realm) = split(/\@/, $service);
863                 return $realm;
864         } else {
865                 die "very odd: could not get realm";
866         }
867 }
868
869 sub get_sasl_mechs_from_rootdse {
870
871         my $server = shift || "";
872         $dse = shift || get_dse($server,$async_ldap_hd) || return -1;
873         my $mechs = $dse->get_value('supportedSASLMechanisms', asref => 1);
874         return @$mechs;
875 }
876
877 sub get_dse {
878
879         my $server = shift || return undef;
880         $async_ldap_hd = shift || get_ldap_hd($server,1);
881         if (!$async_ldap_hd) {
882                 print "oh, no connection\n";
883                 return undef;
884         }
885         my $mesg = $async_ldap_hd->bind() || die "cannot bind\n";
886         if ($mesg->code) { die "failed to bind\n"; };
887         my $dse = $async_ldap_hd->root_dse( attrs => ['*', "supportedExtension", "supportedFeatures" ] );
888
889         return $dse;
890 }
891
892 sub process_servername {
893
894         my $name = shift || return "";
895         if ($name =~ /^ldaps:\/\//i ) {
896                 $name =~ s#^ldaps://##i;
897                 $uri = sprintf("%s://%s", "ldaps", $name);
898         } else {
899                 $name =~ s#^ldap://##i;
900                 $uri = sprintf("%s://%s", "ldap", $name);
901         }
902         return $name;
903 }
904
905 sub get_ldap_hd {
906
907         my $server = shift || return undef;
908         my $async = shift || "0";
909         my $hd;
910         die "uri unavailable" if (!$uri);
911         if ($uri =~ /^ldaps:\/\//i ) {
912                 $port = $port || 636;
913                 use Net::LDAPS;
914                 $hd = Net::LDAPS->new( $server, async => $async, port => $port ) || 
915                         die "host $server not available: $!";
916         } else {
917                 $port = $port || 389;
918                 $hd = Net::LDAP->new( $server, async => $async, port => $port ) || 
919                         die "host $server not available: $!";
920         }
921         $hd->debug($opt_debug);
922         if ($opt_starttls) {
923                 $hd->start_tls( verify => 'none' );
924         }
925
926         return $hd;
927 }
928
929 sub get_sasl_hd {
930
931         if (!$have_sasl) {
932                 print "no sasl support\n";
933                 return undef;
934         }
935
936         my $hd;
937         if ($sasl_mech && $sasl_mech eq "GSSAPI") {
938                 my $user = sprintf("%s\@%s", $user, uc($realm));
939                 if (check_ticket($user) != 0 && get_ticket($user) != 0) {
940                         print "Could not get Kerberos ticket for user [$user]\n";
941                         return undef;
942                 }
943
944                 $hd = Authen::SASL->new( mechanism => 'GSSAPI' ) || die "nope";
945                 my $conn = $hd->client_new("ldap", $server);
946                 
947                 if ($conn->code == -1) {
948                         printf "%s\n", $conn->error();
949                         return undef;
950                 };
951
952         } elsif ($sasl_mech) {
953
954                 # here comes generic sasl code
955                 $hd = Authen::SASL->new( mechanism => $sasl_mech, 
956                         callback  => { 
957                                 user => \&get_user, 
958                                 pass => \&get_password 
959                         } 
960                 ) || die "nope";
961         } else {
962                 $sasl_bind = 0;
963                 print "no supported SASL mechanism found (@sasl_mechs).\n";
964                 print "falling back to simple bind.\n";
965                 return undef;
966         }
967
968         return $hd;
969 }
970
971 sub check_sasl_mech {
972         my $mech_check = shift;
973         my $have_mech = 0;
974         foreach my $mech (@sasl_mechs) {
975                 $have_mech = 1 if ($mech eq uc($mech_check));
976         }
977         if (!$have_mech) {
978                 return -1;
979         }
980         return 0;
981 }
982
983 sub store_result ($) {
984
985         my $entry = shift;
986         return if (!$entry);
987         $entry_store{$entry->dn} = $entry;
988 }
989
990 sub display_result_diff ($) {
991
992         my $entry_new = shift;
993         return if ( !$entry_new);
994
995         if ( !exists $entry_store{$entry_new->dn}) {
996                 print "can't display any differences yet. full dump...\n";
997                 display_entry_generic($entry_new);
998                 return;
999         }
1000
1001         my $entry_old = $entry_store{$entry_new->dn};
1002
1003         foreach my $attr (sort $entry_new->attributes) {
1004                 if ( $entry_new->exists($attr) && ! $entry_old->exists($attr)) {
1005                         display_attr_generic("add:\t", $entry_new, $attr);
1006                         next;
1007                 }
1008         }
1009
1010         foreach my $attr (sort $entry_old->attributes) {
1011                 if (! $entry_new->exists($attr) && $entry_old->exists($attr)) {
1012                         display_attr_generic("del:\t", $entry_old, $attr);
1013                         next;
1014                 }
1015
1016                 # now check for all values if they have changed, display changes
1017                 my ($old_vals, $new_vals, @old_vals, @new_vals, %old, %new);
1018
1019                 $old_vals = $entry_old->get_value($attr, asref => 1);
1020                 @old_vals = @$old_vals;
1021                 $new_vals = $entry_new->get_value($attr, asref => 1);
1022                 @new_vals = @$new_vals;
1023
1024                 if (scalar(@old_vals) == 1 && scalar(@new_vals) == 1) {
1025                         if ($old_vals[0] ne $new_vals[0]) {
1026                                 display_attr_generic("old:\t", $entry_old, $attr);
1027                                 display_attr_generic("new:\t", $entry_new, $attr);
1028                         }
1029                         next;
1030                 }
1031
1032                 # handle multivalued diffs
1033                 foreach my $val (@old_vals) { $old{$val} = "dummy"; };
1034                 foreach my $val (@new_vals) { $new{$val} = "dummy"; };
1035                 foreach my $val (sort keys %new) {
1036                         if (!exists $old{$val}) {
1037                                 display_value_generic("add:\t", $attr, $val);
1038                         }
1039                 }
1040                 foreach my $val (sort keys %old) {
1041                         if (!exists $new{$val}) {
1042                                 display_value_generic("del:\t", $attr, $val);
1043                         }
1044                 }
1045         }
1046         print "\n";
1047
1048 }
1049
1050 sub sid2string ($) {
1051
1052         # Fix from Michael James <michael@james.st>
1053         my $binary_sid = shift;
1054         my($sid_rev, $num_auths, $id1, $id2, @ids) = unpack("H2 H2 n N V*", $binary_sid);
1055         my $sid_string = join("-", "S", hex($sid_rev), ($id1<<32)+$id2, @ids);
1056         return $sid_string;
1057                         
1058 }
1059
1060 sub string_to_guid {
1061         my $string = shift;
1062         return undef unless $string =~ /([0-9,a-z]{8})-([0-9,a-z]{4})-([0-9,a-z]{4})-([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})-([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})([0-9,a-z]{2})/i;
1063         
1064         return  pack("I", hex $1) . 
1065                 pack("S", hex $2) . 
1066                 pack("S", hex $3) . 
1067                 pack("C", hex $4) . 
1068                 pack("C", hex $5) .
1069                 pack("C", hex $6) . 
1070                 pack("C", hex $7) . 
1071                 pack("C", hex $8) . 
1072                 pack("C", hex $9) . 
1073                 pack("C", hex $10) . 
1074                 pack("C", hex $11);
1075
1076 #       print "$1\n$2\n$3\n$4\n$5\n$6\n$7\n$8\n$9\n$10\n$11\n";
1077 }
1078                                                                
1079 sub bindstring_to_guid {
1080         my $str = shift;
1081         return pack("H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2", 
1082                 substr($str,0,2),
1083                 substr($str,2,2),
1084                 substr($str,4,2),
1085                 substr($str,6,2),
1086                 substr($str,8,2),
1087                 substr($str,10,2),
1088                 substr($str,12,2),
1089                 substr($str,14,2),
1090                 substr($str,16,2),
1091                 substr($str,18,2),
1092                 substr($str,20,2),
1093                 substr($str,22,2),
1094                 substr($str,24,2),
1095                 substr($str,26,2),
1096                 substr($str,28,2),
1097                 substr($str,30,2));
1098 }
1099
1100 sub guid_to_string {
1101         my $guid = shift;
1102         my $string = sprintf "%08X-%04X-%04X-%02X%02X-%02X%02X%02X%02X%02X%02X", 
1103                 unpack("I", $guid), 
1104                 unpack("S", substr($guid, 4, 2)), 
1105                 unpack("S", substr($guid, 6, 2)),
1106                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 8, 1)),
1107                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 9, 1)),
1108                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 10, 1)),
1109                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 11, 1)),
1110                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 12, 1)),
1111                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 13, 1)),
1112                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 14, 1)),
1113                 unpack("C", substr($guid, 15, 1)); 
1114         return lc($string);
1115 }
1116
1117 sub guid_to_bindstring {
1118         my $guid = shift;
1119         return unpack("H" . 2 * length($guid), $guid),
1120 }
1121
1122 sub dump_wknguid {
1123         print "Dumping Well known GUIDs:\n";
1124         foreach my $wknguid (keys %wknguids) {
1125
1126                 my $guid = bindstring_to_guid($wknguids{$wknguid});
1127                 my $str  = guid_to_string($guid);
1128                 my $back = guid_to_bindstring($guid);
1129
1130                 printf "wkguid:             %s\n", $wknguid;
1131                 printf "bind_string format: %s\n", $wknguids{$wknguid};
1132                 printf "string format:      %s\n", guid_to_string($guid);
1133                 printf "back to bind_string:%s\n", guid_to_bindstring($guid);
1134                                 
1135                 printf "use base: \"<WKGUID=%s,%s>\"\n", guid_to_bindstring($guid), $base;
1136         }
1137 }
1138
1139 sub gen_bitmask_string_format($%) {
1140         my $mod = shift;
1141         my (%tmp) = @_;
1142         my @list;
1143         foreach my $key (sort keys %tmp) {
1144                 push(@list, sprintf("%s %s", $tmp{$key}, $key));
1145         }
1146         return join("\n$mod$tabsize",@list);
1147 }
1148
1149
1150 sub nt_to_unixtime ($) {
1151         # the number of 100 nanosecond intervals since jan. 1. 1601 (utc)
1152         my $t64 = shift;
1153         $t64 =~ s/(.+).{7,7}/$1/;
1154         $t64 -= 11644473600;
1155         return $t64;
1156 }
1157
1158 sub dump_equal {
1159         my $val = shift;
1160         my $mod = shift || die "no mod";
1161         my (%header) = @_;
1162         my %tmp;
1163         my $found = 0;
1164         foreach my $key (keys %header) {
1165                 if ($header{$key} eq $val) {
1166                         $tmp{"($val)"} = $key;
1167                         $found = 1;
1168                         last;
1169                 }
1170         }
1171         if (!$found) { $tmp{$val} = ""; };
1172         return gen_bitmask_string_format($mod,%tmp);
1173 }
1174
1175 sub dump_bitmask {
1176         my $op = shift || die "no op";
1177         my $val = shift; 
1178         my $mod = shift || die "no mod";
1179         my (%header) = @_;
1180         my %tmp;
1181         $tmp{""} = sprintf("%s (0x%08x)", $val, $val);
1182         foreach my $key (sort keys %header) {   # sort by val !
1183                 my $val_hex = sprintf("0x%08x", $header{$key});
1184                 if ($op eq "&") {
1185                         $tmp{"$key ($val_hex)"} = ( $val & $header{$key} ) ? $set:$unset; 
1186                 } elsif ($op eq "==") {
1187                         $tmp{"$key ($val_hex)"} = ( $val == $header{$key} ) ? $set:$unset; 
1188                 } else {
1189                         print "unknown operator: $op\n";
1190                         return;
1191                 }
1192         }
1193         return gen_bitmask_string_format($mod,%tmp);
1194 }
1195
1196 sub dump_bitmask_and {
1197         return dump_bitmask("&",@_);
1198 }
1199
1200 sub dump_bitmask_equal {
1201         return dump_bitmask("==",@_);
1202 }
1203
1204 sub dump_uac {
1205         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_uf); # ads_uf ?
1206 }
1207
1208 sub dump_uascompat {
1209         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_uascompat);
1210 }
1211
1212 sub dump_gpoptions {
1213         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_gpoptions);
1214 }
1215
1216 sub dump_gpflags {
1217         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_gpflags);
1218 }
1219
1220 sub dump_uacc {
1221         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_uacc); 
1222 }
1223
1224 sub dump_enctypes {
1225         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_enctypes);
1226 }
1227
1228 sub dump_uf {
1229         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_uf);
1230 }
1231
1232 sub dump_gtype {
1233         my $ret = dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_grouptype);
1234         $ret .= "\n$tabsize\t";
1235         $ret .= dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_gtype);
1236         return $ret;
1237 }
1238
1239 sub dump_atype {
1240         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_atype);
1241 }
1242
1243 sub dump_controls {
1244         return dump_equal(@_,%ads_controls);
1245 }
1246
1247 sub dump_capabilities {
1248         return dump_equal(@_,%ads_capabilities);
1249 }
1250
1251 sub dump_extension {
1252         return dump_equal(@_,%ads_extensions);
1253 }
1254
1255 sub dump_systemflags {
1256         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_systemflags);
1257 }
1258
1259 sub dump_instance_type {
1260         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_instance_type);
1261 }
1262
1263 sub dump_ds_func {
1264         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_ds_func);
1265 }
1266
1267 sub dump_serverstate {
1268         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_serverstate);
1269 }
1270
1271 sub dump_sdeffective {
1272         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_sdeffective);
1273 }
1274
1275 sub dump_trustattr {
1276         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_trustattrs);
1277 }
1278
1279 sub dump_trusttype {
1280         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_trusttype);
1281 }
1282
1283 sub dump_trustdirection {
1284         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_trustdirection);
1285 }
1286
1287 sub dump_pwdproperties {
1288         return dump_bitmask_and(@_,%ads_pwdproperties);
1289 }
1290
1291 sub dump_frstype {
1292         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_frstypes)
1293 }
1294
1295 sub dump_mixed_domain {
1296         return dump_bitmask_equal(@_,%ads_mixed_domain);
1297 }
1298
1299 sub dump_sid {
1300         my $bin_sid = shift;
1301         return sid2string($bin_sid);
1302 }
1303
1304 sub dump_guid {
1305         my $guid = shift;
1306         return guid_to_string($guid);
1307 }
1308
1309 sub dump_secdesc {
1310         my $val = shift;
1311         return "FIXME: write sddl-converter!";
1312 }
1313
1314 sub dump_nttime {
1315         my $nttime = shift;
1316         if ($nttime == 0) {
1317                 return sprintf("%s (%s)", "never", $nttime);
1318         }
1319         my $localtime = localtime(nt_to_unixtime($nttime));
1320         return sprintf("%s (%s)", $localtime, $nttime);
1321 }
1322
1323 sub dump_nttime_abs {
1324         if ($_[0] == 9223372036854775807) {
1325                 return sprintf("%s (%s)", "now", $_[0]);
1326         }
1327         if ($_[0] == -9223372036854775808 || $_[0] == 0) { # 0x7FFFFFFFFFFFFFFF
1328                 return sprintf("%s (%s)", "never", $_[0]);
1329         }
1330         # FIXME: actually *do* abs time !
1331         return dump_nttime($_[0]);
1332 }
1333
1334 sub dump_timestr {
1335         my $time = shift;
1336         if ($time eq "16010101000010.0Z") {
1337                 return sprintf("%s (%s)", "never", $time);
1338         }
1339         my ($year,$mon,$mday,$hour,$min,$sec,$zone) = 
1340                 unpack('a4 a2 a2 a2 a2 a2 a4', $time);
1341         $mon -= 1;
1342         my $localtime = localtime(timegm($sec,$min,$hour,$mday,$mon,$year));
1343         return sprintf("%s (%s)", $localtime, $time);
1344 }
1345
1346 sub dump_string {
1347         return $_[0];
1348 }
1349
1350 sub dump_int {
1351         return sprintf("%d", $_[0]);
1352 }
1353
1354 sub dump_munged_dial {
1355         my $dial = shift;
1356         return "FIXME! decode this";
1357 }
1358
1359 sub dump_cert {
1360  
1361         my $cert = shift;
1362         open(OPENSSL, "| /usr/bin/openssl x509 -text -inform der");
1363         print OPENSSL $cert;
1364         close(OPENSSL);
1365         return "";
1366 }
1367
1368 sub dump_pkt {
1369         my $pkt = shift;
1370         return "not yet";
1371         printf("%s: ", $pkt);
1372         printf("%02X", $pkt);
1373         
1374 }
1375
1376 sub dump_gplink {
1377
1378         my $gplink = shift;
1379         my $gplink_mod = $gplink;
1380         my @links = split("\\]\\[", $gplink_mod);
1381         foreach my $link (@links) {
1382                 $link =~ s/^\[|\]$//g;
1383                 my ($ldap_link, $opt) = split(";", $link);
1384                 my @array = ( "$opt", "\t" );
1385                 printf("%slink: %s, opt: %s\n", $tabsize, $ldap_link, dump_bitmask_and(@array, %ads_gplink_opts));
1386         }
1387         return $gplink;
1388 }
1389
1390 sub construct_filter {
1391
1392         my $tmp = shift;
1393
1394         if (!$tmp || $opt_notify) {
1395                 return "(objectclass=*)";
1396         }
1397
1398         if ($tmp && $tmp !~ /^.*\=/) {
1399                 return "(ANR=$tmp)";
1400         }
1401
1402         return $tmp;
1403         # (&(objectCategory=person)
1404         # (userAccountControl:$ads_matching_rules{LDAP_MATCHING_RULE_BIT_AND}:=2))
1405 }
1406
1407 sub construct_attrs {
1408         
1409         my @attrs = @_;
1410         
1411         if (!@attrs) {
1412                 push(@attrs,"*");
1413         }
1414
1415         if ($opt_notify) {
1416                 push(@attrs,"uSNChanged");
1417         }
1418
1419         if ($opt_display_metadata) {
1420                 push(@attrs,"msDS-ReplAttributeMetaData");
1421                 push(@attrs,"replPropertyMetaData");
1422         }
1423
1424         if ($opt_verbose) {
1425                 push(@attrs,"nTSecurityDescriptor");
1426                 push(@attrs,"msDS-KeyVersionNumber");
1427                 push(@attrs,"msDS-User-Account-Control-Computed");
1428                 push(@attrs,"modifyTimeStamp");
1429         }
1430
1431         return sort @attrs;
1432 }
1433
1434 sub print_header {
1435
1436         print "\n";
1437         printf "%10s: %s\n", "uri", $uri;
1438         printf "%10s: %s\n", "port", $port;
1439         printf "%10s: %s\n", "base", $base;
1440         printf "%10s: %s\n", $sasl_bind ? "principal" : "binddn", $sasl_bind ? $upn : $binddn;
1441         printf "%10s: %s\n", "password", $password;
1442         printf "%10s: %s\n", "bind-type", $sasl_bind ? "SASL" : "simple";
1443         printf "%10s: %s\n", "sasl-mech", $sasl_mech if ($sasl_mech);
1444         printf "%10s: %s\n", "filter", $filter;
1445         printf "%10s: %s\n", "scope", $scope;
1446         printf "%10s: %s\n", "attrs", join(", ", @attrs);
1447         printf "%10s: %s\n", "controls", join(", ", @ctrls_s);
1448         printf "%10s: %s\n", "page_size", $opt_paging if ($opt_paging);
1449         printf "%10s: %s\n", "start_tls", $opt_starttls ? "yes" : "no";
1450         printf "\n";
1451 }
1452
1453 sub gen_controls {
1454
1455         # setup attribute-scoped query control
1456         my $asq_asn = Convert::ASN1->new;
1457         $asq_asn->prepare(
1458                 q<      asq ::= SEQUENCE {
1459                                 sourceAttribute   OCTET_STRING
1460                         }
1461                 >
1462         );
1463         my $ctl_asq_val = $asq_asn->encode( sourceAttribute => $opt_asq);
1464         my $ctl_asq = Net::LDAP::Control->new(
1465                 type => $ads_controls{'LDAP_SERVER_ASQ_OID'},
1466                 critical => 'true',
1467                 value => $ctl_asq_val);
1468
1469
1470         # setup extended dn control
1471         my $asn_extended_dn = Convert::ASN1->new;
1472         $asn_extended_dn->prepare(
1473                 q<      ExtendedDn ::= SEQUENCE {
1474                                 mode     INTEGER
1475                         }
1476                 >
1477         );
1478
1479         # only w2k3 accepts '1' and needs the ctl_val, w2k does not accept a ctl_val
1480         my $ctl_extended_dn_val = $asn_extended_dn->encode( mode => $opt_display_extendeddn);
1481         my $ctl_extended_dn = Net::LDAP::Control->new( 
1482                         type => $ads_controls{'LDAP_SERVER_EXTENDED_DN_OID'},
1483                         critical => 'true',
1484                         value => $opt_display_extendeddn ? $ctl_extended_dn_val : "");
1485
1486         # setup search options
1487         my $search_opt = Convert::ASN1->new;
1488         $search_opt->prepare(
1489                 q<      searchopt ::= SEQUENCE {
1490                                 flags     INTEGER
1491                         }
1492                 >
1493         );
1494
1495         my $tmp = $search_opt->encode( flags => $opt_search_opt);
1496         my $ctl_search_opt = Net::LDAP::Control->new( 
1497                 type => $ads_controls{'LDAP_SERVER_SEARCH_OPTIONS_OID'},
1498                 critical => 'true',
1499                 value => $tmp);
1500
1501         # setup notify control
1502         my $ctl_notification = Net::LDAP::Control->new( 
1503                 type => $ads_controls{'LDAP_SERVER_NOTIFICATION_OID'},
1504                 critical => 'true');
1505
1506
1507         # setup paging control
1508         $ctl_paged = Net::LDAP::Control->new( 
1509                 type => $ads_controls{'LDAP_PAGED_RESULT_OID_STRING'},
1510                 critical => 'true',
1511                 size => $opt_paging ? $opt_paging : 1000);
1512
1513         # setup domscope control
1514         my $ctl_domscope = Net::LDAP::Control->new( 
1515                 type => $ads_controls{'LDAP_SERVER_DOMAIN_SCOPE_OID'},
1516                 critical => 'true',
1517                 value => "");
1518
1519         if (defined($opt_paging) || $opt_dump_schema) {
1520                 push(@ctrls, $ctl_paged);
1521                 push(@ctrls_s, "LDAP_PAGED_RESULT_OID_STRING" );
1522         }
1523
1524         if (defined($opt_display_extendeddn)) {
1525                 push(@ctrls, $ctl_extended_dn);
1526                 push(@ctrls_s, "LDAP_SERVER_EXTENDED_DN_OID");
1527         } 
1528         if ($opt_notify) {
1529                 push(@ctrls, $ctl_notification);
1530                 push(@ctrls_s, "LDAP_SERVER_NOTIFICATION_OID");
1531         }
1532         
1533         if ($opt_asq) {
1534                 push(@ctrls, $ctl_asq);
1535                 push(@ctrls_s, "LDAP_SERVER_ASQ_OID");
1536         }
1537
1538         if ($opt_domain_scope) {
1539                 push(@ctrls, $ctl_domscope);
1540                 push(@ctrls_s, "LDAP_SERVER_DOMAIN_SCOPE_OID");
1541         }
1542
1543         if ($opt_search_opt) {
1544                 push(@ctrls, $ctl_search_opt);
1545                 push(@ctrls_s, "LDAP_SERVER_SEARCH_OPTIONS_OID");
1546         }
1547
1548         return @ctrls;
1549 }
1550
1551 sub display_value_generic ($$$) {
1552
1553         my ($mod,$attr,$value) = @_;
1554         return unless (defined($value) and defined($attr));
1555
1556         if ( ! $opt_display_raw && exists $attr_handler{$attr} ) {
1557                 $value = $attr_handler{$attr}($value,$mod);
1558                 write_ads_list($mod,$attr,$value);
1559                 return;
1560         }
1561         write_ads($mod,$attr,$value);
1562 }
1563
1564 sub display_attr_generic ($$$) {
1565
1566         my ($mod,$entry,$attr) = @_;
1567         return if (!$attr || !$entry);
1568
1569         my $ref = $entry->get_value($attr, asref => 1);
1570         my @values = @$ref;
1571
1572         foreach my $value ( sort @values) {
1573                 display_value_generic($mod,$attr,$value);
1574         }
1575 }
1576
1577 sub display_entry_generic ($) {
1578
1579         my $entry = shift;
1580         return if (!$entry);
1581
1582         foreach my $attr ( sort $entry->attributes) {
1583                 display_attr_generic("\t",$entry,$attr);        
1584         }
1585 }
1586
1587 sub display_ldap_err ($) {
1588
1589         my $msg = shift;
1590         print_header();
1591         my ($package, $filename, $line, $subroutine) = caller(0);
1592
1593         print "got error from ADS:\n";
1594         printf("%s(%d): ERROR (%s): %s\n", 
1595                 $subroutine, $line, $msg->code, $msg->error);
1596
1597 }
1598
1599 sub process_result {
1600
1601         my ($msg,$entry) = @_;
1602
1603         if (!defined($msg)) { 
1604                 return; 
1605         }
1606
1607         if ($msg->code) {
1608                 display_ldap_err($msg);
1609                 exit 1;
1610         }
1611
1612         if (!defined($entry)) {
1613                 return;
1614         }
1615
1616         if ($entry->isa('Net::LDAP::Reference')) {
1617                 foreach my $ref ($entry->references) {
1618                         print "\ngot Reference: [$ref]\n";
1619                 }
1620                 return;
1621         }
1622
1623         print "\nfound entry: ".$entry->dn."\n".("-" x 80)."\n";
1624
1625         display_entry_generic($entry);
1626 }
1627
1628 sub default_callback {
1629
1630         my ($res,$obj) = @_;
1631
1632         if (!$opt_notify && $res->code == LDAP_REFERRAL) {
1633                 return;
1634         }
1635
1636         if (!$opt_notify) {
1637                 return process_result($res,$obj);
1638         } 
1639 }
1640
1641 sub error_callback {
1642
1643         my ($msg,$entry) = @_;
1644
1645         if (!$msg) { 
1646                 return; 
1647         }
1648
1649         if ($msg->code) {
1650                 display_ldap_err($msg);
1651                 exit(1);
1652         }
1653         return;
1654 }
1655
1656 sub notify_callback {
1657
1658         my ($msg, $obj) = @_;
1659
1660         if (! defined($obj)) {
1661                 return;
1662         }
1663
1664         if ($obj->isa('Net::LDAP::Reference')) {
1665                 foreach my $ref ($obj->references) {
1666                         print "\ngot Reference: [$ref]\n";
1667                 }
1668                 return;
1669         }
1670
1671         while (1) {
1672
1673                 my $async_entry = $async_search->pop_entry;
1674
1675                 if (!$async_entry->dn) {
1676                         print "very weird. entry has no dn\n";
1677                         next;
1678                 }
1679         
1680                 printf("\ngot changenotify for dn: [%s]\n%s\n", $async_entry->dn, ("-" x 80));
1681
1682                 my $new_usn = $async_entry->get_value('uSNChanged');
1683                 if (!$new_usn) {
1684                         die "odd, no usnChanged attribute???";
1685                 }
1686                 if (!$usn || $new_usn > $usn) {
1687                         $usn = $new_usn;
1688                         if ($opt_notify_nodiffs) {
1689                                 display_entry_generic($async_entry);
1690                         } else {
1691                                 display_result_diff($async_entry);
1692                         }
1693                 } 
1694                 store_result($async_entry);
1695         }
1696 }
1697
1698 sub do_bind($$) {
1699
1700         my $async_ldap_hd = shift || return undef;
1701         my $sasl_bind = shift;
1702
1703         if ($sasl_bind) {
1704                 if (!$works_sasl) {
1705                         print "this version of Net::LDAP does not have proper SASL support.\n";
1706                         print "Need at least perl-ldap V. $pref_version\n";
1707                 }
1708                 $sasl_hd = get_sasl_hd();
1709                 if (!$sasl_hd) {
1710                         print "failed to create SASL handle\n";
1711                         return -1;
1712                 }
1713                 $mesg = $async_ldap_hd->bind( 
1714                         sasl => $sasl_hd, 
1715                         callback => \&error_callback 
1716                 ) || die "doesnt work"; 
1717         } else {
1718                 $sasl_mech = "";
1719                 $mesg = $async_ldap_hd->bind( 
1720                         $binddn, 
1721                         password => $password, 
1722                         callback => $opt_fastbind ? undef : \&error_callback
1723                 ) || die "doesnt work";
1724         };
1725         if ($mesg->code) { 
1726                 display_ldap_err($mesg) if (!$opt_fastbind);
1727                 return -1;
1728         }
1729         return 0;
1730 }
1731
1732 sub do_fast_bind() {
1733
1734         do_unbind();
1735
1736         my $hd = get_ldap_hd($server,1);
1737
1738         my $mesg = $hd->extension(
1739                 name => $ads_extensions{'LDAP_SERVER_FAST_BIND_OID'});
1740         
1741         if ($mesg->code) { 
1742                 display_ldap_err($mesg);
1743                 return -1;
1744         }
1745
1746         my $ret = do_bind($hd, undef);
1747         $hd->unbind;
1748
1749         printf("bind using 'LDAP_SERVER_FAST_BIND_OID' %s\n", 
1750                 $ret == 0 ? "succeeded" : "failed");
1751
1752         return $ret;
1753 }
1754
1755 sub do_unbind() {
1756         if ($async_ldap_hd) {
1757                 $async_ldap_hd->unbind;
1758         }
1759         if ($sync_ldap_hd) {
1760                 $sync_ldap_hd->unbind;
1761         }
1762 }
1763
1764 ###############################################################################
1765
1766 sub main () {
1767
1768         if ($opt_fastbind) {
1769
1770                 if (check_exts($server,$dse,"LDAP_SERVER_FAST_BIND_OID") == -1) {
1771                         print "LDAP_SERVER_FAST_BIND_OID not supported by this server\n";
1772                         exit 1;
1773                 }
1774
1775                 # fast bind can only bind, not search
1776                 exit do_fast_bind();
1777         }
1778
1779         $filter = construct_filter($query);
1780         @attrs  = construct_attrs(@attrs);
1781         @ctrls  = gen_controls();
1782
1783         if (check_ctrls($server,$dse,@ctrls) == -1) {
1784                 print "not all required LDAP Controls are supported by this server\n";
1785                 exit 1;
1786         }
1787
1788         if ($opt_dump_rootdse) {
1789                 print "Dumping Root-DSE:\n";
1790                 display_entry_generic($dse);
1791                 exit 0;
1792         }
1793
1794         if ($opt_dump_wknguid) {
1795                 dump_wknguid();
1796                 exit 0;
1797         }
1798
1799         if (do_bind($async_ldap_hd, $sasl_bind) == -1) {
1800                 exit 1;
1801         }
1802
1803         print_header();
1804
1805         if ($opt_dump_schema) {
1806                 print "Dumping Schema:\n";
1807 #               my $ads_schema = $async_ldap_hd->schema;
1808 #               $ads_schema->dump;
1809 #               exit 0;
1810         }
1811
1812         while (1) {
1813
1814                 $async_search = $async_ldap_hd->search( 
1815                         base => $base, 
1816                         filter => $filter, 
1817                         attrs => [ @attrs ],
1818                         control => [ @ctrls ], 
1819                         callback => \&default_callback,
1820                         scope => $scope,
1821                                 ) || die "cannot search";
1822
1823                 if (!$opt_notify && ($async_search->code == LDAP_REFERRAL)) {
1824                         foreach my $ref ($async_search->referrals) {
1825                                 print "\ngot Referral: [$ref]\n";
1826                                 my ($prot, $host, $base) = split(/\/+/, $ref);
1827                                 $async_ldap_hd->unbind();
1828                                 $async_ldap_hd = get_ldap_hd($host, 1);
1829                                 if (do_bind($async_ldap_hd, $sasl_bind) == -1) {
1830                                         $async_ldap_hd->unbind();
1831                                         next;
1832                                 }
1833                                 print "\nsuccessful rebind to: [$ref]\n";
1834                                 last;
1835                         }
1836                         next; # repeat the query
1837                 }
1838
1839                 if ($opt_notify) {
1840
1841                         print "Base [$base] is registered now for change-notify\n";
1842                         print "\nWaiting for change-notify...\n";
1843
1844                         my $sync_ldap_hd = get_ldap_hd($server,0);
1845                         if (do_bind($sync_ldap_hd, $sasl_bind) == -1) {
1846                                 exit 2;
1847                         }
1848
1849                         my $sync_search = $sync_ldap_hd->search( 
1850                                 base => $base, 
1851                                 filter => $filter, 
1852                                 attrs => [ @attrs ],
1853                                 callback => \&notify_callback,
1854                                 scope => $scope,
1855                                 ) || die "cannot search";
1856
1857                 }
1858
1859                 $total_entry_count += $async_search->count;
1860                 ++$page_count;
1861                 print "-" x 80 . "\n";
1862                 printf("Got %d Entries in Page %d \n\n", 
1863                         $async_search->count, $page_count);
1864                 my ($resp) = $async_search->control( 
1865                         $ads_controls{'LDAP_PAGED_RESULT_OID_STRING'} ) or last;
1866                 last unless ref $resp && $ctl_paged->cookie($resp->cookie);
1867         }
1868
1869         if ($async_search->entries == 0) {
1870                 print "No entries found with filter $filter\n";
1871         } else {
1872                 print "Got $total_entry_count Entries in $page_count Pages\n" if ($opt_paging);
1873         }
1874
1875         do_unbind()
1876 }
1877
1878 main();
1879
1880 exit 0;