samba-tool: implement computer management commands
authorBjörn Baumbach <bb@sernet.de>
Thu, 7 Dec 2017 20:38:28 +0000 (21:38 +0100)
committerAndrew Bartlett <abartlet@samba.org>
Fri, 6 Apr 2018 04:29:10 +0000 (06:29 +0200)
Usage: samba-tool computer <subcommand>

Computer management.

Available subcommands:
  create  - Create a new computer.
  delete  - Delete a computer.
  list    - List all computers.
  move    - Move a computer to an organizational unit/container.
  show    - Display a computer AD object

Signed-off-by: Björn Baumbach <bb@sernet.de>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Bartlett <abartlet@samba.org>
Reviewed-by: Douglas Bagnall <douglas.bagnall@catalyst.net.nz>
python/samba/netcmd/computer.py [new file with mode: 0644]
python/samba/netcmd/main.py
python/samba/samdb.py

diff --git a/python/samba/netcmd/computer.py b/python/samba/netcmd/computer.py
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..2a7a086
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,382 @@
+# machine account (computer) management
+#
+# Copyright Bjoern Baumbch <bb@sernet.de> 2018
+#
+# based on user management
+# Copyright Jelmer Vernooij 2010 <jelmer@samba.org>
+# Copyright Theresa Halloran 2011 <theresahalloran@gmail.com>
+#
+# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+# the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
+# (at your option) any later version.
+#
+# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+# GNU General Public License for more details.
+#
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+# along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+#
+
+import samba.getopt as options
+import ldb
+from samba.auth import system_session
+from samba.samdb import SamDB
+from samba import (
+    credentials,
+    dsdb,
+    Ldb,
+    )
+
+from samba.netcmd import (
+    Command,
+    CommandError,
+    SuperCommand,
+    Option,
+    )
+
+class cmd_computer_create(Command):
+    """Create a new computer.
+
+This command creates a new computer account in the Active Directory domain.
+The computername specified on the command is the sAMaccountName without the
+trailing $ (dollar sign).
+
+User accounts may represent physical entities, such as workstations. Computer
+accounts are also referred to as security principals and are assigned a
+security identifier (SID).
+
+Example1:
+samba-tool computer create Computer1 -H ldap://samba.samdom.example.com \
+    -Uadministrator%passw1rd
+
+Example1 shows how to create a new computer in the domain against a remote LDAP
+server. The -H parameter is used to specify the remote target server. The -U
+option is used to pass the userid and password authorized to issue the command
+remotely.
+
+Example2:
+sudo samba-tool computer create Computer2
+
+Example2 shows how to create a new computer in the domain against the local
+server. sudo is used so a user may run the command as root.
+
+Example3:
+samba-tool computer create Computer3 --computerou='OU=OrgUnit'
+
+Example3 shows how to create a new computer in the OrgUnit organizational unit.
+
+"""
+    synopsis = "%prog <computername> [options]"
+
+    takes_options = [
+        Option("-H", "--URL", help="LDB URL for database or target server",
+               type=str, metavar="URL", dest="H"),
+        Option("--computerou",
+                help=("DN of alternative location (with or without domainDN "
+                      "counterpart) to default CN=Users in which new computer "
+                      "object will be created. E. g. 'OU=<OU name>'"),
+                type=str),
+        Option("--description", help="Computers's description", type=str),
+        Option("--prepare-oldjoin",
+               help="Prepare enabled machine account for oldjoin mechanism",
+               action="store_true"),
+    ]
+
+    takes_args = ["computername"]
+
+    takes_optiongroups = {
+        "sambaopts": options.SambaOptions,
+        "credopts": options.CredentialsOptions,
+        "versionopts": options.VersionOptions,
+        }
+
+    def run(self, computername, credopts=None, sambaopts=None, versionopts=None,
+            H=None, computerou=None, description=None, prepare_oldjoin=False):
+
+        lp = sambaopts.get_loadparm()
+        creds = credopts.get_credentials(lp)
+
+        try:
+            samdb = SamDB(url=H, session_info=system_session(),
+                          credentials=creds, lp=lp)
+            samdb.newcomputer(computername, computerou=computerou,
+                              description=description,
+                              prepare_oldjoin=prepare_oldjoin)
+        except Exception, e:
+            raise CommandError("Failed to create computer '%s': " %
+                               computername, e)
+
+        self.outf.write("Computer '%s' created successfully\n" % computername)
+
+class cmd_computer_delete(Command):
+    """Delete a computer.
+
+This command deletes a computer account from the Active Directory domain. The
+computername specified on the command is the sAMAccountName without the
+trailing $ (dollar sign).
+
+Once the account is deleted, all permissions and memberships associated with
+that account are deleted. If a new computer account is added with the same name
+as a previously deleted account name, the new computer does not have the
+previous permissions. The new account computer will be assigned a new security
+identifier (SID) and permissions and memberships will have to be added.
+
+The command may be run from the root userid or another authorized
+userid. The -H or --URL= option can be used to execute the command against
+a remote server.
+
+Example1:
+samba-tool computer delete Computer1 -H ldap://samba.samdom.example.com \
+    -Uadministrator%passw1rd
+
+Example1 shows how to delete a computer in the domain against a remote LDAP
+server. The -H parameter is used to specify the remote target server. The
+--computername= and --password= options are used to pass the computername and
+password of a computer that exists on the remote server and is authorized to
+issue the command on that server.
+
+Example2:
+sudo samba-tool computer delete Computer2
+
+Example2 shows how to delete a computer in the domain against the local server.
+sudo is used so a computer may run the command as root.
+
+"""
+    synopsis = "%prog <computername> [options]"
+
+    takes_options = [
+        Option("-H", "--URL", help="LDB URL for database or target server",
+               type=str, metavar="URL", dest="H"),
+    ]
+
+    takes_args = ["computername"]
+    takes_optiongroups = {
+        "sambaopts": options.SambaOptions,
+        "credopts": options.CredentialsOptions,
+        "versionopts": options.VersionOptions,
+        }
+
+    def run(self, computername, credopts=None, sambaopts=None,
+            versionopts=None, H=None):
+        lp = sambaopts.get_loadparm()
+        creds = credopts.get_credentials(lp, fallback_machine=True)
+
+        samdb = SamDB(url=H, session_info=system_session(),
+                      credentials=creds, lp=lp)
+
+        samaccountname = computername
+        if not computername.endswith('$'):
+            samaccountname = "%s$" % computername
+
+        filter = ("(&(sAMAccountName=%s)(sAMAccountType=%u))" %
+                  (samaccountname, dsdb.ATYPE_WORKSTATION_TRUST))
+        try:
+            res = samdb.search(base=samdb.domain_dn(),
+                               scope=ldb.SCOPE_SUBTREE,
+                               expression=filter,
+                               attrs=["userAccountControl"])
+            computer_dn = res[0].dn
+            computer_ac = int(res[0]["userAccountControl"][0])
+        except IndexError:
+            raise CommandError('Unable to find computer "%s"' % computername)
+
+        computer_is_workstation = (
+            computer_ac & dsdb.UF_WORKSTATION_TRUST_ACCOUNT)
+        if computer_is_workstation == False:
+            raise CommandError('Failed to remove computer "%s": '
+                               'Computer is not a workstation - removal denied'
+                               % computername)
+        try:
+            samdb.delete(computer_dn)
+        except Exception, e:
+            raise CommandError('Failed to remove computer "%s"' %
+                               samaccountname, e)
+        self.outf.write("Deleted computer %s\n" % computername)
+
+
+class cmd_computer_list(Command):
+    """List all computers."""
+
+    synopsis = "%prog [options]"
+
+    takes_options = [
+        Option("-H", "--URL", help="LDB URL for database or target server",
+               type=str, metavar="URL", dest="H"),
+        ]
+
+    takes_optiongroups = {
+        "sambaopts": options.SambaOptions,
+        "credopts": options.CredentialsOptions,
+        "versionopts": options.VersionOptions,
+        }
+
+    def run(self, sambaopts=None, credopts=None, versionopts=None, H=None):
+        lp = sambaopts.get_loadparm()
+        creds = credopts.get_credentials(lp, fallback_machine=True)
+
+        samdb = SamDB(url=H, session_info=system_session(),
+            credentials=creds, lp=lp)
+
+        filter = "(sAMAccountType=%u)" % (dsdb.ATYPE_WORKSTATION_TRUST)
+
+        domain_dn = samdb.domain_dn()
+        res = samdb.search(domain_dn, scope=ldb.SCOPE_SUBTREE,
+                           expression=filter,
+                           attrs=["samaccountname"])
+        if (len(res) == 0):
+            return
+
+        for msg in res:
+            self.outf.write("%s\n" % msg.get("samaccountname", idx=0))
+
+class cmd_computer_show(Command):
+    """Display a computer AD object.
+
+This command displays a computer account and it's attributes in the Active
+Directory domain.
+The computername specified on the command is the sAMAccountName.
+
+The command may be run from the root userid or another authorized
+userid.
+
+The -H or --URL= option can be used to execute the command against a remote
+server.
+
+Example1:
+samba-tool computer show Computer1 -H ldap://samba.samdom.example.com \
+    -U administrator
+
+Example1 shows how display a computers attributes in the domain against a
+remote LDAP server.
+
+The -H parameter is used to specify the remote target server.
+
+Example2:
+samba-tool computer show Computer2
+
+Example2 shows how to display a computers attributes in the domain against a
+local LDAP server.
+
+Example3:
+samba-tool computer show Computer2 --attributes=objectSid,operatingSystem
+
+Example3 shows how to display a computers objectSid and operatingSystem
+attribute.
+"""
+    synopsis = "%prog <computername> [options]"
+
+    takes_options = [
+        Option("-H", "--URL", help="LDB URL for database or target server",
+               type=str, metavar="URL", dest="H"),
+        Option("--attributes",
+               help=("Comma separated list of attributes, "
+                     "which will be printed."),
+               type=str, dest="computer_attrs"),
+    ]
+
+    takes_args = ["computername"]
+    takes_optiongroups = {
+        "sambaopts": options.SambaOptions,
+        "credopts": options.CredentialsOptions,
+        "versionopts": options.VersionOptions,
+        }
+
+    def run(self, computername, credopts=None, sambaopts=None, versionopts=None,
+            H=None, computer_attrs=None):
+
+        lp = sambaopts.get_loadparm()
+        creds = credopts.get_credentials(lp, fallback_machine=True)
+        samdb = SamDB(url=H, session_info=system_session(),
+                      credentials=creds, lp=lp)
+
+        attrs = None
+        if computer_attrs:
+            attrs = computer_attrs.split(",")
+
+        samaccountname = computername
+        if not computername.endswith('$'):
+            samaccountname = "%s$" % computername
+
+        filter = ("(&(sAMAccountType=%d)(sAMAccountName=%s))" %
+                  (dsdb.ATYPE_WORKSTATION_TRUST,
+                   ldb.binary_encode(samaccountname)))
+
+        domaindn = samdb.domain_dn()
+
+        try:
+            res = samdb.search(base=domaindn, expression=filter,
+                               scope=ldb.SCOPE_SUBTREE, attrs=attrs)
+            computer_dn = res[0].dn
+        except IndexError:
+            raise CommandError('Unable to find computer "%s"' %
+                               samaccountname)
+
+        for msg in res:
+            computer_ldif = samdb.write_ldif(msg, ldb.CHANGETYPE_NONE)
+            self.outf.write(computer_ldif)
+
+class cmd_computer_move(Command):
+    """Move a computer to an organizational unit/container."""
+
+    synopsis = "%prog computername <new_ou_dn> [options]"
+
+    takes_options = [
+        Option("-H", "--URL", help="LDB URL for database or target server",
+               type=str, metavar="URL", dest="H"),
+    ]
+
+    takes_args = [ "computername", "new_ou_dn" ]
+    takes_optiongroups = {
+        "sambaopts": options.SambaOptions,
+        "credopts": options.CredentialsOptions,
+        "versionopts": options.VersionOptions,
+        }
+
+    def run(self, computername, new_ou_dn, credopts=None, sambaopts=None,
+            versionopts=None, H=None):
+        lp = sambaopts.get_loadparm()
+        creds = credopts.get_credentials(lp, fallback_machine=True)
+        samdb = SamDB(url=H, session_info=system_session(),
+                      credentials=creds, lp=lp)
+        domain_dn = ldb.Dn(samdb, samdb.domain_dn())
+
+        samaccountname = computername
+        if not computername.endswith('$'):
+            samaccountname = "%s$" % computername
+
+        filter = ("(&(sAMAccountName=%s)(sAMAccountType=%u))" %
+                  (samaccountname, dsdb.ATYPE_WORKSTATION_TRUST))
+        try:
+            res = samdb.search(base=domain_dn,
+                               expression=filter,
+                               scope=ldb.SCOPE_SUBTREE)
+            computer_dn = res[0].dn
+        except IndexError:
+            raise CommandError('Unable to find computer "%s"' % (computername))
+
+        full_new_ou_dn = ldb.Dn(samdb, new_ou_dn)
+        if not full_new_ou_dn.is_child_of(domain_dn):
+            full_new_ou_dn.add_base(domain_dn)
+        new_computer_dn = ldb.Dn(samdb, str(computer_dn))
+        new_computer_dn.remove_base_components(len(computer_dn)-1)
+        new_computer_dn.add_base(full_new_ou_dn)
+        try:
+            samdb.rename(computer_dn, new_computer_dn)
+        except Exception, e:
+            raise CommandError('Failed to move computer "%s"' % computername, e)
+        self.outf.write('Moved computer "%s" to "%s"\n' %
+                        (computername, new_ou_dn))
+
+
+class cmd_computer(SuperCommand):
+    """Computer management."""
+
+    subcommands = {}
+    subcommands["create"] = cmd_computer_create()
+    subcommands["delete"] = cmd_computer_delete()
+    subcommands["list"] = cmd_computer_list()
+    subcommands["show"] = cmd_computer_show()
+    subcommands["move"] = cmd_computer_move()
index a9cf176a8c12164d595be337df4e9e7c517b0791..3b56f1a724ed84488bd2dab8a6201d9ff4572968 100644 (file)
@@ -58,6 +58,7 @@ class cmd_sambatool(SuperCommand):
 
     subcommands = cache_loader()
 
 
     subcommands = cache_loader()
 
+    subcommands["computer"] = None
     subcommands["dbcheck"] = None
     subcommands["delegation"] = None
     subcommands["dns"] = None
     subcommands["dbcheck"] = None
     subcommands["delegation"] = None
     subcommands["dns"] = None
index d7faa236f8825f4824dcb6990a53fedecacb6770..6326632818998c16310e018cc600f108f92b0898 100644 (file)
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ import ldb
 import time
 import base64
 import os
 import time
 import base64
 import os
+import re
 from samba import dsdb, dsdb_dns
 from samba.ndr import ndr_unpack, ndr_pack
 from samba.dcerpc import drsblobs, misc
 from samba import dsdb, dsdb_dns
 from samba.ndr import ndr_unpack, ndr_pack
 from samba.dcerpc import drsblobs, misc
@@ -489,6 +490,57 @@ member: %s
         else:
             self.transaction_commit()
 
         else:
             self.transaction_commit()
 
+    def newcomputer(self, computername, computerou=None, description=None,
+        prepare_oldjoin=False):
+        """Adds a new user with additional parameters
+
+        :param computername: Name of the new computer
+        :param computerou: Object container for new computer
+        :param description: Description of the new computer
+        :param prepare_oldjoin: Preset computer password for oldjoin mechanism
+        """
+
+        cn = re.sub(r"\$$", "", computername)
+        if cn.count('$'):
+            raise Exception('Illegal computername "%s"' % computername)
+        samaccountname = "%s$" % cn
+
+        computercontainer_dn = "CN=Users,%s" % self.domain_dn()
+        if computerou:
+            computercontainer_dn = self.normalize_dn_in_domain(computerou)
+
+        computer_dn = "CN=%s,%s" % (cn, computercontainer_dn)
+
+        dnsdomain = ldb.Dn(self,
+                           self.domain_dn()).canonical_str().replace("/", "")
+        ldbmessage = {"dn": computer_dn,
+                      "sAMAccountName": samaccountname,
+                      "objectClass": "computer",
+                      }
+
+        if description is not None:
+            ldbmessage["description"] = description
+
+        accountcontrol = str(dsdb.UF_WORKSTATION_TRUST_ACCOUNT |
+                             dsdb.UF_ACCOUNTDISABLE)
+        if prepare_oldjoin:
+            accountcontrol = str(dsdb.UF_WORKSTATION_TRUST_ACCOUNT)
+        ldbmessage["userAccountControl"] = accountcontrol
+
+        self.transaction_start()
+        try:
+            self.add(ldbmessage)
+
+            if prepare_oldjoin:
+                password = cn.lower()
+                self.setpassword(("(distinguishedName=%s)" %
+                                  ldb.binary_encode(computer_dn)),
+                                 password, False)
+        except:
+            self.transaction_cancel()
+            raise
+        else:
+            self.transaction_commit()
 
     def deleteuser(self, username):
         """Deletes a user
 
     def deleteuser(self, username):
         """Deletes a user